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would likely receive it and bestow a plain frame to it, and give it perbaps, at your request, a place in one of the most public of his rooms. It may not be unentertaining to a Traveller. You see I am willing the Publick may see that it is a building of consequence--but this inter nos.

Ralph BIGLAND." « Dear Sir,

April 11, 1769. The Print of the Office pleases me beyond any thing I have yet seen. I am sorry I cannot be of that service in the sale as I could wish, there being few here that are curious. However, I have taken the methods you recommended, by sending one Plate to Durham, and fixing another up in the chief Inn here. As to the other six, I have got them sold to some acquaintances. This design has given me a hint, and almost a spur, to have a Plate engraven of all the old Bishops' Seals in this County, and also of the several Corporations and Hospitals, of which we have many. I must beg to ask you a question, if not impertinent-what the Plate might cost you engraving? Mr. Sherwin engraves boldly ; and, if I determine on the above plan, shall trouble you to get it executed by him. Inclosed I send you a specimen of our present Bishop's Seal (which will not bear the examination of an Engraver); it is the first attempt. The middle parts are my own etching; but it is an Art I have no inclination to proceed in. You will be surprised when I tell you I am commenced Printer, and have got a little Press, and a small Font of Letters, to amuse an idle hour. Inclosed is a poor specimen.” Yours, &c. GEO. ALLAN." “ Dear Sir,

London, 30th June, 1769. “ I received your favour dated the 20th inst, with the Inscription for Mr. Noble's Monuinent. I much commend your generous disposition to preserve the remembrance of a good man.

“ I have been with the Copper-plate Printer, and mentioned your request. If you please to leave it to me, when you think proper to send the Plate to my care, I will do in every respect as if it was my own. The paper I had for our Plate I buy of one Mr. Boydell *, one of the first if not only importer of the proper paper for the copper-plate work in London. It comes chiefly from France; the English made is too smooth or fine for it.

I now return my best thanks for the trouble you have taken about the Prints of our Office. The Plate cost about 48l. ; including the first drawing, a correct one for the Graver, for which we paid nine guineas, and two guineas for drawing the Arms; The remainder to the different Engravers for their execution of the work. Upon the whole, it is dear enough; but we could not get it cheaper. Good Gravers will be paid for what they do. R. B."

[Undated.] “When I recollect the many kindnesses I have had the honour to receive from you, and the place you have been pleased to grant me in your friendship; I have the boldness to suppose that a Letter, though so far distant in date from my last, and which brings a petition, will neither surprize you, nor be disagreeable.

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• Afterwards the munificent and patriotic Alderman; see vol. III. p. 411.


Permit me in the first place to congratulate you on your promotion*, and add my sincere wishes for a long enjoyment of it.

"A most worthy and ingenious young man of Newcastle, whose name is Lambert, and for whom I have a great esteem, is likely to be out of bread in April next. He has been for some years Clerk to a Counsellor there ; writes a fine hand; but his talent and favourite study is Heraldry. He draws Arms, &c. remarkably well, also in perspective, and has the greatest desire to be employed in your Office, if possible. He has not the confidence to place his expectations high, nor the ambition to desire any thing considerable. If you, therefore, can be of any service to him, it will make him completely happy—and the greatest of obligations conferred on one who cannot bear to see merit in distress.

“I have a few tokens to send you soon, which I hope will be acceptable; and am your ever obliged humble servant, G.ALLAS." “ DEAR SIR,

London, April 1, 1775. “ Being very sensible of the obligations and civilities I have received from you, you may naturally conclude that nothing in my power shall be wanting to serve Mr. Lambert, whom you so deservingly recommend, in case of any vacancy in our Office; but at present there is no opening for it. I have had some letters from Mr. Lambert, and have seen some pretty specimens of his genius for the science; but at present and as we have been for a long time past fixed with a Clerk, who is not only clever, but also a complete Penman, and now so well acquainted in the practice and custom of what we have to do, and being of great utility to us) we cannot possibly think of another, as long as we can continue him.--I suppose you have made a further increase to your Family ; if so, and you will please to favour me with the names of your children, with the dates of their births, I will add them to your Pedigree. I remain, &c. RALPH BIGLAND, Clarenceux."

