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[DECEMBER, 1846. 1845, without complaint from any quarter. Had not be received by the Government of General the Nueces been regarded as the true western Herrera. It was also well known that but little boundary of Texas, that boundary had been passed hope could be entertained of a different result from by our army many months before it advanced to General Paredes, in case the revolutionary movethe eastern bank of the Rio Grande. In my annual ment which he was prosecuting should prove sucmessage of December last I informed Congress cessful, as was highly probable. The partisans of that, upon the invitation of both the Congress and Paredes, as our Minister, in the despatch referred Convention of Texas, I had deemed it proper to to, states, breathed the fiercest hostility against order a strong squadron to the coasts of Mexico, the United States, denounced the proposed negoand to concentrate an efficient military force on the tiation as treason, and openly called upon the western frontier of Texas, to protect and defend troops and the people to put down the Government the inhabitants against the menaced invasion of of Herrera by force. The reconquest of Texas, Mexico. In that message I informed Congress and war with the United States, were openly that the moment the terms of annexation offered threatened. These were the circumstances existby the United States were accepted by Texas, the ing, when it was deemed proper to order the army latter became so far a part of our own country as under the command of General Taylor to advance to make it our duty to afford such protection and to the western frontier of Texas, and occupy a defence; and that for that purpose our squadron position on or near the Rio Grande. had been ordered to the Gulf, and our army to The apprehensions of a contemplated Mexican “ take a position between the Nueces and the Del invasion have been since fully justified by the Norte," or Rio Grande, and “to repel any invasion event. The determination of Mexico to rush into of the Texan territory which might be attempted hostilities with the United States was afterwards by the Mexican forces."
manifested from the whole tenor of the note of the It was deemed proper to issue this order, be- Mexican Minister of Foreign Affairs to our Min. cause, soon after the President of Texas, in April, ister, bearing' date on the twelfth of March, 1846. 1845, had issued his proclamation convening the Paredes had then revolutionized the Government, Congress of that republic, for the purpose of sub- and his Minister, after referring to the resolution mitting to that body the terms of annexation pro- for the annexation of Texas, which had been adoptposed by the United States, the Government of ed by our Congress in March, 1845, proceeds to Mexico made serious threats of invading the Texan declare that " a fact such as this, or, to speak with territory.
greater exactness, so notable an act of usurpation, These threats became more imposing as it be created an imperious necessity that Mexico, for her came more apparent, in the progress of the queso own honor, should repel it with proper firmness tion, that the people of Texas would decide in and dignity. The supreme Government had beforefavor of accepting the terms of annexation; and, band declared that it would look upon such an act finally, they had assumed such a formidable char- as a casus belli ; and, as a consequence of this decacter, as induced both the Congress and Conven- laration, negotiation was, by its very nature, at tion of Texas to request that a military force should an end, and war was the only recourse of the be sent by the United States, into her territory for Mexican Government." the purpose of protecting and defending her against It appears, also, that on the fourth of April fol. the threatened invasion. It would have been a lowing, General Paredes, through his Minister of violation of good faith towards the people of Texas War, issued orders to the Mexican general in to have refused to afford the aid which they desired command on the Texan frontier to "attack” our against a threatened invasion, to which they had army “by every means which war permits.” To been exposed by their free determination to annex this General Paredes had been pledged to the army themselves to our Union, in compliance with the and people of Mexico during the military revoluovertures made to them by the joint resolution of tion which had brought him into power. On the our Congress.
