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6. Resolved, That it is the duty of every branch of Government, and discriminating with special reference the government to enforce and practice the most rigid to the Protection of the Domestic Labor of the country economy in conducting our public affairs, and that no the Distribution of the proceeds from the sales of the more revenue ought to be raised than is required to de Public Lands—a single term for the Presidency-a retray the necessary expenses of the government.

form of executive usurpations--and generally such an ad6. Resolved, That Congress has no power to charter a ministration of the affairs of the country, as shall impart United States Bank, that we believe such an institution to every branch of the public service the greatest practi. one of deadly hostility to the best interests of the coun- cable efficiency, controlled by a well-regulated and wise try, dangerous to our republican institutions and the economy. liberties of the people, and calculated to place the busi.

The contest resulted in the choice of the ness of the country within the control of a concentrated money power, and above the laws and the will of the Democratic candidates (Polk and Dallas,) who people.

received 170 electoral votes as follows: Maine, Constitution, to interfere with or control the domestie 9; New-Hampshire, 6; New-York, 36; Penu? institutions of the several states; and that such States sylvania, 26; Virginia, 17; South Carolina, are the sole and proper judges of everything pertaining 9; Georgia, 10; Alabama, 9; Mississippi, 6; to their own affairs, not prohibited by the Constitution Louisiana, 6'; Indiana, 12 ; Illinois, 9; Missouri, Congress to interfere with questions of slavery, or to 7;

Arkansas, 3; Michigan, 5–170. take incipient steps in relation thereto, are calculated to For Clay and Frelinghuysen : Vermont, 6; lead to the most alarming and dangerous consequences, Massachusetts, 12; Rhode Island, 4; Connectidiminish the happiness of the people, and endanger the cut, 6; New-Jersey, 7; Delaware, 3 ; Maryland, stability and permanency of the Union, and ought not to 8; North Carolina, 11; Tennessee, 13; Kenbe countenanced by any friend to our Political Institu. tucky, 12; Ohio, 23—105. tions.

8. Resoloed, That the separation of the moneys of the government from banking institutions is indispensable DEMOCRATIC NATIONAL CONVENTION, for the safety of the funds of the government and the

1844. rights of the people. 9. Resobed, That the liberal principles embodied by

A Democratic National Convention assembled Jefferson in the Declaration of Independence, and sanc. at Baltimore on the 27th May, 1844, adopted the tioned in the Constitution, which makes ours the land two-third rule and, after a stormy session of three Dation, have ever been cardinal principles in the Demo- days, James K. Polk, of Tennessee, was nomi. cratic faith ; and every attempt to abridge the present nated for President, and Silas Wright, of New privilege of becoming citizens, and the owners of soll York, for Vice-President. Mr. Wright declined among us, ought to be resisted with the same tipurie the nomination, and George M. Dallas, of Pennbook.

sylvania, was subsequently selected to fill the The Convention then unanimously nominated second place on the ticket. Mr. Van Buren for reëlection as President; but, The ballotings for President were as follows : there being much diversity of opinion as to the proper man for Vice-President, the following

1st. 2d. 3rd. Ath. 5th. 6th. 7th. 8th, 9th. preamble and resolution were adopted:

M. Van Buren.... 146 127 121 111 103 101 99 104 2

Lewis Cass........
Whereas, Several of the States which have nominated R. M. Johnson.... 29 88 88 82 26 25 21

88 94 92 105 107 116 123 114 29 Martin Van Buren as a candidate for the Presidency, James Buchanan.. 4 9 11 17 29 23 22 bave put in nomination different individuals as candi.

J. C. Calhoun.

1 dates for Vice-President, thus indicating a diversity of

Levi Woodbury. opinion as to the person best entitled to the nomination; Com. Stewart... and whereas some of the said States are not represented James K. Polk....

44 283 in this Convention, therefore,

Resoloed, That the Convention deem it expedient at Mr., Van. Buren's name was withdrawn after the present time not to choose between the individuals the 8th ballot. in Domination, but to leave the decision to their Republican fellow-citizens in the several States, trusting that

The platform adopted by the Convention was before the election shall take place, their opinions will the same as that of 1840, with the following become so concentrated as to secure the choice of a additions : Vice-President by the Electoral College.

