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Thng your Committee find that in this, the first election 1 by Colonel Young and others, calling for volunte in the Territory, a very large majority of the votes were | to other districts where there were not Missourians enough cast by citisens of the State of Missouri, in violation of the I to control the election, as there were more at Lawrence organic law of the Territory. Of the legal votes cast, I than were needed there. Many volunteered to go, and Gen. Whitfield received a plurality. The settlers took the morning of the election several companies, from 150 to but little interest in the election, not one-half of them yot- 200 men each, went off to Tecumseh, Hickory Point, ing. This may be accounted for, from the fact that the Bloomington, and other places. On the morning of the settlements were scattered over a great extent that the i election, the Missourians came over to the place of voting term of the Delegate to be elected was short--and that from their camp, in bodies of one hundred at a time. Mr. the question of Free and Slave institutions was not gene. | Blanton not appearing, another judge was appointed in rally regarded by them as distinctly at issue. Under his place ---Colonel Young claiming that, as the people of these circumstances, a systematic invasion from an | the Territory had two judges, it was nothing more than adjoining State, by which large numbers of illegal votes right that the Missourians should have the other one, to were cast in remote and sparse settlements for the look after their interests; and Robert E. Cummins was avowed purpose of extending Slavery into the Territory, I elected in Blanton's stead, because he considered that even though it did not change the result of the election, I every man had a right to vote if he had been in the Terri
e or great magnitude. Its immediate effect | tory but an hour. The Missourians brought their tickets was to further excite the people of the Northern States | with them: but, not having enough, they had three huninduce acts of retaliation, and exasperate the actual set-dred more printed in Lawrence on the evening before and tlers against their neighbors in Missouri.
the day of election. They had white ribbons in their butIn January and February, A.D. 1855, the Governor ton-holes to distinguish themselves from the settlers. caused an enumeration to be taken of the inhabitants and When the voting commenced, the question of the legality qualified voters in the Territory, an abstract of which is of the vote of a Mr. Page was raised. Before it was dehere given:
cided, Colonel Samuel Young stepped up to the window Total population..
8501 where the votes were received, and said he would settle Total voters
the matter. The vote of Mr. Page was withdrawn, and Natives of the United States...
7161 Colonel Young offered to vote. He refused to take the Of foreign birth.....
oath prescribed by the Governor, but swore he was a resiSlaves ...........................
dent of the Territory, upon which his vote was received. Free negroes ....
151 He told Mr. Abbott, one of the judges, when asked if he On the same day the census was completed, the Governor intended to make Kansas his future home, that it was issued his proclamation for an election to be held on the 30th none of his business; that if he were a resident then he of March, A.D. 1855, for members of the Legislative Assem should ask no more..After his vote was received, Colonel bly of the Territory. It prescribed the boundaries of dis Young got up in the window-sill and announced to the tricts, the places for polls, the names of judges, the appoint crowd that he had been permitted to vote, and they could ment of members, and recited the qualification of voters. If all come up and vote. He told the judges that there was it had been observed, a just and fair election would have re- no use in swearing the others, as they would all swear as flected the will of the people of the Territory. Before the he had done. After the other judges concluded to receive election, false and inflammatory rumors were busily circula- Colonel Young's vote, Mr. Abbott resigned as judge of ted among the people of Western Missouri. The number and election, and Mr. Benjamin was elected in his place. character of the emigration then passing into the Territory The polls were so much crowded until late in the evening, were grossly exaggerated and misrepresented. Through the that, for a time, when the men had voted, they were obliged active exertions of many of its leading citizens, aided by to get out by being hoisted up on the roof of the building the secret societies before referred to, the passions and where the election was being held, and pass out over the prejudices of the people of that State were greatly excited. house. Afterward, a passage-way through the crowd was Several residents there have testified to the character of made, by two lines of men being formed, through which the reports circulated among and credited by the people. the voters could get up to the polls. Colonel Young asked These efforts were successful. By an organized move that the old men be allowed to go up first and vote, as ment, which extended from Andrew County in the north they were tired with the traveling, and wanted to get back to Jasper County in the south, and as far eastward as to camp. Boone and Cole counties, companies of men were arranged The Missourians sometimes came up to the polls in proIn regular parties and sent into every council district in cession, two by two, and voted. the Territory, and into every representation district During the day, the Missouriang drove off the ground but one. The numbers were so distributed as to control some of the citizens, Mr. Stevens, Mr. Bond, and Mr. Willis. the election in each district. They went to vote, and with They threatened to shoot Mr. Bond, and a crowd rushed the avowed design to make Kansas a Slave State. They i after him, threatening him; and, as he ran from them, were generally armed and equipped, carried with them some shots were fired at him as he jumped off the bank of their own provisions and tents, and so marched into the the river and made his escape. The citizens of the town Territory. The details of this invasion from the mass of
went over in a body, late in the afternoon, when the polls the testimony taken by your committee are so voluminoushad become comparatively clear, and voted. ... that we can here state but the leading facts elicited.