eighteenth of April, 1846, General Paredes adAccordingly, a portion of the army was ordered dressed a letter to the commander on that frontier, to advance into Texas. Corpus Christi was the in which he stated to him, " at the present date i position selected by General Taylor. He encamp- suppose you at the head of that valiant army, either ed at that place in August, 1845, and the army re- fighting already, or preparing for the operations mained in that position until the eleventh of March, of a campaign ;” and “supposing you already on 1846, when it moved westward, and on the twen- the theatre of operations, and with all the forces ty-eighth of that month reached the east bank of assembled, it is indispensable that hostilities be the Rio Grande opposite to Matamoras. This commenced, yourself taking the initiative against movement was made in pursuance of orders from the enemy." the War Department, issued on the thirteenth of The movement of our army to the Rio Grande January, 1846. Before these orders were issued, was made by the commanding general under posithe despatch of our Minister in Mexico, transmitting tive orders to abstain from all aggressive acts tow. the decision of the Council of Government of ards Mexico, or Mexican citizens, and to regard Mexico, advising that he should not be received, the relations between the two countries as peaceful, and also the despatch of our consul residing in the unless Mexico should declare war, or commit acts city of Mexico—the former bearing date on the of hostility indicative of a state of war; and these seventeenth, and the latter on the eighteenth of De-orders he faithfully executed. Whilst occupying cember, 1816, copies of both of which accompanied his position on the east bank of the Rio Grande, my message to Congress of the eleventh of May within the limits of Texas, then recently admitted last—were received at the Department of State. as one of the States of our Union, the commanding These communications rendered it highly probable, general of the Mexican forces, who, in pursuance if not absolutely certain, that our Minister would l of the orders of his Government, had collected a
[29TH Coxg. large army on the opposite shore of the Rio Grande, avoid the war which followed, but all have proved crossed the river, invaded our territory, and com- vain. All our attempts to preserve peace have menced hostilities by attacking our forces.
been met by insult and resistance on the part of Thus, after all the injuries which we had re- Mexico. My efforts to this end commenced in the ceived and borne from Mexico, and after she had note of the Secretary of State of the tenth of March, insultingly rejected a Minister sent to her on a mis. 1845, in answer to that of the Mexican Minister. sion of peace, and whom she had solemnly agreed Whilst declining to reopen a discussion which had to receive, she consummated her long course of already been exhausted, and proving again what was outrage against our country by commencing an of known to the whole world, that Texas had long fensive war and shedding the blood of our citizens since achieved her independence, the Secretary of on our own soil.
State expressed the regret of this Government that The United States never attempted to acquire Mexico should have taken offence at the resolution Texas by conquest. On the contrary, at an early of annexation passed by Congress, and gave assurperiod after the people of Texas had achieved their ance that our “most strenuous efforts shall be deindependence, they sought to be annexed to the voted to the amicable adjustment of every cause of United States. At a general election in September, complaint between the two Governments, and to the 1836, they decided with great unanimity in favor cultivation of the kindest and most friendly relations of "annexation ;” and in November following, the between the sister republics." Congress of the republic authorized the appointment That I have acted in the spirit of this assurance of a Minister to bear their request to this Govern. will appear from the events wbich have since ocment. This Government, however, having remained curred. Notwithstanding Mexico had abruptly neutral between Texas and Mexico during the war terminated all diplomatic intercourse with the between them, and considering it due to the honor United States, and ought therefore to have been of our country, and our fair fame among the nations the first to ask for its resumption, yet, waving all of the earth, that we should not at this early period ceremony, I embraced the earliest favorable opporconsent to annexation, nor until it should be mani. tunity “to ascertain from the Mexican Government fest to the whole world that the reconquest of Texas whether they would receive an envoy from the by Mexico was impossible, refused to accede to the United States intrusted with full power to adjust all overtures made by Texas. On the twelfth of April, the questions in dispute between the two Govern1844, and after more than seven years had elapsed ments.” In September, 1845, I believed the propisince Texas had established her independence, a tious moment for such an overture had arrived. treaty was concluded for the annexation of that re- Texas, by the enthusiastic and almost unanimous public to the United States, which was rejected by will of her people, had pronounced in favor of anthe Senate. Finally, on the first of March, 1845, nexation. Mexico herself had agreed to acknowlCongress passed a joint resolution for annexing her edge the independence of Texas, subject to a conto the United States, upon certain preliminary con- dition, it is true, which she had no right to impose ditions to which her assent was required. The and no power to enforce. The last lingering hope solemnities which characterized the deliberations of Mexico, if she still could have retained any, that and conduct of the Government and people of Texas would again become one of her provinces, Texas, on the deeply interesting questions present- must have been abandoned. ed by these resolutions, are known to the world. The consul of the United States at the city of The Congress, the Executive, and the people of Mexico was, therefore, instructed by the Secretary Texas, in a convention elected for that purpose, of State on the fifteenth of September, 1845, to accepted with great unanimity the proposed terms make the inquiry of the Mexican Government. of annexation; and thus consummated on her part The inquiry was made, and on the fifteenth of Octhe great act of restoring to our federal Union a vast tober, 1845, the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the territory which had been ceded to Spain by the Flori- Mexican Government, in a note addressed to our da treaty more than a quarter of a century before. consul, gave a favorable response, requesting, at the
