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to their reserved rights, and the General Government Nays-Maine, 4; Connecticut, 1; New-York, 22 ; sustained on its constitutional powers, and that the Pennsylvania, 6 ; Ohio, 15; Wisconsin, 1; Indianit, 6; Union should be revered and watched over as the palla. Illinois, 5 ; Michigan, 6; California, 4—70. dium of our liberties. Third. That while struggling freedom everywhere
GEN. Scott's ACCEPTANCE. enlists the warmest sympathy of the Whig party, we still adhere to the doctrines of the Father of his Country, as Gen. Scott accepted the nomination and Plat. announced in his Farewell Address, of keeping ourselves free froin all entangling alliances with foreign countries, form in the following letter. and of never quitting our own to stand upon foreign
WASHINGTON, June 24th, 1852 g:ound; that our mission as a republic is not to propa
Sir: I have had the honor to receive from your han.is gate our opinions, or impose on other countries our forms of government, by artifice or force; but to teach the official notice of my unanimous nomination as the by example, and show by our success, moderation and Whig candidate for the office of President of the United justice, the blessings of self-government, and the advan- States, together with a copy of the resolutions passed by
the Convention, expressing their opinions upon some of tage of free institutions. Fourth. That, as the people make and control the the most prominent questions of national policy.
This great distinction, conferred by a numerous, intelli. Government, they should obey its constitution, laws and treaties as they would retain their self-respect, and the gent and patriotic body, representing millions of my respect which they claim and will enforce from foreign the very eminent names which were before the Conv n
countrymen, sinks deep into my heart; and remembering powers. Fifth. Government should be conducted on principles feel, oppressively, the weight of responsibility belonging
tion in amicable competition with my own, I am mave to of the strictest economy; and revenue sufficient for the expenses thereof, in time, ought to be derived mainly cure this distinction, I lost not a moment after it had
to my new position. Not having written a word to profrom a duty on imports, and not from direct taxes; and been conferred in addressing a letter to one of your memon laying such duties sound policy requires a just dis-bers, to signify what would be, at the proper time, the crimination, and, when practicable, by specific duties, substance of my reply to the Conventivu: and I now have whereby suitable encouragement may be afforded to the honor to repeat in a more formal manner, as the occaAmerican industry, equally to all classes and to all por: sion justly demands, that I accept the nomination with the tions of the country ; an economical administration of resolutions annexed. The political principles and measthe Government, in time of peace, ought to be derived
ures laid down in those resolutions are so broad that but from duties on imports, and not from direct taxation; little is left for me to add. I therefore barely suggest in and in laying such d'ities, sound policy requires a just this place, that should I, by the partiality of my country, discrimination, whereby suitable encouragement may be
men, be elevated to the Chief Magistracy of the Union, I afforded to American industry, equally to all classes, and shall be ready, in my connection with Congress, to reto all parts of the country.
commend or approve of measures in regard to the man. Siwth. The Constitution vests in Congress the power agement of the public domain, so as to secure an early to open and repair harbors, and remove obstructions settiennent of the same, favorable to actual settlers, but from navigable rivers, whenever such improvements are consistent, nevertheless, with a due regard to the equal necessary for the common defense, and for the protec-rights of the whole American people in that vast national tion and facility of commerce with foreign nations, or inheritance; and also to recommend or approve of a sine among the States—said iinprovements being in every gle alteration in our naturalization laws, suggested by my 'instance national and general in their character.
military experience, viz : Giving to all foreigners the Seventh. The Federal and State Governments are parts right of citizenship, who shall faithfully serve, in time of of one system, alike necessary for the common prosper-war, one year on board of our public ships, or in our ity, peace and security, and ought to be regarded alike land forces, regular or volunteer, on their receiving an with a cordial, habitual and immovable attachment. honorable discharge from the service. In regard to the Respect for the authority of each, and acquiescence in general policy of the administration, if elected, I should, the just constitutional measures of each, are duties of course, look among those who may approve that polirequired by the plainest considerations of National, cy for the agents to carry it into execution; and I should State and individual welfare.
