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But God in mercy so deal with my soul,
• As I in duty love my king and country!
* But, to the matter that we have in hand:-
* I say, my sovereign, York is meetelt man
* To be your regent in the realm of France.

* Suf. Before we make election, give me leave
• To shew some reason, of no little force,
• That York is most unmeet of any man.

York. I'll tell thee, Suffolk, why I am unmeet.
• First, for I cannot Aatter thee in pride :
• Next, if I be appointed for the place,

My lord of Somerset will keep me here,
* Without discharge, money, or furniture,

Till France be won into the Dauphin's hands.
* Last time, I danc'd attendance on his will,

Till Paris was besieg'd, familh’d, and lost.

* War. That I can witness; and a fouler fact * Did never traitor in the land commit.

Suf. Peace, head-strong Warwick!

War. Image of pride, why should I hold my peace?
Enter Servants of SUFFOLK, bringing in HORNER and

Suf. Because here is a man accus'd of treason :
Pray God, the duke of York excuse himself!

York Doth any one'accuse York for a traitor ?
+ K. Hen. What mean'st thou, Suffolk? tell me: What

are these? Suf. Please it your majesty, this is the man • That doth accuse his master of high treason : • His words were these ;-that Richard, duke of York, « Was rightful heir unto the English crown; ! And that your majesty was an usurper.

k. Hen. Say, man, were these thy words? Hor. An't fall please your majeity, I never said not thought any such matter : God is my witness, I am fallely accus'd by the villain.

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Pet. By these ten bones", my lords, (holding up big bands.) he did speak them to me in the garret one • night, as we were scouring my lord of York's armour.

York. Base dunghill villain, and mechanical, • I'll have thy head for this thy traitor's speech :• I do beseech your royal majesty, • Let him have all the rigour of the law.

Hor. Alas, my lord, hang me, if ever I spake the words. My accuser is my prentice; and when I did correct him for his fault the other day, he did vow upon his knees he would be even with me: I have good witnefs of this; therefore, I beseech your majesty, do not caft away an honest man for a villain's accusation.

K. Hen. Uncle, what shall we say to this in law?

Glo. This doom, my lord, if I may judge. • Let Somerset be regent o'er the French, • Because in York this breeds suspicion : • And let these have a day appointed them . For single combat, in convenient place; • For he hath witness of his servant's malice :

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& By these ten bones, &c.] We have just heard a dutchess threater to set ker ten commandments in the face of a queen. The jests in this play turn rather too much on the enumeration of fingers. This adjuration is, however, very ancient. So, in Tbe longer tbou livefi, ibe more Fool tbou art, 1570:

" By these renne bones I will, I have sworne," It occurs likewise in the mystery of Candlemas Day, in Hycke Scorner, and in Monsieur Tbomas, 1637. STEEVENS.

9 And let obem bave a day appointed obem, &c.] In the original play, quarto 1600, the corresponding lines stand thus:

The law, my lord, is this. By case it rests suspicious,
That a day of combat be appointed,
And there to try each other's right or wrong,
Which shall be on the thirtieth of this month,
With ebon staves and sandbags combating,

In Smithfield, before your royal majesty.
An opinion has prevailed that The whole Contention, &c. printed in
1600, was an imperfect surreptitious copy of Shakspeare's play as ex-
hibited in the folio; but what spurious copy, or imperfect transcript
taken in short-hand, ever produced such variations as these ? MALONE.

* This


• This is the law, and this duke Humphrey's doom

Som. I humbly thank your royal majesty.
Hor. And I accept the combat willingly,
Pet. Alas, my lord, I cannot fight; for God's sake,

pity my case! the spight of man prevaileth against me. .0, Lord have mercy upon me! I shall never be able

to fight a blow: O Lord, my heart!
Glo. Sirrah, or you must fight, or else be hang'd.

K. Hen. Away with them to prison: and the day "Of combat shall be the last of the next month. • Come, Somerset, we'll see thee sent away. [Exeunt,

1- duke Humpbrey's doom.] After this line, Mr. Theobald in. troduced from a longer speech in the quarto, the two following lines

King. Then be it so. My lord of Somerfit,

“ We make your grace regent over the French.” The plea urged by Theobald for their introduction was, that otherwise Somerset thanks the king before he had declared his appointment; but Shakfpeare, I suppose, thought Henry's affent might be expressed by a nod. Somerset knew that Humphrey's doom was final; as likewise did the Armourer, for he, like Somerset, accepts the combat, without waiting for the king's confirmation of what Glofter had said. Shakspeare therefore not having introduced the following speech, which is found in the first copy, we have no right to insert it. That it was not intended to be preserved, appears from the concluding line of the present scene, in which Henry addresses Somerset; whereas in the quarto, Somerset goes out, on his appointment. This is one of those minute circumítances which may be urged to thew that these plays, however afterwards worked up by Shakspeare, were originally the production of another author, and that the quarto edition of 1600 was printed from the copy originally written by that author, whoever he was. MALONE.