After the joint resolution for the annexation of same time, that our paval force might be withdrawn Texas to the United States had been passed by our from Vera Cruz while negotiations should be pendCongress, the Mexican Minister at Washington ad. ing. Upon the receipt of this note, our naval force dressed a note to the Secretary of State, bearing was promptly withdrawn from Vera Cruz. A Mindate on the sixth of March, 1845, protesting against ister was immediately appointed, and departed to it as "an act of aggression, the most unjust which Mexico. Every thing bore a promising aspect for can be found recorded in the annals of modern a speedy.and peaceable adjustment of all our diffihistory, namely: that of despoiling a friendly na culties. At the date of my annual message to Contion, like Mexico, of a considerable portion of gress, in December last, no doubt was entertained her territory," and protesting against the resolu- but that he would be received by the Mexican tion of annexation, as being an act “whereby the Government, and the hope was cherished that all province of Texas, an integral portion of the Mexi- cause of misunderstanding between the two councan territory, is agreed and admitted into the tries would be speedily removed. In the confident American Union :” and he announced that, as a hope that such would be the result of his mission, I consequence, his mission to the United States had informed Congress that I forbore at that time to terminated, and demanded his passports, which “recommend such ulterior measures of redress for were granted. It was upon the absurd pretext made the wrongs and injuries we had so long borne, as it by Mexico, (herself indebted for her independence would have been proper to make had no such nego. to a successful revolution,) that the republic of tiation been instituted.” To my surprise and regret, Texas still continued to be, notwithstanding all that the Mexican Government, though solemnly pledged had passed, a province of Mexico, that this step was to do so upon the arrival of our Minister in Mexico, taken by the Mexican Minister.
refused to receive and accredit him. When he Every honorable effort has been used by me to reached Vera Cruz, on the thirtieth of November,
[DECEMBER, 1846. 1845, he found that the aspect of affairs had under- | ing our difficulties, even at a remote day, or of gone an unbappy change. The Government of preserving peace with Mexico, could be cherished General Herrera, who was at that time President of while Paredes remained at the head of the Governthe republic, was tottering to its fall
. General ment. He had acquired the supreme power by a Paredes (a military leader) had manifested his de- military revolution, and upon the most solemn termination to overthrow the Government of Herrera pledges to wage war against the United States, and by a military revolution; and one of the principal to reconquer Texas, which he claimed as a revolted means which he employed to effect his purpose, and province of Mexico. He had denounced as guilty render the Government of Herrera odious to the of treason all those Mexicans who considered army and people of Mexico, was by loudly con- Texas as no longer constituting a part of the terdemning its determination to receive a minister of ritory of Mexico, and who were friendly to the peace from the United States, alleging that it cause of peace. The duration of the war which was the intention of Herrera, by a treaty with the he waged
against the United States was indefinite, United States, to dismember the territory of Mexico, because the end which he proposed, of the reconby ceding away the department of Texas. The quest of Texas, was hopeless. Besides, there Government of Herrera is believed to have been was good reason to believe, from all his conduct, well disposed to a pacific adjustment of existing dif- that it was his intention to convert the republic of ficulties; but, probably alarmed for its own securi- Mexico into a monarchy, and to call a foreign Euty, and in order to ward off the danger of the revo- ropean prince to the throne. Preparatary to this lution led by Paredes, violated its solemn agreement, end, he had, during his short rule, destroyed the and refused to receive or accredit our Minister; and liberty of the press, tolerating that portion of it this, although informed that he had been invested only which openly advocated the establishment of with full power to adjust all questions of dispute be a monarchy. The better to secure the success of tween the two Governments. Among the frivolous his ultimate designs, he had, by an arbitrary depretexts for this refusal, the principal one was, that cree, convoked a Congress-cot to be elected by our Minister had not gone upon a special mission, the free voice of the people, but to be chosen in a confined to the question of Texas alone, leaving all manner to make them subservient to his will, and the outrages upon our flag and our citizens unre- to give him absolute control over their deliberations. dressed. The Mexican Government well knew that Under all these circumstances, it was believed both our national honor and the protection due to that any revolution in Mexico, founded upon opour citizens imperatively required that the two position to the ambitious projects of Paredes, would questions of boundary and indemnity should be tend to promote the cause of peace, as well as pretreated of together, as naturally and inseparably vent any attempted European interference in the blended, and they ought to have seen that this affairs of the North American continent—both obcourse was best calculated to enable the United jects of deep interest to the United States. Any States to extend to them the most liberal justice. such foreign interference, if attempted, must have On the thirtieth of December, 1845, General Her- been resisted by the United States. My views rera resigned the Presidency, and yielded up the upon that subject were fully communicated to ConGovernment to General Paredes without a struggle. gress in my last annual Message. In any event, Thus a revolution was accomplished solely by the it was certain that no change whatever in the Govarmy commanded by Paredes, and the supreme ernment of Mexico, which would deprive Paredes power in Mexico passed into the hands of a military of power, could be for the worse, so far as the usurper, who was known to be bitterly hostile to United States were concerned, while it was highly the United States.
