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ches towards Boston, i. 407. com. people in England and Ireland to mands a body of troops in an ex- the American war, ii. 43. pedition to Canada, and arrives at

B. Point Levi, 408. looses the op- Balfour, colonel, sends a force portunity of surprising Quebec, to take Wilmington in North-Ca. 409. joins general Montgomery, rolina, iii. 169. sends a written 430. takes the command of the answer to general Greene's dewhole force on Montgomery's mand of the reasons for the exe. death, ii. 23. retreats from Mon- cution of colonel Hayne, 241. treal, 68. is appointed by general Balloons, the air, iii. 356. Gates to command the American Baltimore, the inhabitants of, fleet on Lake Champlain, 143. is seize the provincial magazine, ii. defeated by the British feet, 146. 330. bravely opposes the British troops Bandole, Mr. de, chaplain to under general Tryon, 196. re- the French embassy, delivers a lieves Fort Schuyler, (attacked by discourse before congress, on acSt. Leger and Johnson) 239. count of the capture of the army storms the Germanintrenchments, under lord Cornwallis, iii. 264. and is wounded, 257. negociates Bank of North America incorfor delivering West Point into the porated, iii. 268. opens and is cf hands of Sir H. Clinton, iii. 129. eminent service to the financier, sails for the Chesapeak and lands 294. in Virginia, 177. returns to New- Barras, Mr.de, the French ad.. York, 210. goes against New- miral, sails froin Rhode Island, London, 249.

iii. 251. arrives in the Chesapeak.. Articles of peace, the provision. 253. al, ii. 362.

Barre, colonel, his speech in the Asgill, captain, designated for debate on the stamp-act, i. 112. *retaliation and sent forward, iii. gives rise to the title of Sons of 316. allowed his parole and other Liberty, 117, his declarations on indulgences, 304. receives the re- the resolutions and address of pare, solves of congress for setting him liament concerning the Massaat liberty, and a passport for go- chusetts assembly and town of ing into New York, together with Boston, 170. his speech against a polite letter from general Wash- the bill for the administration of ington, 319.

justice in Massachusetts, 232. Ashe, general, defeated by lieut. Barrington, admiral, his suc.. col. Provost, ii. 415, 416. cessful cruise in the bay of Bis

Associations against the con- cay, iii. 304. sumption of British manufactures, Barton, lieutenant colonel, suri. 110. An association between prises and carries off general Pres. the New-York and Connecticut cot from Rhode Island, ii. 213. sons of liberty, 134. The Virgi. Battle of Breed's hill, erronenians and North-Carolinians en- ously called Bunker's hill, i. 350, ter into associations against iin- 351, 352. on Long-Island, ii. 98. porting, 172.

at White Plains, 118. at Trena Attempts to sow discord between ton, 152, 153. at Princeton, 156. the civil and military powers of at the Brandywine, 223. at Gerthe United States, iii. 358. inantown, 232. between general

Aversion of the lower class of Herkimer and Sir John Johnson,

237. at Bennington, 243. be- ed, 30. The sufferings of the Bos. tween the armies under generals tonions during the siege, 33, 34. Gates and Burgoyne, 248, 254. Bouille, the marquis de, takes at Monmouth, 357. at Stoney Dominica, ii. 418. his humanity Ferry, 438. between lord Corn. to the shipwrecked British sailors, wallis and Gates, iii. 102. at iii. 146. He goes against and King's Mountain, between major takes Tobago, 221. surprises St. Ferguson and the Americans, 118. Eustatia, 275. takes St. Kitt's, between general Morgan, and 283. lieutenant colonel Tarleton, 160. Bounties, excessive, paid to reat Guilford court-house, between cruits in the Massachusetts, iii. lord Cornwallis and general 334. Greene, 173. between lord Raw. Braddock, general, defeated, i.. don and Greene, 189, at Eutaw, 95. between Greene and lieut. colonel Bristol near Rhode Island, fire Stewart, 243.

ed upon by the British shipping, Baylor, lieutenant colonel, his i. 402, 403. i horse surprised, ii. 391.

British troops under general Bedford, British expedition Knyphausen make an excursion against, in the Massachusetts, ii. from Staten Island to Elizabeth376.

town, iii. 58. fire Spring-field, 60. Berckel, Mr. Van, pensionary return to Staten-Island, 61. ; of Amsterdam, directs the sign- Brownists, the rise of them, i. ing of an eventual treaty between 15. they are persecuted, 16. flee Holland and the United States of to Holland, 17. sail for North America, iii. 94. Mr. Peter Van America, 18. fix at New PlyBerckel, the Dutch ambassador, mouth, 19. their civil principles, has a public audience of congress, 20. in church government become 374.

congregationalists or independBermuda, powder taken out of ents, 21. their religious sentithe magazine at, i. 409. ments, 22..