* Ralph Bigland, Esq. Bluemantle, 1757 ; Somerset and Registrar, 1763; Norroy King of Arms in May 1773; Clarenceux in August 1774; and Garter in March 1780. He died March 27, 1784, æt. ;3 There is an engraving of him in bis Library, inscribed, “ Ralph Big. land, Somerset Herald; created Garter Principal King at Arms, ed March, 1784, aged seventy-three. R. Brompton pinx. C. Townley fecit, 1771.". The date of his death and his age have been added, the Portrait having been engraved in his life-time, when he was only an Herald.—The great Collections which he had made for an History of Gloucestershire were intended to have been arranged, and given by bim to the Publick; and in 1792, one Volume was published by his Son, under the title of “ Historical, Monumental, and Genealogical Collections relating to the County of Gloucester, taken from the Original Papers of the late Ralph Bigland, Esq. Garter Principal King of Arms; printed by John Nichols, for Richard Bigland of Frocester, in the County of Gloucester, Esq." Noble's College of Arms.--This Volume was publisbed in occasional Parts ; and Ten Numbers of a Second Volume bad appeared, when from a derangement in the pecuniary concerns of the Editor, and afterwards from his death, the Collections remained unfnished. There is a possibility, however, that they may yet be completed ; the Plates for the whole being actually engraved, and the Monumental Inscriptions transcribed. But of this bereafter.


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Extracts from Letters between Mr. PENNANT * and Mr. ALLAN. (See p. *364.)

Downing, Jan. 27, 1775. “I beg leave to borrow from you a little knowledge respecting the Bishoprick of Durham, by the favour of our good friend your Prelate. The specimen of your qualifications, which his Lordship was so kind as to lend me, encourages me to hope for information; only let me premise, that I do not desire that depth of enquiry as is shewn in that book. I wish only for as much as a Traveller may be supposed to collect in his Journey; and as much as will satisfy a Reader of Travels, and such matter as will enliven the work. In my return from Holland in 1772, I took a review of Durham, and was much ashamed that I should take such slight notice of so capital a place. I shall, in the Travels now in hand, have occasion to describe it again; therefore wish for such hints that have been omitted by prior Describers. Permit me to enquire after the powers and jurisdiction of the Bishops; if any very singular tenures attend any of his manors ? Who founded Newcastle bridge, and how came the Bishops liable to its support?. Does not the Bishop maintain the Judges of Assize during the Circuit? What other antient and customary acts of hospitality? Do all the estates in the Bishoprick hold of the Bishop ?

“ Please to favour me with the names of the parishes from Gateshead to Durham that the road passes through; also from Durham to Aukland, and thence to Piers-bridge. I have been pretty full in my notes, but these I could not learn. These I mention, that in case any singular monument be found, or any singular event happened in any, I may be favoured with an account.-I shall digress to Brancepeth castle on one side, and to Raby on the other. I wish for an account of the foundation of both; their transitions from family to family; or any great event that befell them. An account of the tombs in Brancepeth Church. Who is the Knight the Sexton calls Sir Brandon ? The same of a cross-legged Knight in Whitworth Church-yard. I shall now stop, in mercy to you, and respect to my own character-otherwise you must exclaim at this first instance of my avidity. “I am, Sir, your most obedient humble servant, T. Pennant." To the Bishop of DURHAM (Dr. EGERTON. See p. 384.] “ MY LORD,

Feb. 26, 1775. In consequence of the honour your Lordship did me in mentioning my name to Mr. Pennant, I received the favour of a Lecter from him, with some queries respecting this County; but my absence from home for some time past, on particular business, prevented me giving him any answer before this. One of Mr. Pennant's queries is,—Who founded Newcastle Bridge, and how came the Bishop liable to its support? As this question seems to concern your Lordship, I have been more particular in tracing it out than perhaps was any way necessary for Mr. Pennant's ina

* In the Preface to the Third Volume of Mr. Pennant's “Scotch Tour," he acknowledges in general terms the assistance of Mr. Allan ; wbich (it will appear from these Letters) was very considerable.


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formation, but I hope it may give your Lordship some satisfaetion, in reading over those papers before they are sent to Mr. Pennant, who desired me to transmit any papers to him urder direction to your Lordship. I intend to answer the rest of his queries as soon as I possibly can, and by my next to make good my promise to your Lordship, in sending copies of the Charters of Greatham and Gateshead Hospitals *. I am, &c. G. ALLAX." “ Sir,

Feb. 26, 1775. “ I received your favour in due course of post; but, having been from home in Yorkshire for near three weeks, on particular business, prevented me answering your several particular queries. I now send you all the account I am able to give of Tyne Bridge, and Branspeth ; out of which you may, perhaps, cull some hints for your Tour. As your question respecting Tyne Bridge in part concerns the Bishop of Durham, I have been a little particular in tracing it farther than may seem necessary for your purpose, with a view of giving his Lordship an opportunity of reading it, as comes through his hands to you. The rest of your Letter shall be answered as soon as I possibly can ; and I shall think myself extremely happy to transmit you any information in my power respecting the County. I have a small parcel to send my friend Mr. Grose, of Wandsworth, wherein I will inclose for you a copy of my Collections of Sherburn Hospital, with some other things relative to this County*. I am, &c. G. ALLAR."