probable that any change must be for the better. Although the prospect of a pacific adjustment This was the state of affairs existing when Conwith the new Government was unpromising, from gress, on the thirteenth of May last, recognized the known hostility of its head to the United States, the existence of the war which had been comyet, determined that nothing should be left undone menced by the Government of Paredes, and it beon our part to restore friendly relations between the came an object of much importance, with a view two countries, our Minister was instructed to pre- to a speedy settlement of our difficulties, and the sent his credentials to the new Government, and ask restoration of an honorable peace, that Paredes to be accredited by it in a diplomatic character in should not retain power in Mexico. which he had been commissioned. These instruc- Before that time there were symptoms of a rev. tions he executed by his note of the first of March, olution in Mexico, favored, as it was understood 1846, addressed to the Mexican Minister of Foreign to be, by the more liberal party, and especially by Affairs, but bis request was insultingly refused by those who were opposed to foreign interference that Minister in his answer of the twelfth of the and to the monarchical form of government. Santa same month. No alternative remained for our Anna was then in exile in Havana, having been exMinister but to demand his passports, and return pelled from power and banished from his country to the United States.
by a revolution which occurred in December, 1844; Thus was the extraordinary spectacle presented but it was known that he had still a considerable to the civilized world, of a Government, in viola- party in his favor in Mexico. It was also equally tion of its own express agreement, having twice well known that no vigilance which could be exrejected a minister of peace, invested with full erted by our squadron would, in all probability, powers to adjust all the existing differences be- have prevented him from effecting a landing sometween the two countries in a manner just and hon- where on the extensive gulf coast of Mexico, if he orable to both. I am not aware that modern bis- desired to return to his country. He had openly tory presents a parallel case, in which, in time of professed an entire change of policy; had express, peace, onc nation has refused even to hear propo-ed his regret that he had subverted the federal sitions from another for terminating existing dini- constitution of 1824, and avowed that he was now culties between them. Scarcely a hope of adjust-in favor of its restoration. He had publicly de
[297H CONG. clared his bostility, in the strongest terms, to the the whole world, I resolved to prosecute it with establishment of a monarchy, and to European in the utmost vigor. Accordingly, the ports of Mexi. terference in the affairs of his country.
co on the Gulf and on the Pacific have been placed Information to this effect had been received, from under blockade, and her territory invaded at sevsources believed to be reliable, at the date of the eral important points. The reports from the Derecognition of the existence of the war by Con-partments of War and the Navy will inform you gress, and was afterwards fully confirmed by the more in detail of the measures adopted in the receipt of the despatch of our consul in the city of emergency in which our country was placed, and Mexico, with the accompanying documents, which of the gratifying results which have been accomare herewith transmitted. Besides, it was reason- plished. able to suppose that he must see the ruinous con- The various columns of the army have performsequences to Mexico of a war with the United ed their duty under great disadvantages, with the States, and that it would be his interest to favor most distinguished skill and courage. The victopeace.
rios of Palo Alto and Resaca de la Palma, and of It was under these circumstances and upon these Monterey, won against greatly superior numbers, considerations that it was deemed expedient not and against most decided advantages in other reto obstruct his return to Mexico, should he attempt spects on the part of the enemy, were brilliant in to do so. Our object was the restoration of peace; their execution, and entitle our brave officers and and with that view, no reason was perceived why soldiers to the grateful thanks of their country, we should take part with Paredes, and aid him, by The nation deplores the loss of the brave officers means of our blockade, in preventing the return of and men who have gallantly fallen while vindihis rival to Mexico. On the contrary, it was be- cating and defending their country's rights and lieved that the intestine divisions which ordinary bonor. sagacity could not but anticipate as the fruit of It is a subject of pride and satisfaction that our Santa Anna's return to Mexico, and his contest volunteer citizen soldiers, who so promptly rewith Parades, might strongly tend to produce a sponded to their country's call, with an experience disposition with both parties to restore and preserve of the discipline of a camp of only a few weeks, peace with the United States.