The whole number of names appearing upon the poll
lists is 1,034. After full examination, we are satisfied IST DISTRICT-- March 30, 1955.- LAWRENCE.
that not over 232 of these were legal voters, and 802 The company of persons who marched into this district were non-resident and illegal voters. This District is collected in Ray, Howard, Carroll, Boone, La Fayette, strongly in favor of making Kansas & Free State, and Randolph, Saline, and Cass counties, in the State of Mis there is no doubt that the Free-State candidates for the souri. Their expenses were paid-those who could not legislature would have been elected by large majorities, come contributing provisions, wagons, etc. Provisions were if none but the actual settlers had voted. At the preceddeposited for those who were expected to come to Lawrence, ing election in November, 1854, where none but legal in the house of William Lykins, and were distributed among voters were polled, General Whitfield, who received the the Missourians after they arrived there. The evening full strength of the Pro-Slavery party, got but 46 votes. before and the morning of the day of election, about 1000 men from the above counties arrived at Lawrence, and
IID DISTRICT — BLOOMINGTON. encamped in a ravine a short distance from town, near On the morning of election, the judges appointed by the place of voting. They came in wagons of which there the Governor appeared and opened the polls. Their were over one hundred-and on horseback, under the names were Harrison Burson, Nathaniel Ramsay, and command of Colonel Samuel Young, of Boone County, Mis. Mr. Ellison. The Missourians began to come in early in souri, and Claiborne F. Jackson, of Missouri. They were the morning, some 500 or 600 of them, in wagons and cararmed with guns, rifles, pistols, and bowie-knives, and had riages, and on horseback, under the lead of Samuel J. tents, music, and flags with them. They brought with Jones, then Postmaster of Westport, Missouri, Claiborne them two pieces of artillery, loaded with musket-balls. F. Jackson, and Mr. Steely, of Independence, Missouri. On their way to Lawrence, some of them met Mr. N. B. They were armed with double-barreled guns, rides, Blanton, who had been appointed one of the judges of bowie-knives, and pistols, and had flags hoisted. They election by Governor Reeder; and, after learning from held a sort of informal election, off at one side, at first him that he considered it his duty to demand an oath from for Governor of Kansas, and shortly afterward announced them as to their place of residence, first attempted to Thomas Johnson, of Shawnee Mission, elected Governor. bribe, and then threatened him with hanging, in order to The polls had been opened but a short time, when Mr. induce him to dispense with that oath. In consequence Jones marched with the crowd up to the window, and of these threats, he did not appear at the polls the next demanded that they should be allowed to vote without morning to act as judge.
swearing as to their residence. After some noisy and The evening before the election, while in camp, the
re se election, while in camp, the threatening talk, Claiborne F. Jackson addressed the Missourians were called together at the tent of Captain crowd, saying they had come there to vote, that they had Claiborne F. Jackson, and speeches were made to them l & right to vote if they had been there but five minutes,
Several residents theple of that State were e passions and / Wheed out by being hoisted in had voted, they were
and he was not willing to go home without voting; this returns of the election made to the Governor were lost may received with cheers. Jackson then called upon by the Committee of Elections of the Legislature at Paw: them to form into little bands of fifteen or twenty, which nee. The duplicate returns left in the hallot-box were they did, and went to an ox-wagon filled with guns, taken by F. E, Laley, one of the judges elected by the which were distributed among them, and proceeded to Missourians, and were either lost or destroyed in his load Yome of them on the ground. In pursuance of house, so that your Committee have been unable to Jackson's request, they tied white tape or ribbons in institute a comparison between the poll-lists and census their buttonholes, 80 as to distinguish them from the returns of this district. The testimony, however, is uni" Abolition.sts." They again demanded that the Judges form, that not even thirty of those who voted there that should resign, and upon their refusing to do so, smashed day were entitled to vote, leaving 811 illegal votes. We in the window, sash and all, and presented their pistols are satisfied from the testimony that, had the actual setand guns to them, threatening to shoot them. Some one ilers alone voted, the Free-State candidates would have on the outside c.ied out to them not to shoot, as there been elected by a handsome majority. were Pro Slavery men in the room with the judges.
