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On Scotland's kirk be vents a bigot's gall", A coward wish, long stigmatized by fame,
Though her young chieftains prophesy like SAUL?! Devotes Mæcenas to eternal shame!? ;
On Tety's state his frighted fancy runs, Religious Johnson, future life to gain,
And Heaven 's appeased by cross unbutter'd buns *: Would ev’n submit to everlasting pain:
He sleeps and fasts”, pens on himself a libel , How clear, how strong, such kindred colours paint
And still believes, but never reads the Bible 7. The Roman epicure and Christian saint!
Fame says, at school, of scripture science vain, 0, had he lived in more enlighten'd times,
Bel and the Dragon smote him on the brains; When signs from heaven proclaim’d vile mortals'
Scared with the blow, he shunnid the Jewish law,

crimes, And eyed the ark with reverential awes: How had he groan’d, with sacred horrors pale, Let priestly Straban, in a godly fit,

When Noah's comet shook her angry tail 13 ; The tale relate, in aid of Holy Writ ;

That wicked comet, which Will Whiston swore Though candid Adams, by whom David fell 10, Would burn the earth that she had drown'd beWho ancient miracles sustain'd so well,

fore 14! To recent wonders may deny his aid",

Or when Moll Tofts, by throes parturient vex'd, Nor own a pious brother of the trade.

Saw ber young rabbits peep from Esdras' text 15! medium of human testimony." --COURTENAY. (Mr.

Orford, 22 Oct. 1755. Courtenay's sneer at Dr. Johnson's opinion on transub- " Mr. URBAS, -In your last month's review of books, stantintion is surely unmerited. No doubt, if there were you have asserted, that the publication of Dr. Johnson's no other figurative expressions in the scriptures, this * Prayers and Meditations' appears to have been at the single tert must have been understood literally by Dr. instance of Dr. Adams, Master of Pembroke College, Jolingon, or any other man of common sense; and as to Or ford. This, I think, is more than you are warranted what Mr. Courtenay adds about the evidence of onr by the editor's preface to say ; and is so far from being senses, and attributes to Mr. Locke and Archbishop Til- true, that Dr. Adais nerer saw a line of these compolotson, these writers, and particularly Tillotson, appear sitions, before they appeared in print, nor crer heard to limit their assertion to doctrines, the subjects of from Dr. Johnson, or the editor, that any such eristed. which are properly within the evidence of our senses. Had he been consulted about the publication, he could Could Mr. Courtenay doubt that Tillotson believed in certainly hare giren his voice against it: and he therethe Trinity - Yet how stands that doctrine with the fore hopes that you will clear him, in as public a manmere evidence of our senses ?-Ep.)

ner as you can, from being any way accessary to it. I See his conversation with Lord Auchinlock. Bos

* WN. ADAMS,'-COURTENAY. well's Tour, ate, vol. i. p. 458.- COURTENAY.

12 « Debilern facito manu, 2 See the First Book of Samuel, ch. L-COURTENAY.

Debilem pede, cora, 3 " And I commend to thy fatherly goodness the soul

Tuber adstrue gibberum; of my deparled wife, beseeching thee to grant her whatever

Lubricos qurte dentes, is best in her present state." Johnson's Meditations.

Vita dum superest, bene est : COURTENAY.

Hanc mihi, vel acuta "I returned home, but could not settle my mind.

Si sedeam cruce, sustine."-Senec. Epist. At last I reait a chapter. Then went down about six or seven, and ate two cross-buns." Meditations, p. 154. —

Let me but live, the famed Mæcenas cries, COURTENAY.

Lame of both hands, and lame in feet and thighs ; 3* | Insted, though less rigorously than at other times.

Hump-back'd and toothless ;-all convulsed with pain, I by negligence poured some milk into my tea.” Ibid.

Ev'n on the cross,- so precious life remain. p. 116. Yesterday I fasted, as I have always, or com

Dr. Johnson, in his last illness, is said to have declared monly done, since the death of Teity: the fast was (in the presence of Doctors H. and B.) that he would premore painful than usual."-COURTENAY.

fer a state of existence in eternal pain to annihilation. 6 "PURPOSES.