Paredes was a have borne their part in the hard-fought battle of soldier by profession, and a monarchist in princi- Monterey with a constancy and courage equal to ple. He had but recently before been successful that of veteran troops, and worthy of the highest in a military revolution, by which he had obtained admiration. The privations of long marches power. He was the sworn enemy of the United through the enemy's country, and through a wilStates, with which he had involved his country in derness, have been borne without a murmur. By the existing war. Santa Anna had been expelled rapid movements the province of New Mexico, from power by the army, was known to be in with Santa Fé, its capital, has been captured with open hostility to Paredes, and publicly pledged out bloodshed. The navy has co-operated with against foreign intervention and the restoration of the army, and rendered important services: if not monarchy in Mexico. In view of these facts and so brilliant, it is because the enemy had no force circumstances it was, that, when orders were to meet them on their own element, and because issued to the commander of our naval forces in the of the defences wbich nature has interposed in the Gulf, on the thirteenth day of May last, the day difficulties of the navigation on the Mexican coast. on which the existence of the war was recognized Our squadron in the Pacific, with the co-operation by Congress, to place the coasts of Mexico under of a gallant officer of the army, and a small force blockade, he was directed not to obstruct the pas- hastily collected in that distant country, have acsage of Santa Anna to Mexico, should he attempt quired bloodless possession of the Californias, and to return.
the American flag has been raised at every imporA revolution took place in Mexico in the early tant point in that province. part of August following, by which the power of I congratulate you on the success which has Paredes was overthrown, and he has since been thus attended our military and naval operations. banished from the country, and is now in exile. In less than seven months after Mexico comShortly afterwards Santa Anna returned. It re- menced hostilities, at a time selected by herself, mains to be seen whether his return may not yet we have taken possession of many of her principal prove to be favorable to a pacific adjustment of the ports, driven back and pursued her invading army, existing difficulties, it being manifestly his interest and acquired military possession of the Mexican not to persevere in the prosecution of a war com- provinces of New Mexico, New Leon, Coahuila, menced by Paredes, to accomplish a purpose so Tamaulipas, and the Californias, a territory larger absurd as the reconquest of Texas to the Sabine. in extent than that embraced in the original thirHad Paredes remained in power, it is morally cer- teen States of the Union, inhabited by a considertain that any pacific adjustment would have been able population, and much of it more than a thou. hopeless.
sand miles from the points at which we had to Upon the commencement of hostilities by Mexi- collect our forces and commence our movements. co against the United States, the indignant spirit By the blockade, the import and export trade of of the nation was at once aroused. Congress the enemy has been cut off. Well may the Ameripromptly responded to the expectations of the can people be proud of the energy and gallantry country, and, by the act of the thirteenth of May of our regular and volunteer officers and soldiers. last, recognized the fact that war existed, by the The events of these few months afford a gratifying act of Mexico, between the United States and that proof that our country can, under any emergency, republic, and granted the means necessary for its confidently rely for the maintenance of her honor, vigorous prosecution. Being involved in a war and the defence of her rights, on an effective force, thus commenced by Mexico, and for the justice of ready at all times voluntarily to relinquish the comwhich on our part we may confidently appeal to | forts of home for the perils and privations of the
[DECEMBER, 1846. camp. And though such a force may be for the Near the close of your last session, for reasons time expensive, it is in the end economical, as communicated to Congress, I deemed it important, the ability to command it removes the necessity as a measure for securing a speedy peace with Mexof employing a large standing army in time of ico, that a sum of money should be appropriated, peace, and proves that our people love their in- and placed in the power of the Executive, similar stitutions, and are ever ready to defend and protect to that which had been made upon two former octhem.
