Pennsylvania Dutch: The Story of an American Language

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JHU Press, 21.01.2016 - 504 Seiten
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While most world languages spoken by minority populations are in serious danger of becoming extinct, Pennsylvania Dutch is thriving. In fact, the number of Pennsylvania Dutch speakers is growing exponentially, although it is spoken by less than one-tenth of one percent of the United States population and has remained for the most part an oral vernacular without official recognition or support. A true sociolinguistic wonder, Pennsylvania Dutch has been spoken continuously since the late eighteenth century, even though it has never been "refreshed" by later waves of immigration from abroad.

In this probing study, Mark L. Louden, himself a fluent speaker of Pennsylvania Dutch, provides readers with a close look at the place of the language in the life and culture of two major subgroups of speakers: the "Fancy Dutch," whose ancestors were affiliated mainly with Lutheran and German Reformed churches, and conservative Anabaptist sectarians known as the "Plain people"—the Old Order Amish and Mennonites.

Drawing on scholarly literature, three decades of fieldwork, and ample historical documents—most of which have never before been made accessible to English-speaking readers—this is the first book to offer a comprehensive look at this unlikely linguistic success story.

 

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Inhalt

CHAPTER 1 What Is Pennsylvania Dutch?
1
CHAPTER 2 Early History of Pennsylvania Dutch
63
CHAPTER 3 Pennsylvania Dutch 18001860
119
CHAPTER 4 Profiles in Pennsylvania Dutch Literature
179
CHAPTER 5 Pennsylvania Dutch in the Public Eye
237
CHAPTER 6 Pennsylvania Dutch and the Amish and Mennonites
298
CHAPTER 7 An American Story
355
Notes
373
Bibliography
437
Index
457
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Über den Autor (2016)

Mark L. Louden is a professor of Germanic linguistics and codirector of the Max Kade Institute for German-American Studies at the University of Wisconsin–Madison.

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