COURTENAY. (The Editor finds no evidence of this, and To keep a journal. To begin this day (September the subsequent testimony of Drs. Heberden and Brockles. 18th, 1766).

by inclines him to disbelieve it. It is not very clear here, 6. To spend four hours in study every day, and as much whether Mr. Courtenay meant to censure Johnson for a more as I can.

"kindred " wish to that of Maecenas, or to praise him as * To read a portion of scripture in Greek every Sunday. a “christian saint," for aspiring after even a painful im

“ To rise at eighi.--Oct. 3d. or all this I have done mortality ; but is really of no importance. All these flip nothing." Ibid.-COURTENAY.

pancies of Mr. Courtenay may be regretted on his own 7" I resolved last Easter to read, within the year, the account, but they cannot affect the character of Dr. whole Bible; a great part of which I had never looked Johnson. -Ev.) upon." Meditations --COURTENAY.

13 “ This last cornet, which appeared in the year 1680, 8 " I have never yet read the Apocrypha. When I I may well call the most remarkable one that ever apwas a boy I have read or heard Bel and the Dragon." peared ; since, besides the former consideration, I shall Meditations.-COURTENAY. (It is not worth while to presently show, that it is no other than that very comet, show that, in several of the foregoing allusions, the verse wbich came by the earth at the time of Noah's deluge, above is often misrepresentation of the prose below, and which was the cause of the same." Whiston's The and that Mr. Courtenay plays the mere verbal critic on ory of the Earth, p. 188.-COURTENAY. these expressions, while the spirit escapes him. If, 14 Since 575 years appear to be the period of the comindeed (ex from Dr. Strahan's preface might be believed), et that caused the deluge, what a learned friend, who Dr. Johnson had directed the publication of these " Med- was the occasion of my examination of this matter, sug. itations" as an example of his own piety, or an incen- gests, will deserve to be considered ; viz.

Whether the tive to that of others, Mr. Courtenay might have been story of the phenix, that celebrated emblem of the forgiven if he had made his satire still niore poignant. resurrection in christian antiquity, (that it returns once It is hoped, however, thal, after the explanations given aller five centuries, and goes to the altar and city of the (ante, preface, vol. i. p. 47, and ii. p. 427, that Dr. sun, and is there burnt, and another arises out of its Johnson will hereafter receive the full credit for the piety ashes, and carries away the remains of the former, &c.) which prompted these " Meditations," without any of be not an allegorical representation of this comet, which the ridicule or obloguy of having prepared thein for pub-returns once aner five centuries, and goes down to the lication.-E...

suli, and is there vehemently heated, and i's outward 9 See the First Book of Samuel, ch. v. and vi., in regions dissolved; yet that it flies off again, and carries which an account is given or the punishment of the away what remains after that terrible burning, &c. ; and Philistines for looking into the ark.-COURTENAY. whether the conflagration and renovation of things,

10 The Rev. Dr. Adams, of Oxford, distinguished for which some such comet may bring on the earth, be not his answer to David Hume's “Essay on Miracles."- hereby prefigured, I will not here be positive : but I own, COURTENAY.

that I do not know ot' any solution of this famous piece From the following letter there is reason to appre- of mythology and hieroglyphics, as this seems to be, that hend that Dr. Adains would not support Mr. Strahan, it can be compared with it." Ibid. p. 196.- COURTENAY, be should add this to the other singular anecdotes that 15 (« 'Tis here foretold (by Esdrais) that there should be he has published relative to Dr. Johnson.

signs in the woman ; and before all others this predic. VOL. II.



