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eracy, which met at Herkimer, in the autumn of, in the consummation of this grand scheme, which Eng
land hopes to accomplish through Texas, if she can
defeat the Annexation, but that her interests, and those The contest proceeded with great earnestness of all the Continental powers of Europe are directly and throughout the Free States, the supporters of deeply opposed to it, Polk and of Birney (the Abolition candidate for President), fully agreeing in the assertion
The election of James K. Polk as President, that Mr. Clay's position was equally favorable to and George M. Dallas as Vice-President, (Nov. Annexation with Mr. Polk’s. Mr. Birney in a 1844) having virtually settled, affirmatively, the letter published on the eve of the Election, de- question of annexing Texas, the XXVIIIth clared that he regarded Mr. Clay's election as Congress commenced its second session at more favorable to Annexation than Mr. Polk's, Washington, on the 2d of December, 1844–-Mr. because, while equally inclined to fortify and John Tyler being still acting President up to extend Slavery, he possessed more ability to the end of the Congress, March 4th following. influence Congress in its favor.
Dec. 19.—Mr John B. Weller, (then member Before this time, but as yet withheld from, from Ohio) by leave, introduced a joint resoluand unknown 10, the public, Mr. Calhoun, now tion, No. 51, providing for the annexation of President Tyler's Secretary of State, and an Texas to the United States, which he moved to early and powerful advocate of Annexation, had the Committee of the Whole. addressed to Hon. Wm. R. King, our Embassa- Mr. E. S. Hamlin, of Ohio, moved a reference dor at Paris, an official dispatch from which we of said resolve to a Committee of one from each make the following extracts:
State, with instructions to report
Whether the annexation of Texas would not extend MR. CALHOUN TO MR. KING.
and perpetuate Slavery in the Slave States, and also, the DEPARTMENT OF STATE,
internal Slave-trade; and whether the United States Washington, August 12, 1844.
} Government has any Constitutional power over Slavery
in the States, either to perpetuate it there, or to do it SIR-I have laid your dispatch, No. 1, before the away. President, who instructs me to make known to you that he has read it with much pleasure, especially the portion
The question on commitment was insisted which relates to your cordial reception by the King, and upon, and first taken-Yeas, 109 (Democrats); his assurance of friendly feelings toward the United Nays, 61 (Whigs); whereupon it was held that States. The President, in pa. ticular, highly appreciates Mr. Hamlin's amendment was defeated, and the the declaration of the King, that in no event, would any steps be taken by his gove“nment in the slightest degree original proposition alone committed. hostile, or which would give to the United States just cause January 10th, 1845.-Mr. John P. Hale, of of complaint. It was the more gratifying from the fact New.Hampshire, (then a Democratic Representhat our previous information was calculated to make the impression that the government of France was pre- tative, now a Republican Senator) proposed the pared to unite with Great B.itain in a joint proiest following as an amendment to any act or resolve against the annexation of Texas, and a joint effort to induce her Gove nment to withdraw the proposition to
contemplating the annexation of Texas to this annex, on condition that Mexico should be made to
Union : acknowledge her independence. He is happy to infer Provided, That immediately after the question of from your dispatch that the information, so far as it boundary between the United States of America and relates to France, is in all probability without founda- Mexico shall have been definitiveiy settled by the two tion. You did not go fu ther than you ought, in assur- Governments, and before any State formed out of the ing the King that the object of Annexation would be Territory of Texas shall be admitted into the Union, the pursued with unabated vigor, and in g.ving your opinion said Te ritory of Texas shall be divided as follows, to that a decided majority of the American people were in wit: beginning at a point on the Gulf of Mexico, midway its favor, and that it would certainly be annexed at no between the Northern and Southern boundaries thereof distant day. I feel confident that your anticipation will on the coast; and thence by a line running in a Northbe fully realized at no d stant period.
westerly direction to the extreme boundary thereof, so Every day will tend to weaken that combination of as to divide the same as nearly as possible into two political causes which led to the opposition of the equal parts, and in that portion of said Territory lying measure, and to strengthen the conviction that it was South and West of the line to be run as aforesaid, there not only expedient, but just and necessary.