seek to cultivate harmony and fraternal sentiments Eighth. That the series of acts of the 32d Congress, the throughout the whig party, without attempting to l'eAct known as the Fugitive Slave law included, are duce its members, by proscription, to exact uniformity to received and acquiesced in by the Whig party of the
my own views. United States as a settlement in principle and substance
But I should at the same time be rigorous in regard to of the dangerous and exciting questions which they qualifications for office, retaining and appointing no one embrace; and, so far as they are concerned, we will either deficient in capacity or integrity, or in devotion to maintain them, and insist upon their strict enforcement, liberty, to the Constitution and the Union. Convinced until time and experience shall demonstrate the neces- that harmony or good will between the different quarters sity of further legislation to guard against the evasion of of our broad country is essential to the present and the the laws on the one hand and the abuse of their powers tuture interests of the Republic, and with a devotion to on the other-not impairing their present efficiency; and those interests that can know no South and no North, I we deprecate all further agitation of the question thus should neither countenance nor tolerate any sedition, dissettled, as dangerous to our peace, and will discounte-order, faction or resistance to the law or the Union on nance all efforts to continue or renew such agitation, any pretext, in any part of the land, and I should carry whenever, wherever, or however the attempt may be into ine civil administration this one principle of military made; and we will maintain this system as essential to conduct-obedience to the legislative and judicial dethe nationality of the Whig party, and the integrity of partments of government, each in its constitutional the Union.
sphere, saving only in respect to the Legislature, the pog.
sible resort to the veto power, always to be most cau. The above propositions were unanimously tiously exercised, and under the strictest restraints and
necessities, adopted with the exception of the last, which
Finally, for my strict adherence to the principles of the was carried by a vote of 212 to 70: the dele. Whig party, as expressed in the resolutions of the Con
vention, and herein suggested, with a sincere and earnest gates who voted against it being supporters of purpose to advance the greatness and happiness of the Scott as against Fillmore and Webster in the Republic, and thus to cherish and encourage the cause of
constitutional liberty throughout the world, avoiding ballotings above given.
every act and thought that inight involve our country in
an unjust or unuecessary war, or impair the faithi of The vote by States, on this (Compromise) treaties, and discountenancing all political agitations inresolution, was as follows:
jurious to the interests of society and dangerous to the Union, I can offer no other pledge or guarantee than the
known incidents of a long public life, now undergoing the Yeas-Maine, 4; New-Hampshire, 5; Vermont, 5;
severest examination Massachusetts, 3;' Rhode Island, 4; Connecticut, 4; in my associate on the ticket, and with a lively sense of
Feeling myself highly fortunati New-York, 11; New-Jersey, 7; Pennsylvania, 21; Dela my obligations to the Convention, and to your personal ware, 3 ; Maryland, 8; Virginia, 14; North Carolina, courtesies, I have the honor to remain, sir, with great 19; South Carolina, 8; Georgia, 10; Alabama, 9; Mis-esteem, your most obedient servant, sissippi, 7; Louisiana, 6; Vnio, 8; Kentucky, 12 ; Ten
WINFIELD SCOTT, nessee, 12; Indiani., 7; 11:nois, 6; Missouri, 9; Arkansas, 4; Florida, 3; Iova, 4; Wisconsin, 4; Texas, 4; To Hon. J. G. CHAPMAN, President of the Whig No. - 212.
CO OSC Lane.
CO CO CO CO CO CI CO.CO Dodye.
SOOO avoro Houston.
country within the control of a concentrated money This Convention assembled at Baltimore on power, and that above the laws and the will of the people; the Ist of June, Jolin W. Davis, of Indiana, and that the results of Democratic legislation, in this and presided, and the two-thirds rule was adopted. made between the two political parties of the country have
all other financial measures, upon which issues have been Gen. Franklin Pierce, of New Hampshire, was demonstrated to candid and practical men of all
, parties, nominated for President on the 49th ballot, as their soundness, safely, and utility, in all business pursuits. follows:
Resobed, That the separation of the moneys of the Government from Banking Institutions, is indispensable for the safety of the funds of the Government, and the
rights of the people. Rulints.
