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envoys to settle difficulties, 371.-Sec. 4. Measures of defence-Washington
appointed commander in chief, 372.-Sec. 5. Pacific overtures from France
- Treaty of peace, 372.-Sec. 6. Death of Washington, 373.-Sec. 7. Seat

of government removed, 374.--Sec. 8. Causes of Mr. Adam's unpopularity,

375.-Sec. 9. Mr. Jefferson elected president, 376.-Notes, &c. 377.


• 398

Sec. 1. Inauguration of Madison-state of the country, 399.--Sec. 2.

Conditional renewed intercourse with Great Britain, 399.--Sec. 3. Insult of

the British minister, 400.--Sec. 4. Rambouillet decree, 400.- Sec. 5. Pro-

credings of congress, 400.-Sec. 6. Revocation of Berlin and Milan decrees,

401.-Sec. 7. Attack upon the American frigate President, 401.-See. 8.

Congress assembled by proclamation-Defensive measures, 402.--Sec. 9.

Battle of Tipp#canoe, 403.-Sec. 10. Louisiana admitted into the union,

$13.-Sec. 11. Embargo, 405.--Sec. 12. Declaration of war, 405.--Sec. 13.

Military preparations, 407.-Sec. 14. Surrender of Detroit, 408.-Sec. 15.

Capture of the Guerriere, 413.-Sec. 16. Of the Alert, 413.-Sec. 17. Distri.

bution of the American army, 414.-Sec. 18. Attack on Qneenstown, 414.-

Sec. 19. Capture of the Frolic, 416.---Sec, 20. Of the Macedonian, 417.-

Sec. 21. Of the Java, 418.-Sec. 22. Review of the campaign of 1912, 418.-

Sec. 2. Location of the American forces, 421.-Sec. 24. Bloody atlair at

Frenchtown, 421.--Sec. 24. Capture of the Peacock, 423.--Sec. 25. Mr.

Madison re-elected, 424.--Sec. 26. Proposed mediation of the Emperor of

Russia, 424.-Sec. 27. Capture of York, 424.- Sec. 28. Siege of Fori Meizs,

425.-Sec. 29. Blockade of the Chesapeake, &c. 427.--Sec. 30. Loss of the

Chesapeake, 427.-Sec. 31. Loss of the Argus, 428.-Sec. 32. Capture of the

Boxer, 4:29.--Sec. 33. Victory on Lake Erie, 429.- Sec. 34. Capture of De-

troit--Battle at the Moravian Village-Death of Tecumseh, 430.-Sec. 36.

Invasion of Canada, 132. --Sec. 37. Departure of commissioners to Europe,

$35.-Sec. 38. War with the Creeks, 436.-Sec. 39. Progress of this war and

conclusion, 436.-Sec. 40. Military measures of the 15th Congress, 439.---

Sec. 41. Loss of the Essex, 410.- Sec. 42. Capture of the Reindeer, 445:

Sec. 43 and 44. Movements of Wilkinson, 445.-Sec. 46. Battle of Chip-

pewa, 447.-Sec. 47. Battle of Bridgewater, 447.-Sec. 48. Siege of Fort

Erie, 413.-Sec. 49. Capture of Washington, 449.-Sec. 50. Attack on Bal.

timore, 450.--Sec. 51. Victory on Lake Champlain, 451.-Sec. 32. Hartford

Convention, 453.--Sec. 53. Measures proposed by that convention, 455.-

Sec. 54. Baitle of New Orleans, 457.-Sec. 55. Treaty with England, 458.

Sec. 56. Treaty with Algiers, 459.-Sec. 58. Commercial convention with

Great Britain, 460.-Sec. 59. Naval engagements, 461.-Sec. 60. National
Bank, 462.-Sec. 61. Valedictory of Mr. Madison, 463.-Sec. 62. Indiana

Sec. 1. Inauguration of Monroe State of the country, 467.-Sec. 2. For-

mation of the cabinet-Letter of Gen. Jackson, 469.-Sec. 3. Eastern tour

of the president, 471.-Sec. 4. Prosperous state of the country, &c. 472. —

Sec. 5. Mississippi admitted into the union, 472.--Sec. 6. Suppression of

piracies of Amelia island, 473.-Sec. 7. Compensation of members of con-

gress-Repeal of internal duties-Provision for indigent officers and sol-

diers, 474.-Sec. 8. Ilinois admitted into the union, 475.--Sec. 9. Southern

tour of the president, 476.-Sec. 10. Treaty with Sweden, 476.-Sec. 11.

Seminole war, 477.-Sec. 12. Convention with Great Britain, 482.---Sec.

13. Cession of Florida to the United States, 483.-Sec. 14. Arkansas

Territory organized, 484.-Sec. 15. Second Southern tour of the president,

494.-Sec. 16. Alabama admitted into the union, 484.-Sec. 17. Maine ad-

mitted into the union, 485.-Sec. 19. Re-election of Mr. Monroe, 486.-

Sec. 20. Missouri admitted into the union, 486.-Sec. 21. Apportionment

of representatives--Relief of revolutionary soldiers, 488.--Sec. 22. Territo-

rial government organized for Florida, 499.-Sec. 23. Measures for the sup-

pression of piracy in the West Indies, 490.-Sec. 25. Prosperous condition

of the country-Remarks upon the cause of liberty in Greece-South

American governments, 491.-Sec. 26. Debate on the cause of Greece, 495.