To him such sigus, prepared by mystick grace, In scientifick phrase affects to smile,
Had shown the impending doom of Adam's race. Form’d on Brown's turgid Latin-English style®;

But who to blaze his frailties feels delight, Where oft the abstract in stiff state presides,
When the great Author rises to our sight? And measured numbers, measured periods gudes.
When the pure tenour of his life we view, But all propriety his Ramblers mock,
Himself the bright exemplar that he drew ? When Betty prates from Newton and from Locke;
Whose works console the good, instruct the wise, When no diversity we trace between
And teach the soul to claim ber kindred skies. The losiy moralist and gay fifteen -

By grateful bards his name be ever sung, Yet genius still breaks through the encumbering Whose sterling touch has fix'd the English tongue! phrase ; Fortune's dire weight, the patron's cold disdain, His taste we censure, but the work we praise “Shouk off, like dew-drops from the lion's There learning beams with fancy's brilliant dye, mane ';'

Vivid as lights that gild the northern skies ; Unknown, unaided, in a friendless state ?, Man's complex heart be bears to open day, Without one smile of favour from the great ; Clear as tbe prism unfolds the blended ray: The bulky tome his curious care refines,

The picture from his mind assumes its hoe, Till the great work in full perfection shines : The shade 's too dark, but the desigo still true. His wide research and patient skill displays Though Johnson's merits thus I freely scao, What scarce was sketch'd in Anna's golden days 3 ; And paint the foibles of this wondrous man ; What only learning's aggregated toil

Yet can I coolly read, and not admire, Slowly accomplish'd in each foreign soil 4. When learning, wit, and poetry conspire Yet to the mine though the rich coin be trace,

To shed a radiance o'er his moral page, No current marks his early essays grace ;

And spread truth's sacred light to many an age: For in each page we find a massy store

For all his works with innate lustre shine, Of English bullion mix'd with Latian ore: Strength all his own, and energy divine : In solemn pomp, with pedantry combined, While through life's maze be darts bis piercing He vents the morbid sadness of his mind 5 ;


His mind expansive to the object grew. tion has been verified in the famous rabbit-woman of

In judgment keen be acts the critic's part, Surrey, in the days of King George I. This story has By reason proves the feelings of the heart ; been so unjustly laughed out of countenance, that I must

In thought profound, in nature's study wise, distinctly give my reasons for believing it to be true, and alleging it here as the fulfilling of this ancient prophecy Shows from what source our fine sensations rise : before us. 1st. The man-midwife, Mr. Howard, of Go With truth, precision, fancy's claims detips. dalmin, Surrey, a person of very great honesty, skill and And throws new splendour o'er the poet's imes reputation in his profession, attested it. It was believed by King George io be real ; and it was also believed by

When specious sophists with presumption ou my old friends, the speaker and Mr. Samuel Collet, as The source of evil, hidden still from man they told me themselves, and was generally by sober persons in the neighbourhood. Nay, Mr. Molyneux, the that there can scarcely be imagined any cum D prince's secretury, a very inquisitive person, and my very of sentiments, either by commerce or tradition, worthy friend, assured me he had at first so great & difti- vailed a general and uniform expectation of pro dence in the truth of the fact, and was so little biassed by God by corporeul austerities, of anticipating in the other believers, even by the king himself, that he would by voluntary inflictions, and appensing bu JU.not be satisfied till he was permitted both to see and speedy and cheerful submission to a less pedaTY feel the rabbit, in that very passage, whence we all come greater is incurred." Rambler, No. 110:-Co*TERA into this world."Whiston's Memoirs, vol. ii. p. 110.- 6 The style of the “ Ramblers " seems to bure COURTENAY.

formed on that of Sir Thomas Brown's * VUE 1 " The incumbrances of fortune were shaken from his and Christian Morals." " But ice is water au mind, like dew-drops from the lion's mane.” Johnson's the frigidity of the air, whereby it Roureusement Preface to his edition of Shakspeare.- COURTENAY. form, but rather a consistence or determination >