shall be neither Slavery nor involuntary servitude, otherBut to descend to particulars : it is certain that wise than in the punishment of crimes, whereof the party while England, like France, desires the independence of shall have been duly convicted. Texas, with the view to commercial connections, it is not And provided further, That this provision shall be less so that one of the leading motives of England for considered as a compact between the people of the desiring it, is the hope that, though her diplomacy and United States and the people of the said Territory, and influence, Negro Slavery may be abolished there, and forever remain unalterable, unless by the consent of ultimately, by consequence, in the United States and three-fourths of the States of the Union. throughout the whole of this continent. That its ultimate abolition throughout the entire continent is an object
Mr. Hale asked a suspension of the rules, to ardently desired by her, we have decisive proofs in the enable him to offer it now, and have it printed declaration of the Earl of Aberdeen, delivered to this and committed. Refused-Yeas, 92 (not two Department, and of which you will find a copy among thirds); Nays, 81. the documents transmitted to Congress with the Texan treaty. That she desires its abolition in Texas, and has
Whigs* and most of the Demoused her influence and diplomacy to effect it here, the crats from the Free States, with Messrs. Duncan same document, with the correspondence of this Depart. L. Clinch and Alexander H. Stephens, of Georgia, ment with Mr. Packenham, also to be found among the documents, furnishes proof not less conclusive. That
and George W. Summers, of Virginia. one of the objects of abolishing it there is to facilitate Nays, all the members from Slave States, its abolition in the United atates, and throughout the continent, is manifest from the declaration of the Aboli- except the above, with the following from Free tion party and societies both in this country and in Eng
States : land. In fact, there is good reason to believe that the MAINE.-Sheppard Cary-1. scheme of abolishing it in Texas, with a view to its abo- New-HAMPSHIRE.--Edmund Burke, Moses Norris, jr.--2. lition in the United States, and over the contineni, origi- New-YORK.-James G. Clinton, Selah B. Strong-2. Dated with the prominent members of the party in the PENNSYLVANIA.-James Black, Richard Brodhead, United States ; and was first broached by them in the H. D. Foster, Joseph R. Ingersoll, Michael H. Jenk8–5. (so called) World's Convention, held in London in the Oh10.-Joseph J. McDowell-1. year 1840, and through its agency brought to the notice IXDIANA.-Wm. J. Brown, J. W. Davis, John Pettit. of the British Government.
Now, I hold, not only that France can have no interest * Except the two here given in Italics.
Illinois.—Orlando B. Ficklin, Joseph P. Hoge, Roberts aforesaid was agreed to Yeas, 118; Nuss, Smith-3. Total Democrats from Free States, 17.
101. December 12th.-Nr. C. J. Ingersoll, of Penn
Yeas—114 Democrats, and Messrs. Milton sylvania, from the Committee on Foreign Affairs, Brown, of Tennessee; James Dellet, of Alabama;
and Duncan L. Clinch, and Alexander H reported a Joint Resolution for annexing Texas to the Union, which was committed and dis- Stephens, of Georgia, (4) Southern Whigs. cussed in Committee of the Whole from time to with all from Slave States, but the four just,
Nays—all the Whigs present from Free States time, through the next month. January 7th.—Mr. J. P. Hale presented re
named; with the following Democrats from solves of the Legislature of New-Hampshire,
Free States: thoroughly in favor of Annexation, and silent
MAINE.-Robert P. Dunlap, Hannibal Hamlin-2.
VERMONT.-Paul Dillinghamn, jr.-1. on the subject of Slavery, except as follows: New-HAMPSHIRE.-John P. Hale--1. Resoloed, That we agree with Mr. Clay, that the re
CONNECTICUT.-George S. Catlin-1, annexation of Texas will add more Free than Slave
NEW-YORK ---Joseph H. Anderson, Charles S. Benton, States to the Union; and that it would be unwise to re- Jeremiah E. Carey, Amasa Dana, Richard D. Davis, fuse a permanent acquisition, which will exist as long as Byram Green, Preston King, Smith M. Purdy, George the globe remains, on account of a temporary institution. Rathbun, Orville Robinson, David L. Seymour, Lemuel
Stetson-12. January 13th.—Mr. Cave Johnson, of Ten- OH10.—Jacob Brinckerhoff, William C. McCauslen, nessee, nioved that all further debate on this Joseph Morris, Henry St. John-4. subject be closed at 2 P.m. on Thursday next.
MICHIGAN.-James B. Hunt, Robert McClelland-2.
..23, Carried-Yeas, 136; Nays, 57 ; (nearly all the Total Whigs from Free and Slave States,....78. Nays from Slave States.)
