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published, were received immediately from confidential friends of General Washington, or from gentlemen who in respectable official situations, were members of his family during his military command. It has been the endeavour of the author to display the character of the man who is the subject of the work, by exhibiting in a connected view his actions and his writings; and he has, as far as possible, made this exhi. bition in the person of General Washington. He has not conceived that he was writing for men of erudition, but for the unlettered portion of the community, and he has for their benefit more particularly studied simplicity of style. Should he be so happy as to obtain their approbation, he will receive an ample reward of his labour. • * - He entertains no expectation of acquiring literary fame by this publication, but he hopes to escape the disgrace of having written an useless book.
His Birth-Education—Appointed an Adjutant General of the Militia—His Embassy to the Ohio-Commissioned as Lieutenant Colonel of a regular Regiment—Surprises a Detachment of French Troops—Capitulation of Fort NecessityHe is appointed a Volunteer Aid-de-Camp to General Braddock—His bravery in the action in which that General fell —He is appointed the Colonel of a regiment, and Commander in Chief of the Virginia troops—His efforts to defend the Frontiers—His exertions in the expedition under General Forbes to gain possession of Fort du Quesne-Resigns his commission - • • PAGE I
Colonel Washington's Marriage-His management of the Estate of Mount Vernon-Appointed a Judge of the County Court, and a Member of the Virginia Legislature-Chosen a Member of the First Congress—Appointed Commander in Chief of the American Forces-Afrives at Camp—Arranges the Army—Deficiency of Arms and AmmunitionColonel Arnold detached to Quebec-Success of American Cruisers—Evils of temporary Inlistments—An Attack on the Enemy's Posts meditated—Possession taken of the Heights of Dorchester-Boston evacuated - •- 38
Country against the incursions of the British-Sir Henry Clinton moves up the Hudson, takes possession of Stony and Verplank Points, and fortifies them—Arrangements made for assaulting these posts—General Wayne carries Stony Point by storm-The attack upon Verplank failsCongress vote their thanks to General Washington and to the brave Troops employed in this service–They vote General Wayne a medal-Evils of short Inlistments—Plan of the General’s to remedy them—The Army in two Divisions erect huts for winter quarters, one near West Point, and the other at Morristown in New Jersey—The troops suffer through the scarcity of Provisions—Colonel Wadsworth resigns his Office—Confusion in the Commissary's department—The Commander in Chief is necessitated to apportion supplies of Meat and Flour upon the Counties of New Jersey–The winter excessively cold, and the waters around New York frozen over; but the Commander in Chief is too weak to avail himself of this opportunity to assail the British Posts—Expedition to Staten Island fails - 207
Amount of Paper Emission—Congress destitute of Means to support the War—Supplies apportioned upon the StatesExertions of the Commander in Chief-Mutiny in part of the Army—The British make an excursion into New Jersey –The American Troops bravely resist them—The Court of France promises a Naval and Land Armament to act in America—Preparation to co-operate with it-A French Squadron arrives on the American Coast—Count Rochambeau lands at Newport with five thousand Men—The American and French Commanders meet at Hartford to settle the Plan of the Campaign—The Second Division of the French Troops fails—General Arnold becomes a TraitorHe corresponds with Major André-André comes on shore