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mously nominated, and the Convention ad. ( and ample protection of persons and property from
domestic violence and foreign aggression. journed.
6. That it is the duty of every branch of the Govern.
ment to enforce and practice the most rigid economy in DEMOCRATIC NATIONAL CONVENTION- ought to be raised than is required to defray the neces
conducting our public affairs, and that po more revenue 1856.
sary expenses of the government, and gradual but certain
extinction of the public debt. This Convention met at Cincinnati on the 2d 6. That the proceeds of the public lands ought to be of June, and chose Johu E. Ward, of Georgia, sacredly applied to the national objects specified in the to preside, and nominated James Buchanan on distribution of such proceeds among the States, as alike
Constitution, and that we are opposed to any law for the the 17th ballot, as follows:
inexpedient in policy, and repugnant to the Constitution.
7. That Congress has no power tu charter a National Ballots. Buchanan. Pierce. Douglas. Cass. Bank; that we believe such an institution one of deadly 185 1:2 83
hostility to the best interests of this country, dangerous 189 1191 81
to our republican institutions and the liberties of the peo1997 119 32
51 ple, and calculated to place the business of the country 1413 119 8+)
within the control of a concentrated money power and 140) 1191 31
51 above the laws and will of the people; and the results of 155 117} 28
the Democratic legislation in this and all other financial 1434 S9 58
measures upon which issues have been made between the 8. 1474 87 66
two political parties of the country, have demonstrated 9. 146 87 56
7 to candid and practical men of all parties their sound10. 15' } 8 394
ness, safety and utility in all business pursuits, 11. 147+ SO 63
8. That the separation of the moneys of the Govern12. 148 79 635
ment from banking institutions is indispensable to the 18. 150) 774 63
67 safety of the funds of the Government and the rights of 14. 1521
9. That we are decidedly opposed to taking from the 16. 163
President the qualified Veto power, by which he is ena17. 296
bled, under restrictions and responsibilities amply sufiMr. Buchanan having been unanimously of a bill whose merits cannot secure the approval of two:
cient to guard the public interests, to suspend the passage nominated for President, the Convention pro-thirds of the Senate and House of Representatives, unul ceeded to ballot for a candidate for Vice-Presi- the judgment of the people can be obtained thereon, and dent, the first ballot resulting as follows:
which has saved the American people from the corrupt
and tyrannical dominion of the Bank of the United J. A. Quitman, Miss ,.. 59 | J. C. Breckinridge, Ky... 55 States, and from a corrupting system of general internal Linn Boyd, Ky,... 33 B. Fitzpatrick, Ala....... 11 improvements. A. V. Brown, Tenn.,... 29 H. V. Johnson, Ga.,.... 31 10. That the liberal principles embodied by Jefferson in J. A. Bayard, Del.,.... 31 Trusten Polk, Mo.,... 5 the Declaration of Independence, and sanctioned in the T. J. Rusk, Texas, .... 2 J. C. Dobbin, N. C....... 13 Constitution, which makes ours the land of liberty and
On the second ballot, the name of Gen. Quit- the asylum of the oppressed of every nation, have ever man was withdrawn, as were also those of other every attempt to abridge the privilege of becoming citi
been cardinal principles in the Democratic faith; and leading candidates, and Mr. Breckinridge was zens and the owners of soil among us ought to be reunanimously nominated.
sisted with the same spirit which swept the alien and se
dition laws from our statute books. The Convention adopted the following
And whereas, Since the foregoing declaration was up
formly adopted by our predecessors in National Conven. PLATFORM:
tion, an adverse political and religious test has been seResolved, That the American Democracy place their cretly organized by a party claiming to be exclusively trust in the in elligence, the patriotism, and the discrimi. American, and it is proper that the Ainerican Democracy nating justice of the American people,
should clearly define its relations thereto; and declare Resolved, That we regard this as a distinctive feature its determined opposition to all secret political societies, of our political creed, which we are proud to maintain by whatever name they may be called. before the world as a great moral element in a form of
Rosoloed, That the foundation of this Union of States government springing from and upheld by the popuiar having been laid in, and its prosperity, expansion, and will; and we contrast it with the creed and practice of preëminent example of free government, built upon enFederalism, under whatever rame or form, which seeks tire freedom in matters of religious concernment, and no to palsy the will of the Constituent, and which conceives respect of persons in regard to rank, or place of birth, no imposture too monstrous for the popular credulity.
