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IM JOANSON, ANDREW, of Tennessee, supported MARSH, EPHRAIM, of New-Jersey, President for President in National Democratic Convention: 41 American National Convention....

23 Johnson, HERSCHEL V., of Georgia, beaten MASON, John Y., of Virginia, beaten for for Vice-President in Democratic National Conven

Vice-President in Dem. Nat. Con., 1848 ..

16 tion in 1856.

24

MASSACHUSETTS DECLARES FOR FREEDOM
Nominated for Vice-President by Democratic
National Committee, 1860.

48

through Legislative Resolves; Whigs of MassaSpeech on Slavery in the Territories in 1848 168

chusetts for freedom....

203 Holds that capital should own the laborer, in a

MCLEAN, Judge John, of Ohio, defeated for speech at Philadelphia in 1856. His Report President in Republican Convention, 1856.... 28 affirming the absolute right of holding slaves

Also, in Republican Nat. Convention of 1860... 27 in the Territories....

169

McKay, JAMES J., of North Carolina, beatOHNSON, RICHARD M., of Kentucky, beaten en for Vice-President in Dem. Convention 1548... 16 in Convention for Vice-President, 1832.

10
Nominated and elected Vice-President in 1836.. 12 McRea, John J., of Missiscippi, for Dissolu.
Beaten for Vice-President in 1840.

12
tion....

172 Beaten for President in Democratic Convention, Missouri COMPROMISE, Adopted

18
The Compromise Repealed,...

87 Johnson, WILLIAM Cost, of Maryland, Pre

MITCHELL, JAMES C., of Tennessee, against sident of Young Men's National Convention...., 11

Slavery.

204 JULIAN, GEORGE W., of Indiana, Free De

“MONROE DOCTRINE.”—Extract from the mocratic candidate for Vice-President, 1852.... 21

Message of James Monroe on the influence of KANSAS OUTRAGES, Report of Howard and European Powers on this Continent....

21 Sherman thereon

92 MONROE, JAMES, of Virginia, elected Presi. KILLINGER, JOAN W., of Pennsylvania,

dent in 1816 and reëlected in 1820 .....

9 offers an Anti-Slavery resolve in the American MOORE, SUYDENHAM, of Alabama, for DissoConvention, 1856.

28
lution.

179 KING, LEICESTER, of Ohio, President of Lib

MORGAN, WILLIAM, revealer of Masonic Seerty Party National Convention, 1843....

18
crets.

10 KING, WILLIAM R., .of Alabama, beaten

MOREHEAD, John M., of North Carolina, for Vice-President in Democratic Convention of 1848....

President Whig National Convention, 1848....... 16

15 Democratic nominee for Vice-President in 1852. 20 MORRIS, THOMAS, of Ohio, Liberty Party Elected Vice-President in 1862.... 22 nominee for President in 1844..

14 LANE, Col. HENRY S., of Indiana, Presi- NationAL REPUBLICAN (CLAY) CONVENdent of the Republican National Convention, 1856. 22

tions, at Baltimore, 1881; at Washington, 1882... 11 LANE, Gen. JOSEPH, of Oregon, beaten for New-HAMPSHIRE DECLARES FOR THE WILMOT President in Democratic National Convention,

Proviso through Legislative Resolves...

208 1852....

20 Nominated for Vice-President by Seceders at

NEW-JERSEY LEGISLATURE FOR FREE TER. Baltimore in 1860. 48 ritory.

61 Accepts nomination.

212 NEW-YORK FOR FREEDOM.-Resolutions of GEORGE, of New-York, defeated for the Legislature against Slavery in the TerritoPresident in American National Convention, 1856. 23 ries in 1820,

60 Ditto in 1847-8-9.

216 LAWRENCE, ABBOTT, of Massachusetts, de

Gen. John A. Dix presents resolutions to United feated for Vice-President in Whig Convention, 1848. 15

States Senate...

207 LEAKE, SHELTON F., of Virginia, for Disso

The Whigs in State Convention declare for Free. lution....

