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* York. I thank thee, Clifford : Say, what news with

thee? Nay, do not fright us with an angry look: • We are thy sovereign, Clifford, kneel again; • For thy mistaking io, we pardon thee.

Clift. This is my king, York, I do not mistake; • But thou mistak’t me much, to think I do:• To Bedlam with him ! is the man grown mad ?

K. Hen. Ay, Clifford; a bedlam and ambitious hu. • Makes him oppose himself against his king.

*Clif. He is a traitor ; let him to the Tower, * And chop away that factious pate of his.

2. Mar. He is arrested, but will not obey ; • His sons, he says, shall give their words for him.

York. Will you not, sons ? Edw. Ay, noble father, if our words will serve. Rich. And if words will not, then our weapons Thall. * Çlif. Why, what a brood of traitors have we here!

York. Look in'a glass, and call thy image so; * I am thy king, and thou a false-heart traitor. • Call hither to the stake my two brave bears', * That, with the very shaking of their chains, • They may astonith these fell lurking curs? ; * Bid Salisbury, and Warwick, come to me 8.

Drums. S-a bedlam and ambitious humour-] The word ted!am was not used in the reign of king Henry the Sixth, nor was Bethlehem Hospital (vulgarly called Bedlam) converted into a house or hospital for luna. ticks till the reign of king Henry the Eighth, who gave it to the city of London for that purpose. Grey. Shakspeare was led into this anachronism by the author of the elder play: MALONE.

Call bieber to ibe ftake my two brave bears,

Bid Salisoury and Warwick come-] The Nevils, earls of War. wick, bad a bear and ragged faff for their cognizance. Sir J. Hawk.

- fell lurking curs: Curs who are at once a compound of cruelly and treacbery. STEEVENS. * Bid Salisbury, and Warwick, come to me.

:-) Here in the old play the following lines are found :

King. Call Buckingham, and bid him arm himself.

York. Cald Buckingham and all the friends thou hast;
Both thou and they fall curse this fatal hour.



R 3

Drums. Enter Warwick and SALISBURY,

with forces. Clif. Are these thy bears? we'll bait thy bears to

death, • And manacle the bear-ward in their chains, • If thou dar'ft bring them to the baiting-place.

* Rich. Oft have I seen a hot o'er-weening cur Run back and bite, because he was withheld"; Who, being suffer'd * with the bear's fell

paw, * Hath clapp'd his tail between his legs, and cry'd:

And such a piece of service will you do, • If you oppose yourselves to match lord Warwick.

Clif. Hence, heap of wrath, foul indigefted lump, * As crooked in thy manners as thy shape !

York. Nay, we Mall heat you thoroughly anon. * Clif.Take heed, left by your heat you burn yourselves. * K. Hen. Why, Warwick, hath thy knee forgot to

bow? • Old Salisbury, shame to thy silver hair,

Thou mad mis-leader of thy brain-fick son !• What, wilt thou on thy death-bed play the ruffian, * And seek for sorrow with thy spectacles ? * 0, where is faith: 0, where is loyalty? * If it be banish'd from the frosty head, * Where shall it find a harbour in the earth ? • Wilt thou go dig a grave to find out war, • And shame thine honourable age with blood ?

Why art thou old, and want'st experience ? * Or wherefore doft abuse it, if thou hast it? * For shame! in duty bend thy knee to me,

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Buckingham accordingly enters immediately with his forces. Shak. speare, we see, has not introduced him in the present scene, but has availed himself of those lines below. MALONE.

9 Oft bave I seen, &c.] Bear-baiting was anciently a royal spurt. See Stow's Account of Queen Elizabeth's amusements of this kind; and Langham's Letter concerning ibai Queen's Entertainment at Kenelworto Castle. Percy.

- being suffer'd-] Being suffer'd to approach to the bear's fell paw. Such may be the meaning. I am not however sure but the poet meant, being in a state of sufferance or pain. MALONI.

* That

$ That bows unto the grave with mickle age.

Sal. My lord, I have consider'd with myself The title of this most renowned duke ; And in my conscience do repute his grace The rightful heir to England's royal feat. * K. Hen. Haft thou not sworn allegiance unto me? * Sal. I have. • K. Hen. Canst thou dispense with heaven for such an

oath? * Sal. It is great fin, to swear unto a fin'; But greater fin, to keep a sinful oath. • Who can be bound by any solemn vow * To do a murderous deed, to rob a man, • To force a spotless virgin's chastity, * To reave the orphan of his patrimony, * To wring the widow from her custom'd right; • And have no other reason for this wrong, * But that he was bound by a solemn oath?