IIID DISTRICT-Tecums-H. They then put a pry under the corner of the house, which was a log house, and lifted it up a few inches and let it! For some days prior to the election, companies of men fall again, but desisted upon being told there were Pi ). were organized in Jackson, Cass, and Clay counties, Mo., Slavery men in the house. During this time, the crowd for the purpose of coming to the Territory and voting in repeatedly demanded to be allowed to vote without being this Vth distr.ct. The day previous to the election, some sworn, and Mr. Ellison, one of the judges, expressed him- 400 or 500 Missourians, armed with guns, pistols, and self willing, but the other two judges refused; thereupon knives, came into the Territory and camped, some at a body of men, headed by “ Sheriff Jones," rushed into Bull Creek, and others at Potawatamie Creek, Their the judges' room with cocked pistols and drawn bowie camps were about sixteen miles apart. On the evening knives in their hands, and approached Burson and Ram- before the election, Judge Hamilton of the Cass County Bay. Jones pulled out his watch, and said he would give Court, Mo., came from the Potawatamie C eek camp to them five minutes to resign in, or die. When the five Bull Creek for sixty more Missourians, as they had minutes bad expired and the judges did not resign, Jones not enough there to render the election certain, and said he would give them another minute, and no more. about that number went down there with him. On the Ellison told his associates that if they did not resign, there evening before the election, Dr. B. C. Westfall was electwould be one hundred shots fired in the room in less thaned to act as one of the Judges of Election in the Bull fifteen minutes; and then, spatching up the ballot-box, Creek precinct, in place of one of the judges appointed ran out into the crowd, bolding up the ballot-box and by the Governor, who, it was said, would not be there the burrahing for Missouri. About that time Burson, and next day. Dr. Westfall was at that time a citizen of Ramsay were called out by their friends, and not suffered Jackson County, Mo. On the morning of the election, to return. As Mr. Burson went out, he put the ballot the polls for Bull Creek precinct were opened, and, with poll-books in his pocket, and took them with him; and as out swearing the judges, they proceeded to receive the he was going out, Jones snatched some papers away from votes of all who offered to vote. For the sake of appear. him, and shortly afterward came out himself holding ance, they would get some one to cope to the window them up, crying" Huriah for wissuuri !" After he discov- and offer to vote, and when asked to be sworn he would ered they were not the poll-books, he took a party of men pretend to grow angry at the judges and would go away, with him and started off to take the poll-books from Bur- and his name would be put down as having offered to son. Mr. Burson saw them coming, and he gave the vote, but "rejected, refusing to be sworn." This books to Mr. Umberger, and told him to start off in arrangement was made previously and perfectly underanother direction, so as to mislead Jones and his party. stood by the judges. But few of the residents of the Jones and his party caught Mr. Umberger, took the poll- district were present at the election, and only thirteen books away from him. and Jones took him up behind him voted. The number of votes cast in the precinct was 393 on a horse, and carried hiip back a prisoner. After Jones One Missourian voted for himself and then voted for and his party had taken Umberger back, they went to the his little son, but 10 or 11 years old. Col. Coffer, Henry house of Mr. Raidsay and took Judge John A. Wakefield Younger and Mr. Lykins, who were voted for and electprisoner, and carried him to the place of election, anded to the Legislature, were residents of Missouri at the made him get up on a wagon and make them a speech ; time. Col. Coffer subsequently married in the Territory. after which they put a white ribbon in his button-hole After the polls were closed, the returns were made, and and let him go. They then chose two new judges, and a man, claiming to be a magistrate, certified on them proceeded with the election.