no party can justly be deemed national, constitutional, Resowed, therefore, Thatentertaining these views, the or in accordance with American principles, which bases Democratic party of this Union, through their delegates, its exclusive organization upon religious opinions and assembled in general Convention, coming together in a
accidental birth-place. And hence a political crusade in spirit of concord, of devotion to the doctrines and faith the nineteenth century, and in the United States of Ameof a free representative government, and appealing to rica, against Catholics and foreign-born, is neither justified their fellow-citiz-ns for the rectitude of their intentions, by the past history nor future prospects of the country, renew and reassert before the American people, the nor in unison with the spirit of toleration, and enlightdeclarations of principles avowed by them, when, oni
ened freedom which peculiarly distinguishes the Ameriformer occasions, in general Convention, they have pre- can system of popular government. sented their candidates for the popular suffrage.
Resolved, That we reiterate with renewed energy of 1. That the Federal Government is one of limited power, purpose the well considered declarations of former con. derived solely from the Constitution, and the grants of
ventions upon the sectional issue of domestic slavery power made iherein ought to be strictly construed by all and conceroing the reserved rights of the States, the departments and agents of the Government, and that
1. That Congress has no power under the Constitution it is inexpedient and dangerous to exercise doubtful con.
to interfere with or control the domestic institutions of stitutional powers.
the several States, and that all such States are the sole 2. That the Constitution does not confer upon the and proper judges of everything appertaining to their General Government the power to commence and carry
own affairs not prohibited by the Constitution; that all on a general system of internal improvements.
efforts of the Abolitionists or others made to induce Con8 That the Constitution does noi confer authority upon gress to interfere with questions of Slavery, or to take the Federal Government, directly or indirectly, to assume incipient steps in relation thereto, are calculated to lead the debts of the several States, contracted for local and to the most alarming and dangerous consequences, and internal improvements, or other State purposes, nor
that all such efforts have an inevit.ble tendency to di would such assumption be just or expedient.
minish the happiness of the people and endanger the 4. That justice and sound policy forbid the Federal stability and permanency of the Uniun, and ought not Government to foster one branch of industry to the detri: 1 to be countenanced by any friend of our political insti.
tutions. ment of another, or to cherish the interests of one portion of our common country; that every citizen and every
2. That the foregoing proposition covers and was in section of the country has a right to demand and insisttended to embrace the whole subject of Slaverr agitation upon an equality of rights and privileges, and a complete I in Congress, and therefore the Democratic party of the
Union, standing on this national platform, will abide by (opment of our growing power, requires that we should and adhere to a faithful executiou of the acts known as hold sacred the principles involved in the Monroe doo the Compromise Measures, settled by the Congress of trine. Their bearing and import admit of no miscon1850 : “the act for reclaiming fugitives from service or struction, and should be applied with unbending rigid. labor" included; which act, being designed to carry out ity. an express provision of the Constitution, cannot, with 8. Resowed, That the great highway, which nature as fidelity thereto, be repealed, or so changed as to destroy well as the assent of States most immediately interested or impair its efficiency.
in its maintenance has marked out for free communica3. That the Democratic Party will resist all attempts tion between the Atlantic and the Pacific Oceans, conat renewing, in Congress or out of it, the agitation of the ; stitutes one of the most important achievements realized Slavery question, under whatever shape or color the al- by the spirit of modern times, in the unconquerable tempt may be made.
energy of our people; and that result would be secured 4. That the Democratic Party will faithfully abide by by a timely and efficient exertion of the control which and uphold the principles laid down in the Kentucky we have the right to claim over it; and no power on and Virginia resolutions of 1797 and 1798, and in the earth should be suffered to impede or clog its progress report of Mr. Madison to the Virginia Legislature in 1799 by any interference with relations that it may suit our that it adopts these principles as constituting one of policy to establish between our Government and the the main foundations of its political creed, and is re- government of the States within whose dominions it lies; solved to carry them out in their obvious meaning and we can under no circumstance suriender our preponimport.
