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Elected him our absence to supply;
Lent him our terror, dreft him with our love ;
And given his deputation all the organs
Of our own power : What think you of it ?

Escal. If any in Vienna be of worth
To undergo such ample grace and honour,
It is lord Angelo.

Enter Angelo.
Duke. Look where he comes.

Ang. Always obedient to your grace's will,
I come to know your pleasure.

Duke. Angelo,
There is a kind of character in thy life,

That Why Angelo's was called the special roll was, because he was in authority superior to Escalus.

-old Escalus, Though firft in question, is thy secondary. WARBURTON. This editor is, I think, right in supposing a corruption, but less happy in his emendation. I read,

we have with special seal Elefied him our absence to supply. A special feal is a very natural metonomy for a special commiffion.

JOHNSON. By the words with special

foul elected him, I believe, the poet meant no more than that he was the immediate choice of his heart. A similar expression occurs in Troilus and Cressida :

with private foul
“ Did in great Ilion thus translate him to me.”
Again, more appositely in the Tempeft:

66 for several virtues
66 Have I lik'd several women, never any
* With so full foul, but some defect,” &c. STEEVENS.
We have with special

foul.
This seems to be only a translation of the usual formal words
inserted in all royal grants “ De gratia nostra Speciali et cả
mero motu—" MALONE.

8 There is a kind of chara&ter in thy life,

That to the observer, &c.] Either this introduction has more folemnity than meaning, or it has a meaning which I cannot discover. What is there peculiar in this, that a man's life informs the observer of his history? Might it be supposed that Shakespeare wrote this ?

There

2

That, to the observer, doth thy history
Fully unfold : Thyself and thy belongings
Are not thine own so proper', as to waste

Thyself upon thy virtues, them on thee!.
Heaven doth with us, as we with torches do;
Not light them for themselves : for if our virtues ?
Did not go forth of us, 'twere all alike
As if we had them not. Spirits are not finely

touch'd,
But to fine iffues ? ; nor nature never lends +
The smallest scruple of her excellence,
But, like a thrifty goddess, she determines
Herself the glory of a creditor,
Both thanks and use. But I do bend my speech

There is a kind of character in thy look. History may be taken in a more diffuse and licentious meaning, for future occurrences, or the part of life yet to come. If this sense be received, the passage is clear and proper. JOHNSON.

Shakespeare must, I believe, be answerable for the unnecessary pomp of this introduction. He has the same thought in Henry IV. which is some comment on this passage before us :

" There is a history in all mens' lives,
“ Figuring the nature of the times deceas'd:
6. The which observ'd, a man may prophecy
" With a near aim, of the main chance of things

“ As yet not come to life, &c.” STEEVENS. -are not thine own fo proper.] i. e. are not so much thy own property. 'STEEVENS. -them on thee.] The old copy readsthey on thee.

STEEVENS. for if our virtues, &c.] Paulum sepulta diftat inertia

" Celata virtusHor. WARBURTON. So in Maflinger's Maid of Honour :

“ Virtue, if not in action, is a vice,
56. And, when we move not forward, we go

backward." So the Latin adage-Non progredi est regredi. STEEVENS.

3 — to fine isues:----) To great consequences. For high purposes. JOHNSON.

nor nature never lends.] Two negatives, not employed to make an affirmative, are common in our

author. So in Julius Cæsar :

66 There is no harm intended to your person,
66 Norto no Roman else." STEEVENS,

To

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To one that can my part in him advertises :
Hold therefore Angeloo :
In our remove, be thou at full ourself :
Mortality and mercy in Vienna
Live in thy tongue and heart : Old Escalus,
Though first in question?, is thy secondary.
Take thy commission.

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To one

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sI do bend my speech,
that

can my part in him advertise ; ]
This is obscure. The meaning is, I direct my speech to one who
is able to teach me how to govern: my part in him, signifying my
office, which I have delegated to him. My part in him advertise ;
j. e. who knows what appertains to the character of deputy or
viceroy. Can advertife my part in him; that is, his representation
of my person. But all these quaintpeffes of expreffion, the Ox-
ford editor seems fworn to extirpate; that is, to take away one of
Shakespeare's characteristic marks'; which, if not one of the come-
lieft, is yet one of the strongest. So he alters this to,

that

can, in may part, me advertise. A better expreffion indeed, but, for all that, none of Shakespeare's.