casions, during the administration of President Whilst the war was in a course of vigorous and Jefferson. successful prosecution, being still anxious to arrest On the twenty-sixth of February, 1803, an approits evils, and considering that, after the brilliant priation of two millions of dollars was made, and victories of our arms on the eighth and ninth of placed at the disposal of the President. Its object May last, the national honor could not be com- is well known. It was at that time in contemplapromitted by it, another overture was made to Mex. tion to acquire Louisiana from France, and it was ico, by my direction, on the twenty-seventh of July intended to be applied as a part of the considera. last, to terminate hostilities by a peace just and tion which might be paid for that territory. On honorable to both countries. On the thirty-first the thirteenth of February, 1806, the same sum was of August following, the Mexican Government in like manner appropriated, with a view to the declined to accept this friendly overture, but re- purchase of the Floridas from Spain. These appro. ferred it to the decision of a Mexican Congress, to priations were made to facilitate negotiations, and as be assembled in the early part of the present a means to enable the President to accomplish the month. I communicate to you, herewith, a copy important objects in view. Though it did not beof the letter of the Secretary of State proposing to come necessary for the President to use these apreopen negotiations, of the answer of the Mexican propriations, yet a state of things might have arisen Government, and the reply thereto of the Secretary in which it would have been highly important for of State.
him to do so, and the wisdom of making them canThe war will continue to be prosecuted with not be doubted. It is believed that the measure vigor, as the best means of securing peace. It is recommended at your last session met with the aphoped that the decision of the Mexican Congress, probation of decided majorities in both Houses of to which our last overture has been referred, may Congress. Indeed, in different forms, a bill making result in a speedy and honorable peace. With our an appropriation of two millions of dollars passed experience, however, of the unreasonable course each House, and it is much to be regretted that it of the Mexican authorities, it is the part of wisdom did not become a law. The reasons which induced not to relax in the energy of our military operations me to recommend the measure at that time still until the result is made known. In this view, it is exist; and I again submit the subject for your condeemed important to hold military possession of all sideration, and suggest the importance of early acthe provinces which have been taken, until a defin- tion upon it. Should the appropriation be made itive treaty of peace shall have been concluded and and be not needed, it will remain in the treasury: ratified by the two countries.
should it be deemed proper to apply it, in whole The war has not been waged with a view to con- or in part, it will be accounted for as other public quest; but having been commenced by Mexico, it expenditures. bas been carried into the enemy's country, and will Immediately after Congress had recognized the be vigorously prosecuted there, with a view to ob- existence of the war with Mexico, my attention tain an honorable peace, and thereby secure ample was directed to the danger that privateers might indemnity, for the expenses of the war, as well as be fitted out in the ports of Cuba and Porto Rico, to our much-injured citizens, who hold large pecu- to prey upon the commerce of the United States; niary demands against Mexico.
and I invited the special attention of the Spanish By the laws of nations, a conquered territory is Government to the fourteenth article of our treaty subject to be governed by the conqueror during with that power, of the twentieth of October, 1795, his military possession, and until there is either å under wbich the citizens and subjects of either natreaty of peace, or he shall voluntarily withdraw tion who shall take commissions or letters of from it. The old civil government being necessa- marque to act as privateers against the other rily superseded, it is the right and duty of the con- “shall be punished as pirates." queror to secure his conquest, and to provide for It affords me pleasure to inform you that I have the maintenance of civil order and the rights of the received assurances from the Spanish Government inhabitants. This right has been exercised, and that this article of the treaty shall be faithfully obthis duty performed, by our military and 'naval served on its part. Orders for this purpose were commanders, by the establishment of temporary immediately transmitted from that Government to governments in some of the conquered provinces the authorities of Cuba and Porto Rico to exert in Mexico, assimilating them, as far as practicable, their utmost vigilance in preventing any attempts to the free institutions of our own country. to fit out privateers in those islands against the In the provinces of New Mexico, and of the United States. From the good faith of Spain, I am Californias, little, if any, further resistance is fully satisfied that this treaty will be executed in apprehended from the inhabitants to the temporary its spirit as well as its letter; whilst the United governments which have thus, from the necessity States will, on their part, faithfully perform all the of the case, and according to the laws of war, been obligations which it imposes on them. established. It may be proper to provide for the Information has been recently received at the security of these important conquests by making Department of State that the Mexican Govern. an adequate appropriation for the purpose of erect- ment has sent to Havana blank commissions to priing fortifications and defraying the expenses nevateers, and blauk certificates of naturalization, cessarily incident to the maintenance of our pos- signed by General Salas, the present head of the Bession and authority over them.
Mexican Government. There is also reason to ap