derance in the adjustment of all questions arising out And that we may more distinctly meet the issue on of it. which a sectional party, subsisting, exclusively 4. Resolved, That, in view of so commanding an interSlavery agitation, now relies to test the fidelity of the est, the people of the United States cannot but sympeople, North and South, to the Constitution and the pathize with the efforts which are being made by the Union
people of Central America to regenerate that portion of 1. Resowed, That claiming fellowship with and desir- the continent which covers the passage across the intering the coöperation of all who regard the preservation oceanic isthmus. of the Union under the Constitution as the paramount 5. Resolved, that the Democratic Party will expect of issue, and repudiating all sectional parties and platforms the next Administration that every proper effort be made concerning domestic Slavery, which seek to embroil the to insure our ascendency in the Gulf of Mexico, and to States and inc.te to treason and armed resistance to law maintain permanent protection to the great outlets in the Territories, and whose avowed purpose, if con- through which are emptied into its waters the products summated, must 'end in civil war and disunion, the raised out of the soil and the commodities created by American Democracy recognize and adopt the principles the industry of the people of our western valleys and of contained in the organic laws establishing the Territories the Union at large. of Nebraska and Kansas, as embodying the only sound Resolved, that the Administration of FRAXKLIN and safe solution of the Slavery question, upon which PIERCE has been true to Democratic principles, and the great national idea of the people of this whole coun- therefore true to the great interests of the country ; try can repose in its determined conservation of the in the face of violent opposition, he has maintained the Union, and non-interference of Cong ess with Slavery in laws at home, and vindicated the rights of American the Territories or in the District of Columbia.
citizens abroad; and therefore we proclaim our unquali2. That this was the basis of the compromises of 1850, fied admiration of his ineasures and policy. confirmed by both the Democratic and Whig parties in National Conventions, ratified by the people in the election of 1852, and rightly appled to the organization of the Territories in 185t.
WHIG CONVENTION-1856. 3. That by the uniform application of the Democratic principle to the organization of Territories, and the ad. A Whig National Convention met at Baltimission of new States with or without domestic Slavery, more on the 17th of Sept., 1856-Edward Bates, as they may elect, the equal rights of all the States will of Missouri, presidng. The nominations of he preserved intact, the original compacts of the Consti- Millard Fillmore for President, and Andrew J. tution maintained inviolate, and the perpetuity and expansion of the Union insured to its utmost capacity of Donelson for Vice-President, were unanimously embracing, in peace and harmony, every future Ameri- concurred in. The Convention adopted the can State that may be constituted or annexed with a republican form of government.
following Resolved, That we recognize the right of the people of
PLATFORM: all the Territories including Kansas and Nebraska, acting through the legally and fairly expressed will of the Resolved, that the Whigs of the United States, now majority of the actual residents, and whenever the num- here assembled, hereby declare their reverence for the ber of their inhabitants justifies it, to form a Constitu- Constitution of the United States, their unalterable attion, with or without domestic Slavery, and be admitted tachment to the National Union, and a fixed determinainto the Union upon terms of perfect equality with the tion to do all in their power to preserve them for themother States.
selves and their posterity. They have no new principles Resolved, finally, That in view of the condition of to announce; no new platform to establish; but are popular institutions in the Old World (and the danger- content to broadly rest-where their fathers restedous tendencies of sectional agitation, combined with the upon the Constitution of the United States, wishing no attempt to enforce civil and religious d sabilities against safer guide, no higher law. the rights of acquiring and enjoying citizenship in our Resolved, That we regard with the deepest interest own land), a high and sacred duty is involved with in- and anxiety the present disordered condition of our creased responsibility upon the Democratic Party of this national affairs—a portion of the country ravaged by country, as the party of the Union, to uphold and main- civil war, large sections of our population enbittered by tain the rights of every State and thereby the Union of mutual recriminations; and we distinctly trace these the States -and to sustain and advance among us con- calamities to the culpable neglect of duty by the present stitutional liberty, by continuing to resist all monopolies national administration. and exclusive leg slation for the benefit of the few at the Resolved, that the Government of the United States expense of the many, and by a vigilant and constant was formed by the conjunction in political unity of wide adherence to those principles and compromises of the spread geographical sections materially differing, not Constitution
which are broad enough and strong only in climate and products, but in social and domestic enough to embrace and uphold the Union as it was, the institutions; and that any cause that shall permanently Union as it is, and the Union as it shall be-in the full array the different sections of the Union in political hosexpression of the energies and capacity of this great and tility and organized parties founded only on geographical progressive people.