Downing, March 7, 1775 My grateful thanks are due for your late favour, and for the valuable present on its road. I shall write to the worthy Mr. Grose about forwarding it; as I am forced to make a hiatus of multitudes of pages for the use of your materials ; i. e. from Newcastle to Pierce Bridge. I reached Newcastle last Saturday, and, notwithstanding it is so dirty a place, shall stay in it as long as I find any thing worth notice t. If you have any topographical references to make, I must beg leave to say, I have Armstrong's great Map of Northumberland, the same of Durham, and the enormous Map of Yorkshire. In my first Tour I was idle ; but, since the Publick have honoured me with their attention, I shall strive not to disappoint their hopes.

“ Can you favour me with the reason of the name of Pierce Bridge # As soon as I get to town, the latter end of May, 1 must beg your acceptance, in kind, for your book.

“One that writes much for the Publick must be excused for writing little to the private Friend. Let that, Sir, apologize for my brevity, and the sudden return to a repetition of thanks from your much obliged, and most obedient servant, Tho. Pennant."

Downing, March 29, 1775. “ Accept my best thanks for two pacquets. As one contains a printed account, let me beg to know if the MS. is not intended for the press, that I may return it. I am but a gleaner of what

"These Letters are in my Grand-fatber's hand-writing, and I presume bad been composed for my Father to copy on his return home." G. A. Jun. + See his Scottish Tour, vol. III. pp. 325—344. • Ibid. p. 344

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I like ; so that your fuller account will be very acceptable to the publick, who cannot expect so much from me, an errant passen. ger. I have been very unsuccessful in getting an account of certain Portraits in Lumley Castle, which I am very desirous of. Several I have described, but there were some that were placed so high, that, for want of a step-ladder, I could not read the inscription. Annexed are my desiderata*. Favour me with the names and dates also on any others, with a brief description of dress, and the size of the portrait, i, e. full, or half length.

1. A half-length profile, white beard, ships. [ Pater Patriæ, Andreas Auria.' A three-quarter profile, in black; collar of the Fleece; a white staff right hand, glove left; a prospect of the sea and ships ; a long white beard ; black cap; dagger in girdle t.]

“ 2. A full length; cross on his breast; [ruff round neck; red stockings; white shoes ;] spear in his hand; [in complete armour; view sea ; on the curtain this inscription: Garcia Garmiento Cuna Capitan de .. arda del vy rey .. gille y de una Gallera 1.)

“ 3. A half-length, robust man, in green; a red sash; a sportsman. [On his gun'T.W.ætatis 42. MDL.' Above his head, “Mr. T. Windham, drowned on the coast of Guinea in Africa ş.']

4. A lady, plain faced ; odd dress ; (1560. The Countess of Lincoln, the fair Geraldine il, daughter to the Earl of Kildare.]

“ N.B. I have noted these : Earl of Essex; Sir Thomas More; Queens Mary and Elizabeth ; Edward VI.; Earl of Surrey; Robert (Ambrose) Earl of Warwick; Sir J. Williain) Peters (Secretary to King Henry VIII.] ; first Earl of Bedford.—Paracelsus (I think wrong named); [1545; Philippus Theophrastus Paracelsus Aureolus ; bald, in black, both hands on a sword, on the knob at sword-hilt AZOT; round his neck is pendant a red string. yellow ball, and at it a red tassel.--Sir Anthony Browne sæt. 30]; John Lord Lumley, (1563, a three-quarter, bearded, a ring sus pended from his neck by a small black ribbon.]-[Jane Fitzalan, daughter to Henry Earl of Arundel, first wife to John Lord Lumley, three-quarters, in black robes, gloves in hand, and small ruft.] -John Lord Lumley (son of George, 1580, æt. 54, full length, in complete armour, right hand on helmet.]-John Lord Lumley, [1591, a full length,ina

scarlet robe, double furred, a glove and hand in right hand, a white beard, small black skull-cap.]-[Robert] Earl of Salisbury ; [three-quarter, in black; a bell on table, and a letter directed to him by all his titles; above head, 'Sero, sed serio;' the George pending in a green ribbon.]-Duke of Suffolk 1598 (no such person then).-[Radcliffe] Earl of Sussex, [a full length, in armour, a staff in right hand, sword in left, resting on it ; * Amando et fidando troppo son rouinato.' On

. The whole that is printed within hooks are Mr Allau's elucidations. + Tour in Scotland, ed. 1790, vol. III. 327. Ibid. 327. § Ibid. 526.

ii The “Fair Geraldine," celebrated so highly by the Earl of Surrey, was third wife of Edward Earl of Lincoln. But so ill-favoured is this Picture, that Mr. Peniant ascribes it to the first wife, Elizabeth Blunt. “ Geraldine was the young wife of his old age. Her Portrait at Woburn represents ber an object worthy the sen of the amurous Surry." Ibid. 392. Vol. VIII.

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