Resoloed, That the proceeds of the Public Lands

ought to be sacredly applied to the national objects speci. WHIG NATIONAL CONVENTION, 1844. fied in the Constitution, and that we are opposed to the A Whig National Convention assembled in laws lately adopted, and to any law for the Distribution

of such proceeds among the States, as alike inexpedient Baltimore, on the 1st of May, 1844, in which in policy and repugnant to the Constitution. every State in the Union was represented. Am- Resoloed, That we are decidedly opposed to taking brose Spencer, of New-York, presided, and Mr. from the President the qualified veto power by which he Clay was nominated for President by acclama- sufficient to guard the public interest, to suspend the tion. For Vice-President, there was some di passage of a bill, whose merits cannot secure the ap versity of preference, and Mr. Frelinghuysen, of proval of two-thirds of the Senate and House of RepreN. J., was nominated on the third ballot as fol- tained thereon, and which has thrice saved the Amerilows:

can People from the corrupt aad tyrannical domination of the Bank of the United States.

Resolved, That our title to the whole of the Territory of 18t.

3rd: Oregon is clear and unquestionable; that no portion of the T. Frelinghuysen, N. J.,..... 101 118


same ought to be ceded to England or any other power; John Davis, Mass.,.... 83



and that the reoccupation of Oregon and the reannexMillard Fillmore, N. Y.,... 53



ation of Texas at the earliest practicable period are Joba Sergeant, Pa.,..

82 withdrawn.

great American measures, which this Convention recom.

mends to the cordial support of the Democracy of the Totah...... 275 275 274

Union, The principles of the party were briefly summed up in the following resolve, which was LIBERTY PARTY NATIONAL COSVENadopted by the Convention :

TION, 1843. Resoloed, That these principles may be summed as comprising a well regulated National currency-a Tarif

The Liberty Party National Convention met for revenue to defray the necessary expenses of thel at Buffalo, on the 30th of August. Leicester


2 2








King, of Ohio, presided, and James G. Birney, of Florida, or on the high seas, are unconstitutional, and all Michigan, was unanimously nominated for Pre- attempts to hold men as property within the limits of ex. sident, with Thomas Morris, of Ohio, for Vice-clusive national jurisdiction, ought to be prohibited by law. President. Among the resolves adopted were United States, which confers extraordinary political the following:

powers on the owners of slaves, and thereby constitute

ing the two hundred and fifty thousand slaveholders in Resolved, That human brotherhood is a cardinal prin- the Slave States a privileged aristocracy; and the prociple of true Democracy, as well as of pure Christianity, vision for the reclamation of fugitive slaves from service, which spurns all inconsistent limitations; and neither are Anti-Republican in their character, dangerous to the the political party which repudiates it, nor the political überties of the people, and ought to be abrogated. ystem which is not based upon it, can be truly Demo- Resoloed, That the practical operation of the second ratic or permanent.

of these provisions, is seen in the enactment of the act Resolved, That the Liberty Party, placing itself upon of Congress respecting persons escaping from their mashis broad principle, will demand the absolute and un- ters, which act, if the

construction given to it by the qualified divorce of the General Government from Supreme Court of the United States in the case of Prigg davery, and also the restoration of equality of rights, 08. Pennsylvania be correct, pullifies the habeas corpus among men, in every State where the party exists, or acts of all the States, takes away the whole legal security bay exist,

of personal freedom, and ought therefore to be immediResoloed, That the Liberty Party has not been orgán- ately repealed. ized for any temporary purpose by interested politicians, Resoloed, That the peculiar patronage and support but has arisen from among the people in consequence of hitherto extended to Blavery and Slaveholding, by the a conviction, hourly gaining ground, that no other party General Government, ought to be immediately with in the country represents the true principles of American drawn, and the example and influence of National liberty, or the true spirit of the Constitution of the authority ought to be arrayed on the side of Liberty and United States.

