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this simple reigmen. People in health should never force themselves to eat when they have no appetite; Nature, the best judge in these matters, will never fail to let us know the proper time of refresh- ment. To aft contrary to this rule, will assuredly weaken the powers of digestion, impair health and Ihorten life. Plutarch.
"Let us beware of such food as tempts us to eat when we are not hungry, and of such liquors as entice us to drink when we are not thirsty." Socrates.
It is really surprising (says Plutarch) what benefit men of letters would receive from reading aloud every day; we ought therefore to make that exercise familiar to us, but it would not be done immediately after dinner, nor fatigue, for that error has proved hurtful to many. But though loud reading is a very healthy exercise, violent vociferation is highly dangerous; it has in thousands sands of instances burst the tender blood vessels of the lungs, and brought on incurable consumptions*.
"The world has long made a just distinction betwixt men of learning, and wife men. Men of learning are ofttimes the weakest of men: they read and meditate incessantly, without allowing proper relaxation or refreshment to the body; and think that a frail machine can bear fatigue as well as an im1 2 mortal mortal spirit. This puts me in mind of what happened to the camel in the fable; which, refusing though often premonifhed, to ease the ox in due time of a part of his load, was forced at last to carry not only the ox's whole load, but the ox himself also, when he died under his burden. Thus it happens to the mind which has no compassion on the body, and will not listen to its complaints, nor give it any rest, until some fad distemper compels the mind to lay study and contemplation aside; and to lie down, with the afflicted body, upon the bed of languishing and pain. Most wisely, therefore, does Plato admonish us to take the fame care of our bodies as of our minds; that like a well matched pair of horses to a chariot, each may draw his equal share of weight. And when the mind is most intent upon virtue and usefulness, the body should then be most cherished by prudence
* Would to God, all ministers of religion (I mention them because they are generally most wanting in this great article of prudence) would but attend to the advice of this eminent philosopher. They would, many of them, live much longer, and consequently stand a good chance to be more useful men here on earth, and brighter saints in heaven. What can give greater pain to a man who has the prosperity of religion at heart, than to see an amiable, pious young divine, (who promised great services to the world) spitting up his lungs, and dying of a consumption brought on by preaching ten times louder than he had need! Since the world began, no man ever spoke with half the energy which the interests of eternal fouls deserve, but there is a wide difference betwixt an inflruBive, moving, melting ehi rjuenee, and a loud, unmeaning nwnctofty.
and temperence, that so it may be fully equal to such arduous and noble pursuits."—Plutarch.
Nothing is more injurous to health than hard study at night; it is inverting the order of nature, and ruining the constitution.
But most of all, it is improper to lie reading in bed by candle light; for it not only partakes of the usual inconveniences of night study, such as straining the eyes, weakening the sight, fatiguing the mind, and wearing away the constitution, but is oft-times the cause of the saddest calamities; thousands of elegant houses, with all their costly furniture, have been reduced to ashes by this very imprudent practice.
But how can giddy youth, hurried on by strong passions and appetites, be prevented from running into those excesses, which may cut them off in the prime of their days, or at least hoard up
diseases diseases and remorse for old age? Why, their passions and appetites must early be restrained by proper discipline and example. This important office must be done by their parents, whose first and greatest care should be " to train up their children in the way they should go, that when they are old they may not depart from it."
"O That parents (fays the excellent Mr. Locke) would carefully instil into their children that great principle of all virtue and worth, viz. nobly to deny themselves every wrong desire, and steadily follow what reason dictates as best, though the appetite should lean the other way. We often fee parents by humouring them when little, corrupt the principles of virtue in their children; and wonder afterwards to taste the bit. ter waters of their undutifulness or wickedness, when they themselves have contributed thereto. Why should we