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cal. The asthma has remitted for a time, but is " It will be kind if you will gather the Lives now very troublesome ; the weakness still contin- of Denham, Butler, and Waller, and bind them ues, but the dropsy has disappeared ; and has in half-binding in a small volume, and let me twice, in the summer, yielded to medicine. I have it to show my friends as soon as may be. I hope to return with a body somewhat, however sincerely hope the press shall stand no more! little, relieved, and with a mind less dejected.

- Sam. Johnson."'. I hope your dear lady and dear little ones are all well, and all happy ; I love them all. I

" August, 1771. am, dear sir, your most humble servant,

- You have now the Life of Dryden, and you “SAM. Johnson." see it is very long. It must, however, bare un

Appendix. 1. The invocation to the Georgicks, 66 DR. JOHNSON TO MR. SASTRES. from Milbourne. (This in the small print). 2

“Lichfield, 20th October, 1784. Dryden's Remarks on Rynier ; which are ready

“SIR,-You have abundance of transcribed. 3. Dryden's Letter, from Lambeth ; Letters, naughty tricks ; is this your way of wri- which is promised me."

ting to a poor sick friend twice a week ?
Post comes after post, and brings no let-

- 28th November, 1771. ter from Mr. Sastres. If you know any thing, " Mr. Johnson will hope for Mr. Nichols's write and tell it ; if you know nothing, write and company to tea, about six this afternoon, to talk say that you know nothing.

of the Index, and settle the terms.- Monday. “What comes of the specimen? If the book “I am very well contented that the Inder is sellers want a specimen, in which a keen critick settled ; for though the price is low, it is not pecan spy no faults, they must wait for another gen- nurious. Mr. M. having been for some time out of eration. Had not the Crusca faults ? Did not business, is in some little perplexities, from which the academicians of France commit many faults ? twelve guineas will set him free. This, we hope, It is enough that a dictionary is better than others you will advance ; and, during the continuaroa of the same kind. A perfect performance of any of the work subject to your inspection, he desires kind is not to be expected, and certainly not a a weekly payment of sixteen shillings, the rest 10 perfect dictionary.

remain till it is completed. “ MIrs. Desmoulins never writes, and I know

“SAM. Johnson." not how things go on at home ; tell me, dear sir, what you can.

"1st March, 1772. “ If Mr. Seward be in town, tell me his direc “Mr. Johnson purposes to make his best attion, for I ought to write to him.

tempt upon Prior, at least to consider his very “ I am very weak, and have had bad nights. soon ; and desires that some volumes pablisted I am, dear sir, your, &c."

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time ; I knew him. The gout verses were al

of his papers, in two vols. 8vo. may be procured

“ The Turtle and Sparrow can be but a fable °. $ TO THE SAME.

The Conversation I never read. “Lichfield, 1st November, 1784.

“Sam. JOHNSON." “ DEAR SIR,-i beg you to continue the frequency of your letters ; every letter is a cordial ; “ In examining this book, I find it necessary to but you must not wonder that I do not answer add to the Life the preface to the British Enwith exact punctuality. You may always have chanters ;' and you may add, if you wil, the something to tell : you live among the various or notes on Unnatural Flights. I am, sir, &c.ders of mankind, and may make a letter from the Friday." exploits, sometimes of the philosopher, and sometimes of the pickpocket. You see some balloons “ There is a copy of verses by Fenton on the succeed and some miscarry, and a thousand · First Fit of the Gout,' in Pope's Miscellanie, strange and a thousand foolish things. But I see and I think in the last volumes of Dryden. La nothing ; I must make my letter from what I feel, Pope's I am sure. and what I feel with so little delight, that I can Answ..“ I should have given Fenton's birth to not love to talk of it.

Shelton * in Staffordshire, but that I am afraid “I am certainly not to come to town, but do there is no such place. The rest I have, except not omit to write ; for I know not when I shall his secretaryship, of which I know not what to come, and the loss of a letter is not much, I am, make. When Lord Orrery dear sir, your, &c.”

Lewis was his secretary. Lewis lived in my DR, JOHNSON TO MR. NICHOLS 1.

ways given to Fenton, when I was young, and " 27th July, 1778. " You have now all Cowley. I Gent. Mag.

2 The first life that was begun at the press pres that er vol. Iv. p. 9.

have been drawn to a great length; Cowley, in December, 1777. The progres made in die

but Cowley or [and] Waller never ly, 1778, appears above. Butler was the Life in which had any critical examination before. I am very

the Doctor at that time more particularly prided himself far advanced in Dryden, who will be long too.