Resolved, that the liberal principles embodied by Jetferson in the Declaration of Independence, and sanc
tioned in the Constitution, which makes ours the land of 116 93 20 27
liberty, and the asylum of the oppressed of every nation, 2 118 95 23 27
have ever been cardinal principles in the Democratic 119 94 21 26
faith; and every attempt to abridge the privilege of be115 $981 25
coming citizens and the owners of soil among us, ought 111 88 34 26
to be resisted with the same spirit which swept the aliea 114 83 34 26
and sedition laws from our statute book, 7. 113 68 34 26 1
Resoloed, That Congress has no power under the Con. 113 88 34 26 1
stitution to interfere with, or control the domestic insti. 112 87 39 27 1
tutions of the several States, and that such States are the 10. 111 86 40 27 1
sole and proper judges of everything appertaining to 11. 101 87 511 27 1
their own affairs, and prohibited by the Constitution ; 12. 98 88 51 27 1
that all efforts of the Abolitionists or others, made to 13. 98 88 51 26 1 10
induce Congress to interfere with questions of Slavery, 14. 99 87 51 26 1 10
or to take incipient steps in relation thereto, are calcu. 15. 99 87 51 26 1 10
lated to lead to the most alarming and dangerous conse16. 99 87 51 26 1 10
quences; and that all such efforts have an inevitable 17. 99 87 511 26 1 11
tendency to diminish the happiness of the people, and 18. 96 85 56 25 1 11
endanger the stability and permanency of the Union, and 19. 89 85 63 26 1 10
ought not to be couutenanced by any friend of our politi20. 81 92 61 26 1 10
cal institutions. 21. 60 1412 64 26 13 9
Resoloed, That the foregoing proposition covers, and is 22. 5:3 1.4 77 26 15 9
intended to embrace, the whole subject of Slavery agita. 2:3 37 1113 73 26 19 11
tion in Congress; and therefore, the Democratic party of 24. 83 13 S2
the Union, standing on this National Platform, will abide 23 84 101 81 26 24 9
by, and adhere to, a faithful execution of the acts known 20. 33 101 80) 26 24 10
as the Compromise measures settled by the last Congress 27. 32 98 85 26 24 9
-the act for reclaiming fugitives from service or labor 23 96 83 96 25 11
included ; which act, being designed to carry out an 29. 27 93 91 26 25 12
express provision of the Constitution, cannot with fidelity 3). 83 91 92 26 20 12
thereto be repealed, nor so changed as to destroy or im64 79 92 26 16 1
pair its efficiency. 32. 98 74 6 26 1 8
Resolved, that the Democratic party will resist all 33. 123 72 00) 25 2 6
attempts at renewing in Congress, or out of it, the agita84. 130 49 53 23 1 5
tion of the Slavery question, under whatever shape or 131 39 52 44 1 5
color the attempt may be made, 86. 122 28 43 55 1
1 37. 121 28 37 7) 1
29 [Here follow the Resolutions of 1848, against 38 107 28 33 84 1 39. 106 2 33 85
the distribution of the proceeds of the Public 1 4, 106 27 83 85 1
Land Sales, and against the abridgment of the 41. 107 27 33 85 1
veto power of the President.] 42.
101 27 33 91 1 13, 101 27 83 91 1
Resobed, That the Democratic party will faithfully 44. 101 27 33 91 1
abide by and uphold the principles laid down in the 45. 96 27 82 97
29 Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions of 1792 and 1793, and 46. 78 28 82 97 1
44 in the report of Mr. Madison to the Virginia Legislature 47. 75 28 83 95 1
49 in 1799 ; that it adopts those principles as constituting 48. 23 83 90 1 6
55 one of the main foundations of its political creed, and is 49. 2
282 resolved to carry them out in their obvious meaning and
import. The first vote for Vice-President was as fol. Resolved, that the war with Mexico, upon all the lows:
principles of patriotism and the law of nations, was a
just and necesary war on our part, in which no Ameri. Wm. R. King, of Ala... 126 | Wm. O. Butler, of Ky... 27can citizen shou u have shown himself opposed to his G. J. Pillow, of Tenn... 25 Roht. Strange, of N. 0. 28 country, and neither morally nor physically, by word or D. R. Atchison, of Mo.. 25 S U. Downs, or La.... 80 deed, given aid and comlort to the enerny. T. J. Rusk, of Texas,.. 12 J. B. Weller, of Oal.... 28 Resowed, That we rejoice at the restoration of friendly def. Davis, of Miss..... 2 | Howell Cobb, of Ga.... 2 relations with our sister Republic of Mexico, and earnesi Win. R. King, of Alabama, was unanimously we enjoy under Republican Institutions, and we cou.
ly desire for her all the blessings and prosperity which nominated on the second ballot.
gratulate the American people on the results of that war
which have so manifestly justified the policy and conduct THE PLATFORM.
of the Democratic party, and insured to the United States The Platform was made up of resolves. Here indemnity for the past, and security for the future.
