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EXTRACTS of LETTERS between Mr. ALLAN and

Mr. Gough.

" SIR,

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Enfield, Middleser, Oct. 28, 1775. “ I take the first opportunity to acknowledge the very obliging present of your Publications relative to the History and Antiquities of the County Palatine of Durham; and to wish you success in your enquiries, and health and leisure to prosecute them. It is a part of the Kingdom of which much remains to be said, and for which, if I am not misinformed, great Collections have been made. You are certainly well acquainted with them all, whether by Mr. Mickleton, Mr. Spearman, Dr. Smith, or Dr. Hunter. I am preparing a new Edition of the “ Topography;' and, that nothing may be wanting to make it as complete as the Publick can wish, have applied, under each County, to the gentlemen most likely to give me the necessary information. To you, Sir, I address myself for your Palatinate, and hope to rank your Collections on the same line with those who have gone before you. Any anecdotes about them, or others that may have fallen in your way, will be very acceptable; and any corrections of errors you may have observed in my first edition. I am, Sir, your obliged humble servant, R. Gough."

December 5, 1775. “Your Letter should not have been so long unanswered, had I been master of my own time. The hurry in business, and absence from home of late, was the true reason; and one more excuse for delay was, seeing a letter from you the same post to my friend Mr. Cade, which I find has been fully answered by him.

“ As to Mr. Mickleton, Mr. Spearman, Dr. Smith, Dr. Hunter, and Mr. Gyll, I refer you to the inclosed papers *.

An exact copy of the extracts that were communicated by Mr. Rudd to Bp. Gibson, for the Britannia, I have.

“ The Legend of St. Cuthbert, which you mentioned to be in Isaac Thompson's possession, with Hunter's additions, I was favoured with about ten years ago, and transcribed the greatest part thereof. About two months ago, I solicited for a new loan thereof; and, if I can procure it, intend to kill an idle hour in reprinting it. I wish any of the other copies you mention could be come at; if we could trace them in proper hands, I cannot think there would be a refusal.

“ The Chapter of Durham are so tenacious of their rights, that I am afraid there will be no coming at the collection transcribed by Bp. Cosin's order. However, I will make interest with some of the Prebendaries to copy Oliver's Charter and Letter for founding the College there, from the Originalst. The Charter was printed by Peck, from a copy he had from Mr. Baker, but See before, pp. 282–288.

+ See before, p. *361.

very * See before, pp. 328.691.

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very erroneous. Mine may be depended on; since that, have got some additions from the originals.- Patrick Sanderson of Dur. ham, a Scotch Bookseller there, has re-published Davies anu Richardson's former publications, with some trifling additions.

" Bp. Hugh's Charter to Durham, you know, I have got engraven at my own expence. -A copy of Rawlinson's MS. intituled Origo Episcopatûs Dunelm.' I have.

“ Bedford's publication of Symeon Dunelmensis, I believe, is become very scarce. I now have the original MS. at my elbow, and am comparing it with Bedford's copy, whom I find a faithful copyist. It is beautifully written in the text hand, and as fair as if done a year ago. This favour I obtained from our present worthy Bishop [Dr. Egerton), to whose Library I have free access, and doubt not meeting with something yet with-held from the publick. This is the Library founded by Bp. Cosin.

“ Some years ago I applied to my friend Mr. Bigland, of the Heralds’Office, for sketches of the Arms in Durham Cathedral, and Hatfield's Monument, from Dugdale's MSS. The latter he was so obliging as send, but imagine the Arms had slipt his memory.

“The screen behind the Altar has been elegantly engraved, from a drawing by Ebdon, a Durham gentleman (apprentice to Payne the Architect); who also published a beautiful inside view of the Church, inscribed to the late Dean Cowper.

The Views painted by Buck are still in the Castle at Durham.

“ Can you procure me the engravings, by Dr. Rawlinson, of the Grants of Lands at Wyton, Escumbe, and Stanhope, from Bp. Beck? There was another Visitation of this County (and the last) by Richard St. George and others in 1666. There is an origi. nal of that in 1576, not 1575, by Flower, in the hands of Daniel Craster, Esq. of which I have been favoured with a copy.

A large Map of the County (four sheets) was engraved by T. Jeffrey from a survey made by Captain Armstrong, in 1768.