that he had sworn the judges of election before opening They also threatened to kill the judges if they did not the polls. In the Potawatamie precinct, the Missourians receive their votes without swearing them, or else resign. attended the election, and after threatening Mr. Ches. They said no man should vote who would submit to be nut, the only judge present appointed by the Governor, sworn-that they would kill any one that would offer to to induce him to resign, they proceeded to elect two do 80—"shoot him," " cut his guts out," etc. They said other judges-one a Missourian and the other a resident no man should vote this day unless he voted an open of another precinct of that district. The polls were then ticket, and was all right on the goose," and that if they opened, and all the Missourians were allowed to vote could not vote by fair means, they would by foul means. without being sworn. They said they had as much right to vote, if they had . After the polls were closed, and the returns made out been in the Territory two minutes, as if they had been for the signature of the judges, Mr. Chesnut refused to there for two years, and they would vote. Some of the sign them, as he did not consider them correct returns citizens who were about the window, but had not voted of legal voters. when the crowd of Missourians marched up there, upon Col. Cotfer, a resident of Missouri, but elected to the attempting to vote, were driven back by the mob, or Kansas Legislature from that district at that election, endrived off. One of them, Mr. J. M. Macey, was asked if deavored with others to induce Mr. Chesnut by threats he would take the oath, and upon his replying that he to sign the returns, which he refused to do, and left the would if the judges required it, he was dragged through house. On his way home, he was fired at by some Misthe crowd away from the polls, amid cries of “Kill the sourians, though not injured. There were three illegal d-d nigger-thief," “ Cut his throat," "Tear his heart to one legal vote given there that day. At the Big Layer out," etc. After they had got him to the outside of the precinct, the judges appointed by the Governor met crowd, they stood around him with cocked revolvers and at the time appointed, and proceeded to open the polls, drawn bowie-knives, one man putting a knife to his after being duly swon. After a few votes had been reheart so that it touched him, another holding a cocked ceived, a party of Mossourians came into the yard of pistol to his ear, while another struck at hiin with a club. I the house where the election was held, and, unloading a The Missourians said they had a right to vote if they had wagon filled with arms, stacked their guns in the yard, been in the Territory but five minutes. Some said they and came up to the window and demanded to be admithad been hired to come there and vote, and get a dollar ted to vote. Two of the judges decided to receive their . a day, and, by G-d, they would vote or die there. votes, whereupon the third judge, Mr. J. M. Arthur, re
They said the 30th day of March was an important day, signed, and another was chosen in his place. Col. as Kansas would be made a Slave State on that day. Young, & citizen of Missouri, but a candidate for, and They began to leave in the direction of Missouri in the elected to, the Territorial Legislative Council, was preafternoon, after they had voted, leaving some thirty or sent and voted in the precinct. He claimed that all forty around the house where the election was held, to Missourians who were present on the day of election
guard the polls until after the election was over. The were entitled to vote. But thirty or forty of the citizens • citizens of the Territory were not around, except those of the precinct were present, and many of thein did not who took part in the mob, and a large portion of them vote. At the Little Sugar precinct, the election seemned did not vote: 841 votes were polled there that day, to have been conducted fairly, and there a Free State of which but some thirty were citizens. A protest majority was polled. From the testimony, the whole against the election was made te tbe Gorernor. The district appears to have been largely Free-State, and,
had none but actual settlers voted, the Free State candi- the Council and a Representative, and its vote was condates would have been elected by a large majority. trolled by the illegal vote cast there. The census shows From & careful examination of the testimony and the 39 votes in it-37 votes were cast, of whom a majority records, we find that from 200 to 225 legal votes were | voted the Free-State ticket. polled out of 885, the total number given in the precincts
IXTH DISTRICT. of the Vth District. Of the legal votes cast, the FreeState candidates received 152.
Fort Riley and Pawnee are in this District. The late
ter place was selected by the Governor as the tempo. VITH DISTRICT-FORT SCOTT,
rary capital, and he designed there to expend the sumy A company of citizens from Missouri, mostly from
appropriated by Congress in the construction of suitablo Bates County, came into this District the day before the nou
houses for the Legislature. A good deal of building was election, some camping and others putting up at the
then being done at the fort near by. For these reasons, public-house. They numbered from 100 to 200, and came
a number of mechanics, mostly from Pennsylvania, came in wagons and on horseback, carrying their provisions
into this district in March, 1855, to seek employment. and tents with them, and were generally armed with pis
Some of these voted at the election. The construction tols They declared their purpose to vote, and claimed
of the capital was first pos oned, then abandoned, and the right to do so. They went to the polls generally in
finally the site of the town was declared by the Secresniall bodies, with tickets in their hands, and many, if
tary of War to be within the m'litary reservation of not all, voted. In some cases, they declared that they
Fort Riley. Some of the inhabitants returned to the bad voted, and gave their reasons for so doing. Mr.