The House then ordered the whole proposi. January 25th. The debate, after an exten- tion to a third reading forthwith--Yeas, 120); sion of time, was at length brought to a close, Nays, 97--and passed it, Yeas, 120; Nays, 98. and the Joint Resolution taken out of Committee, and reported to the House in the following and all the Democrats from Free States, except
Yeas--all the Democrats from Slave States, form ; (that portion relating to Slavery, having been added in Committee, on motion of Mr. as above; with Messrs. Duncan L. Clinch, MilMilton Brown, (Whig) of Tennessee:
ton Brown, James Dellet, Willoughby Newton, Resolved, by the Senate and House of Representa- and Alexander H. Stephens of Georgia, (now
of Virginia, (who therefrom turned Democrat), tives in Congress assembled, That Congress doth consent that the Territory properly included within, and Democrat), from Slave States. rightfully belonging to, the Republic of Texas, may be erected into a new state, to be called the State of Texas, those from Slave States except as above; with
Nays—all the Whigs from Free States; all with a republican form of Government, to be adopted by the people of said Republic, by deputies in Convention 23 Democrats from Free States. assembled, with the consent of the existing Government, So the resolve passed the House, and was in o.der that the same may be admitted as one of the sent to the Senate for concurrence. States of this Union. 2. And be it further resolved, that the foregoing con
In Senate, several attempts to originate action sent of Congress is given upon the following conditions, in favor of Annexation were made at this sesand with the following guaranties, to wit: First. Said State to be formed, subject to the adjust
sion, but nothing came of them. ment by this Government of all questions of boundary
February 24th.-The joint resolution aforethat may arise with other governments; and the Con- said from the House was taken up for constitution thereof, with the proper evidence of its adoption sideration by 30 Yeas to 11 Nays (all Northern by the people of said Republic of Texas, shall be trans. Whiys). On the 27th, Mr. Walker, of Wisconmitted to the President of the United States, to be laid before Congress for its final action, on or before the 1st sin, moved to add an alternative proposition, day of January, 1846.
conteinplating negotiation as the means of second. Said state, when admitted into the Union, effecting the meditated end. after ceding to the United States all public edifices,fortifications, barracks, ports and harbors, navy and navy
Mr. Foster, (Whig) of Tennessee, proposed yards, docks, magazines, arms, armaments, and all other That the State of Texas, and such other States as may property and means pe taining to the public defense, be formed out of that portion of the present Territory of belonging to the said Republic of Texas, shall retain all Texas, lying south of thirty-six degrees thirty minutes the public funds, debts, taxes, and dues of every kind north latitude, commonly known as the Missouri Comwhich may belong to, or be due or owing said Republic; promise line, shall be admitted into the Union with or and shall also retain all the vacant and unappropriated without Slavery, as the people of each State, so hereafter lands lying within its limits, to be applied to the pay- asking admission, may desire. ment of debts and liabilities of said Republic of Texas; and the residue of said lands, after discharging said debts
On which the question was taken. Yeas, (all and liabilities, to be disposed of as said State may direct : Whigs but 3) 18; Nays, 34. but in no event are said debts and liabilities to become
Various amendments were proposed and voted a charge upon the United States. Third. New States of convenient size, not exceeding
down. Ainong them, Mr. Foster, of Tenn., four in number, in addition to said State of Texas, and moved an express stipulation that Slavery shouid having sufficient population, may hereafter, by the consent be tolerated in all States formed out of the of said State, be forned out of the Territory thereof, Territory of Texas, south of the Missouri line which shall be entitled to admission under the provisions of the Federal Constitution. And such States as may be of 36° 30'. Rejected-Yeas, 16 (Southern formed out of that portion of said Territory, lying south Whigs, and Sevier, of Arkansas); Nays, 33. of thirty-six degrees thirty minutes north latitude, commonly known as the Missouri Compromise line, shall be
Mr. Miller, of N. J., moved that the existence of Slaadmitted into the Union, with, or without Slavery, as the very be forever prohibited in the northern and northwest· people of each State asking admission may desire;
and ern part of said Territory, west of the 100th degree of in such State or States as shall be formed out of' said latitude west from Greenwich, so as to divide, as equally Territory, north of said Missouri Compromise line, as may be, the whole of the annexed country between Slavery or involuntary servitude (except for crime) shall Slaveholding and Non-Slaveholding States. be prohibited.