“To the Prints already published in this County, you will not forget to add your friend Mr. Cade's View of Darlington Church*, engraved by Rooker, from a drawing of Samuel Wilkinson's (late an Innkeeper in this Town). Mr. Bailey, an ingenious young Artist in this neighbourhood, and who has been patronised by Mr. Grose, is now at work on a perspective view of the Town, as you will see by the Proposals inclosed. If you can procure him any Subscriptions, you will much oblige me, as I put him on the Work.--I think I have now run over your Anecdotes of Durham; and for further particulars refer you to the inclosed, as you desired them in your Letter to Mr. Cade. As to my own Collections, they are voluminous, but as yet like my deceased Friend's; however, they will amuse me these long winter evenings, and, perhaps, fall into some order by next year.

" The copy of the Britannia' you mention in Mr. Williams's hands, I heard of, and endeavoured to borrow it; but, on enquiry, found it was carried into the East Indies by its owner, who lost his life there about three years ago. Geo. Allan,"

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Enfield, Dec. 21, 1775. “ I take the first opportunity of acknowledging your very obliging communications, which have afforded me such full information. The article about Dr. Hunter I had before received from Mr. Cade. — If Bp Gibson inserted all Mr. Rudd's extracts into his · Britannia,'I need not trouble you: but should there be any thing material omitted, shall hope to receive it at your leisure.

“ I should be glad to be certain that the copy of the 'Britannia,' full of MS notes by Roger Gale, was in my hands. His fine Library was sold to Osborn, who retailed it in a Catalogue before I had an opportunity of attending to such things. I since purchased this Book at a lower price, by the fluctuation of Literary Property. But, though it is said in some later hand to have MS marginal Additions by Thomas Gale, I think they are written in the hand of Roger: and the book is by no means full. They are very sparingly interspersed. I have seen a letter from a Mr. Robinson, of Wycliffe, offering to procure, for the Antiquarian Society, a copy of the Britannia,' by Gibson, with very large Additions by Roger Gale, who lost no opportunity for procuring information. It is there said to be in the Library at Scruton: but that Library, as you observe, has since been dispersed.

A very fine Library, collected in the last age by Proctor Alexander, was laid up in chests in his country-house for his heirs, till the books were so mouldy they were hardly worth selling, when brought to auction, about twenty years ago. That your valuable Collections may share a better fate, if they are digested for the public advantage by their present owner, is the sincere wish of, Sir, your obedient andobliged servant, R. GOUGH." “ SIR,

Sept. 15, 1776. A severe fit of illness, and absence from home, made me throw aside all papers in my favourite study; that has delayed my writing so long to you. Last week I accidentally called to see an old schoolfellow, Mr. Henry Gale, the grandson of Koger Gale the Antiquary. This gave me an opportunity of enquiring after that Gentleman's books and papers ; when I had the pleasure to hear him say, there were two or three MSS. left in the house, which he was so obliging as to shew me. You cannot imagine how my heart leaped for joy, when I looked over their contents, and found them all fairly wrote with his own hand, and containing such valuable papers. To double my joy, my Friend permitted me to take them home with me, and make what use I pleased of them. Inclosed I send you a Catalogue of what is contained in the First Volume; and in a few posts you shall have the Contents of the other. I have been thinking there might be some papers here worth transmitting to the publick, and which would be worthy of a place in the 'Archæologia ;' if you think 60, and will point them out, copies shall be sent you for that purpose. I suppose some of them may have been in print; and shall be much obliged to you to inforın me of what you know, and in what publications. You will be surprized when I tell

you,

“ Sir,

you, that I am determined to make a true transcript of all the Volumes ; and hope, before winter is over, to say, Eregi opus, having within these few days done 40 pages.

Mr. Norris left me this morning. We have been rambling about these four days, 10 entertain him as much as in my power. He is gone to Durham, where he will stay a week or two longer before he returns to town. He is very hearty.

“ When will the publick be favoured with your new Edition of the ` Anecdotes of British Topography ?" GEO. ALLAN."

Enfield, Oct. 4, 1776. “I take the first opportunity of congratulating you on the happy discovery of that invaluable treasure of Mr. Gale's Papers. Very few of them have been published, except indeed their substance may have been incorporated into Stukeley's, Horsley's, or other works. Amongst the rest, I meet with so many subjects that have continually occurred to me both in printed Books and MSS. that I most heartily wish to see them printed.—Methinks a piecemeal selection for the 'Archæologia,' or any other Collection, would not be doing them justice. It would certainly be worth while to print them all together, and perhaps to annex the scattered Essays of their Author in the Philosophical Transactions, &c.

