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IM JOANSON, ANDREW, of Tennessee, supported MARSH, EPHRAIM, of New-Jersey, President for President in National Democratic Convention: 41 American National Convention....
23 Johnson, HERSCHEL V., of Georgia, beaten MASON, John Y., of Virginia, beaten for for Vice-President in Democratic National Conven
Vice-President in Dem. Nat. Con., 1848 ..
16 tion in 1856.
MASSACHUSETTS DECLARES FOR FREEDOM
through Legislative Resolves; Whigs of MassaSpeech on Slavery in the Territories in 1848 168
chusetts for freedom....
203 Holds that capital should own the laborer, in a
MCLEAN, Judge John, of Ohio, defeated for speech at Philadelphia in 1856. His Report President in Republican Convention, 1856.... 28 affirming the absolute right of holding slaves
Also, in Republican Nat. Convention of 1860... 27 in the Territories....
McKay, JAMES J., of North Carolina, beatOHNSON, RICHARD M., of Kentucky, beaten en for Vice-President in Dem. Convention 1548... 16 in Convention for Vice-President, 1832.
172 Beaten for President in Democratic Convention, Missouri COMPROMISE, Adopted
87 Johnson, WILLIAM Cost, of Maryland, Pre
MITCHELL, JAMES C., of Tennessee, against sident of Young Men's National Convention...., 11
204 JULIAN, GEORGE W., of Indiana, Free De
“MONROE DOCTRINE.”—Extract from the mocratic candidate for Vice-President, 1852.... 21
Message of James Monroe on the influence of KANSAS OUTRAGES, Report of Howard and European Powers on this Continent....
21 Sherman thereon
92 MONROE, JAMES, of Virginia, elected Presi. KILLINGER, JOAN W., of Pennsylvania,
dent in 1816 and reëlected in 1820 .....
9 offers an Anti-Slavery resolve in the American MOORE, SUYDENHAM, of Alabama, for DissoConvention, 1856.
179 KING, LEICESTER, of Ohio, President of Lib
MORGAN, WILLIAM, revealer of Masonic Seerty Party National Convention, 1843....
10 KING, WILLIAM R., .of Alabama, beaten
MOREHEAD, John M., of North Carolina, for Vice-President in Democratic Convention of 1848....
President Whig National Convention, 1848....... 16
15 Democratic nominee for Vice-President in 1852. 20 MORRIS, THOMAS, of Ohio, Liberty Party Elected Vice-President in 1862.... 22 nominee for President in 1844..
14 LANE, Col. HENRY S., of Indiana, Presi- NationAL REPUBLICAN (CLAY) CONVENdent of the Republican National Convention, 1856. 22
tions, at Baltimore, 1881; at Washington, 1882... 11 LANE, Gen. JOSEPH, of Oregon, beaten for New-HAMPSHIRE DECLARES FOR THE WILMOT President in Democratic National Convention,
Proviso through Legislative Resolves...
20 Nominated for Vice-President by Seceders at
NEW-JERSEY LEGISLATURE FOR FREE TER. Baltimore in 1860. 48 ritory.
61 Accepts nomination.
212 NEW-YORK FOR FREEDOM.-Resolutions of GEORGE, of New-York, defeated for the Legislature against Slavery in the TerritoPresident in American National Convention, 1856. 23 ries in 1820,
60 Ditto in 1847-8-9.
216 LAWRENCE, ABBOTT, of Massachusetts, de
Gen. John A. Dix presents resolutions to United feated for Vice-President in Whig Convention, 1848. 15
207 LEAKE, SHELTON F., of Virginia, for Disso
The Whigs in State Convention declare for Free. lution....
dom. Address reported by James Brooks... 2017
Free Democracy of New York for Freedom. LEE, HENRY, of Massachusetts, supported
Resolutions presented by Jobo Cochrane..... 207 by South Carolina for Vice-President, 1832..... 11 ORDINANCE of 1784 (Jefferson's) against LEMOYNE, Francis J., of Pennsylvania, Slavery in Territories....
Abolition candidate for Vice-President, 1840.... 12 ORDINANCE of 1787 (Dane's) prohibiting
52 for Dissolution.....
