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Instructions to the Delegates . . . . . . . 51

Declaration adopted . . . . . . . . . 51

Consequences of its Adoption . . . . . . . 51

The Title “ United States of America” first used .

Articles of Confederation proposed

The Revolutionary Congress, the Real Government.

Power of the Congress . . . . . . . . 55

General Washington's Position . . . . . . .

Difficulties which he had to encounter . . . . . . 56

Machinery of Government defective . .

Formation of the Ariny . . . . . . . . 58

Remodelling of the Army . . . . .

. 59

Difficulties attending it . . . . . . . . 59

Committee appointed to confer with General Washington . . 60

Error of Short Enlistments . . . . . . . . 60

Washington does not concur in their Expediency .

Powers of the National Government . . . . . . 62

Difficulties attending their Exercise . . . . . . 63

Popular Feeling about the Grievances, .

Tories . . . . . . . . . .

Officers of the Royal Government in New Hampshire seized . . 66

General Lee's Offer to seize the Tories of New York . . .

He prepares to defend New York . . . . . . . 67

Orders to disarm the Tories in Queen's County . . . 68

Orders countermanded . . . . . . . . . 68

Washington's Regret . . . . . . . . 69

His Directions to Lee . . . . . . . . . 70

Tories of Queen's County arrested . .

. . .

Inhabitants of New York alarmed . . . .

. 71

Congress compelled to submit the Subject to the Colonial Authorities

Questions of Prize . . . . . . . . .

"Origin of the American Navy . . . . . . . 73

Vessels fitted out to intercept the Enemy's Supplies . .

Falmouth burned ..

. . . . . . 74

Letters of Marque and Reprisal . . . . . . . 75

Prizes captured . . . . . . . . .

Adjudication of Prizes . . . . . . . . ..

Delay in obtaining Decisions . . . . . . .

Means of defraying the Public Expenses . . . . . 77

Paper Money issued . . . . . . . . .

Delay in Signing the Bills . . . . . . . . 79

Pressing Wants of the Army . . . . . . . 79

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CHAPTER IV.

July, 1776 - November, 1777.

CONSEQUENCES OF THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE. – REORGANI-

ZATION OF THE CONTINENTAL Army. — Flight OF THE CONGRESS

FROM PhiladELPHIA. — PLAN OF THE CONFEDERATION PROPOSED.

Effect of the Declaration of Independence . .

. 89

More vigorous and decisive Measures adopted by the Congress : 90

Mischievous Adhesion to State Interests . . . . . 90

History of the Army . . . . . . . . . 91

General Washington abandons the City of New York .

91

Writes to the President of Congress

of Congress

. . . . . . . 91

He retreats to the Heights of Haerlem, and again appeals to Congress

The Congress organizes a new Army . . . . . . 92

Number of Battalions raised by each State . . . . 93

Inducements to enlist . . . . . . . . . 93

Serious Defects in the Plan . . . . . . . 93

Washington suggests a Remedy. . . . . . . 94

Promotion of the Officers provided for . . . . . 95

Another Defect in the Plan . . . .

Massachusetts and Connecticut offer further Pay to their Men

Washington remonstrates . . . . .

96

Congress augments the Pay of the Army . . . . . 96

III Effects of the System . . . . . . . . 96

Number of the American Forces near New York . . . 96

Washington's Discouragement . . . . . . . 97

His Situation and Trials . . . . . . . . 97

His Retreat through New Jersey . . . . . . . 98

Loss of Philadelphia threatened . . . . . . 99

Washington asks for Extraordinary Powers from the Congress 100

Powers intrusted to him ..

: : : 100

Unsettled Condition of the Political System . . . . . 101

The Congress apologizes to the Governors of the States . . 10:2

Inaccuracy of their Position. . . . . . . 103

The States acquiesce in the Powers granted to Washington : 104

Articles of Confederation pending in Congress . . . . 104

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