Free Labor. Resolved, that the Liberty Party has not been organ. Resoloed, That the practice of the General Govern. ized merely for the overthrow of slavery; its first de ment, which prevails in the Slave States, of employing cided effort must, indeed, be directed against slavehold. Slaves upon the public works, instead of free laborers, ing as the grossest and most revolting manifestation of and paying aristocratic masters, with a view to secure oi despotism, but it will also carry out the principle of reward political services, is indefensible and equal rights into all its practical consequences and ap- ought to be abandoned. plications, and support every just measure conducive to

Resoloed, That freedom of speech, and of the press, individual and social freedom,

and the right of petition, and the right of trial by jury, Resoloed, That the Liberty Party is not a sectional are sacred and inviolabse; and that all rules, regula. party but a national party; was not originated in & de- tions and laws, in derogation of either are oppressive, unsire to accomplish a single object, but in a comprehen. constitutional, and not to be endured by free people. sive regard to the great interests of the whole country; Resoloed, That we regard voting in an eminent de is not a new party, nor a third party, but is the party gree, as a moral and religious duty, which, when exer. of 1776, reviving the principles of that memorable era, cised, should be by voting for those who will do all in and striving to carry them into practical application. their power for Immediate Emancipation. Resolved, That it was undersiood in the times of the

Resolded, That this Convention recommend to the Declaration and the Constitution, that the existence of friends of Liberty in all those Free States where any in. slavery in some of the States, was in derogation of the equality of rights and privileges exists on account of principles of American Liberty, and a deep stain upon color, to employ their utmost energies to remove all sucb the character of the country, and the implied faith of the remnants and effects of the Slave system. States and the Nation was pledged, that slavery should Whereas, The Constitution of these United States is never be extended beyond its then existing limits, but a series of agreements, covenants, or contracts between should be gradually, and yet, at do distant day, wholly the people of the United States, each with all and all sbolished by State authority.

with each; and Resowed, That the faith of the States and the Nation Whereas, It is a principle of universal morality, that hus pledged, was most nobly redeemed by the voluntary the moral laws of the Creator are paramount to all Abolition of Slavery in several of the States, and by the human laws; or, in the language of an Apostle, that Adoption of the Ordinance of 1787, for the government we ought to obey God rather than men;" and, of the Territory northwest of the river Ohio, then the only Whereas, The principle of common law-that any Cerritory in the United States, and consequently the only contract, covenant, or agreement, to do an act derogaerritory subject in this respect to the control of Congress tory to natural

right, is vitiai-d and annulled by its inby which Ordinance Slavery was forever excluded from herent immorality-has been recognized by one of the de vast regions which now compose

the States of Ohio, justices of the Supreme Court of the United States, who Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, and the Territory of Wiscon- in a recent case expressly holds that “any contract sin, and an incapacity to bear up any other than freemen, that rests upon such a basis is doid ;' was impressed on the soil itself.

Whereas, The third clause of the second section of Resolved, That the faith of the States and Nation the fourth article of the Constitution of the United thus pledged, has been shamefully violated by the omis. States, when construed as providing for the surrender of sion on the part of many of the States, to take any a Fugitive Slave, does " rest upon such a basis,” in that measures whatever for the Abolition of slavery within it is a contract to rob a man of a natural right-namely, their respective limits ; by the continuance of slavery his natural right to his own liberty; and is, therefore, in the District of Columbia, and in the Territories of absolutely void. Therefore, Louisiana and Florida ; by the Legislation of Congress; Resobed, That we hereby give it to be distinctly by the protection afforded by national legislation and understood by this nation and the world, that, as aboli. Degotiation to slaveholding in American vessels, on the tionists, considering that the strength of our cause lies aigh seas, employed in the coastwise Slave Trafic; and in its righteousness, and our hope for it in our conformity by the extension of slavery far beyond its original to the laws of God, and our respect for the rigetS OF limits, by acts of Congress, admitting new Slave States MAN, we owe it to the Sovereign Ruler of the universe, as into the Union.