distinctions must inevitably prove fatal to a continuance 1. Resolved, 'That there are questions connected with of the National Union. the foreign policy of this country which are inferior to Resolved, That the Whigs of the United States declare, no domestic question whatever. The time has come for as a fundamental article of political faith, an absolute the people of the United States to declare themselves in necessity for avoiding geographical parties. The danger, favor of free seas, and progressive free trade throughout so clearly discerned by the Father of his Country, has the world, and, by solemi, manifestations, to place their now become fearfully apparent in the agitation now moral influence at the side of their successful example. convulsing the nation, and must be ar: ested at once it
2. Resolved, That our geographical and political posi- we would preserve oui Constitution and our Union from t.on with reference to the other states of this continent, dismemberment, and the name of Ame: ica from being uo less than the interest of our commerce and the devels blotted out f.om the family of civilized nat.ons.
Resoloed, That all who revere the Constitution and those present and voting should be required tu the Union, must look with alarm at the parties in the nominate candidates. The following Platform field in the present Presidential campaign-one claiming only to represent sixtcen Northern States, and the other was adopted, and, without taking a ballot for appealing mainly to the passions and prejudices of the President, the Convention again adjourned. Southern States; that the success of either faction must add fuel to the flame which now threatens to wrap our
PLATFORM OF 1860. dearest interests in a common ruin. Resolved, That the only remedy for an evil so appal. Republican electors of the United States, in Convention
Resoloed, That we, the delegated representatives of the ling is to support a candidate pledged to neither of the assembled, in discharge of the duty we owe to our congeographical sections now arrayed in political antagon- stituents and our country, unite in the following decla. am, but holding both in a just and equal regard. We congratulate ihe friends of the Union that such a candidate exists in Millard Fillmore.
That the history of the nation, during the last fori Resolved, That, without adopting or referring to the years, has fully established the propriety and necessit 7 peculiar doctrines of the party which has already se
of the organization and perfetuation of the Republicaa lected Mr. Fillmore as a candidate, we look to him as a party, and that the causes which called it into existence well-tried and faithful friend of the Constitution and the before, demand its peaceful and constitutional triumph.
are permanent in their nature, and now, more than ever Union, eminent alike for his wisdom and firmness-for his justice and moderation in our foreign relations-for in the Declaration of Independence and embodied in the
2. That the maintenance of the principles promulgated his calm and pacific temperament, so well becoming the head of a great nation--for his devotion to the Constitu- Federal Constitution, " That all men are created equal; tion in its true spirit--his inflexibility in executing the hat they are endowed by their Creator with certain inlaws; but, beyond all these attributes, in possessing the the pursuit of happiness; that, to secure these rights,
alienable rights ; that among these are life, liberty and one transcendent merit of being a representative of neither of the two sectional parties now struggling for just powers from the consent of the governed,” is essen
governments are instituted among men, deriving their political supremacy. Resolved, That, in the present exigency of political af- and that the Federal Constitution, the Rights of the
tial to the preservation of our Republican institutions ; fairs, we are not called upon to discuss the subordinate questions of administration in the exercising of the States, and the Union of the States, must and shall be Constitutional powers of the Government. It is enough
3. That to the Union of the States this nation owes its to know that civil war is raging, and that the Union is in peril ; and we proclaim the conviction that the restora- unprecedented increase in population, its surprising de. tion of Mr. Fillmore to the Presidency will furnish the best of wealth, its happiness at home and its honor abroad;
velopment of material resources, its rapid augmentation if not the only means of restoring peace.
and we hold in abhorrence all schemes for Disunion, come In the election which ensued, Mr. Fillmore from whatever source they may: And we congratulate received the vote of Maryland only, while Mr. uttered or countenanced the threats of Disunion so often
the country that no Republican member of Congress has Buchanan obtained those of the 14 other Slave made by Democratic members, without rebuke and with States, and of New-Jersey, Pennsylvania, Indiana, applause from their political associates ; and we denounce Illinois and California, making 172 in all. Col. of their ascendency, as denying the vital principles of a
those threats of disunion, in case of a popular overthrow Fremont received the votes of the eleven other free government, and as an avowal of contemplated treaFree States, making 114 in all. Pennsylvania son, which it is the imperative duty of an iudignant Peuand Illinois, had they voted for Col. Fremont, ple sternly to rebuke and forever silence.