States, and some went to other parts of the Territory. Anderson, a Pro-Slavery candidate for the Legislature,
| Your Committee find that they came as settlers, intend. endeavored to dissuade the non-residents from voting, ing to remain as such, and were entitled to vote. because he did not wish the election contested. This
Xrı DISTRICT. person, however, insisted upon voting, and upon his right to vote, and did so. No one was challenged or
In this district, ten persons belonging to the Wyandot sworn, and all voted who desired to Out of 850 votes
tribe of Indians voted. They were of that class who cast, not over 100 were legal, and but 6t of these
under the law were entitled to vote ; but their residenco named in the census taken one month before by Mr.
was in Wyandot Village, at the mouth of Kansas River, Barber, the candidate for Council, voted. Many of the and they had no right to vote in
and they had no right to vote in this district. They Free-State men did not vote, but your Committee is sat- voted the i
voted the Pro-Slavery ticket. Eleven men recently from isfied that, of the legal votes cast, the Pro-Slavery candi
Pennsylvania voted the Free-State Ticket. From the dates received a majority. Mr. Anderson, one of these
testimony, they had not, at the time of the election, so candidates, was an unmitrried man, who came into the establishe
established their residence as to have entitled them to District f om Missouri a few days before the election, Iyote..."
vote. In both these classes of cases, the judges exam. and boarded at the public-house until the day after the
Lined the voters under oath and allowed them to vole.
ea.me election. He then took with him the poll lists, and did and in all respects the election seems to have been con. not return to Fort Scott until the occasion of a barbacue
ducted fairly. The rejection of both would not have the week before the election of October 1, 1855. He
changed the result. This and the VIIIth Electiou D strict voted at that election, and after it left, and has not since
| formed one representative district, and was the only one been in the D.strict. S. A. Williams, the other, Pro- to
to which the invasion from Missouri did not extend. Slavery candidate, at the time of the election had a
XIT. DISTRICT. claim in the Territory, but his legal residence was not there until after the election.
The IXth, Xth, XIth and XIIth Election Districts,
being all sparsely settled, were attached together as a VIITH DISTRICT.
Council District, and the XIth and XIIth as a RepreFronı two to three hundred men, from the State of
sentative District. This Election District is 60 miles nortb Missouri, came in wagons or on horseback, to the elec
froin Pawnee, and 150 miles from Kansas City. It is the tion ground at Switzer's Creek, in the VIIth District, and
northwest settlement in the Territory, and contained, encamped near the polls, on the day preceding the
when the census was taken, but 36 inhabitants, of whom election. They were armed with pistols and other wea
24 were voters. There was on the day of election no pons, and declared their purpose to vote, in order to se
white settlement about Marysville, the place of voting. cure the election of Pro-Slavery members. They said
for 40 miles, except that Marshall and Bishop kept a they were disappointed in not finding more Yankees
store and ferry at the crossing of the Big Blue and the
California rad. Your Committee were unable to prothere, and that they had brought more men than were necessary to counterbalance their vote.
cure witnesses from this district. Persons who were pre
A number of them wore badges of blue ribbon, with a motto, and the
sent at the election were duly summoned by an officer, company were under the direction of leaders. They de
and among them was F, J. Marshall, the member of the clared their intention to conduct themselves peacefully,
House from that district. On his return, the officer was unless the residents of the Territory attempted to stop
arrested and detained, and persons bearing the names thein from voting. Two of the judges of election ap
of some of the witnesses summoned were stopped near pointed by Governor Reeder refused to serve, where
Lecompton, and did not appear before the Cominit.ee,
The returns show that, in defiance of the Governor's upon two others were appointed in their stead by the crowd of Missourians who surrounded the polls. The
proclamation, the voting was viva voce, instead of by Dewly-appointed judges refused to take the oath pre
ballot. 328 names appear upon the poll-books as voting,
and by comparing these names with those on the census bcribed by Governor Reeder, but made one to suit themselves. Andrew Johnson requested each voter to swear
rolls, we find that but seven of the latter voted. The if he had a claim in the Territory, and if he had voted in
person voted for as Representative, F. J. Marshall, was another district. The judges did not take the oath pre
chief owner of the store at Marysville, and was there scribed, but were sworn to receive all legal votes. The
sometimes, but his family lived in Weston, John Dop * Missourians voted without being sworn.
aldson, the candidate voted for the Council, then lved
They supported H. J. Stickler for Council, and M. W. McGee for
in Jackson County, Missouri.