172 O'CONOR, CHARLES, New-York, defends LIBERTY PARTY NATIONAL CONVENTION held Blavery as intrinsically just in a speech at Union at Buffalo in 1843.... 18 Meeting, New-York, 1859..
His letter to Committee of Merchants.... 167
22 Ohio DECLARES FOR FREEDOM through Legis-
nominated for President in Democratic Conven.
20 Naturalization... 206 Elected President,
22 Accepts nomination for Presidency..
210 Defeated for President in National Con., 1856 24 Locas, Gen. ROBERT, President first Demo
Receives one vote for President in National cratic National Convention.....
Convention, 1860. Madison, James, of Virginia, elected Presi.
Pillow, Gen. GIDEON J., of Tennessee,
beaten for Vice-President in Democratic Conven. deat 1808, and reëlected in 1812.
:0 MAINE DEMOCRACY FOR THE WILMOT PRO
PINCKNEY, CHARLES C., of South Carolina, viso.
beaten for Vice-President, 1800; also for President MANGUM, WILLIE P., of North Carolina, sup- in 1804 and 1808.........
9 ported by South-Carolina for President in 1836...
12 POLITICAL National PLATFORMS. - None Marcy, William L., of New York, beaten adopted by first Democratic Convention; Nasionfor President in Dem. National Convention, 1852. 20 al Republican Platform.
No Platform adopted by second Democratic
Convention; DO Platform adopted by Whig
12 Whig National Platform, 1844.
18 Democratic National Platform, 1844
18 Liberty Party Platform, 1844
14 No Platform adopted' openly by Whig Convention, 1848..
15 Democratic National Platform, 1848.
16 Buffalo Free Soil Platform, 1548. .
17 Whig National Platform, 1852.. Democratic National Platform, 1852.
20 Free Democratic Platform, 1852.
21 Republican National Platform, 1856.
22 American National Platform, 1856.
23 Democratic National Platform, 1856..
24 Whig National Platform, 1856.
25 Republican National Platform, 1860.
26 Constitutional Union Party Platform, 1860.
29 Democratic (Douglas) Platform of 1860...
82 Addition thereto by Baltimore Convention.
48 Seceders' Platform adopted at Charleston..
41 The same readopted by the seceders' (Breckin
ridge) Convention at Baltimore.......... 48 POLE, JAMES K., of Tennessee, nominated
for and elected President, 1844. POPULAR SOVEREIGNTY IN THE TERRITORIES, invented by Gen. Lewis Cass, in his Nicholson
179 PROHIBITION OF SLAVERY IN THE TERRITO
ries : Letter of Martin Van Buren thereon... 181 Pogu, JAMES L., of Alabama, for Dissolution......
172 QUITMAN, Gen. John A., of Mississippi,
beaten for Vice-President in Democratic Convention, 1848...
16 Beaten for Vice-President in Democratic Convention, 1856..
24 ANDOLPH, John, of Virginia, on Everett, 204 RAYNOR KENNETH, of North Carolina, de
feated for President in American Convention, 1856...
23 REPUBLICAN NATIONAL CONVENTION, 1856 22 REPUBLICAN NATIONAL CONVENTION, 1860 26 REVOLUTION PROPOSED by William L. Yanvey ......
173 Rives, Wm. C., of Virginia, defeated for
Vice-President in Democratic National Convention...
12 Rosa, RICHARD, beaten for Vice-President in 1828....
10 Rosk, Gen. THOMAS J., of Texas, beaten
for Vice-Presideat in Democratic National Con. vention, 1852..........
20 Scott, Gen. WINFIELD, of New-York, defeated for President at Harrisburg, 1889..
12 Defeated for President in Whig Convention, 1848..
15 Nominated for President, 1852.
18 Letter accepting nomination for President, 1852..
19 Defeated for President, 1852....
22 SECEDERS' CONVENTION at Charleston, and Platform..
41 SECEDERS' CONVENTION at Baltimore nomi
nates John C. Breckinridge for President, and Gen. Joseph Lane for Vice-President.....
