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in other cases as near as safety and other circumstances would permit. It was orderered by the same authority, that at the election the votes of such only should be received as had never taken British protection, or who having taken it, had notwithstanding rejoined their countrymen, on or before the date of the proclatnation. Other persons, though residents, were not considered as freemen of the state, or entitled to the full privilege of citizenship To counteract the several measures of the governor, general Leslie issued a proclamation on the 15th of December, assuring his majesty's loyal subjects in the province, that they might rely on speedy and effectual support being given to them, by the exertions of the forces under his command; and at the same tinie giving notice, that the severest punishments should be inflicted on all who having solicited for and obtained the enjoyment of the privileges of a British subject, should again take arms against his majesty's government, or serve in any civil capacity under a second usurpation.
Vermont, though not admitted into the confederation, nor acknowledged by the United States, exercises all the powers of an independent state-has her lcgislative, judicial and executive branches, and will continue them, without subjecting herself to the payment of any part of the continental debt till received into the union.
LE T T E R XI.
Rotterdam, April 30, 1782. FRIEND G.
THE congress of the United States of America, having at
A length (that they might gain Spain) agreed to recède from their claim to the navigation of the Missisippi. Mr. Jay, agreea. ble to the request of the count de Florida Blanca, delivered in propositions relative to an intended treaty, on the 22d of last September. The 6th article was thus expressed “The United States shall relinquish to his Catholic majesty, and in future forbear to use, the navigation of the river Missisippi from the point where it leaves the United States down to the ocean.” But it was accompanied with this remark of his among others" If the acceptance of it should, together with the proposed alliance, be postponcd to a general peace, the United States will cease to consider
Glieniseives bound by any propositions or offers, which he may * now make in their behalf." The design of the Spanish court apo spears to be the drawing of all such concessions from the United
States, that their present distress and the hopes of aid may extort. Beside, by protracting negociations about the treaty, they may intend to avail theinseives of these concessions in a future diy, wheathe inducentents for offering them harc ceased, Phov ocither refusc nor promise to afford the United Statcs further aids. Dey may be deemed their system. The Americani commissioners at the European couis libor under great disadvantages, as their dispatches brouglit by the captains of vessels are not sent to them by a trusty oficer, and therefore are liable to be opened and suppressed, as is known to have been done in
certain instances. Few of the proceedings of congress remain ** long secret; and one of their agents has informed them, that he
had very good authority for saying, that copies of the letters which passed between the comedittee and the late commissioners in France, are now in the hands of a certain foreigner. How he got them the agent knows not; but he asserts it as a fact,
The arrival of the British West-ludia trade was so much later than had been expected, that adm. Darby kept the sea tiil November. It is somewhat remarkable, that neither the allied fleets, nor the British, took a single prize during the long term they were respectively at sea.
The Spaniards, though they engaged in the expedition against Minorca, did not relax in their operations against Gibraltar.--For the more certain and speedy reduction of the place, they erected stupendous works, which were at length arrived at the highest state of perfection, after immense labor and expence. Gen. Elliot considered this as the proper season for attempting at once to frustrate all their views, by attacking, storming and destroying them. The time being fixed (Nov. 27.] and the arrangments made, a strong detachment issued from the garnison upon the setting of the inoon, at 3 o'clock in the morning. The troops
were divided into three coluinns, and the whole commanded by ". Ross. Each column was formed in the following order, • viz. an advanced corps, a body of pioneers, a party of artillerymen carrying combustiblës, a sustaining corps, and a reserve in the reár. Tlie pioneers of the left column were senineil. Muiling
could 'exceed the silence and order of the march, the vigor and - spirit of the attack, or the exact combinatijn if all, the parts. - Phe whole exterior fiont of the Spanista Worki wis every where
latticked at the same instant, and the and ji oliha troops was ir ***Pesistible. The Spaniards gave way on every side, and soon aban. : *YoL: III,
led support of parliane faculties and res the East
doned their works with the utmost precipitation. In half an hour two mortar batteries of ten 13 inch mortars, and three batteries of heavy cannon, with all the lines of approach, communication and traverse, were in fames, and whatever was subject to the action of fire was finally reduced to ashes. The mortars and cannon were spiked, and their beds, carriages and platforms des stroyed. The inagazines blew up one after another in the course of the confiagration. The whole Spanislı camp continued specta tors of the havoc, without an effort to save or even avenge theit works, unless an ill-directed and ineffectual fire of round and grape-shot might be considered as either. The whole service was performed and the detachment returned to the garrison before day-break. Its loss was too inconsiderable to be mentioned. :
On the 27th of November, his British majesty went to the house of peers and opened the session of parliament. The speech expressed the king's determined resolution to persevere in the des fence of his dominions, until such a pacification could be made as might consist with the honor of his crown, and the permanent iterest and security of his people. The losses in America were neither dissembled nor palliated; but stated as the ground for requiring the firm support of parliament; and a more vigorous, animated and united exertion of the faculties and resources of the people. The favorable appearance of affairs in the East Indies was noticed ; which was the only ray of success with which the speech was illuminated. An account had been received, that on the 1st of July Sir Eyre Coote with his little army came to a general action with Hyder Ally, which lasted eight hours, and was a hard fought day on both sides. The amazing superiority of the enemy yielded at length to the steas diness, spirit and bravery of Sir Eyre's troops. Hyder Ally retreated precepitately after having had 4000 killed, among whom were many of his principal officers. Sir Eyre lost but few offic cers, and about 400 privates killed and wounded.