172

dom. Address reported by James Brooks... 2017

Free Democracy of New York for Freedom. LEE, HENRY, of Massachusetts, supported

Resolutions presented by Jobo Cochrane..... 207 by South Carolina for Vice-President, 1832..... 11 ORDINANCE of 1784 (Jefferson's) against LEMOYNE, Francis J., of Pennsylvania, Slavery in Territories....

Abolition candidate for Vice-President, 1840.... 12 ORDINANCE of 1787 (Dane's) prohibiting
LETCHER, JOHN (Governor of Virginia), Slavery in Northwest Territory.....

52 for Dissolution.....

172 O'CONOR, CHARLES, New-York, defends LIBERTY PARTY NATIONAL CONVENTION held Blavery as intrinsically just in a speech at Union at Buffalo in 1843.... 18 Meeting, New-York, 1859..

164

His letter to Committee of Merchants.... 167
LINCOLN, ABRAHAM, of Illinois, defeated for
Vice-President in Republican Convention, 1856...

22 Ohio DECLARES FOR FREEDOM through Legis-
Nominated for President by Republican Conven. lative Resolves
tion, 1860..
28 PENNSYLVANIA LEGISLATURE

FREE
Epeech at Springfield, Ill., June 17, 1858

127
Territory

61
Discussion with Mr. Douglas at Freeport, Ill. 129
Speech at Cooper Institute, New-York, 1860.. 144 PIERCE, FRANKLIN, of New Hampshire,
Letter to Boston Committee on the Jefferson

nominated for President in Democratic Conven.
Birthday Festival; Letter to Dr. Canisius on
tion, 1852...

20 Naturalization... 206 Elected President,

22 Accepts nomination for Presidency..

210 Defeated for President in National Con., 1856 24 Locas, Gen. ROBERT, President first Demo

Receives one vote for President in National cratic National Convention.....

10

Convention, 1860. Madison, James, of Virginia, elected Presi.

Pillow, Gen. GIDEON J., of Tennessee,

beaten for Vice-President in Democratic Conven. deat 1808, and reëlected in 1812.

9
tion, 1852.....

:0 MAINE DEMOCRACY FOR THE WILMOT PRO

PINCKNEY, CHARLES C., of South Carolina, viso.

201

beaten for Vice-President, 1800; also for President MANGUM, WILLIE P., of North Carolina, sup- in 1804 and 1808.........

9 ported by South-Carolina for President in 1836...

12 POLITICAL National PLATFORMS. - None Marcy, William L., of New York, beaten adopted by first Democratic Convention; Nasionfor President in Dem. National Convention, 1852. 20 al Republican Platform.

11

AW,

61

209

FOR

PAGB

18

13

Letter......

No Platform adopted by second Democratic

Convention; DO Platform adopted by Whig
Convention at Harrisburg, 1839; First Demo-
cratic National Platform, 1840..

12 Whig National Platform, 1844.

18 Democratic National Platform, 1844

18 Liberty Party Platform, 1844

14 No Platform adopted' openly by Whig Convention, 1848..

15 Democratic National Platform, 1848.

16 Buffalo Free Soil Platform, 1548. .

17 Whig National Platform, 1852.. Democratic National Platform, 1852.

20 Free Democratic Platform, 1852.

21 Republican National Platform, 1856.

22 American National Platform, 1856.

23 Democratic National Platform, 1856..

24 Whig National Platform, 1856.

25 Republican National Platform, 1860.

26 Constitutional Union Party Platform, 1860.

29 Democratic (Douglas) Platform of 1860...

82 Addition thereto by Baltimore Convention.

48 Seceders' Platform adopted at Charleston..

41 The same readopted by the seceders' (Breckin

ridge) Convention at Baltimore.......... 48 POLE, JAMES K., of Tennessee, nominated

for and elected President, 1844. POPULAR SOVEREIGNTY IN THE TERRITORIES, invented by Gen. Lewis Cass, in his Nicholson

179 PROHIBITION OF SLAVERY IN THE TERRITO

ries : Letter of Martin Van Buren thereon... 181 Pogu, JAMES L., of Alabama, for Dissolution......