Bernard, governor, his admini- Burgoyne, general, commands stration in the Massachusetts, i. the royal northern army, ii. 203. : 99. offends Mr. Otis, 100, is re- issues out an uncommon procla- : called, 182,

mation, 205. appears before TyBills for regulating the Mas- conderoga, 206. pursues the A. sachusetts government, and the mericans by water to Skeensboimpartial administration of jus- rough, 208. arrives at fort Edtice, excite the utmost resent- ward, 210. sends a detachment ment in the colonies, i. 247. towards Bennington, 242. his

Boston port-bill, produced uni- letter to general Gates, 245. He versal indignation in America, in passes the Hudson's river, and 237. the day for shutting up the encamps at Saratoga, 348. engaport observed as a day of fasting ges the Americans, ibid. his army at Williamsburgh, at Philadel. in the utmost distress, 258. re. phia, and other places, 239. The treats to Saratoga, 260. has his distress of the inhabitants of Bos- retreat to fort Edward cut off, ton, 415. many of their houses 263. concludes a convention with and stores plundered by the sol- general Gates, 265. diers, ii. 29. The town evacuat- Burial of gen. Frazer, ii. 259.

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Burke ,Mr. bis reforms, iii. 302. cans, settled by generals Philips

Butler, American colonel, his and Lincoln, üi. 135. expedition against the Indians and · Caucus and caucusing, the tories, ii. 398.

meaning of these words, often used at Boston, i. 240.

Cedars, the Americans there, Caldwell, Mrs. killed by the surrendered the fort, ii. 65. Major royal troops, iii. 58.

Sherburne is defeated in attempt. Campbell, Archibald, lieut. col. ing to relieve the place, ibid. Geordered into close confinement, ii. neral Arnold concludes a cartel 162. set against Georgia, beats for the exchange of the prisoners, the American general Howe, and 66. subdues the state, 403.

Chamblee taken, i. 426. Canada, the emancipation of it Charlestown, opposite to Boslaid aside by congress, ii. 401. ton, fired by order of general

. Canadians, they decline acting Gage and destroyed, i. 352. against the colonists, i. 423. are

in South Carolina alienated by the bad conduct of founded, i. 59. the first English the American troops, ii. 62. collector established there, 60.

Carleton, Sir Guy, plans a the general committee of the scheme for recovering Tyconde« place call a provincial congress, roga and Crown Point, i. 423. is 277. the inhabitants determinedefeated, 427. escapes to Quebec, upon resisting the measures of 428. turns all the suspected out ministry, 332. the town the obof the city, 430. his humane treat- ject of Sir Peter Parker's and gement of the American prisoners, neral Clinton's offensive operaii. 61. marches out to attack the tions, ii. 80. the fort on SulliAmericans, 62. exercises fresh van's island attacked, 82. Charleshumanity towards his prisoners, ton taken by Sir H. Clinton, iii. 66. defeats the American fleet on 52, evacuated by the British, 328. Lake Champlain, 146. is preven

, frigate taken, iii. 334. ted advancing immediately to Ty Chatham, lord, his speech, Jan. conderoga, 146. withdraws from 1775, i. 286. May, 1777, ii. Crown Point and returns to Ca- 188. his fainting in the house of nada, 148. arrives at New-York lords, and subsequent death, 340. to, command the royal forces in Cherry Valley attacked by the America, iii. 293. breaks up the Indians and tories, ii. 400. board of associated loyalists, 319. Chester, the county palatine has an interview with general and city of, have representatives Washington, 367. sends word to allowed them, i. 44. the president of congress that he Chevaux de Frise of Philadel. should lose no time in evacuating phia, ii. 231. New-York, 375.

Church, doctor, his corresponCarolina settled, i. 55. an in- dence with a British officer in surrection in the colony, for Boston detected, i. 410. . which Culpeper, is tried by virtue Cincinnati, the society of, iii.' of the statute of Henry VIII. 60. 383. . Carolina is divided in North and Clair, St. general, his force at South, 63.

Tyconderoga, ii. 205. he conCartel for British and Ameri- cludes on evacuating that and

Mount Independence, 206. the land, i. 38. the colonies not set. rear of his troops attacked by ge- tled at the expence of the Enneral Frazer, 208. he joins gene- glish government, Georgia exral Schuyler, 2 10.

cepted, 72. Jealousies of theirClarke, colonel, his expedition aiming at independence, 79. Mo. into the Indian country, ii. 390. nies granted them by the British against the lieutenant governor parliament to assist their extraorof Detroit, col. Hamilton, 435. dinary exertions in the war with

Clark, colonel, marches to Au. France, 98. they early deny the gusta, and attacks lieutenant col. parliamentary right of taxation, Brown, but is obliged to retreat, 110. iii. 115, 116.