43 SEWARD, W. H., of New-York, candidate
for President before National Republican Convention, 1860.
27 His “ Irrepressible Conflict " Speech at Roches
160 SERGEANT, JOHN, of Pennsylvania, beaten for Vice-President in 1832..
11 Defeated for Vice-President in Whig National Convention, 1844...
13 SINGLETON, OTRO R., of Mississippi, for Dis. solution
PAGO SLAVERY Extension or RESTRICTION, History of the struggle for...
49 Origin and Progress of Slavery in America.... 49 British Decisions affecting Slavery in the Colonies.....
50 Slavery under the Confederation.
81 Jefferson's Ordinance of 1784, providing for the
Government of the Territories and the exclu.
52 The Federal Constitution on Slavery..
53 Constitutional Amendments affecting Slavery;
Cessions of Territory by Slave States; Early
attempts to override the Ordinance of '87 53 Reports of John Randolph of Va., and Franklin
of N, O., in opposition thereto; The first Mis-
54 Slavery Restriction proposed by Gea. James
Tallmadge of N. Y.; Proposition sustained by
56 Reply of Mr. Scott of Mo....
57 Restriction negatived in the Senate..
58 House refuses to concur; Second Missouri
Struggle ; Mr. John W. Taylor of N. Y. moves
59 Resolves of Legislature of N. Y., in favor of Slavery Restriction...
60 Resolves of N. J. and Pa...
61 Resolves of Delaware; Counter Resolves of
Kentucky Legislature; Compromise proposed
62 Adopted in the Senate, and Bill passed; House refuses to concur..
63 Senate asks a Conference,
64 Compromise finally carried in the House by 90
Yeas (14 only from Free States) to 87 Nays
64 The third Missouri Struggle; Enlargement of
Missouri in 1836; Annexation of Texas. 65 Address of Joha Q. Adams and other Whig members agaiast such Annexation....
66 Mr. Calhoun's dispatch to Mr. King; Mr. Joha P. Hale proposes a division of Texas.
69 Annexation project of Milton Brown of Tenn.;
Adopted, Yeas 118, Nays 101; Proposition of
70 Annexation carried in Senate, 26 to 25; The Wilmot Proviso....
71 The Clayton Compromise; Mr. J. M. Root's Re
solve for Slavery Restriction; Proposition of
79 Proposition of Mr. Richard W. Thompson, of
Ind.; Slavery excluded from Oregon Terri-
73 Mr. Douglas, of Illinois, proposes to extend the
Missouri line of restriction to the Pacific.. 74 Senate agrees, but House refuses; The Compro
mise of 1850; Gen Taylor's recommenda-
76 Ditto by Jefferson Davis of Miss.; Mr. Clay
in reply; Messrs. Downs of La., King of Ala.,
77 Mr. Foote of Miss, moves a Committee of Thir
teen; Mr. Clay reports from said Committee :
73 Mr. Chase of Ohio moves a prohibition of Sla.
very; The Omnibus defeated as a whole, but passed in separate bills; The Kansas-Nebraska Struggle. Mr. Alchison's remarks thereon; President
Pierce protests against the renewal of agitation; Mr. Douglas's first Nebraska Report... He amends his bill; Mr. Chaso proposes to au
thorize the people of Kansas to prohibit Sla-
81 Mr. Clayton's “ American” amendment; Mr.
Chase moves that the people of the Territory
82 The Kansas-Nebraska bill passes the Senate...
86 The clause of said bill repealing the Missouri
defeated for Vice-President, 1885-6.. Compromise ; President Pierce on Kansas Al
Nominated for Vice-President, at Harrisburg, fairs in '55–6; dr. Douglas's Report on do.,
1839, and elected in 1840..
S7 Two-Thirds Rule adopted by first Demo-
cratic Convention, 1882 House orders an investigation of Kansas frauds; Report of Messrs. Howard and Sherman there. Toccer Isaac, of Connecticut, supported
for President by Democratic National Convention, 41
nated for Vice-President.
10 Foster's, Wilson's and Seward's; Passage of
Nominated for President in 1885, and elected in
12 Mr. Geo. G. Dunn's bill to reorganize Kansas.. 169
Nominated for reëlection as President, 1840 18 President Pierce's last Message on Kansas.. 110
Defeated for President in 1840.