172 QUITMAN, Gen. John A., of Mississippi,

beaten for Vice-President in Democratic Convention, 1848...

16 Beaten for Vice-President in Democratic Convention, 1856..

24 ANDOLPH, John, of Virginia, on Everett, 204 RAYNOR KENNETH, of North Carolina, de

feated for President in American Convention, 1856...

23 REPUBLICAN NATIONAL CONVENTION, 1856 22 REPUBLICAN NATIONAL CONVENTION, 1860 26 REVOLUTION PROPOSED by William L. Yanvey ......

173 Rives, Wm. C., of Virginia, defeated for

Vice-President in Democratic National Convention...

12 Rosa, RICHARD, beaten for Vice-President in 1828....

10 Rosk, Gen. THOMAS J., of Texas, beaten

for Vice-Presideat in Democratic National Con. vention, 1852..........

20 Scott, Gen. WINFIELD, of New-York, defeated for President at Harrisburg, 1889..

12 Defeated for President in Whig Convention, 1848..

15 Nominated for President, 1852.

18 Letter accepting nomination for President, 1852..

19 Defeated for President, 1852....

22 SECEDERS' CONVENTION at Charleston, and Platform..

41 SECEDERS' CONVENTION at Baltimore nomi

nates John C. Breckinridge for President, and Gen. Joseph Lane for Vice-President.....

43 SEWARD, W. H., of New-York, candidate

for President before National Republican Convention, 1860.

27 His “ Irrepressible Conflict " Speech at Roches

160 SERGEANT, JOHN, of Pennsylvania, beaten for Vice-President in 1832..

11 Defeated for Vice-President in Whig National Convention, 1844...

13 SINGLETON, OTRO R., of Mississippi, for Dis. solution

172

PAGO SLAVERY Extension or RESTRICTION, History of the struggle for...

49 Origin and Progress of Slavery in America.... 49 British Decisions affecting Slavery in the Colonies.....

50 Slavery under the Confederation.

81 Jefferson's Ordinance of 1784, providing for the

Government of the Territories and the exclu.
sion of Slavery therefrom.......

81
Yeas and Nays thereon in Continental Congress 52
Ordinance of 1787, prohibiting Slavery in the
North-west Territory.....

52 The Federal Constitution on Slavery..

53 Constitutional Amendments affecting Slavery;

Cessions of Territory by Slave States; Early

attempts to override the Ordinance of '87 53 Reports of John Randolph of Va., and Franklin

of N, O., in opposition thereto; The first Mis-
souri Scruggle..

54 Slavery Restriction proposed by Gea. James

Tallmadge of N. Y.; Proposition sustained by
the House ; Remarks thereon by Mr. T. Fuller

of Mass...
Remarks of Gen. Tallmadge of N, Y.

56 Reply of Mr. Scott of Mo....

57 Restriction negatived in the Senate..

58 House refuses to concur; Second Missouri

Struggle ; Mr. John W. Taylor of N. Y. moves
a Committee; Memorial of Daniel Webster in
favor of Slavery Restriction......

59 Resolves of Legislature of N. Y., in favor of Slavery Restriction...

60 Resolves of N. J. and Pa...

61 Resolves of Delaware; Counter Resolves of

Kentucky Legislature; Compromise proposed
by the Senate.

62 Adopted in the Senate, and Bill passed; House refuses to concur..

63 Senate asks a Conference,

64 Compromise finally carried in the House by 90

Yeas (14 only from Free States) to 87 Nays
(all from Free States)..

64 The third Missouri Struggle; Enlargement of

Missouri in 1836; Annexation of Texas. 65 Address of Joha Q. Adams and other Whig members agaiast such Annexation....

66 Mr. Calhoun's dispatch to Mr. King; Mr. Joha P. Hale proposes a division of Texas.

69 Annexation project of Milton Brown of Tenn.;

Adopted, Yeas 118, Nays 101; Proposition of
Mr. Foster of Tenn...

70 Annexation carried in Senate, 26 to 25; The Wilmot Proviso....

71 The Clayton Compromise; Mr. J. M. Root's Re

solve for Slavery Restriction; Proposition of
Isaac P. Walker of Wisconsin,

79 Proposition of Mr. Richard W. Thompson, of

Ind.; Slavery excluded from Oregon Terri-
tory...