On the day after the election, Mr. Marshall, with 25 or Representative. They left the evening of the election. Some of them started on horseback for Lawrence, as
80 mon from Weston, Mo., was on the way from Marys
ville to the State. Some of the party told a witness who they said they could be there before night, and all went
had formerly resided at Weston, that they were up at the way they came. The census-list shows 53 legal voters in the District. 253' votes were cast; of these 25 were
Marysville and carried the day for Missouri, and that
they had voted about 150 votes. Mr. Marshall paid the residents, 17 of whom were in the District when the census was taken. Soine of the residents present at the
bill at that point for the party. polls did not vote, declaring it useless. Candidates de
There does not appear to have been any emigration :lined to run on the Free State ticket because they were
into that district in March, 1855, after the census was
taken, and, judging from the best test in the power of unwilling to run the risk of so unequal a contest-it be
your Committee, there were but seven legal votes cast in ing known that a great many were coming up from Missouri to vote. Nearly all the settlers were Free-State
ihe district, and 821 illegal. men, and 23 of the 25 legal votes given were cast for the
XIITH DISTRICT, only Free-State candidate running. Mobiller McGee, The election in this district was conducted fairly. No who was declared elected Representative, had a claim-a complaint was made that illegal votes were cast. Baw-mill and a house in the Territory--and he was there part of the time. But his legal residence is now, and was
XIIITU DISTRICT. then, near Westport, in Missouri, where he owns and Previous to the day of election, several hundreds of conducts a valuable farm, and where his family resides. Missourians from Platte, Clay, Boone, Clinton, and How
ard counties, came into the district in wagons and on VIIITH DISTRICT.
horseback, and camped there. They were armed with This was attached to the vilth District for member of guns, revolvers, and bowie-knives and had badges of
hemp in their button-holes and elsewhere about their to vote without being sworn-some of them voting as persons. They claimed to have a right to vote, from the many as eight or nine times ; changing their hats and fact that they were there on the ground, and had, or coats, and giving in different names each time. After intended to make, claims in the Territory, although their they had voted, they returned to Missouri, The Fresfamilies were in Missouri.
State men generally did not vote, though constituting a The judges appointed by the Governor opened the majority in the precinct. Upon counting the ballots in polls, and some persons offered to vote, and when their the box and the names on the poll-lists, it was found votes were rejected on the ground that they were not that there were too many ballots, and one of the judges residents of the district, the crowd threatened to tear the of election took out ballots enough to make the two num. house down if the judges did not leave. The judges then bers correspond. withdrew, taking the poll-books with them. The crowd then proceeded to select other persons to act as judges,
WOLF RIVER PRECINCT. and the election went on. Those persons voting who The number of voters in the district by the census was were sworn were asked if they considered themselves | 334 of these 124 voted. The testimony shows that quite residents of the district, and if they said they did, they a number of persons whose legal residence was in the were allowed to vote. But few of the residents were populous county of Buchanan, Mo., on the opposite side present and voted, and the Free-State men, as a general of the river, had claims in the Territory. Some ranged thing, did not vote. After the Missourians got through cattle, and others marked out their claim and built a voting, they returned home. A formal return was made cabin, and sold this incipient title where they could. by the judges of election setting out the facts, but it was They were not residents of the Territory in any just or not verified. The number of legal voters in this district legal sense. A number of settlers moved into the district was 96, of whom & majority were Free-State men. Of in the month of March. Your Committee are satisfied, these — voted. The total number of votes cast was 296. after a careful analysis of the records and testimony, XIVTH DISTRICT,
that the number of legal votes cast did not exceed 2004
out of 727. It was generally rumored in this district, for some days
XVTH DISTRICT. before the election, that the Missourians were coming over to vote. Previous to the election, men from Mis
The election in this district was held in the house of a souri came into the district, and electioneered for the Mr. Hayes. On the day of election, a crowd of from 400 Pro-Slavery candidates. Gen. David R. Atchison and a to 200 men collected around the polls, of which the great party controlled the nominations in one of the primary body were citizens of Missouri. One of the judges of elections.
election, in his testimony, states that the strangers comBURR OAK PRECINCT.
menced crowding around the polls, and that then the Several hundred Missourians from Buchanan, Platte,
residents left. Threats were made before and during the and Andrew counties, Mo., including a great many of the
election day that there should be no Free-State can. prominent citizens of St. Joseph, came into this precinct
didates, although there were nearly or quite as many the day before, and on the day of election, in wagons
Free-State as Pro-Slavery men resident in the district.