Every reader of sensibility must be strongly affected deffluency, and amitteth not its essence, but mai by the following pathetic passages :-“Much of my life of fluidity. Neither doth there any thing porn, has been lost under the pressures of disease ; much has glaciate but water, or watery hamidity, for the bee? trifled away, and much has always been spent in pation of quicksilver is properly ixation, that of provision for the day that was passing over me; but I coagulation, and that of oil and uncloones shall not thíuk my employment useless or ignoble, if by incrassation."- Is this written by Browl or Jan my assistanco foreign nations and distant ages gain ac- COURTENAY. (This criticism is not just, or at le cess to the propagatorz of knowledge, and understand well placed. Brown in treating of scientide elmo the teachers of truth; If my labours afford light to the uses learned language; any other writer wman repositories of science, and adu' celebrity to Bacon, to have done the same: the real objection is that win Hooker, to Milton, and to Boyle.”—“In this work, Courtenay states afterwards—aamely, that Jan when it shall be found that much is omitied, let it not be these learned words on inappropriate for sent forgotten that much likewise is performed; and though 7 In the Ramblers " the abstract too o. A.. no book was ever sparell out of tenderness to the au- stead of the coucrete ;-one of Dr. Johnson's je thour, and the world is little solicitous to know whence --COURTENAY. procoeded the faults of that which it condemns, yet it 8 See - Victoria's Letter," Rambler, No. 132. may gratify curiosity to inform it, that the English Dic- never permitted to sleep till I had passed and the eyhan tionary was written with little assistance of the learned, metick discipline, part of which was 8 rrite la and without any patronage of the great; not in the soft performed with bean-foter water and more obscurities of retirement, or under the shelter of academ- hair was perfumed with a variety of ungmia. ic bowers, but amidst inconvenience and distraction, in which it was to be thickened, and by oth sickness and in sorrow." Profuce to Dr. Johnson's The softness of my hands wax secured dy Dictionary.--COURTENAY,

gloves, and my bosom rubbed with a pemz , *** 3 See Swift's letter to Lord Oxford for the institution by my mother, of virtile to discus dimples of an academy to improve and fix the English language coiorations.”_-COURTESAY. COURTENAY.

. See his nomirable " Lives of the Peels 4 The great French and Italian Dictionaries were not warly his disquisition on metaphysics) vai ne the productions of an individual, but were compiled by a etry.--COURTENAY. body of academicians in each country.-COURTENAY. 10 See liis review of Soame Jeupirga's le *

5'" In times and regions so disjoined from each other, on the Origin of Evil;" x inasteri try &


Revive Arabian tales ', and vainly hope

Snatch'd from disease, and want's abandon'd crew, To rival St. John and his scholar, Pope ? : Despair and anguish from their victims flew :

Though metaphysicks spread the gloom of night, Hope's soothing balmı into their bosoms stole,
By reason's star he guides our aching sight; And tears of penitence restored the soul.
The bounds of knowledge marks, and points the But hark, he sings! the strain even Pope ad

mires ;
To pathless wastes, where wilder'd sages stray ; Indignant Virtue her own bard inspires ;
Where, like a farthing link-boy, Jenyns stands, Sublime as Juvenal, he pours his lays 7,
And the dim torch drops from his feeble hands. And with the Roman shares congenial praise :

Impressive truth, in splendid fiction drest 3, In glowing numbers now he fires the age, Checks the vain wish, and calms the troubled And Shakspeare's sun relumes the clouded stage s. breast;

So full his mind with images was fraught, O'er the dark mind a light celestial throws, The rapid strains scarce claim'd a second thought; And soothes the angry passions to repose :

And with like ease his vivid lines assume As oil effused illumes and smooths the deep“, The garb and dignity of ancient Rome.When round the bark the swelling surges sweep. Let college versemen flat conceits express, With various stores of erudition fraught,

Trick’d out in splendid shreds of Virgil's dress; The lively image, the deep-searching thought, From playful Ovid cull the tinsel phrase, Slepi in repose ;-but when the moment press'd, And vapid notions hitch in pilfer'd lays; The bright ideas stood at once confess'do; Then with mosaick art the piece combine, Instant his genius sped its vigorous rays,

And boast the glitter of each dulcet line : And o'er the letter'd world diffused a blaze : Johnson adventured boldly to transfuse As womb'd with fire the clond electrick flies, His vigorous sense into the Latian nase; And calmly o’er the horizon seems to rise ; Aspired to shine by unreflected light, Touch'd by the pointed steel, the lighting flows, And with a Roman's ardour think and write. And all the expanse with rich effulgence glows. He felt the tuneful Nine his breast inspire,