73 Mr. Douglas, of Illinois, proposes to extend the

Missouri line of restriction to the Pacific.. 74 Senate agrees, but House refuses; The Compro

mise of 1850; Gen Taylor's recommenda-
tions ; Gen Sam Houston's proposition; Hen-
ry Clay's plan of Compromise; John Bell's

proposition....
Objections to Mr. Clay's scheme by Foote of
Miss. and Mason, of V&....

76 Ditto by Jefferson Davis of Miss.; Mr. Clay

in reply; Messrs. Downs of La., King of Ala.,
and Butler of & C., in further opposition to
Mr. Clay.

77 Mr. Foote of Miss, moves a Committee of Thir

teen; Mr. Clay reports from said Committee :
Mr. Jefferson Davis's Amendment..

73 Mr. Chase of Ohio moves a prohibition of Sla.

very; The Omnibus defeated as a whole, but passed in separate bills; The Kansas-Nebraska Struggle. Mr. Alchison's remarks thereon; President

Pierce protests against the renewal of agitation; Mr. Douglas's first Nebraska Report... He amends his bill; Mr. Chaso proposes to au

thorize the people of Kansas to prohibit Sla-
very therein; Opposed by Messrs. Bell, Doug.
las, etc., and defeated.

81 Mr. Clayton's “ American” amendment; Mr.

Chase moves that the people of the Territory
be authorized to elect their own Governor;
Defeated by 80 to 10; Mr. Seward's speech
against the bill...

82 The Kansas-Nebraska bill passes the Senate...

ter...

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The Kansas-Nebraska bill passes the House..... 85 TYLER, JOHN, of Virginia, nominated and
Yeas 118, Nays, 10", thereon.

86 The clause of said bill repealing the Missouri

defeated for Vice-President, 1885-6.. Compromise ; President Pierce on Kansas Al

Nominated for Vice-President, at Harrisburg, fairs in '55–6; dr. Douglas's Report on do.,

1839, and elected in 1840..
March 12, '56
Minority Report of Mr. Collamer of Vermont...

S7 Two-Thirds Rule adopted by first Demo-
89

10

cratic Convention, 1882 House orders an investigation of Kansas frauds; Report of Messrs. Howard and Sherman there. Toccer Isaac, of Connecticut, supported

2

for President by Democratic National Convention, 41
House votes to admit Kansas as a Free State... 107
Mr. Douglas reports a bill to pacify Kansas. 17|Van Bcren, Martin, of New York, nomi.
Mr, Trunibull's amendments thereto; Do. Messrs.

nated for Vice-President.

10 Foster's, Wilson's and Seward's; Passage of

Nominated for President in 1885, and elected in
Douglas's will.....

108
1636

12 Mr. Geo. G. Dunn's bill to reorganize Kansas.. 169

Nominated for reëlection as President, 1840 18 President Pierce's last Message on Kansas.. 110

Defeated for President in 1840.

18 Remarks of Messrs. Hale, Stward, Mason, Wil

Defeated in Democratic National Convention, son and Pugh thereon.

112
1814..

18 President Buchanan on the Lecompton Constitu

Nominated for President Ly Buffalo Convention, tion....

113
1845

17 Mr. Douglas's speech against Lecompton.

114 Action on Lecompton in Kansas.

On Slavery in the Territories, letter to Water

116 Mr. Buchanan's special Lecompton Message....

bury and others....

191 117 Provisions of Lecompton Constitution respecting VOTE IN

WHIG XatisAL CONVENTION, Slavery....

120 1852, on Resolve approving Compromise Measures The Lecompton bill; Passed in the Senate, but

of 1850....

19 defeated in the House ; The Crittenden-Montgomery substitute..

121

Wari), JOHN E., of Georgia, President of
Yeas and Nays on adopting substituie.

122
the Democratic National Convention, 1856.