The motion for an address in the house of commons produced a warm and animated debate, which continued till two in the morning. Mr. Fox moved far an amendment, by omitting that part of it which promised to support the Ainerican war; and proposed a new one, expressing a wish for a new system of measures which the house would assist to forward. But it was rejected by 218 against 129. During the debate Mr. Burke observed, that 6 The Colonel Laurens, who drew up the articles of capitulation, when lord Cornwallis surrendered, is the son of Mr. LaureAS who has been committed close prisoner to the Tower of Londong of which lord Cornwallis is hiinsçif the governor: and thus his
Lordship became a prisoner to the son of his own prisoner." in the house of lords an amendment to the address was proposed by kord Shelburne in a very masterly speech, but was rejected by a majority of 75.
Mr. Burke had in the former session, moved for an inquiry into the conduct observed on the capture of Statia, which was rejected by a majority of near two to one. He brought on the bu. siness afresh; and in his speech [Dec. 4.] on the occasion mentioned, that three inonths were spent by the British.commanders in disposing of and securing the plunder of the island ; that Sir George Rodney's feet amounted to 21 sail of the line; and that the whole French force, previous to the arrival of coudt de Grasse, consisted only of 8 ships of the line, and one fifty.--He said this favorable opportunity was entirely neglected, the whole British fleet, and near 3000 chosen troops, beiing kept upward of two months in a state of total inaction, for the important service of protecting the sales at Statia. He ascribed to the same disgraceful cause, as a second misfortune, the weakness of the detachment sent under Sir Samuel Hood, to prevent the junction of the French fleet in the West-Indies with that which de Grasse brought from Europe. Sir George declared in reply, that he made the seizure of the effects for the sole and exclusive benefit of the crown; and had no intelligence, till long after the confiscation, ef his majesty's intentions to relinquish his right in favor of the Heet and army, that his presence at Statia was adsolutely necessary for some time; that during that period, he had planned two expeditions, one against Curacva, the other against Surinain, and was upon the point of putting them into execution, when he received intelligence of the approach of de Grasse, whose fieet was reported to consist of no more than 12 sail af the line; and that consequently he thought Sir Samuel Hood a sufficient match with fifteen.
An humble address, remonstrance and petition of the lord may-er, alderman and livery of the city of London was agreed to, and ordered to be presented to his majesty sitting on the throne. The king determining to receive it at the levee, the mode of thus presenting it was declined. It was however published. The language and sentiments of it are peculiariy striking aman.“ It is (they say) with iaexpressible concern, that we lrave heard your majesty declare in your speech to both houses of parliament, your intention of persevering in a system of measures which has proved so disastrous to this country. Your majesty's ministers have by false. assertions and fallacious suggestions, deluded your majesty anit, the nation, into the present unnatural and unfortunate war.--upo?
The consequences of this delusion have been, that the trade of this s country has suffered irreparable losses: the landed property thro? : the kingdom has been depreciated to the most alarming degrees the property of your majesty's subjects, vested in the public funds, has lost above one third of its value : private credit has been al- » . most wholly anniltilated, by enormous interest given in the pubs : lic loans, superior to that which is allowed by law in any private contract: your niajesty's fleets have lost their wonted superiority your arınies have been captured: your dominions have been lost :: and your majesty's faithful subjects have been loaded with a burden of taxes, which even if our victories liad been as splendid as: our defeats have been digraceful, it our accession of dominion had been as fortunate as the dismemberment of the empire has been cruel and disastrous, could not in itself be considered but a great!.. and grievous calamity. We beseech your majesty no longer to continue in a delusion, from which the nation has awakened .. and that your majesty will be graciously pleased to relinquish en..* tirely, and for ever, the plan of reducing our brethren in Ames, rica to obedience by force. We further humbly implore your majesty, that your majesty will be graciously pleased to discuss from your presence and councils, all the advisers both public and .. secret, of the measures we lament, as a pledge to the world of your majesty's fixed determination to abandon a system incoms . patible with the interests of your crowll, and the happiness of your people.”
On the day appointed [12th.] for voting the army supplies, the house of commons was early and uncommonly crowded. The op 'n position foreseeing the difficulties ministry would be under was in . duced to bring forward certain motions, which might discover the Bumber of those in the house, who with respect to their generat. political sentiments, agreed in opinion with them on the prosecur , tion of the war. A coalition from all parties was designed, for the sole purpose of obliging the crown to put an end to the attempt : of reducing Americans to obedience by force. Sir James Lowtheri moved" that all our efforts to subjugate America have been fruita. Jess, either for the purpose of supporting our friends, or conquer-, ing our enemies; and that it is the opinion of this house, that alt: future attempts to reduce the Americans to obedience by force, will be ineffectual and injurious to the true interests of this coun-, try, by weakening her powers to resist her ancient and confederatedenemies." These motions were opposed by the whole strength. to government which however produced but a small majority, the numbers, for them being 179, and against them 220. This sufficiently showed a prevailing change of sentiment in regard to