Resoloed, That, in view of the condition of popular follow 1, 2, and 3, of that of 1848, with 1, 2, 3, institutions in the old world, a high and sacred duty is and 4 of that of 1840, see them heretofore), to devolved with increased responsibility upon the Demowhich were added the following:
cracy of this country, as the party of the people, to up
hold and maintain the rights of every State, and thereby Resoloed, That it is the duty of every branch of the the Union of States, and to sustain and advance among Government to enforce and practice the most rigid them constitutional liberty, by continuing to resist all economy in cu nducting our public affairs, and that no monopolies and exclusive legisiation for the benefit of the more revenue ought to be raised than is required to few at the expense of the many, and by a vigilant and defray the necessary expenses of the Government, and constant adherence to those principles and compromises for the gradual but certain extinction of the public debt. of the CONSTITUTION, which are broad enough and
Resoloed, That Congress has no power to charter a strong enough to embrace and uphold the Union as it is, National Bank; that we believe sich an institution one and the Union as it should be, in the full expansion of of deadly hostility to the best interests of the country, the energies and capacity of' tbis great and progressive dangerous to our republican institutions and the liberties' people.
FREE DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION-1852. 10. That no permanent settlement of the Slavery
question can be looked for except in the practical reThe Free-Soil Democracy held a National cognition of the truth that Slavery is sectional and Free. Convention at Pittsburgh, on the 11th August, dom national; by the total separation of the General 1852, Henry Wilson, of Mass., presiding. All mate and constitutional influence on the side of Free.
Government from Slavery, and the exercise of its legitithe Free States were represented, together with dom; and by leaving to the States the whole subject of Delaware, Virginia, Kentucky and Maryland. Slavery and the extradition of fugitives from service. John P Kale, of N. H., was noininated for Presi- soil; and that as the use of the soul is indispensable to
11. That all men have a natural right to a portion of the dent, with Geo. W. Julian, of Indiana, for Vice- life,'the right of all men to the soil is as sacred as their President. The Convention adopted the fol- right to life itself. lowing:
12. That the Public Lands of the United States belong
to the People, and should not be sold to individuals nor PLATFORM:
granted to corporations, but should be held as a sacred Having assembled in National Convention as the De- rust for the benefit of the people, and should be granted mocracy of the United States, united by a common in limited quantities, free of cost, to landless settlers. resolve to maintain right against wrong, and Freedom
18. That a due regard for the Federal Constitution, against Slavery: confiding in the intelligence, patriot- a sound administrative policy, demand that the funds ism, and d scriminating justice of the American people, ing institutions ; that inland and ocean postage
of the General Government be kept separate from Bankputting our trust in God for the triumph of our cause, and invoking his guidance in our endeavors to advance reduced to the lowest possible point; that no more revenue it, we now submit to the candid judgment of all men should be raised than is required to defray the strictly the following declaration of principles and measures : necessary expenses of the public service, and to pay off
1. That governinents, deriving their just powers from the public Debt; and that the power and patronage of the the consent of the governed, are instituted among men
Government should be diminished, by the abolition of all to secure to all those inalienable rights of life, luberty: election, by the people, of all civil officers in the service
unnecessary offices, salaries, and privileges, and by the and the pursuit of happiness with which they are endowed by ther Creator, and of which none can be of the United States, so far as may be consistent with deprived by valid legislation, except for crime.
the prompt and efficient transaction of the public busi. 2. That the true mission of American Democracy is to maintain the Liberties of the People, the Sovereignty of
14. That River and Harbor Improvements, when necesthe States, and the pe. petuity of the Union, by the im- sary to the safety and convenience of commerce with partial appl.cation to public affairs, without sectional foreign nations, or among the several States, are objects discriminations of the fundamental principles of hu- of national concern; and it is the duty of Congress, in man rights, strict justice and an economical administra. the exercise of its constitutional powers, to provide for tion. 3. That the Federal Government is one of limited
15. That emigrants and exiles from the old world powers, derived solely from the Constitution, and the should find a cordial welcome to homes of comfort and grants of power therein ought to be strictly construed by fields of enterprise in the new; and every attempt to all the departments and agents of the Government, and ab idge their privilege of becoming citizens and owners it is inexpedient and dangerous to exercise doubtful con- of the soil among us, ought to be resisted with inflexible stitutional powe's.