a proof of our allegiance to Him, in all our civil relations Resowed, That the fundamental truths of the Declara- and offices, whether as private citizens or as public tion of Independence, th all men are endowed by their functionariés sworn to support the Constitution of the Creator with certain inalienable rights, among which are United States, to regard and to treat the third clause of life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness, was made the the fourth article of that instrument, whenever applied fundamental law of our National Government, by that to the case of a fugitive slave, as utterly pull and void, amendment of the Constitution which declares that no and consequently as forming no part of the Constitution person shall be deprived of life, liberty or property, of the United States, whenever we are called upon os without due process of law.

aworn to support it. Resoloed, That we recognize as sound, the doctrine Resoloed, That the power given to Congress by the maintained by slaveholding jurists, that stavery is constitution, to provide for calling out the militia to against natural rights, and strictly local, and that its ex- suppress insurrection, does not make it the duty of the istence and continuance rests on no other support than Government to maintain Slavery by military force, much State Legislation, and not on any authority of Congress. less does it make it the duty of the citizens to form a

Resolved, That the General Government has, under part of such military force. When freemen unsheath the the Constitution, no power to establish or continue sword it should be to strike for Liberty, oot for Despot Slavery anywhere, and therefore that all treaties and ism. acts of Congress establishing, continuing or favoring Resoloed, That to preserve the peace of the citizens, aná Slavery in the District of Columbia, in tho Territory of secure the blessings of freedom, the Legislature of each os

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the Free States oaght to keep in force suitable statute proposition. This appeal was also laid on the rendering it penal for any of its inhabitants to transport, table. or aid in transporting from such State, any person hought, to be thus transported, merely because subject

After Gen. Taylor had been nominated, Mr. to the slave laws of any other state; this remnant of in- Charles Allen, of Massachusetts, offered the dependence

being accorded to the Free States, by the following: decision of the Supreme Court, in the case of Prigg oo. She State of Pennsyivania.

Rosoloed, That the Whig Party, through its repreamtatives here, agrees to abide by the nomination of Gon.

Zachary Taylor, on condition that he will accept tho WHIG NATIONAL CONVENTION, 1848. nomination as the candidate of the Whig Party, and

adhere to its great fundamental principles-no extenA Whig National Convention met at Phila- sion of slave territory-no acquisition of foreign terri delphia, on the 7th of June, 1848, over which tory by conquest-protection to American industry, and

opposition to Executive usurpation. John M. Morehead, of North Carolina, presided. After a rather stormy session of three days, lution out of order, and no further notice war

The president immediately decided the reso: Gen. Zachary Taylor, of Louisiana, was nomi

taken of it. nated for President, and Millard Fillmore, of

After the nomination for Vice-President had New-York, for Vice-President. Gen. Taylor been made, Mr. McCullough, of New-Jersey, was nominated on the fourth ballot, as follows:

offered the following:

Resolood, That Gen. Zachary Taylor, of Louisiana,

and Millard Fillmore, of New York, be, and they are Taylor

hereby unanimously nominated as the Whig candidates Clay.

for President and Vice-President of the United States. Scott..


Mr. D. R. Tilden, of Ohio, proposed the folClayton.

lowing, expressing the opinion that some such declaration by the Convention would be neces.

sary, in order to secure the vote of Ohio for .279 280 279 279

the nominee : Mr. Fillmore was nominated for Vice-Presi.

Resoloed, That while all power is denied to Congress, dent on the second ballot, by the following under the Constitution, to control, or in any way Iter

fere with the institution of Slavery within the several States of this Union, it nevertheless has the power and it is the duty of Congress to prohibit the introduction or

existence of Slavery in any territory now possessed, or M. Fillmore...

which may hereafter be acquired, by the United States.

.109 Scattering.