24
Senate refuses to concur; Mr. English moves a
Conference Committee ; Carried by the Speak.

WEBSTER, DANIEL, of Massachusetts, sup-
ported by Massachusetts for President, 1836.

12 er's casting vote; The English Compromise

Defeated for President in Whig Convention, 1848 bill.

15
123

Beaten for President in Whig Convention, 1852.. 18
Carried through both Houses; The Wyandot
Convention and Constitution,

Memorial to Congress for Slavery Restriction .. 59
125

His view on the powers of Supreme Court.... 177 Mr. Grow proposes, and the House votes to ad. mit Kansas under the Wyandot Constitution ;

Speech against Slavery Extension.

202 Senate refuses to act on the bill....... 126 WELLER, Col. JOHN B., of California, SLAVE-TRADE ADVOCATED in Democratic

beaten for Vice-President in Democratic National
Convention, 1852 .

20 National Convention by Mr. Gaulden, of Georgia.

89 Also by Governor Adams, of S. C., in Message to

WHIG NATIONAL CONTENTIONS, held at Har. Legislature 208 risburg, Penn., 1839

12 Held at Baltimore, Md., 1844

18 SPENCER, AMBROSE, of New-York, Presi.

Held at Philadelphia, Penn., 1848.

15 dent Whig National Convention, 1844 . 13 Held at Baltimore, Md., 1852

18

Held at Baltimore, Md., 1856 .... SPENCER, JOAN C., of New-York, Presi

White, Hugh L., of Tennessee, unsuccess. dent Anti-Masonic National Convention

10
ful candidate for President

12
STEVENSON, ANDREW, of Virginia, Presi.
dent Second Democratic National Convention...

Wilmot, David, of Pennsylvania, defeated

12 Ditto, President National Democratic Conven

for Vice-President in Republican Convention, 1856 22 tion, 1848.....

16

Temporary Chairman of Republican National
Convention, 1860...

26
STRANGE, ROBERT, of North Carolina, beaten
for Vice-President in Democratic Convention,

Wilson, Gen. HENRY, of Massachusetts,

President of Free Democratic National Conven-
20
tion, 1852 .....

21
SUMNER, CHARLES, of Massachusetts, de-
feated for Vice-President in Republican National

Wirt, WILLIAM, of Maryland, Anti-Ma-
sonic candidate for President, 1882 .

10 Convention, 1856...

22 SUPREME COURT, POWER AND DUTIES Ov

WILKINS, WILLIAM, of Pennsylvania, supOpinions of Thomas Jefferson..

174

ported by Pennsylvania for Vice-President, 1882.. 11 Opinions of John Taylor of Caroline, Va., John WISCONSIN declares for Free Territory, Randolph of Roanoke, Nathaniel Macon of

through Legislative Resolves....

201 N. C., and John Bacon, of Massachusetts 175 Opinions of John J. Crittenden, Nathaniel Macon,

WOODBURY, LEVI, of New-Hampshire, beaten James Barbour, Supreme Court of Georgia,

for President in Democratic Convention, 1848 16 Legislature of Georgia, Supreme Court of Pennsylvania, and Court of Appeals of Virginia .... 176

WRIGHT, Silas, of New-York, nominated
Opinions of Mahlon Dickerson, Richard M. John-

for Vice-President by Democratic National Con-
vention of 1844, but declined...

13
son, Gen. Andrew Jackson, and Daniel Web-
ster..

177 YANCEY, William L., of Alabama, offers TAYLOR RATIFICATION MEETING at Phila

“non-interference" resolve in Democratic Con

15 delphia, 1848, and Resolves ..

17 vention, 1848

He advocates Revolution in the South. TAYLOR, ZACHARY, of Louisiana, Whig nominee for President, 1849

15

YOUNG, Col. SAMUEL, of New-York, Presi.
Elected President in 1848.

dent of the Barnburners' Convention at Utica in
16
1849..

17 TILDEN, DANIEL R., of

Ohio, proposes

Offers Anti-Slavery Resolves in Senate of New. Slavery Restriction in Whig Convention, 1843 .... 16 York

200

25

1852 ...

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A POLITICAL TEXT-BOOK FOR 1860.