Most of the crowd were drinking and carousing, cursing and on horses, and encamped there. Arrangements were made for them to cross the ferry at St. Joseph free of
.the Abolitionists and threatening the only Free-State expense to themselves. They were armed with bowie
judge of election. A majority of those who voted wore knives and pistols, guns and rifies. On the morning of
hemp in their button-holes, and their password was, the election, the Free-State candidates resigned in a
"all right on the hemp.” Many of the Missourians were body, on account of the presence of the large number of
known and are named by the witnesses. Severa! armed Missourians, at which the crowd cheered and
speeches were made by them at the polls, and among hurrahed. Gen. B. F. Stringfellow was present, and was
those who spoke were Major Oliver, one of your Comprominent in promoting the election of the Pro-Slavery
mittee, Col, Burns, and Lalan Williams, of Platte County. ticket, as was also the Hon. Willard P. Hall, and others
Major Oliver urged upon all present to use no harsb of the most prominent citizens of St. Joseph, Mo. But
words, and expressed the hope that nothing would be one of the judges of election, appointed by the Governor,
said or done to harm the feelings of the most sensitive on served on that day, and the crowd chose two others to
the other side. He gave some grounds, based on the supply the vacancies.
Missouri Compromise, in regard to the right of voting, The Missourians said they came there to vote for, and
and was understood to excuse the Missourians for voting. secure the election of, Major Wm. P. Richardson. Major
Your Committee are satisfied that he did not vote. Col. Richardson, elected to the Council, had a farm in
Burns recommended all to vote, and he hoped none Missouri, where his wife and daughter lived with his son
would go home without voting. Some of the Proin-law, Willard P. Hall, he himself generally going home
Slavery residents were much dissatisfied at the interto Missouri every Saturday night. The farm was gene
ference with their rights by the Missourians, and for that rally known as the Richardson farm. He had a claim in
reason-because reflection convinced them that it would
be better to have Kansas a Free-State-they "fell over the Territory, upon which was a saw-mill, and where he generally remained during the week.
the fence." The judges requested the voters to take an Some of the Missourians gave as their reason for voting
oath that they were actual residents. They objected at that they had heard that eastern emigrants were to be at
first, some saying they had a claim, or “I am here." that election, though no eastern emigrants were there.
But the Free-State judge insisted upon the oath, and his Others said they were going to vote for the purpose of
associates, who at first were disposed to waive it, coinmaking Kansas a Slave State.
cided with him, and the voters all took it after some Some claimed that they had a right to vote, under the
grumbling. One said he cut him some poles and laid them provisions of the Kansas-Nebraska bill, from the fact that
in the shape of a square, and that made him a claim; and they were present on the ground on the day of election. |
another said that he had cut him a few sticks of wood, The Free-State men generally did not vote, and
and that made him a claim. The Free-State men did not those who did vote, voted generally for John H. White
vote, although they believed their numbers to be equal head, Pro-Slavery, for Council, against Major Wm. P.
to the Pro-Slavery settlers, and some claimed that they Richardson, and did not vote at all for members of the
had the majority. They were deterred by threats Lower House.
throughout by the Missourians, before and on the day of The parties were pretty nearly equally divided in the election, from putting up candidates, and no candidates district, some being of opinion that the Free State
were run, for this reason-that there was a credited party had a small majority, and others that the Pro
rumor previously that the Missourians would control the Slavery party had a small majority. After the election
election, The Free-State judge was threatened with ex. was over and the polls were closed, the Missourians re
pulsion from the polls, and a young man thrust a pistol turned home. During the day, they had provisions and
into the window through which the votes were received. liquor served out, free of expense, to all.