Suft-eyed compassion with a look benign, And, like a master, waked the soothing o lyre : Iis fervent vows he offer'd at ihy shrine ; Horatian strains a grateful heart proclaim, To guilt, to woe, the sacred debt was paid, While Sky's wild rocks resound his Thralia's And helpless females bless 'd his pious aid ;


Hesperia's plant, in some less skilful hands, both for vigour of style and precision of ideas.-COURTE- To bloom a while, factitious heat demands; i Pope's, or rather Bolingbroke's, system was bor- The sickly blossom in the hot-house dies :

Though glowing Maro a faint warmth supplies, 2 The scheme of the “Essay on Man" was given by By Johnson's genial culture, art, and toil, Lord Bolingbroke to

. Pope.-COURTONAS. (Dr. Johnson Its root strikes deep, and owns the fostering soil ; tloubted this, and there seems good reason to believe

Imbibes our sun through all its swelling veins, taat Bolingbroke's contribution towards the Essay on Man has been greatly overstated.-E..]

And grows a native of Britannia's plains. 3 dee that sublime and beautiful inde, “ The Prince of How few distinguish'd of the studious train Abyssinia,” and “ The Rambler," No. 65, 204, &c. &c.- At the gay board their empire can maintain ! COURTENAY

* * The world is disposed to call this a discovery of In their own books intomb'd their wisdom lies ; Dr. Franklin's from his paper inserted in the " Philosophi- Too dull for talk, their slow conceptions rise : ical Transactions,") but in this they are much mistaken. Pliny, Plutarch, and other paturalisis were acquainted For wit unshown claims homage from the crowd

Yet the mute author, of his writings proud, with il. -"Ea natura est olei, ut lucem afferat, uc tranquillat omnia, etiam mare, quo non aliud clementum As thread-bare misers, by mean avarice school'd, implacabilius." Memoirs oj the Society of Manchester. Expect obeisance from their hidden gold.

3 Dr. Johnson's extraordinary facility of composition in converse quick, impetuous Johnson press'd is well known from many circumstances. He wrote His weighty logick, or sarcastick jest : forty pages of the “Life of Savage” in one night.

We Strong in the chase, and nimble in the turns 10, composed seventy lines of his " Imitation of the Tenth Satire of Juvenal," and wrote thein down from memory,

For victory still his fervid spirit burns ; without altering a word. In the prologue on opening Drury-lane theatre, he changed but one word, and that 7“ London," a Satire, and " The Vanity of Human in coinpliment to Mr. Garrick. Some of his "Ramblers" Wishes," are both imitated from Juvenal. On the pubwere written while the printer's messenger was waiting lication of "London" in 1738, Mr. Pope was so much to carry the copy to the press. Many of the “Idlers struck by it, that he desired Mr. Dodsley, his bookseller, were wriiten at Oxford ; Dr. Johnson often began his to find out the author. Dodsley having sought him in task only just in time not to miss the post, and sent vain for some time, Mr. Pope said he wonld very soon be away the paper without reading it over.-COURTENAY. deterré. Afterwards Mr. Richardson, the painter, found

6 The dignified and affecting letter written by hin to out Mr. Johnson, and Mr. Pope recommended him to the klag in the name of Dr. Dodd, after his condemna- Lord Gower.-COURTENAY. tion, is justly and, I believe, universally admired.

8 See the prologue spoken by Mr. Garrick in 1747, on benevolence, indeed, was uniform and unbounded. I the opening of Drury-lane theatre.--COURTENAY. bove been assured, that he has onlen been so much 9 "Inter ignotce strepitus loquela." Ode to Mrs * affected by the sight of several unfortunate women, Thrale-COURTENAY. See ante, vol. i. p. 375 --Ev.) whom he has seen almost perishing in the streets, that 10 “A good continued speech (says Bacon in his “Eshe hou tuhen them to his own house; had them attended says') without a good speech of interlocution, shows with care and tenderness; and, on their recovery, slowness ; and a good reply, or second speech, without clothed, and placed them in a way of life to earn their a good settled speech, showeth shallowness and weakbread by honest industry.--COURTESAY. (Bee ante, p.