Sec. 27. Abolition of imprisonment for debt-- Tariff, 496.-Sec. 28. Visit

of La Fayette, 496.-Sec. 29. View of foreign and domestic relations, 499.-

Sec. 30. Debate on the occupation of the Oregon, &c. 501.-Sec. 31. Cha-

racter of Mr. Monroe's administration, 502.-Sec. 32. Presidential election-

John Quincy Adams chosen, 502.


It is the remark of a distinguished writer, " that the perfection of a science consists in its tendency to promote the advancement of public and private virtue, while, at the same time, it supplies such a degree of amusement, as to supersede the necessity of recurring to frivolous pursuits for relaxation." Estimated in this view, the importance of history in general cannot be doubted. It conveys instruction, in rela. tion to all the important interests of man, while the perusal of it invigorates the mind, and prepares it for renewed exertions.

But, more particularly, it sets before us striking instances of virtue, enterprise, courage, generosity, patriotism; and, by a natural principle of emulation, incites us to copy such noble examples. History also presents us with pictures of the vicious, ultimately overtaken by misery, and shame, and thus solemnly warns us against vice.

History, to use the words of Professor Tytler, is the school of politics. That is, it opens the hidden springs of human affairs; the causes of the rise, grandeur, revolutions, and fall of empires; it points out the influence which the manners of a people exert upon a government, and the influence which that government reciprocally exerts upon the manners of a people; it illustrates the blessings of political union, and the miseries of faction; the dangers, on the one hand, of unbridled liberty, and, on the other, the mischiefs of despotic power.

History displays the dealings of God with mankind. calls upon us often to regard with awe his darker judgments, and again it awakens the liveliest emotions of gratitude, for his kind and benignant dispensations. It cultivates a sense of dependance on him; strengthens our confidence in his bene volence; and impresses us with a conviction of his justice.

Besides these advantages, the study of history, if properly conducted, offers others, of inferior importance, indeed, but still they are not to be disregarded. It chastens the imagination; improves the taste; furnishes matter for conversation and reflection; enlarges the range of thought; strengthens and disciplines the mind.

To the above uses of history, in general, it may be added in relation to the particular history of our own country, that it has peculiar claims upon every American citizen to be well studied, as a knowledge of it is necessary to a faithful discharge of public duties, which, in this free country, may devolve upon

him. Besides, it presents more powerful incentives to virtue, patriotism, and religion, than the history of any other nation on the globe. It is a strong but just remark of a writer, “that the only desire of greatness, which our children can draw from the history of their an. cestors, is to be greatly good.For, here is presented to them few, if any, demoralizing examples of bold and criminal ambition. The history of the United States presents but one well authenticated example of a traitor to his country; while it furnishes an illustrious phalanx of men, in the various walks of life—warriors, statesmen, and divineswho, for their courage and fortitude, their wisdom and patriotism, their piety and benevolence, deserve the foremost rank among the worthies, who have been the ornaments of our race, and the blessings of mankind. With such examples before him, the youth, in the days of his manhood, will be led to shield our land, so far as his influence is concerned, from national and individual wickedness, by following after those who have cultivated national and personal virtue. By this means, in connexion with others, we may ever hope to have a generation on the stage, who will watch with ceaseless vigilance the ark of our political liberties, and contribute, by the uprightness and integrity of their lives, as well to the permanency of our institutions, as to the happiness of our country.


The History of the United States of Ainerica may be divided into Twelve Periods, each distinguished by some striking characteristic, or remarkable circumstance.

The FIRST PERIOD will extend from the Discovery of America, by Columbus, 1492, to the first permanent English settlement in America, at Jamestown, Virginia, 1607, and is distinguished for DiscoveRIES.

Obs. Previous to the discovery of America in 1492, the inhabitants of Europe, Asia, and Africa, were of course ig. norant of its existence. But soon after this event, several expeditions were fitted out, and came to make discoveries, in what was then called the “ New World." Accordingly, between 1492 and 1607, the principal countries lying along the eastern coast of North America, were discovered, and more or less explored. As our history, during this period, embraces litle more than accounts of these expeditions, we characterize it as remarkable for discoveries.

The SECOND PERIOD will extend from the Settlement of Jamestown, 1607, to the accession of William and Mary to the throne of England, 1689, and is distinguished for SETTLEMENTS.

Obs. During this period our history is principally occupied in detailing the various settlements, which were either effected, or attempted, within the boundaries of the United States. It includes, indeed, wars with the natives-disputes between proprietors of lands and colonies-the forma. tion of governments, &c. &c.; but these are circumstances which pertain to, and form a part of, the settlement of new

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