Peacekeeping on the Plains: Army Operations in Bleeding Kansas

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University of Missouri Press, 2004 - 278 Seiten
"Historians have written on "Bleeding Kansas" and on the frontier army as a constabulary force, but little scholarship exists on how the army performed its peacekeeping operations in the 1850s. In Peacekeeping on the Plains, Tony R. Mullis is one of the first scholars to detail the military concerns associated with peace enforcement in Kansas and the trans-Missouri West." "Between 1854 and 1856, the Franklin Pierce administration called upon the U.S. Army to conduct a series of peace operations in the newly formed Kansas and Nebraska territories. The army responded to the president's call by successfully completing a mission against the Lakota Sioux in 1855 and by aiding civil authorities in the imposition of peace among competing factions in Kansas during 1856." "Although these police duties were not always popular with the soldiers that conducted them, the purpose behind them remained constant - the maintenance of peace, order, and security. Given Americans' misgivings about a standing army and their limited expectations for it as a domestic peacekeeper, its use in this fashion during the 1850s was a delicate proposition." "By drawing on diverse sources, including official army correspondence, personal papers of key military and political leaders, and local accounts of army activities, Mullis shows how peace operations were conducted by the U.S. Army long before the second half of the twentieth century. He also presents a thorough analysis of the professional dilemmas confronted by army officers, as well as the delicate command and control issues associated with the different types of peace operations." "Mullis's assessment of the army's peacekeeping efforts in the mid-1850s offers a full understanding of the constraints and frustrations involved. Many of the dilemmas faced by the army in Kansas parallel those encountered in various spots around the globe today.

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Inhalt

Introduction
1
Great Expectations Limited Resources
9
Expansion and Slavery
35
The Sioux Expedition of 1855
61
Harney and the Peace of Fort Pierre
86
Missourians Going to Kansas to Vote
96
Sioux Expedition Area of Operations
97
Sketch of Blue Water Creek Battle of Ash Hollow
98
Colonel Sumner at Constitution Hall July 4 1856
110
Brigadier General Persifor F Smith
111
Governor Wilson Shannon
112
Free State Battery 1856
113
Governor John W Geary
114
James Lane
115
Free State Prisoners on Their Way to Lecompton September 1856
116
Lanes Trail North
117

Fort Leavenworth 1837
99
Fort Leavenworth 1854
100
Major E A Ogden
101
Fort Riley Military Reserves 1855
102
U S Surveyor Generals Office October 20 1856
103
Democratic Platform Illustrated
104
Forcing Slavery Down the Throat of a Free Soiler
105
Jefferson Davis
106
Sacking of Lawrence May 1856
107
Colonel Edwin V Sumner
108
Notional Chain of Command
109
Lanes Trail South
118
Peace Land and Speculation
119
Peacekeeping and Command Control Communications
153
Kansas on the Precipice of Civil War
194
John Geary the Army
220
Conclusion
234
Epilogue
245
Bibliography
251
Index
273
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