Yeas, 11; all Northern Whigs, except Mr. Mr. Cave Johnson, of Tennessee, moved the Crittenden, Ky. Nays, 33. previous question, which the House seconded The vote in the Senate on the joint resolution Yeas, 113; Nays, 106—and then the amendment for Annexation stood, Yeas, 26, all Deino.
THE WILMOT PROVISO.
crats but %; Nays, 25, (all Whigs). In the And whereas, Congress, in the organization of a terriHouse, Yeas 134, all Democrats but 1: Nays, 77, tory, established a principle worthy of imitation in all
torial government, at an early period of our political his(all Whiys).
future time, forbidding the existence of Slavery in free territory; Therefore,
Resowed, That in any Territory, that may be acTexas having been annexed during the sum- quired from Mexico, over which shall be established mer of 1845, in pursuance of the joint resolu- territorial governments, Slavery, or involuntary servi. tion of the two Houses of Congress, a portion party shall have been duly convicted, shall be forever
tude, except as a punishment for crime, whereof the of the United States Army, under Gen. Taylor, prohibited ; and that in any act or resolution establishwas, early in the spring of 1846, moved down ing such governments, a fundamental provision ought to
be inserted to that effect. to the east bank of the Rio Grande del Norte, claimed by Texas as her western boundary, but
Mr. R. Brodhead, of Penn., moved that this not so regarded by Mexico. A hostile collision resolution lie on the table. Carried: Yeas, 105; ensued, resulting in war between the United Nays, 93. States and Mexico.
Yeas-all the members from Slave States, It was early thereafter deemed advisable that but John W. Houston (Whig), of Delaware, a considerable sum should be placed by Con- with the following from Free States (all Demogress at the President's disposal to negotiate an
crats but Levin) : advantageous Treaty of Peace and Limits with MAINE.-Asa W. H. Clapp, Franklin Clark, Jas. S. the Mexican Government.
Wiley, Hezekiah Williams-4.
New-YORK. – Ausburn Birdsall, David S. Jackson, effect was submitted by President Polk to Con- Frederick W. Lord, William B. Maclay-4. gress, August 8th, 1846, and a bill in accord- PENNSYLVANIA.- Richard Brodhead, Charles Brown,
Lewis C. Levin, Job Man-4. ance with its suggestions laid before the Ilouse,
0 10.-William Kennon, jr., John K. Miller, Thomas which proceded to consider the subject in Com- Richey, William Sawyer-4. mittee of the Whole. The bill appropriating
INDIANA.-Charles W. Cathcart, Thomas J. Henley, $30,000 for immediate use in negotiations with John Pettit, John L. Robinson, William W. Wick-5.
ILLINOIS.—Orlando B. Ficklin, John A. McClernand, Mexico, and placing $2,000,000 more at the William A. Richardson, Robert Smith, Thomas J. disposal of the President, to be employed in Turner-5. making peace, Mr. David Wilmot, of Pile, after Nays-all the Whigs and a large majority of consultation with other Northern Democrats, the Democrats from Free States, with John W. offered the following Proviso, in addition to the Houston aforesaid. first section of the bill:
This vote terminated all direct action in Provided, That as an express and fundamental con- favor of the Wilmot Proviso for that Session. dition to the acquisition of any territory from the Repub- July 18th.-In Senate, Mr. Clayton, of Del., lic of Mexico by the United States, by virtue of any treaty from the Select Committee to which was which may be negotiated between them, and to the use by the Executive of the moneys herein appropriated, ferred, on the 12th inst., the bill providing a terneither Slavery nor involuntary servitude shall ever exist ritorial government for Oregon, reported a bill in any part of said Territory, except for crime, whereof
to establish Territorial governments for Oregon, the party shall be first duly convicted.
New Mexico, and California, which was read. This proviso was carried in Committee, by the (It proposed to submit all questions as to the Atrong vote of eighty-three to sixty-four-only rightful existence or extent of Slavery in the three Members (Democrats) from the Free Territories to the decision of the Supreme Court States, it was said, opposing it. (Vo record is of the United States.) made of individual votes in Committee of the Whole.) The bill was then reported to the of Conn., moved to strike out so much of said
July, 24th.-Second reading. Mr. Baldwin, House, and Mr. Rathbun, of N. Y., moved the bill as relates to California and New Mexico. previous question on its engrossment. Mr. Tibbatts, of Ky., moved that it do lie on both parties); Nays, 37.