determination. 4. That the Constitution of the United States, ordained
16. That every nation has a clear right to alter or to forin a more perfect Union, to establish Justice and change its own government, and to admin.ster its own secure the blessings of Liberty, expressly denies to the concerns in such manner as may best secure the rights General Government all power to deprive any person of
and promote the happiness of the people; and foreign 1.fe, liberty or property without due process of law; and, inte ference with that right is a dange ous violation of therefore, the Government having no more power to
the law of nations, against which all independent governmake a slave than to make a king, and no more powr ments should protest, and endeavor by all proper means to establish Slavery than to establish a Monarchy,
to prevent; and especially is it the duty of the Amerishould at once proceed to relieve itself from all respon: the world, to protest against, and by all proper means
can Governmeni, representing the Chief Republic of sibility for the existence of Slavery, wherever it possesses constitutional power to legislate for its extinction.
to prevent the intervention of kings and emperors against 5. That, to the persevering and importunate deinands Nations seeking to establish for themselves Republicar of the Slave power for more Slave States, new Slave or constitutional governments. Territories and the nationalization of Slavery, our dis
17. That the Independence of Hayti ought to be tinct and final answer is--no more Slave States, no recognized by our Government, and our commercial Slave Territory, no nationalized Slavery, and no national relations with it placed on the footing of the most Legislation for the extradition of Slaves.
favored nations. 6. That Slavery is a sin against God, and a crime
18. That as by the Constitution, “the citizens of each against man, which no human enactment nor usage can
State shall be entitled to all the privileges and immuni. inake right; and that Christianity, huinanity, and patriot- ties of citizens in the several States," the practice of ism alike demand its abolition.
imprisoning colored seamen of other States, while the 7. That the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850, is repugnant vessels to which they belong lie in port, and refusing to the Constitution, to the principles of the common law, the exercise of the right to bring such cases before the to the spirit of Christianity, and to the sentiments of Supreme Court of the United States, to test the legality the civilized world. We therefore deny its binding force of such proceedings, is a flagrant violation of the Con. upon the American people, and demand its immeiate stitution, and an invasion of the rights of the citizens and total repeal.
of other States utterly inconsistent with the professions 8. That the doctrine that any human law is a finality, made by the slaveholders, that they wish the provisions and not subject to modification or repeal, is not in
of the Constitution faithfully observed by every State accordance with the creed of the founders of our Govern- in the Union. ment, and is dangerous to the liberties of the people.
19, That we recommend the introduction into all trea9. That the Acts of Congress, known as the Compro- ties hereafter to be negotiated between the United States mise Measures of 1850, by making the admission of a and foreign nations, of some provision for the amicable sovereign State contingent upon the adoption of other settlement of difficulties by à resort to decisive arbimeasures demanded by the special interest of Slavery ;
trations. by their omission to guarantee freedom in the free Terri
20. That the Free Democratic Party is not organized tories; by their attempt to impose unconstitutional
to aid either the Whig or Democratic wing of the great limitations on the power of Congress and the people-to Slave Compromise party of the nation, but to defeat them admit new States ; by their provisions for the assump- both; and that repudiating and renouncing both, as tion of five millions of the State debt of Texas, and for hopelessly corrupt, and utterly unworthy of confidence, the payment of five millions more, and the cession of a the purpose of the Free Democracy is to take possession large territo y to the same State under menace, as an
of the Federal Government, and administer it for the iuducement to the relinquishment of a groundless claim, better protection of the rights and interests of the whole and by their invasion of the sovereignty of the States people. and the liberties of the people through the enactment
21. That we inscribe on our banner, Free Soil, Free of an unjust, oppressive, and unconstitutional Fugitive Speech, Free Labor and Free Men, and under it will Slave Law, are proved to be inconsistent with all the fight on and fight ever until a triumphant victory shall principles and maxims of Democracy, and wholly inade- reward our exertions. quate to the settlement of the questions of which they to the Aerican people as a candidate for the ofice of
22. That, upon this Platform the Convention presents are claimed to be an adjustment.
President of the United States, JOHN P. HALE, of New-person should be deprived of life, liberty or property Hampshire, and as a candidate for the office of Vice- without due process of law, it becomes our duty to mainPresident of the United States, GEORGE W. JULIAN, of tain this provision of the Constitution against all attempts Indiana, and earnestly commend them to the support to violate it for the purpose of establishing Slavery in of all Freemen and all parties.