Commissioners, the Ainerican Clergy of New England, i. board of, established, i. 147. they 273.

retire to Castle Williain, 158. Clinton, Sir H. his expedition

, the British, send a against forts Montgomery and letter, &c. to congress, ii. 351. Clinton, ii. 252. He arrives at their negociations, 377. they apPhiladelphia to take the cominand peal to the people at large, 379.: of the British troops, 326. eva. publish a valedictory manifesto, cuates Philade iphia, 352. engages ibid. the Americans near Monmouth Committees of correspondence. court-house, 351. his design between Boston and the other against Georgia, 402, takes Sto. towns of the Massachusetts, prony-point, 434. his expedition to posed by Mr. James Warren, and South Carolina, ii. 44. takes established, i. 241. Charleston, 51, issues out procla- Committee, the, appointed by mations before his return to New congress to inquire into the con. York, 67. prepares to attack the duct of the British and Hessian French at Rhode Island, 65. sends generals and officers towards the general Leslie with 3000 troops Americans, make their report, ii. to Virginia, 135. sends agents 191. '. to treat with the Pennsylvania Common Sense, Mr. Paine's revolters, 152. sends Arnold to pamphlet so entitled, promotes Virginia, 177. forwards thither the spirit of independency, i. 73. 2000 more troops under general Complaints against the AmeriPhilips, 178.

can officers and soldiers, ii. 104. Clinton, the American gover- that there are many bad officers nor, by a spirited exertion, pre- among them, no cause of surprise, vents the disbandınent of Wash- 115. ington's arıny through the want Conciliatory motion of lord of bread, iii. 137.

North in regard to America, i. Coin, French, found early in 301. his conciliatory propositions, the Massachusetts, i. 28. ii. 336. · Collier, Sir George, takes the Confederation, the articles of, American frigate Hancock, ii. ii, 286. the confederation com304. destroys the American fleet pleted, iii. 180. at Penobscot, iii. 17.

Congregationalists, or indepen. Colonies, the sentiments of the dents, settle at New Plymouth in New England with respect to the America, i. 19. their civil and parliamentary acts of Old Eng- religious principles, 20, 22.

Congregational church in the on, 401. recommended to New Massachusetts, the first formed at Hampshire the establishing of a Salem, i. 25.

form of government, 419. . the · Congress, American, the first, same' to South Carolina, 420. i. 77. the Congress at Albany, in likewise to Virginia, ibid. they 1754, form a plan of union of all conclude upon the number of men the colonies, 90. the plan not to form the new army, 421. deo approved of by the British minis- clare against any particular colotry, and another substituted by ny's petitioning the king, 422. them, ibid. Dr. Franklin's re- threaten retaliation, and deter, marks upon the ministerial plan, mine upon building thirteen fri. 91. the congress of 1765 meet, gates, 423. permit the inhabi. 120. measures taken for a new tants of the united colonies to fit congress by the Massachusetts, out armed vessels, and resolve 240. by Maryland, 241. by South that no slaves be imported into Carolina, 242. by Connecticut, any of the colonies, ii. 39. order ibid. by Pennsylvania and Virgi- the secret committee to endeavor nia, 243. by Rhode Island, 244. to discover whether the French the congress meet and write to mean to act for or against Amegeneral Gage, 258, 259. make a rica, 76. they conclude upon à declaration of rights, ibid. enter declaration of independence, 87. into an association, 261. address adopt a new code for the governthe people of Great Britain, 262. ment of the army, 113. appoint draw up a memorial to the inha- commissioners to the court of bitants of British America, 263. France, 138, refuse to ratify geaddress his majesty, 264. address neral Arnold's cartel with capt. the inhabitants of Canada, 266. Forster, 140. adjourn to Baltia dissolve themselves, 267. more, 142. they vest general

, a new one, meet, i. Washington with full powers for 335. wish to keep the door open six months, 159. resolve on sendfor an accommodation, 336. their ing commissioners to Vienna, proceedings, 345. agree upon a Spain, Prussia, and Tuscany, 160. second petition to the king, 346. advise making their bills of cre. stile the colonies The Twelve dit a legal tender, 163. approve United Colonies, and advise the Washington's conduct as to a Massachusetts to take up govern- cartel, 215. resolve what shall ment, 346. they resolve to emit be the flag of the Thirteen Unibills of credit for the defence of ted States, 216. the opinion of America, 363. agree on a decla- congress concerning Mr. Deane's ration, setting forth the causes agreement with Mr. Coudray and of their taking up arms, 369. other French gentlemen, 217. sign the petition to the king, and they confer on the marquis de la address the inhabitants of Great Fayette the rank and commission Britain, 370. are joined by Geor- of major general in the American gia, 371. address the people of army, 218. make regulations, Ireland, 374. express their opi- which oblige the commissary genion on lord North's conciliatory neral, Mr. Joseph Trumbull, to plan, ibid. adjourn, 377. the re- resign his commission, 220. acts solution of congress with a view of congress, 284, 293. they recal to the securing of governor Try. Mr. Silas Deane from Paris, 295.

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