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The Roach is a leather-mouthed fish, and has a kind of sawlike teeth in his throat. And lastly, let me tell you, the Roach makes an angler excellent sport, especially the great Roaches about London, where I think there be the best Roach-anglers. * And I think the best Trout-anglers be in Derbyshire ; 1 for the waters there are clear to an extremity.

Next, let me tell you, you shall fish for this Roach in Winter with paste or gentles ; in April with worms or cadis; in the very hot months with little white snails ; or with flies under water, for he seldom takes them at the top, though the Dace will.2 In

VARIATIONS. 1 and the best Trout-anglers in Derbyshire.-2d edit.

2 The second edition proceeds thus : " and in August you shall fish for him with a paste made of the crumbs of bread, and much after this manner you shall fish for the Dace or Dare," &c.

Shepperton and Hampton are the places chiefly resorted to by the Londoners, who angle there in boats: at each there is a large deep, to which Roach are attracted by constant baiting. That at Hampton is opposite the churchyard; and in that cemetery lies an angler, upon whese gravestone is an inscription, now nearly effaced, consisting of these homely lines :In memory of Mr Thomas Tombs, goldsmith, of London, who departed this lise

Aug. 12th, 1758, aged 53 years.
Each brother Bob, that sportive passes here,
Pause at this stone, and drop the silent tear,
For him who lov'd your harmless sport;
Who to this Pitcha did oft resort ;
Who in free converse oft would please,
With native humour, mirth and ease;
His actions form'd upon so just a plan,

He liv'd a worthy, died an honest man. Formerly the fishermen inhabiting the villages on the banks of the Thames were used to enclose certain parts of the river with what they called stops, but which were in effect weirs or kidels, o by stakes driven into the bed thereof; and to these they tied wheels, creating thereby a current, which drove the fish into those traps. This practice, though it may sound oddly to say so, is against Magna Charta, and is expressly prohibited by the 23d chapter of that statute.c In the year 1757, the Lord Mayor. Dickenson, sent the Water-Bailiff up the Thames, in a barge well manned, and furnished with proper implements, who destroyed all those enclosures on this side Staines, by pulling up the stakes and setting them adrift.-H,

* As Walton has given no specific directions for Roach-fishing, the following, which are usually adopted by London anglers, will perhaps not be deemed irrelevant.

Use a light cane rod with a fine stiff top, a single gut line, a goose-quill float, and No. 12 ho k: the line, when fishing, should not be above twelve inches long above the float, which must be so shotted, that not more than the eighth of an inch appear above water: keep the top of the rod over the float, and when the least movement is noticed, strike quickly, but lightly, letting the movement proceed from the wrist, not from the arm.

Use a landing net, particularly if fishing from a high bank. Before beginning to angle plumb the depth accurately, and if the stream be influenced by tides, mil s, &c, repeat the same occasionally, fish within six inches of the bottom, and ground-bait with graves mixed with bran and clay, or with grains or bread.-B.

a A particular spot, called a pitch, from the act of pitching or fastening the bout there.-H.

6. Kidellus. Machina piscatoria in fluminibus ad Salmones aliosque pisces interciţiendos : Bettles et Weres, Angli vocant. DU CANGE.-B.

c In these words : “Omnes Kidelli deponantur de cætero per Thamesiam et Medweiam et per totam Angliam, nis per costeram."—B.

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