Rejected : Yeas, 17 (Northern Free Soil men of the table. Defeated-Yeas, 79 ; (Stephen A. Douglas, John A. McClernand, John Pettit, ceeding days. On the 26th, Mr. Clarke, of R.
The bill was discussed through several sucand Robert C. Schenck, voting with the South I., moved to add to the 6th section : to lay on the table ;) Nays 93 ; ( Henry Grider and William P. Thomasson, of Ky. (Whigs) of the provisional government of said Territory permit
Provided, however, That no law, regulation, or act voting with the North against it.
ting Slavery or involuntary servitude therein shall be The bill was then engrossed for its third valid, until the same shall be approved by Congress." reading by Yeas 85, Nays, 80; and thus passed Rejected: Yeas, 19 [Col. Benton, and 18 without further division. A motion to recon- Northern Freesoilers of both parties] ; Navs, 33. sider was laid on the table--Yeas, 71; Nays, 83. Mr. Reverdy Johnson, of Mo.. moved to So the bill was passed and sent to the Senate, amend the bill by inserting: where Mr. Dixon H. Lewis, of Alabama, moved Except only, that in all cases of title to slaves, the that the Proviso above cited be stricken out; said writs of error or appeals shall be allowed and deon which debate arose, and Mr. John Davis of cided by the said Supreme Court without regard to the Mass., was speaking when, at noon of August and except, also, that a writ of error or appeal shali
value of the matter, property, or title in controversy ; 10th, the time fixed for adjournment having also be allowed to the Supreme Court of the United urrived, both Houses adjourned without day. States from the decision of the said Supreme Court cre
ated by this act, or of any judge thereof, or of the dis
trict Courts created by this act, or of any judge upon The XXXth Congress assembled Dec. 6, 1847. any writ of habeas corpus involving the question of per
sonal freedom. Feb. 28th 1848, Mr. Putnam of New-York moved the following:
Carried ; Yeas, 31 (all sorts); Nays, 19 (all
Southern, but Bright, Dickinson, and Hannegan). Whereas, In the settlement of the difficulties penang between this country and Mexico, territory may be ac
Mr. Baldwin, of Connecticut, moved an addi. quired in which slarery does not now exist.
tional sectiou, as follows:
Sec. 87. And be it further enacted, That it shall be So Mr. Clayton's project of Compromise vas the duty of the attorneys for said Territories, respec- defeated. tively, on the complaint of any person held in involun.
The next session of the same Congress opened tary servitude thereix, to make application in his behalf in due form of law, to the court next thereafter to under very different auspices. The Mexican be holden in said Territory, for a writ of habeas corpus, War had been terminated, so that none could to be directed to the person se holding such applicant longer be deterred from voting for Slavery Ex in service as aforesaid, and to pursue all needful measures in his behalf; and if the decision of such court shall clusion by a fear that the prosecution of hos. be adverse to the application, or if, on the return of the tilities would thereby be embarrassed. General writ, relief shall be denied to the applicant, on the ground that he is a slave held in servitude in said Terri- Taylor had been elected President, receiving tory, said attorney shall cause an appeal to be taken the votes of Delaware, Maryland, North Carotherefrom, and the record of all the proceedings in the lina, Georgia, Kentucky, Tennessee, Louisiana, case to be transmitted to the Supreme Court of the and Florida-a moiety of the Slave States--over United States as speedily as may be, and to give notice thereof to the Attorney General of the United States, Gen. Cass, now the avowed opponent of Slavery who shall prosecute the same before said Court, who Restriction. Many of the Northern Democrats shall proceed to hear and determine the same at the considered themselves absolved by this vote from first term thereof.
all extra-constitutional obligations to the South, Yeas, 15 (all Northern, except Benton); and roted accordingly. Nays, 31. Ńr. Davis, of Mass., moved to strike out sec- the following:
Dec. 13.-Mr. J. M. Root, of Ohio, offered tion 12, and insert as follows:
Resolved, That the Committee on Territories be inSec. 12. And be it further enacted, That so much structed to report to this House, with as little delay as of the sixth section of the ordinance of the 13th July, practicable, a bill or bills providing a Territorial Govern1787, as is contained in the following words ; viz. "There ment for each of the Territories of New Mexico and Calishall be neither Slavery nor involuntary servitude in the fornia, and excluding Slavery therefrom. said Territory, otherwise than in the punishment of crimes, whereof the party shall have been duly con
A call of the House was had, and the previous victed, shall be and remain in force in the Territory of question ordered. Oregon.
