General Sir Guy Carleton, Lord Dorchester: Soldier-statesman of Early British Canada

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Fairleigh Dickinson Univ Press, 2000 - 295 Seiten
"General Sir Guy Carleton, First Baron Dorchester, was one of Great Britain's most important imperial servants in the latter half of the eighteenth century, playing a decisive part in the early history of British Canada. From 1759 to 1796, he served both as a soldier and a Royal governor in Canada, helping to mold that province's future in government and on the battlefield. He was with General James Wolfe at Quebec in 1759, and seven years later was appointed governor of the newly acquired British territory. He helped to shape the Quebec Act of 1774, and was on duty in Quebec when the American Revolutionary War commenced in 1775." "In 1782, he was appointed commander in chief of the British Army in America. He effected the British withdrawal from the United States in 1783. Three years later, after being elevated to the peerage as Baron Dorchester, Carleton reassumed the governorship of Canada. He implemented policies of defense against encroachments by American General Anthony Wayne in 1793-94, and in the latter year set in motion British withdrawals from America's Northwest Territory. In the process, he lost the confidence of his superiors in London; thus he resigned the governorship in 1796 and returned home for the final time. He lived for more than a decade in comfort on his extensive English estates, but his last years were marred by the deaths of many of his children." "Nelson attempts in this biography to settle controversial issues about Carleton's life."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved

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Inhalt

The Making of a SoldierStatesman 17241763
17
Lieutenant Governor of Quebec 17631768
31
Carleton and the Quebec Act 17681775
48
Rebel Invasion of Canada 17751776
66
Expelling the Rebels 1776
84
Triumph and Loss of Command 17761777
100
In the Wilderness
118
Commander in Chief in America 1782
137
Return to Quebec 17841786
174
Dorchester in Power 17861791
191
The Old versus the New 17911795
207
The Final Years 17951808
222
Notes
241
Selected Bibliography
269
Index
283
Urheberrecht

The American War Concluded 17821723
157

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Seite 42 - this Country must, to the end of Time be peopled by the Canadian Race, who already have taken such firm Root, and got to so great a Height, that any new Stock transplanted will be totally hid, and imperceptible amongst them, except in the Towns of Quebec and Montreal.
Seite 42 - either disbanded Officers, Soldiers, or Followers of the Army, who, not knowing how to dispose of themselves elsewhere, settled where they were left at the Reduction; or else they are Adventurers in Trade, or such as could not remain at Home, who set out to mend their Fortunes, at the opening of this new Channel for Commerce.
Seite 26 - whether, from the Noise and hurry at landing, or from some other Cause, the Grenadiers, instead of forming themselves as they were directed, ran on impetuously towards the Enemy's Intrenchments, in the utmost Disorder and Confusion, without waiting for the Corps which were to sustain them, and join
Seite 119 - might have taught them, and it did not require that to convince me, these People had been governed with too loose a Rein for many Years, and had imbibed too much of the American spirit of Licentiousness and Independence, administered by a numerous and turbulent Faction here, to be suddenly restored to a proper and desirable Subordination.
Seite 131 - the malevolence of his mind." Carleton was "wrong in permitting his pen to convey such asperity to a Secretary of State, but his meritorious defence of Quebec made him a proper object for a Military award and as such I could not think of providing for any other General
Seite 107 - highly necessary that the most speedy Junction of the two Armies should be effected and therefore as the Security and good Government of Canada absolutely require your Presence there, It is the King's determination to leave about 3,000 men under your command...
Seite 78 - was general: from the side of the River St Lawrence along the fortified front round to the basin, every part seemed equally threatened. Two real attacks took place upon the lower town, one under Cape Diamond led by Mr Montgomery, the other by Mr Arnold upon the part called the
Seite 33 - repugnant but as near as may be agreeable to the laws and statutes of this our Kingdom of Great Britain.
Seite 46 - To conceive the true State of the People of this Province, so far as the Laws and Administration of Justice are concerned, and the Sensations they must feel, in their present Situation, it is necessary to recollect, they are not a Migration of Britons, who brought with them the Laws of England.

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