18 Remarks of Messrs. Hale, Stward, Mason, Wil
Defeated in Democratic National Convention, son and Pugh thereon.
18 President Buchanan on the Lecompton Constitu
Nominated for President Ly Buffalo Convention, tion....
17 Mr. Douglas's speech against Lecompton.
114 Action on Lecompton in Kansas.
On Slavery in the Territories, letter to Water
116 Mr. Buchanan's special Lecompton Message....
bury and others....
191 117 Provisions of Lecompton Constitution respecting VOTE IN
WHIG XatisAL CONVENTION, Slavery....
120 1852, on Resolve approving Compromise Measures The Lecompton bill; Passed in the Senate, but
19 defeated in the House ; The Crittenden-Montgomery substitute..
Wari), JOHN E., of Georgia, President of
WEBSTER, DANIEL, of Massachusetts, sup-
12 er's casting vote; The English Compromise
Defeated for President in Whig Convention, 1848 bill.
Beaten for President in Whig Convention, 1852.. 18
Memorial to Congress for Slavery Restriction .. 59
His view on the powers of Supreme Court.... 177 Mr. Grow proposes, and the House votes to ad. mit Kansas under the Wyandot Constitution ;
Speech against Slavery Extension.
202 Senate refuses to act on the bill....... 126 WELLER, Col. JOHN B., of California, SLAVE-TRADE ADVOCATED in Democratic
beaten for Vice-President in Democratic National
20 National Convention by Mr. Gaulden, of Georgia.
89 Also by Governor Adams, of S. C., in Message to
WHIG NATIONAL CONTENTIONS, held at Har. Legislature 208 risburg, Penn., 1839
12 Held at Baltimore, Md., 1844
18 SPENCER, AMBROSE, of New-York, Presi.
Held at Philadelphia, Penn., 1848.
15 dent Whig National Convention, 1844 . 13 Held at Baltimore, Md., 1852
Held at Baltimore, Md., 1856 .... SPENCER, JOAN C., of New-York, Presi
White, Hugh L., of Tennessee, unsuccess. dent Anti-Masonic National Convention
Wilmot, David, of Pennsylvania, defeated
12 Ditto, President National Democratic Conven
for Vice-President in Republican Convention, 1856 22 tion, 1848.....
Temporary Chairman of Republican National
Wilson, Gen. HENRY, of Massachusetts,
President of Free Democratic National Conven-
Wirt, WILLIAM, of Maryland, Anti-Ma-
10 Convention, 1856...
22 SUPREME COURT, POWER AND DUTIES Ov
WILKINS, WILLIAM, of Pennsylvania, supOpinions of Thomas Jefferson..
ported by Pennsylvania for Vice-President, 1882.. 11 Opinions of John Taylor of Caroline, Va., John WISCONSIN declares for Free Territory, Randolph of Roanoke, Nathaniel Macon of
through Legislative Resolves....
201 N. C., and John Bacon, of Massachusetts 175 Opinions of John J. Crittenden, Nathaniel Macon,
WOODBURY, LEVI, of New-Hampshire, beaten James Barbour, Supreme Court of Georgia,
for President in Democratic Convention, 1848 16 Legislature of Georgia, Supreme Court of Pennsylvania, and Court of Appeals of Virginia .... 176
WRIGHT, Silas, of New-York, nominated
for Vice-President by Democratic National Con-
177 YANCEY, William L., of Alabama, offers TAYLOR RATIFICATION MEETING at Phila
“non-interference" resolve in Democratic Con
15 delphia, 1848, and Resolves ..
17 vention, 1848
He advocates Revolution in the South. TAYLOR, ZACHARY, of Louisiana, Whig nominee for President, 1849
YOUNG, Col. SAMUEL, of New-York, Presi.
dent of the Barnburners' Convention at Utica in
17 TILDEN, DANIEL R., of
Offers Anti-Slavery Resolves in Senate of New. Slavery Restriction in Whig Convention, 1843 .... 16 York
A POLITICAL TEXT-BOOK FOR 1860.