Mr. W. P. Hall, of Mo., moved that the same This was defeated; Yeas, 21; Nays, 33. do lie on the table. Lost: Yeas, 80 ; Nays, 106.
The bill was then engrossed for a third read- The resolve the passed : Yeas, 108; Nays, ing ; Yeas, 33 ; Nays, 22; as follows:
80, viz. : Yeas-For Clayton's Compromise :
Year All the Whigs from Free States, and all the De Messrs. Atchison,
mocrats, but those noted as Nays below, including the fol Atherton,
lowing, who had voted against the same principle at the
former session :
MAINE.-Asa W. H. Clapp, James 8. Wiley-2.
NEW-YORK. - Frederick W. Lord-1.
INDIANA.-Charles W. Cathcart, Thomas J. Henley, John
L. Robinson, William W. Wick-4.
ILLINOIS.-Robert Smith - 1.
Messrs. Clark and H. Williams, of Maine, Birdsall and
Maclay, of New-York, Brodhead and Mann, of Pa., Petrit, Davis, Miss.
of Ind., Ficklin and McClelland, of ill., who voted with Dickinson,
the South at the former session--now failed to vote.
Mr. Jackson, of N. Y, who then voted with the South,
had been succeeded by Mr. H. Greeley, who voted with the
Nays—All the Members voting from the Slave States,
with the following from the Free States : Nays-Against Clayton's bill:
New-YORK.-Henry C. Murphy-1.
PENNSYLVANIA.- Charles Brown, Charles J. Ingersoll-2. Messrs. Allen,
OH10.-William Kennon, jun., John K. Miller, William Badger,
ILLINOIS. - William A. Richardson-1.
Total Navs from Free States-8.
Mr. Robinson, of Ind, moved a reconsidera-
tion of this vote, which motion (Dec. 18), on Dix,
motion of Mr. Wentworth, of Ill., was laid on Dodge,
the table: Yeas, 105; Nays, 83. So the bill was engrossed, and immediately The Civil and Diplomatic Appropriation bill passed without a division.
having passed the House in the usual form, came July 28th.—This bill reached the House, and up to the Senate, where it was debated several was taken up and read twice.
days. Mr. A. H. Stephens, of Ga., moved that the Feb. 21st.—Mr. Walker, of Wisc., moved an bill do lie on the table. Yeas and Nays orderd, amendment, extending all the laws of the United and the motion prevailed: Yeas, 112; Nays, States, so far as applicable, to the Territories 97.
acquired from Mexico. Yeas, all the Free State Whigs, with 8 Whigs Mr. Bell, of Tenn., moved to add further secfrom Slave States; 20 Democrats from Free tions organizing the State of California, to be States.
admitted into the Union on the 1st of October Nays—21 Democrats from Free States, with next. This was rejected: Yeas, 4 (Bell, Dodge 76 Democrats and Whigs from Slave States. of lowa, Douglas, Davis): Nays, 39.
Mr. Pollock, of Pa., moved that this vote be Feb. 26th.--Mr. Dayton, of N. J., moved that reconsidered, and that the motion to reconsider the President be vested with power to provide do lie on the table; which prevailed: Yeas, a suitable temporary government for the Ter113; Nays, 96.
ritories. Rejected : Yeas, 8; Nays, 47.
The question recurred on Mr. Walker's amendment, which was carried: Yeas, 29; Nays, 27.
Aug. 6, 1846. Mr. Douglas, from the ComThe bill being returned to the House, thus mittee on Territories, reported to the House a amended, this amendment was (March 2d) voted
bill organizing the Territory of Oregon.
Said bill was discussed in Committee of the down: Yeas, 101; Nays, 115-as follows:
Yeas—all the members from the Slave Whole, and the following amendment agreed to : States, with the following from the Free States,
And neither Slavery, nor in voluntary servitude shall
ever exist in said Territory, except for crime whereof viz. :
the party shall have been duly convicted. MAINE-Hezekiah Williams-1.
On coming out of Committee, this amendNew-YORK-Ausburn Birdsall-1.
ment was agreed to-Yeas, 108; Nars, 44. (Tho PENNSYLVANIA-Samuel A. Bridges, Richard Brodhead, Charles Brown, Charles J. Ingersoll, Lewis C. Nays are all Southern, but Charles J. Ingersoll, Levin-5.