This resolution, like all others affirming Whig

or Anti-Slavery principles, was ruled out of Total

.274 260

order, and laid on the table. A motion was of the scattering vote cast on the first ballot, made to divide Mr. McCullough's resolve, so George Evans, of Maine, received 6; T. M. T. that the vote could be taken separately on McKennen, of Pa., 13; Andrew Stewart, of Pa., President and on Vice-President, when, after 14; and John Sergeant, of Pa., 6.

discussion, the resolve was withdrawn. The Convention adopted no Platform of Mr. Hilliard, of Alabama, offered a resolve Principles. After it had been organized, and a indorsing Gen. Taylor's letter to Captain Alliresolution offered to go into a ballot for candi- son, which, meeting opposition, was withdrawn; dates for President and Vice-President, Mr. so the Convention adjourned without passing Lewis D. Campbell, of Ohio, moved to amend any resolves having reference to Whig prinas follows:

ciples, the issues before the couutry, or of con. Resolved, That no candidate shall be entitled to re- currence in the nominations. ceive the nomination of this Convention for President or Vice-President, unless he has given assurances that he will abide by and support the nomination; that if

RATIFICATION nominated he will accept the nomination; that he will

MEETING AT PHILA. consider himself the candidate of the Whigs, and use

DELPHIA. all proper influence to bring into practical operation the principles and measures of the Whig Party.

On the evening of the last day of the session This resolution met with decided opposition, Philadelphia, at which Gov. Wm. F. Johnston,

(9th June), a ratification meeting was held at and the president ruled it out of order,

from of Pa., presided, and at which speeches were which decision Mr. Campbell appealed, and in a delivered by Governor Morehead, Gen. Leslie speech contended that it was strictly in order to define what sort of candidate should be voted Coombs, of Ky., and several others, and at for, and to declare that none but sound Whigs Price, of Pennsylvania, were adopted :

which the following resolves, reported by W. S. should receive important nominations at the hands of a Whig National Convention. The 1. Resolved, That the Whigs of the United States, appeal was tabled.

here assembled by their Representatives, heartily ratify

the nominations of Gen. Zachary Taylor as President, Mr. Fuller, of New York, offered the follow- and Millard Fillmore as Vice-President of the United ing:

States, and pledge themselves to their support. Resoloed, That as the first duty of the representatives whig Candidate for President, we are glad to discover

2. Resolved, That in the choice of Gen. Taylor as the tegrity of the party, the claims of no candidate can be sympathy with a great popular sentiment throughout the considered by this Convention unless such candidate tion of great military success, has been strengthened by

nation-a sentiment which, having its origin in admirastands pledged to support, in good faith, the nominees, the development, in every action and every word of and to be the exponent of Whig Principles.

sound conservative opinions, and of true fidelity to she The president ruled this resolution out of great example of former days, and to the principles of order, and Mr. Fuller appealed, insisting that the Constitutiones administered by its founders. Qo true Whig could reasonably object to his voted in 1844, he would have voted the whig tickeln



22. 183 56 54

. 156 58 40

4th 179 88 88

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William 0. Butler...

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gives us the assuranco-and no better is needed from a May. Andrew Stevenson of Va., presided. consistent and truth-speaking man- that his heart was New-York had sent a double delegation: (“Barn. with us at the crisis of our political destiny, when Henry Clay was our candidate and when not only whig prin burners” for Van Buren and Hunkers for Dick. aples were well defined and clearly asserted, but whig inson). The Convention decided to admit both with us then is with us now, and we have a gotdiens word delegations, which satisfied neither, and both of honor, and a life of public and private virtue, as the declined to take part in the proceedings. The security.

two-third rule was adopted, and Gen. Lewis Case 4. Resolved, that we look on Gen. Taylor's administration of the Government as oue conducive of Peace was nominated for President on the 4th ballot Prosperity and Un on of Peace - because no one bet as follows: [170 votes necessary to a choice.) tar knows, or has eater eason to tieplo e, what he has seen sadly on the field of victory, the horrors of war, Cass... and especially of a foreign and aggressive war. or Woodbury of N H... Prosperity-now more than ever needed to relieve the Buchanan... nation from a burden of debt, and estore industry- Calhoun.. agricultural, and comine cial – to its Dallas. accustomed and peaceful functions and influencés. Of Worth. Union-because we have a candidate whose very posi- Butler of Ky....... tion as a Southwes. e. n mun, reared on the banks of the great stream whose tributaries, natural and artificial,

The first ballot for Vice-President resulted as embrace the whole Union, renders the protection of the follows: interests of the whole country his first trust, and whose

114 William R. King.. varied duties in past life have been rendered, not on the

John A. Quitman.. soil, or under the flag of any State or section, but over John Y. Mason ........