NATIONAL CAUCUSES, CONVENTIONS, AND
National Conventions for the nomination of a potent influence over such questions, being, candidates are of comparatively recent origin. on this occasion, unable to agree as to which of in the earlier political history of the United, her favored sons should have the preference. States, under the Federal Constitution, candi. Ninety-four of the 136 Republican members of dates for President and Vice-President were Congress attended this caucus, and declared nominated by congressional and legislative their preference of Mr. Madison, who received caucuses. Washington was elected as first 83 votes, the remaining 11 being divided bePresident under the Constitution, and reëlected tween Mr. Monroe and George Clinton. The for a second term by a unanimous, or nearly Opposition supported Mr. Pinckney; but Mr. unanimous, concurrence of the American people; Madison was elected by a large majority. but an opposition party gradually grew up in Toward the close of Mr. Madison's earlier Congress, which became formidable during his term, he was nominated for reëlection by a second term, and which ultimately crystalized Congressional Caucus held at Washington, in into what was then called the Republican May, 1812. In September of the same year, a party. John Adams, of Massachusetts, was convention of the Opposition, representing prominent among the leading Federalists, while eleven States, was held in the city of New. Thomas Jefferson, of Virginia, was preëmi- York, which nominated De Witt Clinton, of dently the author and oracle of the Republican New-York, for President. He was also put in party, and, by common consent, they were the nomination by the Republican Legislature of opposing caudidates for the Presidency, on New-York. The ensuing canvass resulted in Washington's retirement in 1796-7.
the reëlection of Mr. Madison, who received Mr. Adamy was then chosen President, while 128 electoral votes to 89 for De Witt Clinton. Mr. Jefferson, having the largest electoral vote In 1816, the Republican Congressional Caucus next to Mr. A., became Vice-President. nominated James Monroe, who received, in the
The first Congressional Caucus to nominate caucus, 65 votes to 54 for Wm. H. Crawford, candidates for President and Vice-President, is of Georgia. The Opposition, or Federalists, said to have been held in Philadelphia in the named Rufus King, of New York, who receivea year 1800, and to have nominated Mr. Jeffer- only 34 electoral votes out of 217. There was son for the first office, and Aaron Burr for the no opposition to the reëlection of Mr. Monroe second. These candidates were elected after a in 1820, a single (Republican) vote being cast desperate struggle, beating John Adams and against him, and for John Quincy Adams. Charles C. Pinckney, of South Carolina. In In 1824, the Republican party could not be 1804, Mr. Jefferson was reëlected President, i induced to abide by the decision of a Congres with George Clinton, of New-York, for Vice, sional Caucus. A large majority of the Repubencountering but slight opposition: Messrs. lican members formally refused to participate Charles C. Pinckney and Rufus King, the op- in such a gathering, or be governed by its deci. posing candidates, receiving only 14 out of 176 sion; still, a Caucus was called and attended by Electoral Votes. We have been unable to find the friends of Mr. Crawford alone. Of the 261 any record as to the manner of their nomina. members of Congress at this time, 216 were tion. In January, 1808, when Mr. Jefferson's Democrats or Republicans, yet only 66 res. becond term was about to close, a Republican ponded to their names at roll-call, 64 of whom Congressional Caucus was held at Washington, voted for Mr. Crawford as the Republican nomito decide as to the relative claims of Madison nee for President. This nomination was very and Monroe for the succession, the Legisla- extensively repudiated throughout the country, Lure of Virginia, which had been said to exert land three competing Republican candidates
the citations of a frothy declaimer is sometimes the easiest and most convincing refutation of his speech.
If a trace of partisan bias is betrayed in the thread of narrative which partially unites the successive reports, bills, votes, etc., presented in this work, the error is unintentional and regretted. Our purpose was to compile a record acceptable and convenient to men of all parties, and which might be consulted and trusted by all. Whatever is original herein is regarded as of no use or merit, save as a necessary elucidation of the residue. Without apology, there fore, or further explanation, the Text-Book is commended to the favor of the American public.
New-YORK, August 1, 1860.