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A Monthly Magazine of Hoosier Progress

Vol. I.

\PRIL 1914

No. 1

R

1994

THE NEW YORK THE MAKING OF A STATE

PUBLIC LIBRARY By GEORGE S. COTTMAN

721883.A

ASTOR, LENOX H (Copyright Applied for by George S. Cottman)

TILDEN FOUNDATIONS The section marks ($) refer the reader to a fuller exposition of the particular subject in

the department "Indiana in Brief." Fundamental Factors: Soil, Climate, Stock and race, a congeries of minar nations that seem forever National Policy—A study of the influences that have on the border of anarchy. Briefly, the history of given direction, shape and character to the history South America and that of the United States since of Indiana carries the inquirer back not only to the the settlement of the two continents largely illusbeginnings of American history in the Mississippi trates the difference in stock. valley, but to more remote causes. For example, Australia, with an area almost equal to that of the what is the explanation of the phenomenal swift- United States, is little more than one vast barren ness (as history goes) with which this valley, which, waste, with a fringe of isolated civilization strung but a little more than a century ago, was one prime- along part of its coasts. val wilderness, has progressed to the high tide of

Of Asia, we are told by an authority, "cwing to its twentieth century civilization? Obviously, soil, climate, configuration and natural features of the coun

great extent from east to west the central parts, detry, stock and national policy are all factors which prived of moisture, are almost everywhere deserts,

and a belt around the western, southern and eastern collectively, have wrought results that for expediteness and inherent energy hardly find an analogy in

shores comprises nearly all that contributes to the the history of the world. A comparison with other

support of man.” continental portions of the globe presents some in

This same writer (Charles Maclaren) pointing out teresting contrasts. The most striking, perhaps, as

the superior natural advantages of the Americas as

a seat of civilization, maintains that “the new contipresenting differences imposed by the physical

nent, though less than half the size of the old, conbasis, is Africa. That vast continent, with its more

tains at least an equal quantity of useful soil and than 10,000,000 square miles, lying contiguous to the

much more than an equal amount of productive older centers of civilization and itself the seat of the most ancient ones, has, until recent times, remained power”; and he adds that “America is indebted for the "dark continent," and the invasions of the domi

this advantage to its comparatively small breadth,

which brings nearly all its interior within reach of nant nations have to the present day resulted only

the fertilizing exhalations of the ocean." This in a polyglot group of colonies that are practically

means that the rain supply, which is evaporated negligible in an estimate of the world's growth. Insufficient water supply and vast wastes, tropic heat,

from the ocean, reaches these interior parts; the rain fell diseases and ineradicable pests have been effect

supply, in turn, means a system of well-supplied ive deterrents to the successful reign of the Cau

streams, and they mean, in the first instance, irrigacasian.

tion, vegetation and soil, and in the second, natural

routes of travel and transportation that are a great If we consider South America, with its zones of determining factor in the distribution of settlers in climate ranging all the way from the tropics of Bra

a new country. . Apropos to this, if we study a hyzil to the Antarctic sterility of southern Argentine, drographic chart of the Mississippi valley showing and its fertile soils, capable of supporting a teeming the numerous streams that ramify far and wide from multitude, we find it, beneath the rule of a Latin

the great "father of waters” and its larger affluents,

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