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As we see in beasts, that those that are weakest Such a circumstance may have happened once, but in the course, are yet nimblest in their turn; as it is be it is absurd to represent it as habitual is Mr. Courtenay twist the greyhound and the hare.” If this observation has done. Dr. Johnson's house never was without the be just, Dr. Johnson is an exception to the rule ; for he superintendence of a respectable lady, who, of course, wus certainly as strong "in he course, as nin the would not have tolerated any frequent practice of such turn;" as ready in “reply," as in "a settled speech."srregular charity.--Ed.)

COURTESAY. sce ante, vol. i. p. 275, mi 'Lord St.



Subtle when wrong, invincible when right, Who to the sage devoted from his youth, Arm’d at all points, and glorying in his might, Imbibed from him the sacred love of truth; Gladiator-like, he traverses the field,

The keen research, the exercise of mind, And strength and skill compel the foe to yield. And that best art, the art to know mankind Yet have I seen him, with a milder air,

Nor was his energy confined alone Encircled by the witty and the fair,

To friends around his philosophick throne ; Even in old age with placid mien rejoice

Its influence wide improved our letter'd isle, At beauty's smile, and beauty's flattering voice. And lucid vigour mark'd the general style: With Reynolds' pencil, vivid, bold, and true, As Nile's proud waves, swol'n from their cozy bed, So fervent Boswell gives him to our view. First o’er the neighbouring Heads majestick spread; In every trait we see his mind expand ;

Till gathering force, they more and more espand, The master rises by the pupil's hand ;

And with new virtue fertilize the land. We love the writer, praise his happy vein,

Thus sings the Muse, to Johnson's memory jest, Graced with the naiveté of the sage Montaigne. And scatters praise and censure o'er his dust; Hence not alone are brighter parts display'd, For through each checker'd scene a contrast ran, But even the specks of character portray'd : Too sad a proof, how great, bow weak is man! We see the Rambler with fastidious smile. Though o'er his passions conscience held the rein, Mark the lone tree, and note the heath-clad isle ; He shook at dismal phantoms of the brain : But when the heroick tale of Flora charms.. A boundless faith that noble mind debased, Deck'd in a kilt, he wields a chieftain's arms : By piercing wit, energic reason graced : The tuneful piper sounds a martial strain, A generous Briton, yet he seemi'd to hope And Samuel sings, “ The king shall have his ain:” For James's grandson, and for James's Pope' Two Georges in his loyal zeal are slurr'd?, Though proudly splenetick, yet idly vain, A gracious pension only saves the third !

Accepted flattery, and dealt disdain. By nature's gifts ordain'd mankind to rule, E’en shades like these, to brilliancy allied, He, like a Titian, form’d his brilliant school ; May comfort fools, and curb the sage's pride. And taught congenial spirits to excel,

Yet learning's sons, who o'er his foibles inoaru, While from his lips impressive wisdom fell. To latest time shall fondly view his urn; Our boasted Goldsmith felt the sovereign sway ; And wondering praise, to human frailties blind, To him we owe his sweet yet nervous lay. Talents and virtues of the brightest kind; To fame's proud cliff' he bade our Raphael rise ; Revere the man, with various knowledge stored, Hence Reynolds' pen with Reynolds' pencil vies. Who science, arts, and life's whole scheme exWith Johnson's flame melodious Burney glows 3, plored ; While the grand strain in smoother cadence flows. Who firmly scorn'd, when in a lowly state, And thou, Malone, to critic learning dear, To flatter vice, or court the vain and greato; Correct and elegant, refined, though clear, Whose heart still felt a sympathetick glow, By studying him, first form’d that classick taste, Prompt to relieve man's variegated woe; Which high in Shakspeare's fane thy statue placed. Who even share his talents with his friends”; Near Johnson, Steevens stands, on scenick ground, By noble means who aimed at noble ends té ; Acute, laborious, fertile, and profound.