any territory of the United States, by positive legislation,
prohibiting its existence or extension therein. That we The result of this contest was an overwhelm-deny the authority of Congress, of a territorial legislaing triumph of the regular Democracy : Pierce ture, of any individual or association of individuals, to and King carrying every State except Massachu give legal existence to Slavery in any territory of the
United States, while the present Constitution shall be setts, Vermont, Kentucky, and Tennessee, which maintained. cast their votes for Gen. Scott. The Free Demo- Resolved, That the Constitution confers upon Congress cratic vote in several States would have given sovereign power over the territories of the United States
for their government, and that in the exercise of this shose States to Scott, had it been cast for him. power it is both the right and the duty of Congress to
prohibit in the territories those twin relics of barbarism
-Polygamy and Slavery. REPUBLICAN NATIONAL CONVENTION-states was ordained and established by the people in
Resolved, That while the Constitution of the United 1856.
order to form a more perfect Union, establish justice,
insure domestic tranquillity, provide for the common de This Convention met at Philadelphia on the fense, and secure the blessings of liberty, and containis 17th of June, and chose Col. Henry S. Lane, of ample provisions for the protection of the life, liberty
and property of every citizen, the dearest constitutional Indiana, as presiding officer. An informal bal- rights of the people of Kansas have been fraudulently lot for President resulted as follows:
and violently taken from them-their territory has been invaded by an armed force-spurious and pretended legislative, judicial and executive officers have been set over them, by whose usurped authority, sustained by the
military power of the Government, tyrannical and unStates.
constitutional laws have been enacted and enforcedMaine, 13 11 Indiana
21 the rights of the people to keep and bear arms have New Hampshire.. 15 Illinois.
19 been infringed-test oaths of an extraordinary and enVermont
tangling nature have been imposed, as a condition of Massachusetts.... 39 Wisconsin... 15
exercising the right of suffrage and holding office-the Rhode Island.. Iowa...
right of an accused person to a speedy and public trial Connecticut. 13
3 by an impartial jury has been denied the right of the New-York.... 93 3 Kansas
people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers and New Jersey 7 14 Nebraska.
3 effects against unreasonable searches and seizures has Pennsylvania. 10 71 Kentucky
been violated--they have been deprived of life, liberty Delaware..
and property without due process of law-that the free. Maryland. 4 3
dom of speech and of the press has been abridged-the Ohio.... 80
196 right to choose their representatives has been made of New-York also gave two votes for Sumner gated and encouraged, and the offender
no effect-murders, robberies and arsons have been insti
have been and one for Seward.
allowed to go unpunished--that all these things have Col. John C. Fremont was thereupon unani- been done with the knowledge, sanction and procuremously nominated.
ient of the present Administration, and that for this
high crime against the Constitution, the Union and HuWilliam L. Dayton was nominated for Vice-manity, we arraign the Administration, the President, his President, receiving, on the informal ballot, advisers, agents, supporters, apologists and accessories, 259 votes to 43 for David Wilmot; 110 for either before or after the facts, before the country and Abraham Lincoln ; 7 for Thomas Ford; 35 for bring the actual perpetrators of these atrocious outrages,
before the world, and that it is our fixed purpose to Charles Sumner; 4 for Cassius M. Clay ; 15 for and their accomplices, to a sure and condign punishment Jacob Collamer; 2 for J. R. Giddings; 2 for hereafter. W. F. Johnston; 46 for N. P. Banks ; 1 for A. ted as a state of the Union, with her present free Consti
Resowed, That Kansas should be immediately admit. C: M. Pennington; 5 for Henry Wilson ; 9 for tution, as at once the most effectual way of secnring to John A. King; 3 for Henry C. Čarey; and 8 for her citizens the enjoyment of the rights and privileges to Gen. S. C. Pomeroy of Kansas. Å formal bal. which they are entitled; and of ending the civil strife
now raging in her territory. lot was then taken, when Mr. Dayton was nomi- Resolved, That the highwayman's plea, that "might pated unanimously.
makes right," embodied in the Ostend Circular, was in The Convention adopted the following
every respect unworthy of American diplomacy, and
would bring shame and dishonor upon any government PLATFORM:
or people that gave it their sanction.