Orlando B. Ficklin, and possibly one OHIO— William Kennon, jr., William Sawyer-2. others; and all Democrats, but some half a
ILLINOIS—0: lando B. Ficklin, John A. McClernand, dozen from the South, of whom Robert Toombs William A. Richardson-3. Iowa-Shepherd Leffler-1.
has since turned Democrat.) Stephen A. Doug.
las did not vote. Total, thirteen from Free States; eighty-eight without further opposition, was read twice in
The bill passed the House from Slave States. (Only two from Slave States the Senate, and referred; and Mr. Westcott, of absent or silent.)
Florida, made a report thereon from the ComNays—all the Whigs from Free States, and all mittee on Territories; but the session closed the Democrats from Free States, except those without further action on the bill. named above. So the House refused to concur in this amend on the 23d, Mr. Douglas again reported his
This Congress reassembled, Dec. 71h, 1846. ment, and the bill was returned to the Senate bill to provide a Territorial government for accordingly. The Senate resolved to insist on its amend. Jan. 11th, 1847, was discussed in Committee,
Oregon, which was read twice and committed: ment, and ask a conference, which was granted,
as also on the 12th and 14th, when it was but resulted in nothing. Messrs. Atherton, of resolved, to close the debate. On the 15th, it N. H., Dickinson, of N. Y., and Berrien, of Ga.,
was taken out of Committee, when Gen. Burt, were managers on the part of the Senate, and of S. C., moved the following addition (already insisted on its amendment, organizing the Ter
moved, debated, and voted down in Committee) ritories without restriction to Slavery; to the clause forbidding Slavery in said TerriMessrs. Vinton, of Ohio, Nicoll, of N. Y., and
tory: Morehead, of Ky., were appointed on the part of the House. These, after a long sitting, re
Inasmuch as the whole of said Territory lies north of
thirty-six degrees thirty minutes north latitude, known ported their inability to agree, and were dis- as the line of the Missouri Compromise. charged.
The purpose of this is clear enough. It was The bill being now returned to the House, Mr. intended to recognize the Missouri line, not as McClernand, of II., moved that the House do limited to the Territories possessed by the United recede from its disagreement. Carried : Yeas, States at the time said line was established, 111; Navs, 106.
but as extending to all that has since been, or Mr. R W. Thompson, of Ind., moved that the hereafter should be, acquired, so as to legalize House concur with the Senate, with an amend. Slavery in any Territory benceforth to be ment, which was a substitute, extending the acquired by us south of 36° 30'. laws of the United States over said Territories, Mr. Burt's amendment was negatived: Yeas, but leaving thema unorganized, —
82; Nays, 114. And that, until the fourth day of July, eighteen hundred
The vote was very nearly sectional; but the and fifty, unless Congress shall sooner provide for the following members from Free States voted in government of said Territories, the existing laws there the minority : of shall be retained and observed.
PENNSYLVANIA-Charles J. Ingersoll-1.
IOWA-C. S. Hastings—1. In all, 5. son, it was carried : Yeas, 111; Nays, 105.
No member from a Slave State voted in (All the Southern members in the negative, the majority. The bill then passed : Yeas, 134; with Levin and a few of the Northern Demo. Nays, 35, (all Southern). cratus ; the residue, with all the Northern Whigs, Jun. 15.-The bill reached the Senate, and in the affirmative.)
was sent to the Judiciary Committee, consisting The House now proceeded to agree to the of Senate's amendment, as amended : Yeas, 110; Messrs. Ashley, Ark. Berrien, Ga. Westcott, Fla. Nays, 103, (the same as before; the friends of Breese, ni.
Dayton, N. J. the Senate's proposition voting against it, as Jan. 25.—Mr. Ashley reported the Oregon amended, and vice versa, on the understanding bill with amendments, which were ordered to that Mr. Thompson's amendment would exclude be printed. Siavery.)
29.-Said bill, on motion of Mr. Westcott, The bill as thus amended being returned to was recommitted to the Judiciary Committee. the Senate, it refused to agree to the House's Feb 10.—Mr. Ashley again reported it with amendment, and receded from its own proposi- amendments. tion; so the bill was passed and the session March 3.--It was taken up as in Committee closed, with no provision for the government of of the Whole, when Mr. Evans, of Maine, moved the newly-acquires Territories.
that it be laid on the table. Defeated: Yeas,