WAR BURTON. I know not whether we may not better read,

One that can my part to him advertise, One that can inform himself of that which it would be otherwise my part to tell him. JOHNSON.

To advertife is used in this fenfe, and with this accentuation, by Chapman, in his tranflation of the 11th book of the Odyley.

" Or, of my father, if thy royal ear

*6 Hath been advertis'da, STEEVENS. Hold therefore Angelo:] That is, continue to be Angelo; bold as thou art. JOHNSON.

I believe that - Hold therefore Angelo, are the words which the duke utters on tendering his commission to him. He concludes with-Take thy commiffion. STEEVENS.

If a full point be put after therefore, the duke may be underftood to speak of himself. Hold therefore. i. e. Let me therefore hold, or stop. And the sense of the whole passage may be this. The duke, who has begun an exhortation to Angelo, checks himfelt thurs. “ But I am speaking to one, that can in bim [in, or by himselt) apprehend my part (all that I have to say] : I will therefore fay no more [on that lubject]." He then merely fig. nifes to Angelo his appointment. TYRWHITT.

? --firft in question, ] That is, first called for ; first appointed. JOHNSON.

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Ang.

Ang. Now, good my lord,
Let there be some more test made of my metal,
Before fo noble and so great a figure
Be stamp'd upon it.

Duke. No more evasion :
We have with a leaven'd and prepared choice
Proceeded to you; therefore take your honours.
Our hafte from hence is of so quick condition,
That it prefers itself, and leaves unquestion'd
Matters of needful value. We shall write to you,
As time and our concernings shall importune,
How it goes with us; and do look to know
What doth befall you here. So, fare you well :
To the hopeful execution do I leave you
of your commissions.

Ang. Yet, give leave, my lord,
That we may bring you something on the way.

Duke. My haste may not admit it;
Nor need you, on mine honour, have to do
With any scruple : your scope is as mine own”;
So to inforce, or qualify the laws,
As to your soul seems good. Give me your hand;
I'll privily away: I love the people,
But do not like to stage me to their eyes :
Though it do well, I do not relish well

* We bave with a leaven'd and prepared choice] Leaven'd has no sense in this place : we should read,

-leveli'd choice, The allution is to archery, when a man has fixed upon his object, after taking good aim. WARBURTON.

No emendation is necessary. Leaven'd choice is one of Shake{peare's harsh metaphors. His train of ideas seems to be this. I bave proceeded to you with choice mature, concocted, fermented, leavened. When bread is leavened it is left to ferment : a leavened choice is therefore a choice not hasty, but confiderate, not declared as soon as it fell into the imagination, but suffered to work long in the mind. Thus explained, it suits better with prepared than levelled. JOHNSON.

your scope is as mine arun.] That is, Your amplitude of power. JOHNSON.

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Their loud applause, and Ave's vehement;
Nor do I think the man of safe discretion,
That does affect it. Once more, fare you well.

Ang. The heavens give safety to your purposes !
Escal. Lead forth, and bring you back in happi-

ness!
Duke. I thank you : Fare you well,

(Exit.
Escal. I shall desire you, fir, to give me leave
To have free speech with you; and it concerns me
To look into the bottom of my place :
A power I have ; but of what strength and nature
I am not yet instructed.
Ing. 'Tis so with me :-Let us withdraw to-

gether,
And we may foon our satisfaction have
Touching that point,
Escal. I'll wait upon your honour.

[Exeunt.

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Lucio. If the duke, with the other dukes, come not to composition with the king of Hungary, why, then all the dukes fall upon the king.

i Gent. Heaven grant us its peace, but not the king of Hungary's !

2 Gent. Amen. :

Lucio. Thou conclud'It like the fanctimonious pirate, that went to sea with the ten commandments, but fcrap'd one out of the table.

2 Gent. Thou shalt not steal? Lucio. Ay, that he raz’d.

i Gent. Why, 'twas a commandment to command the captain and all the rest from their functions; they put forth to steal: There's not a soldier of us all,

that,

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