74 James J. McKay.

24 Jefferson Davis ........ the wide frontier, and under the broad banner of the

No choice. Gen. Butler was unanimously nomi. 5. Resolved, That standing, as the Whig Party does, nated on the third ballot. on the broad and firm platform of the Constitution,

The Convention adopted the following plutbraced up by all its inviolable and sacred guarantees and compromises, and cherished in the affections forin : because protective of the interests of the people, we are

1. Resolved, that the American Democracy place proud to have, as the exponent of our opinions, one

who their trust in the intelligence, the patriotism, and the is pledged to construe it by the wise and generous rules discriminating justice of the American people. which Washington applied to it, and who has said, (and

2. Resolved, That we regard this as a distinctive feano Whig desires any other assurance) that he will make ture of our political creed, which we are proud to mainWashington's Administration the model of his own.

tain before the world, as the great moral element in a 6. Resolved, That as Whigs and Americans, we are form of government springing from and upheld by the proud to acknowledge our gratitude for the great mili-popular will: and we contrast it with the creed and tary services which, beginning at Palo Alto, and ending practice of federalism, under

whatever name or form, at Buena Vista, first awakened the American people to which seeks to palsy the will of the cor.atituent, and a just estimate of him who is now our Whig Candidate. which conceives no imposture too monstrous for the In the discharge of a painful duty-for his march into popular credulity. the enemy's country was a reluctant one; in the com

8. Resoloed, Therefore, that, entertaining these views mand of regulars at one time, and volunteers at another, the Democratic Party of this Union, through the delegates and of both combined; in the decisive though punctual assembled in general convention of the States, coming discipline of his camp, where all respected and beloved together in a spirit of concord, of devotion to the dochim; in the negotiation of terms for a dejected and trines and faith of a free representative government and desperate enemy; in the exigency of actual conflict, appealing to their fellow-citizens for the rectitude of when the balance was perilously doubtful-we have their intentions, renew and reassert before the American found him the same-brave, distinguished and conside: people, the declaration of principles avowed by them, rate, no heartless spectator of bloodshed, no trifler with on a former occasion, when in general convention, they human life or human happiness; and we do not know presented their candidates for the popular suffrage. which to admire most, his heroism in withstanding the assaults of the enemy in the most hopeless fields of

Then follow resolutions 1, 2, 3, 4, of Platforms Buena Vista--mourning in generous sorrow over the of 1840 and '44. The 5th resolution is that of graves of Ringgold, of Clay, or of Hardin--or in giving 1840 with an addition about providing for war in the heat of battle terms of merciful capitulation to a vanquished foe at Monterey, and not being ashamed to debts, and as amended, reads as follows: avow that he did it to spare worpen and children, help

Resolood, That it is the duty of every branch of the less infancy, and more helpless age, against whom do government to enforce and practice the most rigid econAmerican soldier ever wars.

Such a military man, omy in conducting our public affairs, and that no more whose triumphs are neither remote nor doubtful, whose revenue ought to be raised than is required to defray virtues these trials have tested, we are proud to make the necessary expenses of the government, and for the our Candidate.

gradual but certain extinction of the debt created by 7. Resoloed, That in support of such a nomination we the prosecution of a just and necessary war, ask our Whig' friends throughout the nation to unite, ful relations shall have been restored. to co-operate zealously, resolutely, with earnestness in behalf of our Candidate, whom calumny cannot reach,

The next (Anti-National Bank and pro. Sub. and with respectful demeanor to our adversaries, whose Treasury) was amended by the addition of the Candidates have yet to prove their claims on the grati- following: tude of the nation.