After the lines inserted by Theobald, the king continues his speech thus:

over the French;
And to defend our rights 'gainst foreign foes,
And so do good unto the realm of France.
Make halte, my lord ; 'tis time that you were gone:
The time of truce, I think, is full expir’d.

Som. I humbly thank your royal majesty,
And take my leave, to post with speed to France. [Exit Som.

King. Come, uncle Glofter; now let's have our horse,
For we will to St. Albans presently.
Madam, your hawk, they say, is swift of Aight,
And we will try how lhe will Ay to-day. (Exeunt. STEEVENS.


SCENE IV. The fame. The Duke of Gloster's Garden. Enter MARGERY JOURDAIN, Hume,SOUTHWELL, and

BOLINGBROKE?. • Hume. Come, my masters; the dutchess, I tell you, • expects performance of your promises.

Boling. Master Hume, we are therefore provided : Will her ladyship behold and hear our exorcilms *? * Hume. Ay; What else? fear you not her courage. * Boling. I have heard her reported to be a woman of an inyincible spirit: But it shall be convenient, master Hume, that you be by her aloft, while we be busy be

low; and so, I pray you, go in God's name, and leave • us. [Exit Hune.] Mother Jourdain, be you prostrate, and

grovel on the earth :- John Southwell, read you; and . let us to our work,

Enter Dutchela, above. Dutch. Well said, my masters; and welcome all. To this geer; the sooner the better. Boling. Patience, good lady; wizards know their

times: Deep night, dark night, the filent of the night",

« The

2 Enter, &c.) The quarto reads : Enter E1 EANOR, wirb Sir John Hum, Roger BOLINGBROXI, a con

jurer, and Margery JOURDAINE a witcb.
Eleanor. Here, fir John, take this scroll of paper here,
Wherein is writ the questions you shall ask :
And I will stand upon this tower here,
And hear the spirit what it says to you ;
And to my questions write the answers down.

[Sbe goes up to tbe tower,

STEEVENS. our exorcisms.) See Vol. III. p. 475, n. 7. MALONE.

ibe silent of be nigbe,] Silent, though an adjective, is used by Shakspeare as a substantive. So, in Tbe Tempeft, the vaff of night is used for the greatest part of it. The old quarto reads-obe filence of tbe xigb!. The variation between the copies is worth notice.



The time of night when Troy was set on fire ; « The time when scritch-owls cry, and ban-dogs howl", • And spirits walk, and ghosts break up their graves, • That time beit fits the work we have in hand. • Madam, fit you, and fear not; whom we raise, « We will make faft within a hallow'd

verge. [Here they perform the cerimonies appertaining, and make

the circle; Bolingbroke, or Southwell, reads, Conjuro te, &c. It thunders and lightens terribly; then

the spirit risetb. Spir. Adsum.

M. Jourd. Asmath, . By the eternal God, whose name and power • Thou trembleft at, answer that I shall alk; • For, till thou speak, thou shalt not pass from hence, Spir. Ask what thou wilt :That I had said and

dones! Boling. First, of the king. What fall of him become?

[Reading out of a paper.

Bolingbrooke makes a circle.
Bol. Dark night, dread night, the filence of the night,
Wherein the furies mask in hellish troops,
Send up, I charge you, from Cocytus' lake
The spirit Askalon to come to me;
To pierce the bowels of this centrick earth,
And hither come in twinkling of an eye !

Alkalon, ascend, ascend!” In a speech already quoted from the quarto, Eleanor says, they have -cast their spells in filence of the night. STEEVENS.

4 - ban.dogs bowl,] The etymology of the word ban.dogs is une settled. They seem, however, to have been designed by poets to figo nify some terrifick beings whole office it was to make nigbt bideous, like those mentioned in the first book and eighth satire of Horace :

serpentes, atque videres Infe nas errare canes.' STEEVINS: 5 - Tbar'I bad said and done!] It was anciently believed that fpirito who were raised by incantations, remain'd above ground, and answer'd questions with reluctance. See both Lucan and Statius. STIEVENS.

6-Wbar shall of bim become ?] Here is another proof of what has been already suggested. In the quarto 1600, it is concerted between Mother Jourdain and Bolingbroke that be should frame a circle, &c. and that the lould « fall proftrate on tħe ground," to " whisper with

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