Whose ardent hope, intensely fix'd on high, Ingenious Hawkesworth to this school we owe, Saw future bliss with intellectual eye. And scarce the pupil from the tutor know. Still in his breast religion held her sway, Here early parts + accomplish'd Jones sublimes, Disclosing visions of celestial day; And science blends with Asia's lofty rhymes: Harmonious Jones! who in his splendid strains

6 When Dr. Johnson repeated to Mr. Boswell Ged? Sings Camdeo's sports on Agra's flowery plains ; smith's beautiful eulogium on the English nation, a In Hindu fictions while we fondly trace

eyes filled with tears See the Dissertation og the Love and the Muses, deck'd with Attick grace '.

Bravery of the English common Soldiers, at the th of

the “Idler."-COUNTENAY. Amid these names can Boswell be forgot,

? (This imputation is very unjust. Dr. Johtson beter Scarce by North Britons now esteem'd a Scot? " seemed to hope" for the restoration of papal authority

or the advance of the Roman Catholic rehgion, the end Helens has since informed the Editor, that his father, Mr. he very naturally and properly respected the latter, * Fitzherbert, had confirmed to him the account of John one of the great classes of christianity: --Ed.) son's failure at the Society of Arts.-Ed.]

8 It is observable, that Dr. Johnson did not prêts 1 The celebrated Flora Macdonald. See Boswell's dedication to any one of his various works. -Coretti, Tour -COURTENAY.

("His character listed him into so much costum, 2 See note 4, p. 520.-COURTENAY.

ihat it occasioned several respectable writers lo dewe 3 Dr. Burney's “ History of Musick" is eqnally dis their works to him. This was to receive more resterende tinguished for elegance and perspicuity of style, and for than he paid." Tyers. Gent. Mag. Feb. 1785, D Bm scientifick knowledge.-COURTESAY.

Ep.) 4 Sir William Jones produced that learned and inge 9 The papers in the “ Adventurer," signed with the nious work, “Poeseos Asiaticæ Commentarii," at a very letter T, are commonly attributed to one of Dr. Jodeearly age.-COURTENAY.

son's earliest and most intimate friends, Mr. Barbu; s'" The Hindu God, to whom the following poem is but there is good reason to believe that they were al addressed, appears evidently the same with the Grecian ten by Dr. Johnson, and given by him to his friend. Af Eros and the Roman Cupido. His favourite place of re that time Dr. Johnson was himself engsged in will sort is a large tract of country round Agri, and principal- the “Rambler," and could ill afford to take a prescat ly the plains of Matra, where Krishen also and the nine of his laboura.' The various other pieces that be care Gopia, who are clearly the Apollo and Muses of the

away have bestowed fame, and probably fortune, on set Greeks, usually spend the night with music and dance."

eral persons.

To the great disgrace of some of his cleri. Preface to the Hymn to Camdeo, translated from the cal friends, forty sermons, which he himself tells us be Hindu language into Persian, and re-translated by Sir wrote, have not yet been deterrés.-COUNTENAS. See William Jones. There can be little doubt, considering on both the points alluded to in this note anti, vol. i. the antiquity and early civilization of lindostan, that p: 3€; vol. ii. p. 472; vol. i. p. 138; and vol. ii. p. 184.both the philosophy and beautiful mythology of the Ed. Greeks were drawn from that part of Asia.-COURTENAY. 10 « Who noble ends by noble means obtains.".~POFE.

p. 453.)

And gave his soul, amidst this world of strife, church of England man; the churchman by the The blest reversion of eternal life :

presbyterian, the presbyterian by the independent, By this dispelled, each doubt and horror fies, all by the deist, and the deist by the atheist. With And calm at length in holy peace he dies. some it is superstitious to pray; with others to receive

The sculptured trophy, and imperial bust, the sacrament; with others to believe in God. In That proudly rise around his hallow'd dust, some minds it springs from the most amiable disShall mouldering fall, by Time's slow hand de- position in the world—' a pious awe, and fear to cay_d,

have offended ;' a wish rather to do too much But the bright meed of virtue ne'er shall fade. than too little. Such a disposition one loves, and Exulting genius stamps his sacred name,

wishes always to find in a friend; and it cannot be Enroll'd for ever in the dome of fame.

disagreeable in the sight of him who made us. It argues a sensibility of heart, a tenderness of conscience, and the fear of God. Let him who finds

it not in himself beware, lest in flying from superVII.

stition he fall into irreligion and profaneness. [CHARACTER of Dr. Johnson, by Dr. ments in literature have been often complained of

“ That persons of eminent talents and attainHORNE, Bishop of Norwich, published in as dogmatical, boisterous, and inattentive to the the Olla Podrida and referred to in vol. v. rules of good breeding, is well known. But let us

not expect every thing from any man.