Resoloed, That a railroad to the Pacific Ocean, by the This Convention of Delegates, assembled in pursuance most central and practicable route, is imperatively deof a call addressed to the people of the United States, manded by the interests of the whole country, and that without regard to past political differences or divisions, the Federal Government ought to render immediate ard who are opposed to the repeal of the Missouri Compro- efficient aid in its construction; and, as an auxiliary mise, to the policy of the present Administration, to the thereto, the immediate construction of an emigrant route extension of Slavery into Free Territory; in favor of on the line of the railroad. admitting Kansas as a Free State, of restoring the action Resolved, That appropriations by Congress for the of the Federal Government to the principles of Washing- improvement of rivers and harbors, of a national characton and Jefferson, and who purpose to unite in present-ter, required for the accommodation and security of our ing candidates for the offices of President and Vice- existing commerce, are authorized by the Constitution, President, do resolve as follows:
and justified by the obligation of government to protect Resowed, That the maintenance of the principles pro- the lives and property of its citizens. mulgated in the Declaration of Independence and embodied in the Federal Constitntion is essential to the
This contest resulted in the election of the preservation of our Republican Institutions, and that Democratic nominees, Buchanan and Breckinihe Federal Constitution, the rights of the States, and ridge, who received the electoral votes of the Union of the States, shall be preserved.
Resolved, That with our republican fathers we hold it New-Jersey, 7; Pennsylvania, 27; Delaware, 3; Vir. to be a self-evident truth, that all men are endowed with ginia, 15; North Carolina, 10 ; South Carolina, 8; the inalienable rights to life, liberty, and the pursuit of Georgia, 10; Alabama, 9; Mississippi, 7; Louisiana, 6; happiness, and that the primary object and ulterior de- Tennessee, 12; Kentucky, 12; Ind.ana, 13; Illinois, 11 ; signs of our Federal Government were, to secure these issouri, 9; Arkansas, 4; Florida, 3; Texas, 4; Califore rights to all persons within its exclusive jurisdiction; nia, 4.-174. that, as our republican fathers, when they had abolished For Fremont and Dayton: Maine, 8; New-Hampshire, Slavery in all our national territory, ordained that no 15; Verniont, 5; Massachusetts, 18; Rhode Island, 4;
Connecticut, 6; New-York, 55; Ohio, 23; Michigan, 6; 1 viency to the stronger, and an insolent and cowardly Iowa, 4; Wisconsin, 5 - 114.
bravado toward the weaker powers; as shown in reFillmore and Donelson, Maryland, 8.
opening sectional agitation, by the repeal of the Missouri Compromise ; as shown in granting to unnaturalized foreigners the right of suffrage in Kansas and Nebraska; as
shown in its vacillating course on the Kansas and NeAMERICAN NATIONAL CONVENTION braska question; as shown in the corruptions which per. 1856.
vade some of the Departments of the Government; as
shown in disgracing meritorious naval officers through The American National Council met in Phila- prejudice or caprice: and as shown in the blundering
mismanagement of our foreign relations. lphia February 19, 1856. All the States ex
14. Therefore, to remedy existing evils, and prevent cept four or five were represented. E. B. the disastrous consequences otherwise resulting thereBartlett, of Ky., President of the National Coun- from, we would build up the “ American Party upon cil presided, and, after a rather stormy session the principles herein before stated.
15. That each State Council shall have authority to of three days, devoted mainly to the discussion amend their several constitutions, so as to abolish tho of a Party Platform, the following, on the 21st, several degrees and substitute a pledge of honor, instead was adopted :
of other obligations, for fellowship and admission into
the party. AMERICAN PLATFORM.
16. A free and open discussion of all political princi
ples embraced in our Platform. 1. An humble acknowledgment to the Supreme Being, for his protecting care vouchsafed to our fathers in their On the following day (Feb. 22,) the America: successful Revolutionary struggle, and hitherto mani. National Nominating Convention, composer fested to us, their descendants, in the preservation of the l.berties, the independence, and the union of these mostly of the same gentlemen who had deliberStates.
ated as the National Council, organized at Phila2. The perpetuation of the Federal Union and Consti- delphia, with 227 delegates in attendance, tution, as the palladium of our civil and religious liber- Maine, Vermont, Georgia, and South Carolina, ties, and the only sure bulwarks of American Indepen-being the only States not represented. Ephraim dence.