* Q. Mar. A subtle traitor needs no sophister. K. Hen. Call Buckingham, and bid him arm him

self. York. Call Buckingham, and all the friends thou hast, ! I am resolv'd for death, or dignity ?.

Clif. The first I warrant thee, if dreams prove true. *War. You were beit to go to bed, and dream again, To keep thee from the tempest of the field.

Clif. I am resolv'd to bear a greater storm,
Than any thou canst conjure up to-day;
And that I'll write upon thy burgonet',

* It is great fin, so swear unto a fin ; &c.] We have the same senti. ment in Love's Labour's Loft:

“ It is religion, to be thus forsworn." Again, in King Jobn:

“ It is religion that doth make vows kept;
“ But thou doft swear only to be forsworn;

“ And most forsworn to keep what thou doft swear." MALONE. ? - for dearb, or dignity.] The folio reads and dignity. The emendation was made by Mr. Pope. MALONE. 3- burgunet,] is a belmet. Johnson.



Might I but know thee by thy houshold badge+.

War. Now by my father's badge, old Nevil's creft,
The rampant bear chain'd to the ragged staff,
This day I'll wear aloft my burgonet,
(As on a mountain top the cedar shews,
That keeps his leaves in spight of any storm,)
Even to affright thee with the view thereof.

Clif. And from thy burgonet I'll rend thy bear,
And tread it under foot with all contempt,
• Despight the bear-ward that protects the bear.

.1. Clif. And so to arms, victorious father, • To quell the rebels, and their 'complices.

Rich. Fie! charity, for shame! speak not in spight, For you shall sup with Jesu Christ to-night. 1. Clif. Foul ftigmaticks, that's more than thou canst

tell. Rich. If not in heaven, you'll surely sup in hell.

(Exeunt je-verally.


Saint Albans. Alarums ; Excursions. Enter WARWICK. War. Clifford of Cumberland, 'tis Warwick calls ! And if thou dost not hide thee from the bear, Now,- when the angry trumpet sounds alarm, And dead men's cries do fill the empty air,Clifford, I say, come forth and fight with me! Proud northern lord, Clifford of Cumberland, Warwick is hoarse with calling thee to arms.

4 — by houshold hadge.] The folio has boused badge, owing probably to the tranicriber's ear deceiving him. The true reading is found in the old play. MALONE.

5 Foul ftigmatick,] A figmorick is one on whom Aature has set à mark of deformity, a ftigma. STEEVENS.

This certainly is the meaning here. A figmatick originally and properly fignified a person who has been branded with a hot iron for Some crime. See Bullokar's Englijio Expositor, 1616. MALONE,


Enter YORK, • How now, my noble lord? what, all a-foot ?

York. The deadly-handed Clifford flew my steed; • But match to match I have encounter'd him, • And made a prey for carrion kites and crows • Even of the bonny beast he lov'd so well.

Enter CLIFFORD. War. Of one or both of us the time is come. York. Hold, Warwick, seek thee out some other chace, For I myself must hunt this deer to death. War. Then, nobly, York; 'tis for a crown thou

fight’it.• As I intend, Clifford, to thrive to-day, It grieves my soul to leave thee unassail'd.

[Exit WARWICK. *Clif. What seeft thou in me, York?? why dost thou

pause? York. With thy brave bearing Mould I be in love, • But that thou art so fast mine enemy.

Clif. Nor should thy prowess want praise and esteem, • But that 'tis lhewn ignobly, and in treason.

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6 Even of sbe bonny beast be lov'd so well.] In the old play:

“ The bonniest gray, that e'er was bred in North.” MALONE. 7 Wbat feeft obou in me, York ? &c.] Instead of this and the ten following lines, we find these in the old play, and the variation is worth noting:

York. Now, Clifford, since we are singled here alone,
Be this the day of doom to one of us ;
For now my heart hath sworn immortal hate
To thee and all the house of Lancaster.

Clif. And here I stand, and pitch my foot to thine,
Vowing ne'er to ftir till thou or I be Nain;
For never shall my heart be safe at reft,
Till I have spoil'd the hateful house of York:

Alarums, and they figbe, and York kills Clifford.
York. Now Lancaster, fit fure; thy finews shrink.
Come, fearful Henry, grovefing on thy face,
Yield up thy crown unto the prince of York. (Exit York.



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