The whole number of votes cast was 417; of the names
on the poll-book, but 62 are in the census-rolls, and the DONIPHAN PRECINCT.
testimony shows that a small portion, estimated by one The evening before the election, some 200 or more
witness at one-quarter of the legal voters, voted. Your Missourians from Platte, Buchanan, Saline, and Clay |
Committee estimate the number of legal voters at 80. counties, Missouri, came into this precinct, with tents,
One of the judges referred to, certified to the Governor music, wagons, and provisions, and armed with guns,
that the election was fairly conducted. It was not con. rifles, pistols, and bowie-knives, and encamped about
tested, because no one would take the responsibility of two miles from the place of voting. They said they came
doing it, as it was not considered safe, and that if to vote, to make Kansas a Slave State, and intended to
another election was held, the residents would fare no return to Missouri after they had voted.
better. On the morning of the election, the Judges appointed
XVITDISTRICT. by the Governor would not serve, and others were For some time previous to the election, meetings were appointed by the crowd. The Missourians were allowed | held and arrangements made in Missourl to get up com
rom Platte, Buchana
cinct.'with tents, that the election was f
panies to come over to the Territory and vote, and the conducted, and not contested at all. In this district, tha
Previous to the election, Gen. David R. Atchison of bad badges of hemp in their button-holes and elsewhere
Platte City, Missouri, got up a company of Missourians, about their persons.
and passing through Weston, Missouri, went over into On the morning of the election, there were from 1,000!
the Territory. He remained all night at the house of to 1,400 persons present on the ground. Previous to the
and then exhibited his arms, of which he had an abundelection, the Missourians endeavored to persuade the two
ance. He proceeded to the Nemaha (XVIIIth) district. Free-State judges to resign, by making threats of personal
On his way, he and his party attended a Nominating Conviolence to them, one of whom resigned on the morning
vention in the XIVth District, and proposed and caused of election, and the crowd chose another to fill his place,
to be nominated a set of candidates in opposition to the But one of the judges, the Free-State judge, would take
wishes of the Pro-Slavery residents of the district. At the oath prescribed by the Governor, the other two
that Convention, he said that there were 1,100 men deciding that they had no right to swear any one who
coming over from Platte County, and if that wasn't offered to vote, but that all on the ground were entitled
enough, they could send 5,000 more that they came to to vote. The only votes refused were some Delaware
vote, and would vote or kill every 6-dd-d Abolitionist Indians, some 30 Wyandot Iudians being allowed to
in the Territory.
On the day of election, the Missourians, under AtchiThe Free State men generally did not vote at that elec
son, who were encamped there, came up to the polls in the tion; and no newly-arrived Eastern emigrants were there,
XVIIIth District, taking the oath that they were residents The Free-State judge of election refused to sign the re
of the district. The Missourians were all armed with turns until the words by lawful resident voters" were
pistols or bowie-knives, and said there were 60 in their stricken out, which was done, and the returns made in
company. But 17 votes given on that day were given that way. The election was contested, and a new elec.
by residents of the district. The whole number of votes lion ordered by Gov. Reeder, for the 22d of May.
was 62. The testiinony is divided as to the relative strength of
R. L. Kirk, one of the candidates, came into the disparties in this district. The whole number of voters in
trict from Missouri about a week before the election, and the district, according to the census returns, was 355 ;
| boarded there. He left after the election, and was not at and, according to a very carefully prepared list of voters, I
the time a legal resident of the district in which he was prepared for the Pro-Slavery candidates and other Pro
elected. No protest was sent to the Governor on account Slavery men, a few days previous to the election, there
of threats made against any who should dare to contest Nere 805 voters in the district, including those who had
the election. lains but did not live on them. The whole number of
The following tables embody the result of the examinarotes cast was 964. Of those named in the census 106
tion of your Committee in regard to this election. In roted, Your Committee, upon careful examination, are
some of the districts, it was inpossible to ascertain the satisfied that there were not over 15:J legal votes cast,
precise number of the legal votes cast, and especially in eaving 814 illegal votes.
The XIVth, XVth, and XVIth Districts. In such cases,
the number of legal and illegal votes cast is stated, after XVIITDISTRICT.
a careful reëxamination of all the testimony and records The election in this district seems to have been fairly concerning the election :
ABSTRACT OF CENSUS, AND RETURNS OF ELECTION OF MARCH 30, 1855, BY
Total of Ilegal Votes.
u suossəd "on
I love to co lolll l lol llwil lol | Scattering.
Doniphan....... 14 Wolf Creek...
Hayes.. 16! Leavenwurth....... 17. Gum Springs....... 18 Moorestown..........
No. of Voters.
To. of Members.
COCO COCO ererolall-A Corol No. of District. | 1 | CONNNIIlIl-wolell--Oc No. of Members. See
12 233 818
By the election, as conducted, the Pro-Slavery candi-, them, in both the Council and the House, did not "reside dutes in every district but the VIIIth representative dis.in" and were not inhabitants of” the district foi urict, received a majority of the votes ; and several of which they were elected, as required by the organic law