And that the results of Democratic Legislation, in this This election resulted in the choice of the and all other financial measures upon which issues have Wbig Candidates, as follows:

been made between the two political parties of the coun.

try, have demonstrated to candid and practical men of Taylor and Fillmore-Vermont, 6; Massachusetts, 12; all parties, their soundness, safety and utility in all Rhode Island, 4; Connecticut, 6; New-York, 86; New business pursuits. Jersey, 7; Pennsylvania, 26; Delaware, 8; Maryland, 8; North Carolina, 11; Georgia, 10; Lousiana, 6; Ten

Here follow resolutions 7, 8, 9, of the platnessee, 18; Kentucky, 12; Florida, 8-163.

form of 1840, which we omit. Oass and Butler-Maine, 9; New-Hampshire, 6; Virginia, 17; South Carolina, 9; Alabama, 9; Mississippi,

Rosowed, That the proceeds of the Public Lands ought 0, Ohio, 28; Indiana, 12; Illinois, 9; Missouri, 7 ; Ar to be sacredly applied to the National objects specified angng 8; Michigan, 3 ; Texas, 4 ; Iowa, 4: Wisconsin, in the Constitution; and that we are opposed to any

law for the distribution of such proceeds among the States as alike inexpedient in policy and repuguant to

the Constitution. DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION, 1848.

Rosoloed, That we are decidedly opposed to taking

from the President the qualified veto power, by which ho The Democratic National Conrention for

is enabled, under restrictions and responsibilities amply

sufficient to guard the public interests, to suspend the 1848, Angembled in Baltimore on the 22d of passage of a bill whose merits cannot secure the ap



proval of two-thirds of the Senate and House of Repre- ; may solicit our surrender of that vigilance which is the tentatives until the judgment of the people can be only safeguard of liberty. obtained thereon, and which has saved the American Resoloed, That the confidence of the Democracy of people from the corupt and tyrannical domination of the Union, in the principles, capacity, firmness and inthe bank of the United States, and from a corrupting tegrity of 'James K. Polk, manifested by his nomination system of general inte:nal improvements.

and election in 1844, has been signally justified by the Resolvert that the war with Mexico, provoked on her strictness of his adherence to sound Democratic docpait, by years of insult and injury, was commenced by trines, by the purity of purpose, the energy and ability her army crossing the Rio Grande, attacking the Ameri- which have character xed his adıinistration in all our can troops and invading our sister State of Texas, and affairs at home and abroad; that we tender to him our that upon all the principles of patriotism and the cordial congratulations upon the brilliant success which Laws of Nations, it is a just and necessary war on our has hitherto crowned his patriotic efforts, and assure him part in which every American citizen should have shown in advance, that at the expiration of his Presidential himself on the side of his Country, and neither morally term he will carry with him to his retirement, the esteem, nor physically, by word or by deed, have given “aid respect, and admiration of it y ateful country. and comfort to the enemy.

Resoloed, That this Co...cution bereby present to the Resowed, That we would be rejoiced at the assurance people of the United Staies, Lewis Cass, of Michigan, as of a peace with Mexico, founded on the just principles the candidate of the Democratic party for the office of of indemnity for the past and security for the future; but President, and William 0. Butler of Ky, for Vice-Presi. chat while the ratification of the liberal treaty offered to

dent of the U. S. Mexico remains in doubt, it is the duty of the country to

The following resolutiou Was offered by Mr. sustain the administration and to sustain the country in avery measure necessary to provide for the vigorous Yancy, of Ala. prosecution of the war, should that treaty be rejected. Resolver, That the doctrine of non-interference with

Resolved, That the officers and soldiers who have the rights of property of any portion of the people of this carried the arms of their. country into Mexico, bave Confederacy, be it in the States or Territories thereof, crowned it with imperishable glory. Their unconquero by any other than the parties interested in them, is the able courage, their daring enterprise, their unfaltering true Republican doctrine recognized by this body. perseverance and fortitude when assailed on all sides by innumerable foes and that more formidable enemy-the

This resolution was rejected : Yeas, 36 ; nays, diseases of the climate-exalt their devoted patriotism 216--the yeas being: Georgia, 9; South Carointo the highest heroism, and give them a right to the lina, 9; Alabama, 9; Arkansas, 3; Florida, 3; profound gratitude of their country, and the admiration of the world.