4. That the maintenance in violate of the rights of thie would have given him the election.
States, and especially the right of each State to order and control its own domestic institutions according to its own
judgment exclusively, is essential to that balance of pow. REPUBLICAN CONVENTION-1860.
ers on which the perfection and endurance of our politi
cal fabric depends; and we denounce the lawless invasion A Republican National Convention assembled by armed force of the soil of any State or Territory, ne
matter under what pretext, as among the gravest uf at Chicago, Illinois, on Wednesday, May 16th, crimes. 1860, delegates being in attendance from all the 5. That the present Democratic Administration has far Free States, as also from Delaware, Maryland, serviency to the exactions of a sectional interest, as esa
exceeded our worst apprehensions, in its measureless suisVirginia, Kentucky, Missouri, Texas, * the Ter-pecially evinced in its desperate exertions to force the ritories of Kansas and Nebraska, and the Dis. infamous Lecompton Constitution upon the protesting trict of Columbia.
people of Kansas; in construing the personal relation
between master and servant to involve an unqualitied Gov. Morgan, of New-York, as Chairman of property in persons; in its attempted entorcement, every. the National Executive Committee, nominated where, on land and sea, through the intervention of CoilDavid Wilmot as temporary Chairman, and he gress and of the Federal Courts of the extreme preien,
sions of a purely local interest; and in its general que was chosen. The usual Committees on perma- unyurying abuse of the power intrusted to it by a confidnent organization, credentials, etc., were ap- ing people. pointed, and the Convention was permanently extravagance which pervades every department of the
6. That the people justly view with alarm the reckless organized by the selection of George Ashmun, Federal Government; that a return to rigid, economy of Massachusetts, as President, with a Vice- and accountability is indispensable to arrest the systePresident and a Secretary from each State and matic plunder of ihe public treasury by favored partiTerritory represented. A Committee, of one and corruptions at the Feileral metropolis, show that an
sans; while the recent startling developments of frauds from each State and Territory, was appointed entire change of adninistration is imperatively deto draft suitable resolutions, or in other words inanded..
7. 'That the new dogma that the Constitution, of its a Platform, and the Convention adjourned.
ce, carries Slavery into any or all of the TerritoOn the following day, an interesting debate ries of the United States, is a dangerous political heresy, a rose on a proposition to require a vote equal at variance with the explicit provisions of that instru. to a majority of full delegations from all the legislative and judicial precedent; is revolutionary in its
ment itself, with coternporaneous exposition, and with States to nominate candidates for President and tendency, and subversive of the peace and harmony of VicePresident; which, with the delegates actu- the country. ally in attendance, would have been about United States is that of freedom: That as our Republican
8. That the normal condition of all the territory of the equivalent to a two-third rule. This proposition fathers, when they had abolished Slavery in all our nawas voted down, and the Convention decided, tional territory, ordained that “no person should be deby a vote of 331 to 130, that only a majority of prived of lif, liberty, or properiy, without due procese
of law,” it becomes our duty, by legislation, whenever
such legislation is necessary, to maintain this provision * The delegation from Texas has since been proved fraudulent, of the Constitution against all attempts to violate it; and hieving bere got up in Vichigan to effect a personal end. we deny the authority of Co zress, of a territorial legin
| Dayton. il | Sumner.
lature, or of any individuals, to give legal existence to
FIRST BALLOT. Slavery in any 'Territory of the United States. 9. That we brand the recent re-opening of the African
States. slave-trade, under the cover of our national flag, aided hy perversions of judicial power, as a crime agaiust humanity and a burning shame to our country and age;
.10 and we ca l upon Congress to take prompt and efficient me sures for the total and final suppression of that exe
New Hampshire 1
Vermont. crabe traffic.