There was “When a friend told Johnson that he was much no occasion that Johnson should teach us to dance, blamed for having unveiled the weakness of Pope, to make bows or turn compliments; he could teach “Sir,' said he, if one man undertake to write us better things. To reject wisdom because the the life of another, he undertakes to exhibit his person of him who communicates it is uncouth, true and renl character; but this can be done only and his manners are inelegant,—what is it but to by a faithful and accurate delineation of the par- throw away a pineapple, and assign for a reason ticulars which discriminate that character.'

the roughness of its coat? Who quarrels with a “ The biographers of this great man seem con botanist for not being an astronomer? or with a scientiously to have followed the rule thus laid moralist for not being a mathematician? As it is down by him, and have very fairly communicated said, in concerns of a much higher nature, ' Every all they knew, whether to his advantage, or other- man hath his gift-one after this manner, and wise. Much concern, disquietude, and offence another after that.' It is our business to profit by have been occasioned by this their conduct in the all, and to learn of each that in which each is best minds of many, who apprehend that the cause in qualified to instruct us. which he stood forth will sufier by the infirmities “ That Johnson was generous and charitable, of the advocate being thus exposed to the prying none can deny. But he was not always judicious and malignant eye of the world.

in the selection of his objects: distress was a sufti“But did these persons then ever suppose, or cient recommendation; and he did not scrutinize did they imagine that the world ever supposed, into the failings of the distressed. May it be alDr. Johnson to have been a perfect character. ways my lot to have such a benefactor! Some Alas! no : we all know how that matter stands, if are so nice in a scrutiny of this kind that they can we ever look into our own hearts, and duly watch never find any proper objects of their benevolence, the current of our own thoughts, works, words, and are necessitated to save their money. It and actions. Johnson was honest, and kept a should doubtless be distributed in the best manner faithful diary of these, which is before the public. we are able to distribute it; but what would beLet any man do the same for a fortnight, and come of us all, if he on whose bounty all depend publish it; and if, after that, he should find him- should be extreme to mark that which is done self so disposed, let him cast a stone.' At that amiss ? bour when the failings of all shall be made mani- “ It is hard to judge any man, without a due fest, the attention of each individual will be con- consideration of all circumstances. Here were fined to his own.

stupendous abilities and suitable attainments ; but “ It is not inerely the name of Johnson that is to then here were hereditary disorders of body and do service to any cause. It is bis genius, his mind reciprocally aggravating each other-a learning, his good sense, the strength of his reason- scrofulous frame, and a melancholy temper : here ings, and the happiness of his illustrations. These was a life, the greater part of which passed in all are precisely what they were; once good, and making provision for the day, under the pressure always good. His arguments in favour of self- of poverty and sickness, sorrow and anguish. So denial do not lose their force because he fasted, far to gain the ascendant over these as to do what nor those in favour of devotion because he said his Johnson did, required very great strength of mind prayers. Grant his failings were, if possible, still indeed. Who can say that, in a like situation, greater than these; will a man refuse to be guided he should long have possessed or been able to by the sound opinion of a counsel, or resist the exert it? salutary prescription of a physician, because they “ From the mixture of power and weakness in who give them are not without their faulls ? A the composition of this wonderful man, the scholmnan may do so, but he will never be accounted a ar should learn humility. It was designed to corwise man for doing it.

rect that pride which great parts and great learn“ Johnson, it is said, was superstitious. But ing are apt to produce in their possessor. In him who shull exactly ascertain to us what superstition it had the desired effect. For though consciousis ? The Romanist is charged with it by the ness of superiority might sometimes induce him to

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