Maryland, 1; Kentucky, 1. Resolved, that the Democratic National Convention of 30 States composing the American Republic tender their fraternal congratulations to the National Conventou of the Republic of France, now assembled as the

FREE DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION, 1848. fiee-sutfrage Representatives of the Sovereignty of thirty- The Barnburners of New York, who were tive millions of Republicans to establish government on those eternal principles of equal rights for which their disgusted with the proceedings of the National Lafayette and our Washington fought side by side in Convention which had nominated Cass and Butthe struggle for our National Independence; and we ler for President and Vice-President, met in would especially convey to them and to the whole peo- Convention at Utica, on the 22d of June, 1848. of their liberties, through the wisdoin that shall guide their Delegates were also present from Ohio, Wisconcouncils, on the basis of a Democratic Constitution, not sin and Massachusetts. Col. Samuel Young prederived from the grants or concessions of kings or sided over the deliberations of this Convention ; dynasties, but originating from the only true source of political power recognized in the States of this Union; and Martin Van Buren was nominated for Presithe inherent and inalienable right of the people, in their dent, with Henry Dodge, of Wisconsin, for Bovereign capacity, to make and to amend their forms Vice-President. Gen. Dodge subsequently deof government in such manner as the welfare of the

clined. coinmunity may require.

Resolved, That the recent development of this grand On the 9th of August following, a Convenpolitical truth, of the sovereignty of the people and tion was held at Buffalo, which was attended by postating thrones and erecting Republics on the ruins delegates from the States of Maine, New-Hamp of despotism in the old world, we feel that a high and shire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, sacred duty is devolved, with increased responsibility, Rhode Island, New-York, New-Jersey, Pennsyl upon the Democratic party of this country, as the party vania, Maryland, Delaware, Virginia, Illinois, tutional Liberty, Equality and Fraternity, by continuing Wisconsin, Michigan, Indiana, Iowa, and the to resist all monopolies and exclusive legislation for the District of Columbia. Charles Francis Adams, benefit of the few at the expense of the many, and by a of Massachusetts, presided, and the Convention coupromises of the Consiitution which are broad enough nominated Messrs. Van Buren and Adams as and strong enough to embrace and uphold the Union as candidates for President and Vice-President, it was the Union as it is, and the Union as it shall be in and adopted the following Resolves, sinco the full expansion of the energies and capacity of this & eat and progressive people.

known as Rosolved, That a copy of these resolutions be for

THE BUFFALO PLATFORM, warded through the American Minister at Paris, to the National Convention of the Republic of France.

Whereas, We have assembled in Convention, as a Resowed, That the fruits of the great political triumph union of freemen, for the sake of freedom, forgetting of 1844, which elected James K. Polk and George M. all past political differences in a common resolve to Dallas President and Vice-President of the United States, maintain the rights of free labor against the aggressions bave fulfilled the hopes of the Democracy of the Union of the Slave Power, and to secure free soil to a fred in detecting the declared purposes of their opponents in people, creating a National Bank, in preventing the corrupt and And Whoreas, The political Conventions recently asunconstitutional distribution of the Land Proceeds from sembled at Baltimore and Philadelphia, the one stifling the coinmon treasury of the Union for local purposes, in the voice of a great constituency, entitled to be heard in protecting the Currency and Labor of the country from its deliberations, and the other abandoning its distinctive ruinous fluctuations; and guarding the money of the principles for mere availability, have dissolved the Na. country for the use of the people by the establishment iional party organisations heretofore existiug, by nomiof the Constitutional treasury; in the noble impulse nating for the Chief Magistracy of the United States, ungiven to the cause of Free Trade by the repeal of the der the slavebolding dictation, candidates, neither of tariff of 42, and the creation of the inore equal, honest, whom can be supported by the opponents of Slavery Rx and productive tarif of 1846 ; and that, in our opinion, tension without a sacrifice of consistency, duty and selle it would be a fatal error to weaken the bands of a politi- respect; cal organization by which these great reforms have And whoroas, These nominations so made, furnish the been achieved, and risk them in the bands of their occasion and demonstrate the necessity of the union of known adversaries, with whatever delusive appeals tbev the people under the banner of Free Demosracy, in a solo

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