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------Printer, Crown-court.

- PREFACE.

THE following publication originated in the author's wish to place within reach of the great body of his countrymen an authentic biography of General Washington. Judge Marshall, in his valuable life of this illustrious patriot, has embraced not only the settlement and gcneral history of the North American Colonies, but also the political history of the United States. His work is therefore necessarily too expensive to be obtained by all classes of American people. The writer of these memoirs apprehended, that by publishing the Life of Washington in one volume, reasonable in its price, he should enable those of his fellow citizens, who are not in possession of Marshall, to leave to their posterity the memorial of a man who was pre-eminently distinguished as a soldier and statesman. General Washington was from his youth devoted to his country; his character therefore cannot be pourtrayed, without bringing into view many important public transactions. The plan of the writer has been to notice no individual or event further than was necessary to display the principal character. He has made Judge Marshall his leading authority for facts, and has in some measure followed him in the order of events. The histories of the war by Doctors Ramsay and Gordon, and several original writings, have been consulted; but he trusts that greater liberty has not been taken with any of them than is fair and honourable. The few facts which have not before been published, were received immediately from confidential friends of General Washington, or from gentlemen who in respectable official situations, were members of his family during his military command. It has been the endeavour of the author to display the character of the man who is the subject of the work, by exhibiting in a connected view his actions and his writings; and he has, as far as possible, made this exhi. bition in the person of General Washington. He has not conceived that he was writing for men of erudition, but for the unlettered portion of the community, and he has for their benefit more particularly studied simplicity of style. Should he be so happy as to obtain their approbation, he will receive an ample reward of his labour. - - - - He entertains no expectation of acquiring literary fame by this publication, but he hopes to escape the disgrace of having written an useless book. *

Worcester, Massachusetts,
8stober, 1807.

conTENTS.

CHAPTER I.

His Birth-Education—Appointed an Adjutant General of the Militia—His Embassy to the Ohio-Commissioned as Lieutenant Colonel of a regular Regiment—Surprises a Detachment of French Troops—Capitulation of Fort NecessityHe is appointed a Volunteer Aid-de-Camp to General Braddock—His bravery in the action in which that General fell —He is appointed the Colonel of a regiment, and Commander in Chief of the Virginia troops—His efforts to defend the Frontiers—His exertions in the expedition under General Forbes to gain possession of Fort du Quesne-Resigns his commission - * * • PAGE I

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Colonel Washington's Marriage-His management of the Estate of Mount Vernon-Appointed a Judge of the County Court, and a Member of the Virginia Legislature—Chosen a Member of the First Congress—Appointed Commander in Chief of the American Forces—Afrives at Camp—Arranges the Army-Deficiency of Arms and AmmunitionColonel Arnold detached to Quebec—Success of American Cruisers—Evils of temporary Inlistments—An Attack on the Enemy's Posts meditated—Possession taken of the Heights of Dorchester-Boston evacuated - • 38

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