If you approve this measure, for which you have the present Mr. Gale's full consent, and will favour me with the originals, or a copy, I will consult about the expence of printing them in a quarto volume. I will gladly contribute my assistance in superintending the publication, and my share of the charge. You can, I dare say, furnish Memoirs of the Author, or Authors, to be prefixed; and, if I do not build too much on your zeal and my own, I think we should make the literary publick no unacceptable present. Most of the subjects are as new as they are interesting, and this would be the only mode of preserving several non-descript Antiquities and Inscriptions.—Your thoughts on this matter will be very acceptable to, Sir,your obliged, &c. Ř. Gough." “ SIR,

Darlington, Oct. 18, 1777. “ The multiplicity of business in the course of this

year, and the necessity of some recess at Harrogate and the Sea-side for health, has made me break my word, in not getting so forward in the transcript of Mr. Gale's papers as I could have wished. However, not to trespass any longer on your patience, last Tuesday I sent you from hence, by a particular friend, all that I have copied. You will observe, I have endeavoured to class the subjects together as well as I eould, without regard to dates; and, by the Index sent some time ago, you may see what subjects remain uncopied, which I hope to finish in the course of this winter. I have interleaved the whole, and beg the favour of you to make any remarks or additions thereon you see proper. I sincerely wish to see them in print ; and think some Bookseller would venture on them.

“Mr. Hutchinson is going on with bis · Northumberland Tour. It will make two Quarto Volumes: the first will be

ready ready for publication before Christmas. I assisted him witha Mr. Gale's papers, which he has inserted in the notes. - Pray spare him a little more than you did on the Western Tour*. I shall be glad to hear the Book comes to hand. I expect my friends Mr. Norris and Mr. Cade to spend a few days with me next week.

Geo. ALLAN." “ SIR,

Enfield, Oct. 29, 1777. “ I received the MSS. &c. last night ; and, as I take the first opportunity of acknowledging it, you will easily imagine there will not have been tinue sufficient for me to have passed any judgment on the MSS, or your other communications.

By the extent of his Tour, one would hope, Mr. Hutchinson will leave nothing in Northumberland unexplored, or undescribed. Your Patronage is sufficient to protect him t, provided he profits by your judgment and friendship: but candour itself must allow his former publications had laid him open to criticism.

“ The Palatinate of Durham is much beholden to your additions to its Topographical and other articles. R. Gough." “ SIR,

Enfield, Nov. 16, 1777. “Having gone through Mr. Gale's Correspondence, I take the first opportunity of making my acknowledgements for your liberal communication of it, and the pleasure it afforded.--Mr. Norris desires the use of it, to read at the Society occasionally. 1 shall point out the unpublished pieces; and approve the thought of handing them to the publick by the ‘ Archæologia.'

The early Letters from and to Mr. Horsley are incorporated in his · Britannia.' Mr. Gale's description of the Corbridge plate is imperfectly printed in Wallis's Northumberland, and one or two papers already in the Archæologia.- By your new arrangement in transcribing, I can trace only sixty-five of the eighty-four Letters in the first Volume in your original Index; and what remain behind appear most new and interesting. You will not, therefore, blaine my impatient longing for them, nor will I withhold the praise due to your perseverance in transcribing them. They need no addition or comment.

“ I am to thank you for the account of Bp. Trevor, with the elegant Portrait, and the beginning of St. Cuthbert's Legend. Accept my wishes that the returning season may be to you an earnest of many years of health, and every opportunity of indulging your favourite pursuit for the advantage and illustration of the Palatinate.

R. Gough."

April 15, 1779. After so loug a silence, you will think I am turned idle, and totally thrown aside my Antiquarian researches. In less tħan ten days' time, you will find in the hands of Mr. Norris another Volume of Mr. Gale's MSS. which I hope will convince

* See Mr. Gough's strictures on that Tour in Gent. Mag. vol. XLVI. p. 446; vol. XLVII. p. 60; and his defence, vol. XLVI. p. 586.

+ See a somewhat more favourable Review of the “ History of Northuriberland," in Gent. Mag. vol. XLVIII. pp. 373. 507.

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“ SIR,

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