3. Americans must rule America ; and to this end Marsh, of New-Jersey, was chosen to preside, native-born citizens should be selected for all state, and the Convention remained in session till the Federal and municipal offices of government employ 25th, and, after disposing of several cases of ment, in preference to all others. Nevertheless,
4. Persons born of American parents residing tempo- contested seats, discussed at considerable length, rarily abroad, should be entitled to all the rights of and with great warmth, the question of the Dative-born citizens.
5. No person should be selected for political station power of the National Council to establish a (whether of native or foreign birth), who recognizes any Platform for the Convention, which should be allegiance or obligation of any description to any foreign of binding force upon that body. Finally, Mr. prince, potentate or power, or who refuses to recognize Killinger, of Pennsylvania, proposed the folthe Federal and State Constitutions (each within its sphere) as paramount to all other laws, as rules of polit- lowing: ical action.
Resolved, that the National Council has no authority 6. The unqualified recognition and maintenance of the to prescribe a Platform of principles for this Nominating reserved rights of the several States, and the cultivation Convention, and that we will nominate for President and of harmony and fraternal good will between the citizens Vice-President no man who is not in favor of interdictof the several States, and to this end, non-interference ing the introduction of Slavery into Territory north 36° by Congress with questions appertaining solely to the 30' by congressional action. individual States, and non-intervention by each State with the affairs of any other State.
A motion to lay this resolution on the table 7. The recognition of the right of native-born and was adopted, 141 to 59. A motion was then naturalized citizens of the United States, permanently made to proceed to the nomination of a candiresiding in any territory thereof, to frame their constitution and laws, and to regulate their domestic and social date for President, which was carried, 151 to affairs in their own mode, subject only to the provisions 51, the Anti-Slavery delegates, or North Ameriof the Federal Constitution, with the privilege of admission into the Union whenever they have the requisite cans, as they were calied, voting in the negapopulation for one Representative in Congress : Pro- tive, and desiring to postpone the nomination. cided, always, that none but those who are ci'izens of But being beaten all points, they (to the numthe United States, under the Constitution and laws ber of about 50) either withdrew or refused to thereof, and who have a fixed residence in any such take any further part in the proceedings of the Territory, ought to participate in the formation of the Constitution, or in the enactment of laws for said Terri- Convention, and many of them subsequently tory or State.
supported Col. Fremont for President. 8. An enforcement of the principles that no State or
An informal ballot was then taken for Presi Territory ought to admit others than citizens to the right of suffrage, or of holding political offices of the United dent, which resulted as follows: States.
M. Fillmore, of N. Y..... 71 John Bell, Tennessec... 9. A change in the laws of naturalization, making a George Law, N. Y....... 27 Kenneth Raynor, N. C.. 2 continued residence of twenty-one years, of all not here- Garrett Davis, Ky...... 18 Erastus Brooks, N. Y.... 2 tofore provided for, an indispensable requisite for citizen- John McLean, Ohio.... 7 Lewis D. Campbell, Ohio. 1 ship hereafter, and excluding all paupers, and persons R. F. Stockton, N. J..... convicted of crime, from landing upon our shores; but Sam. Houston, Texas...
John M. Clayton, Del.... 1 no interference with the vested rights of foreigners. 10. Opposition to any union between Church and
A formal ballot was then taken, when Mr. State; no interference with religious faith or worship, Fillmore was nominated as follows: and no test oaths for office. 11. Free and thorough investigation into any and all Davis, 10; Houston, 3.
Fillmore, 179 ; Law, 24; Raynor, 14; McLean, 18. alleged abuses of public functionaries, and a strict econ- Necessary to a choice, 122. omy in public expenditures. 12. The maintenance and enforcement of all laws con
Millard Fillmore was then declared to be the stitutionally enacted until said laws shall be repealed, nominee. or shall be declared null and void by competent judicial A ballot was then taken for Vice-President, authority.
13. Opposition to the reckless and unwise policy of the and Andrew Jackson Donelson, of Tennessee, present Admninistration in the general management of
was nominated as follows: our national affairs, and more especially as shown in re
A. J. Donelson, Ten., 181; Percy Walker, Ala., 8 nioving “ Ame.icans" (by designation) and Conserva. tives in principle, from office, and placing foreigners and Henry J. Gardner, Mass., 8; Kenneth Raynor, v. c., 8 Ultraists in their places; us shown in a truckling subser
Mr. Donelson was then declared to be unani.