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according afterwards ancient appears Aristagoras Aristotle army Artaphernes Asia Athenians Athens Attica battle Battus Book Borysthenes called Carians Chap Cimmerians Cleomenes Clisthenes coast colony Compare Cyrene Danube Darius deseribed deseription distance Dorians Eginetans Egypt elose Ephors erossed Essay Eupatrids expedition Greece Greeks Grote Herod Herodotus Hist Histiaeus horse Ibid inhabitants inseription Ionians island Ister king Lacedaemonians lake land Leake's Libya likewise Lycurgus Megabazus mentioned Messenian miles Milesians Miletus Miltiades modern nations Niebuhr Olbia oraele Pausan Pausanias Peloponnese perhaps Perioeci Peripl Persians Phoenicians plain Plin Pliny Plut Plutarch probably race regarded region reign river sailed Sardis says Scylax Scythians Scyths seems sent Solon Sparta Steph Strab stream supposed Susa Tanais temple Thera thou Thracians Thucyd Thucydides took town tract tribes vide infra Vide supra viii whole writers
Seite 89 - Unless, Persians, ye can turn into birds and fly up into the sky, or become mice and burrow under the ground, or make yourselves frogs, and take refuge in the fens, ye will never make escape from this land, but die pierced by our arrows.
Seite 29 - Sea and so sailed into the Southern Ocean. When autumn came they went ashore, wherever they might happen to be, and having sown a tract of land with corn, waited until the grain was fit to cut. Having reaped it, they again set sail; and thus it came to pass that two whole years went by, and it was not until the third year that they doubled the Pillars of Hercules and made good their voyage home.
Seite 96 - Kipzak with such mighty powers, that thirteen miles were measured from his right to his left wing. In a march of five months, they rarely beheld the footsteps of man; and their daily subsistence was often trusted to the fortune of the chase. At length the armies encountered each other; but the treachery of the...
Seite 206 - King Cleomenes, that I have been at the pains to sail hither; for the posture of affairs, which I will now recount unto thee, made it fitting. Shame and grief is it indeed to none so much as to us, that the sons of the lonians should have lost their freedom, and come to be the slaves of others; but yet it touches you likewise, O Spartans, beyond the rest of the Greeks, inasmuch as the pre-eminence over all Greece appertains to you.
Seite 45 - The Scyth is proud of these scalps, and hangs them from his bridle-rein; the greater the number of such napkins that a man can show the more highly is he esteemed among them. Many make themselves cloaks, like the capotes of our peasants, by sewing a quantity of these scalps together. Others flay the right arms of their dead enemies, and make of the skin, which is stripped off with the nails hanging to it, a covering for their quivers. Now the skin of a man is thick and glossy, and would in whiteness...
Seite 19 - Issedonians are said to have the following customs. When a man's father dies, all the near relatives bring sheep to the house ; which are sacrificed, and their flesh cut in pieces, while at the same time the dead body undergoes the like treatment. The two sorts of flesh are afterwards mixed together, and the whole is served up at a banquet. The head of the dead man is treated differently: it is stripped bare, cleansed, and set in gold. It then becomes an ornament on which they pride themselves, and...
Seite 5 - His pay therefore is as much land as he can ride round on horseback in a day. As the extent of Scythia is very great, Colaxais gave each of his three sons a separate kingdom, one of which was of ampler size than the other two: in this the gold was preserved. Above, to the northward of the farthest dwellers in Scythia, the country is said to be concealed from sight and made impassable by reason of the feathers which are shed abroad abundantly.
Seite 88 - Darius gave it as his opinion, that the Scyths intended a surrender of themselves and their country, both land and water, into his hands. This he conceived to be the meaning of the gifts, because the mouse is an inhabitant of the earth, and eats the same food as man, while the frog passes his life in the water ; the bird bears a great resemblance to the horse, and the arrows might signify the surrender of all their power. To the explanation of Darius, Gobryas, one of the seven conspirators against...
Seite 45 - The Scythian soldier drinks the blood of the first man he overthrows in battle. Whatever number he slays, he cuts off all their heads, and carries them to the king; since he is thus entitled to a share of the booty, whereto he forfeits all claim if he does not produce a head. In order to strip the skull of its covering, he makes a cut round the head above the ears, and, laying hold of the scalp, shakes the skull out; then with the rib of an ox he scrapes the scalp clean of flesh, and softening it...