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Fields near Saint Albans. Alarum. Retreat. Flourish; then enter YORK, RICHARD PLANTAGENET,

WARWICK, and Soldiers, with drunk and colours. York. Of Salisbury, who can report of him®; That winter lion, who, in rage, forgets Aged contusions and all bruth of time?; * And, like a gallant in the brow of youth,

Repairs him with occasion ? this happy day * Is not itself, nor have we won one foot, • If Salisbury be loft.

Rich. My noble father, • Three times to-day I holp him to his horse,

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Of Salisbury, &c.] The corresponding speeches to this and the following, are there, in the original play:

York. How now, boys ! fortunate this fight hath been,
I hope to us and ours, for England's good,
And our great honour, that so long we lost,
Whilst faint-heart Henry cid ufurp our rights.
But did you see old Salisbury, fince we
With bloody minds did buckle with the foe?
I would not for the loss of this right hand
That aught but well betide that good old man.

Ricb. My lord, I saw him in the chickest throng,
Charging his launce with his old weary arms;
And thrice I saw him beaten from his horre,
And thrice this hand did fet him up again;
And fill he fought with courage 'gainst his foes;
The boldeft-sprited man that e'er mine eyes beheld.

MALONE ? - bruß of time ; ] The gradual detrition of time. So, in Timon of Albensis -one winter's brufb-” STEEVENS.

8 - gallant in tbe brow of youth,] The brow of yourb, is the beight of youth, as the brow of a hill is its summit. So, in Orbello :

the head and front of my offending." Again, in K. Jobn: " Why here walk I in the black brow of night." STIIVISS.

· Three

· Three times bestrid him, thrice I led him off,
• Persuaded him from any further act:
• But still, where danger was, still there I met him ;
• And like rich hangings in a homely house,
* So was his will in his old feeble body.
* But, noble as he is, look where he comes.

Enter SALISBURY. Sal. Now, by my sword, well haft thou fought to

day'; • By the mais, so did we all.-I thank


Richard: • God knows, how long it is I have to live; • And it hath pleas’d him, that three times to-day « You have defended me from imminent death.• Well, lords, we have not got that which we have" ;

'Tis not enough our foes are this time fied, Being opposites of such repairing nature 3.


9 Three times befrid bim,] That is, Three times I saw him fallen, and, ftriding over him, defended him till he recovered. JOHNSON.

See Vol. V. p. 245, n. 9. Of this act of friendship, which Shak. speare has frequently noticed in other places, no mention is made in the old play, as the reader may find at the other side of this page; and its introduction here is one of the numerous minute circumstances, which when united form almost a decisive proof that the piece before us was constructed on foundations laid by a preceding writer. MALONE.

i Well baft thou fougbi, &c.] The variation between this speech and that in the original play deserves to be noticed :

Sal. Well haft chou fought this day, thou valiant duke;
And thou brave bud of York's increasing house,
The small remainder of my weary life,
I hold for thee, for with thy wariike arm

Three times this day thou hast preserv'd my life. MALONI. 2 Well, lords, we bave not got that wbieb we have ; } i. e. we have not secured, we are not sure of retaining, that which we have acquired. In our author's Rape of Lucrece, a poem very nearly contemporary with the present piece, we meet with a similar expresiion :

“ That oft they have not that which they posless.” MALONE. 3. Being opposites of jucb repairing nature.] Being enemies that are likely to Toon to rally and recover themselves from this defeat, See Vol. IV, p. 57, n. So


* York. I know, our safety is to follow them ; • For, as I hear, the king is fled to London,

To call a present court of parliament 4. • Let us pursue him, ere the writs go forth :

What says lord Warwick, shall we after them? War. After them! nay, before them, if we can. Now by my faith', lords, 'twas a glorious day: Saint Albans' battle, won by famous York, Shall be eterniz'd in all age to come. Sound, drums and trumpets ;-and to London all: And more such days as these to us befall! [Exeunt. To repair in our author's language is, to renovate. So, in Cymbeline :

is o, disloyal thing!

" That ihould't repair my youth,~" Again, in All's well obat ends well :

It much repairs me, “ To talk of your good father." MALONE. 4 To call a present court of parliament.] The king and queen left the kage only just as York entered, and have not said a word about calling a parliament. Where then could York hear this? --The fact is, as we have seen, that in the old play the king does say, “ he will call a parliament,” but our author has omitted the lines. He has, therefore, bere as in some other places, fallen into an impropriety, by sometimes following and at others deserting his original. MALONE.

s Now by my faith,] The first folio reads-Now by my band. This sndoubtedly was one of the many alterations made by the editors of that copy, to avoid the penalty of the Stat. 3 Jac. I. c. 21. See p. 237, 2. S. The true reading I have restored from the old play. MALONE.

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