Massachusetts. .21 4 14. That in the recent vetoes, by their Federal Gover
Rhode Island... nors. of the acts of the egislatures of Kansas and New
Connecticut.... 2 oriska, prohibiting Slavery in those Territories, we find a
New-York......70 practical illustration of the bcasted Democratic principie of Non Intervention and Popular Sovereignty embo
New Jersey. died in the Kansas Nebraska bill, and a demonstration
Pennsylvania.. 11 4 of the deception and frand involved therein.
Delaware.. 11. That Kansas should, of right, be immediately admitted as a State under the Constitution recently formed
Virginia.. 8 14
Kentucky 5 6 2 and adopted by her people, and accepted by the House
84 of Representatives.
26 12. That, while providing revenue for the support of the General Government by duties upon imports, sound policy
13 requires such an adjustment of these imposts as to en
22 courage the development of the industrial interests of the
4 whole country: and we commend that policy of national
Wisconsin. 10 exchanges which secures to the working men liberal
2 2 wages, to agriculture remunerating prices, to mechanics
California... 8 and manufacturers an adequate reward for their skill,
Minnesota... 8 labir, and enterprise, and to the nation commercial prosperity and independence.
Territories. 18. That we protest against any sale or alienation to
Kansas. others of the Public Lands held by actual settlers, and
Nebraska. 2 1
2 against any view of the Homestead policy which regards Dis. of Columbia 2 ihe settlers as paupers or suppliants for public bounty ; and we demand the passage by Congress of the complete
Total.... 1731 102 3 504 48 12 1 49 14 1 1 10 and satisfactory Homestead measure which has already passed the House.
Whole number of votes, 465. Necessary to 14. That the Republican Party is opposed to any change a choice, 233. in our Naturalization Laws or any State legislation by
The second ballot was then taken. which the rights of citizenship hitherto accorded to immigrants from foreign lands shall be abridged or impaired ;
Mr. Cameron's name was withdrawn. and in favor of giving a full and efficient protection to the rights of all classes of citizens, whether native or na
SECOND BALLOT. furalized, both at home and abroad.
15. That appropriations by Congress for River and Harbor improvements of a National character, required
States. for the accommodation and security of an existing commerce, are authorized by the Constitution, and justified
10 by the obligations of Government to protect the lives and
9 property of its citizens. 16. That a Railroad to the Pacific Ocean is imperatively Massachusetts.
Vermont.. demanded by the interests of the whole country; that Rhode Island.
22 4 the Federal Government ought to render immediate and efficient aid in its construction; and that, as preliminary New-York...
Connecticut thereto, a daily Overland Mail should be promptly New-Jersey.
10 established. 17. Finally, having thus set forth our distinctive prin Maryland
21 48 ciples and views, we invite the coöperation of all citi
6 sens, however differing on other questions, who substantsally agree with us in their affirmance and support.
8 14 Kentucky.,
6 On the following day, Friday, May 18th, the Ohio..
3 29 Indiana.
26 Chair having announced that the naming of
18 candidates for President was in order, Wm. Michigan.
12 M. Evarts, of New-York, named William H. Illinois.
Wisconsin. Mr. Judd, of Illinois, named Abraham Lin- Iowa.. coln. Mr. Dudley, of New-Jersey, nominated California Wm. L. Dayton. Gov. Reeder, of Pennsylva
Oregon.. vania, nominated Simnon Cameron. Mr. Cart
Territories. ter, of Ohio, nominated Salmon P. Chase. Kansas..
6 Francis P. Blair, of Maryland, nominated Ed
District of Columbia... 2
8 42 10 2 Lincoln. Mr. Austin Blair, of Michigan, seconded The third ballot was taken amid excitement, the nomination of Mr. Seward; so also did Carl and cries for “the ballot.” Intense feeling Schurz, of Wisconsin, Mr. Worth, of Minnesota, existed during the voting, each vote being and Mr. Wilder, of Kansas.
awaited in breathless silence and expectancy. Mr. Corwin, of Ohio, nominated Judge Mc. The progress of the ballot was watched with lean.
most intense interest, especially toward the Mr. Delano, of Ohio, seconded the nomination last, the crowd becoming silent as the contest of Mr. Lincoln, as did also one of the delegates narrowed down. Tho States, as called, voted as from Iowa.
follows : The balloting the proceeded, with the following result:
* Previously withdrawn.