NATIONAL CAUCUSES, CONVENTIONS, AND

PLATFORMS.

National Conventions for the nomination of a potent influence over such questions, being, candidates are of comparatively recent origin. on this occasion, unable to agree as to which of in the earlier political history of the United, her favored sons should have the preference. States, under the Federal Constitution, candi. Ninety-four of the 136 Republican members of dates for President and Vice-President were Congress attended this caucus, and declared nominated by congressional and legislative their preference of Mr. Madison, who received caucuses. Washington was elected as first 83 votes, the remaining 11 being divided bePresident under the Constitution, and reëlected tween Mr. Monroe and George Clinton. The for a second term by a unanimous, or nearly Opposition supported Mr. Pinckney; but Mr. unanimous, concurrence of the American people; Madison was elected by a large majority. but an opposition party gradually grew up in Toward the close of Mr. Madison's earlier Congress, which became formidable during his term, he was nominated for reëlection by a second term, and which ultimately crystalized Congressional Caucus held at Washington, in into what was then called the Republican May, 1812. In September of the same year, a party. John Adams, of Massachusetts, was convention of the Opposition, representing prominent among the leading Federalists, while eleven States, was held in the city of New. Thomas Jefferson, of Virginia, was preëmi- York, which nominated De Witt Clinton, of dently the author and oracle of the Republican New-York, for President. He was also put in party, and, by common consent, they were the nomination by the Republican Legislature of opposing caudidates for the Presidency, on New-York. The ensuing canvass resulted in Washington's retirement in 1796-7.

the reëlection of Mr. Madison, who received Mr. Adamy was then chosen President, while 128 electoral votes to 89 for De Witt Clinton. Mr. Jefferson, having the largest electoral vote In 1816, the Republican Congressional Caucus next to Mr. A., became Vice-President. nominated James Monroe, who received, in the

The first Congressional Caucus to nominate caucus, 65 votes to 54 for Wm. H. Crawford, candidates for President and Vice-President, is of Georgia. The Opposition, or Federalists, said to have been held in Philadelphia in the named Rufus King, of New York, who receivea year 1800, and to have nominated Mr. Jeffer- only 34 electoral votes out of 217. There was son for the first office, and Aaron Burr for the no opposition to the reëlection of Mr. Monroe second. These candidates were elected after a in 1820, a single (Republican) vote being cast desperate struggle, beating John Adams and against him, and for John Quincy Adams. Charles C. Pinckney, of South Carolina. In In 1824, the Republican party could not be 1804, Mr. Jefferson was reëlected President, i induced to abide by the decision of a Congres with George Clinton, of New-York, for Vice, sional Caucus. A large majority of the Repubencountering but slight opposition: Messrs. lican members formally refused to participate Charles C. Pinckney and Rufus King, the op- in such a gathering, or be governed by its deci. posing candidates, receiving only 14 out of 176 sion; still, a Caucus was called and attended by Electoral Votes. We have been unable to find the friends of Mr. Crawford alone. Of the 261 any record as to the manner of their nomina. members of Congress at this time, 216 were tion. In January, 1808, when Mr. Jefferson's Democrats or Republicans, yet only 66 res. becond term was about to close, a Republican ponded to their names at roll-call, 64 of whom Congressional Caucus was held at Washington, voted for Mr. Crawford as the Republican nomito decide as to the relative claims of Madison nee for President. This nomination was very and Monroe for the succession, the Legisla- extensively repudiated throughout the country, Lure of Virginia, which had been said to exert land three competing Republican candidates

the citations of a frothy declaimer is sometimes the easiest and most convincing refutation of his speech.

If a trace of partisan bias is betrayed in the thread of narrative which partially unites the successive reports, bills, votes, etc., presented in this work, the error is unintentional and regretted. Our purpose was to compile a record acceptable and convenient to men of all parties, and which might be consulted and trusted by all. Whatever is original herein is regarded as of no use or merit, save as a necessary elucidation of the residue. Without apology, there fore, or further explanation, the Text-Book is commended to the favor of the American public.

New-YORK, August 1, 1860.

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