Doll! | McLean.
11111 | Dayton. I lol!!! | C. M. Clay*
II | Bates.
I || Dayton
C. M, Clay.
1 | Banks.
HIIII| C. M. Clay.
Il | Hickman.
Maine... New Hampshire. 1
10 Massachusetts.... 3
10 Rhode Island. 1
1 Connecticut.... 1
8 New-York. .70
Connecticut..... 2 1
New-York...... 9 New Jersey...... 5
4 2 11 35
1 New Jersey.
6 Maryland... 2
Pennsylvania... 424 24 7 11 Delaware..
1 8 Delaware,.
2 Kentucky 4 13
Virginia.. 23 Ohio..
8 Texas.. 6
2 16 Wisconsin.. .10
Texas... Iowa.. 2
Iowa Minnesota.. 8
8 Oregon 1
1 Kansas, 6
Teritories. Nebraska... 8 2
Kansas. Dist. of Columbia 2
Dist. of Columbia.. 2 180 22 241 2311 5 1
Total.... .1011 384 51 58 194 1 This gave Lincoln 2311 votes, or within 2) of Total 461. Necessary to a choice, 232. a nomination,
THE SECOND BALLOT. Before the result was announced, Mr. Cartter, of Ohio, said I rise, Mr. Chairman, to an- Stratee.
Hamlin. Clay. Hickman. nounce the change of four votes from Ohio, Maine..
16 from Mr. Chase to Abraham Lincoln.
10 This announcement, giving Mr. Lincoln a Massachusetts.
26 majority, was greeted by the audience with the Rhcde Island
8 most enthusiastic and thundering applause.
70 Mr. McCrillis, of Maine, making himself heard, New Jersey
14 said that the young giant of the West is now of Pennsylvania.
54 age. Maine casts for him her 16 votes.
Delaware.. Mr. Andrew, of Massachusetts, changed the
Virginia.. vote of that State, giving 18 to Mr. Lincoln and Kentucky. 8 to Mr. Seward.
12 Mr. B. Gratz Brown, of Missouri, desired to
Missouri. change the 18 votes of Missouri to the gallant son Michigan. of the West, Abraham Lincoln. Iowa, Con- Illinois
Texas.. necticut, Kentucky, and Minnesota also changed
Wisconsin their votes. The result of the third ballot was Iowa.. announced:
Minnesota.. Whole number of votes cast .466 Oregon..
2 Necessary to a choice.....
Kansas. Abraham Lincoln had received 354, and was Nebraska.. declared duly nominated.
District of Columbia. On motion of Wm. M. Evarts, of New York,
18 seconded by Mr. Andrew, of Massachusetts, the nomination was then made unanimous.
Massachusetts withdrew the name of Mr. On motion of Mr. Evarts, of New-York, the Banks, and cast 26 votes for Mr. Hamlin. Convention now took a recess till 5 o'clock, to Pennsylvania withdrew the name of Gov. afford time for consultation as to Vice-President Reeder, and cast 54 votes for Mr. Hamlin.
At 5 o'clock the Convention rëassembled, On motion of Mr. Blakey, of Kentucky, the listened to nominations, and then proceeded to nomination was made unanimous. ballot.
Mr. J. R. Giddings, of Ohio, offered and the The following is a record of the ballotings for Convention adopted the following: Vice-President:
Resolood, That we deeply sympathize with those men
who have been driven, some from their native States and [NOTE.--Col.Fremont had sent a letter by one
others from the States of their adoption, and are now
exiled from their homes on account of their opinions ; of the delegates from California, withdrawing and we hold the Democratic party responsible for the his name from the list of candidates for Presi- gross violations of that clause of the Constitution which dent. This letter was published before the declares that citizens of each State shall be entitled to
all the privileges and immunities of citizens of the meeting of the Convention.]