Milton was begun in January, 1779, and finished in six

weeks.-NICHOLS. The next great Life I purpose to be Milton's. 3 This refers to a hine given him in consequeese or

what is said in the Life of Prior, that of his “ Tales ibero

are only four."-NICHOLS. 1 [Here follow such of the short letters and notes re

4 It is now said to be “ nenr Newcastle." Shelton ferred to by Mr. Boswell, ante, p. 268, n. 1, as lie did not

(near Newcastle-under-Line) is to be found in Stalled introduce into hja text.--Ep.)

shire in the Index Villaris of 1700.-NICHOLS.

was in an office,

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TWO PRAYERS BY DR. JOHNSON.

517
he was living. Lord Orrery told me that Fenton crossed with red is expunged by me.

If you find
was his tutor ; but never thought he was his sa- any thing more that can be well omitted, I shall
ther's secretary's Pray let me see the Oxford not be sorry to see it yet shorter.”
and Cambridge [Verses), &c. [1707]. If you
are sure it was published by Fenton, I shall take

“ 16th August, 1780.
notice of it.”

I expected to have found a Life of Lord Lyt

telton prefixed to his works. Is there not one be-
“Mr. Johnson ? desires Mr. Nichols to send him fore the quarto edition? I think there is; if not,
Ruff'head's Life of Pope, Pope's works, Swift's I am, with respect to him, quite aground.”
works with Dr. Hawkesworth’s Life, Lyttelton's
works ; and with these he hopes to have done.

“Brighthelmstone, 26th Oct. 1780.
The first to be got is Lyttelton.'

“ I think you never need send back the revises

unless something important occurs. Little things,
“Mr. Johnson, being now at home, desires the if I omit them, you will do me the favour of
fast leaves of the criticism on Pope's epitaphs, setting right yourself. Our post is awkward, as
and he will correct them. Mr. N. is entreated to you will find, and I fancy you will find it best to
save the proof sheets of Pope, because they are send two sheets at once.
promised to a lady ", who desires to have them.”

"16th April, 1781.

"Mr. Johnson desires Mr. Nichols to send him
"In reading Rowe in your edition, which is a set of the last Lives, and would be glad to know
very impudently called mine, I observed a little how the octavo edition goes forward.”
piece unnaturally and odiously obscene. I was
oflenderl, but was still more vffended when I could

“ 10th June, 1781.
not find it in Rowe's genuine volumes. To ad- “My desire being to complete the sets of Lives
mit it, had been wrong ; to interpolate it, is sure which I have formerly presented to my friends, I
ly worse. if I had known of such a piece in the have occasion for a few of the first volumes; of
whole collection, I should have been angry. which, by some misapprehension, I have received
What can be done?"

a great number, which I desire to exchange for

“ 24th May, 1780. the latter volumes. I wish success to the new
" Mr. Johnson is obliged to Mr. Nichols for edition. Please to deliver to Mr. Steevens a com-
his communications, and must have Hammond plete set of the Lives in 12mo."
again. Mr. Johnson would be glad of Black-

“ 26th December, 1781.
more's Fasays for a few days.”

“ Mr. Johnson, being much out of order, sent

* 16th June, 1780. in search of the book, but it is not found. He I have been out of order, but by bleeding will, if he is better, look himself diligently toand physick think I am better, and can go again morrow. He thanks Mr. Nichols for all his to work. Your note on Broome 6 will do me

favours. much good. Can you give me a few dates for A.

" 28th October, 1782. Phillips? I wrote to Cambridge about them, but “What will the booksellers give me for this have had no answer.

new edition? I know not what to ask. I would

have twenty-four sets bound in plain calf, and
“Dr. Warton tells me that Collins's first piece? figured with the number of the volumes. For the
is in the Gent. Mag. for August, 1739. In rest, they may please themselves.”
August there is no such thing. Amasius was at
that time the poetical name of Dr. Swan, who
translated Sydenham. Where to find Collins I

IV.
know not. I think I must make some short addi-
tion to Thomson's sheet, but will send it to-day.”

UNPUBLISHED Prayers by Dr. Johnson.
“ This Life of Dr. Young was written by a

“Easter day, 15th April, 1759. friend of his son [Mr. Croft). What is crossed Almighty and most merciful

Pearson with black is expunged by the authour ; what is Father, look down with pity upon my Mss.

sins. I am a sinner, good Lord; but let 1 Dr. Johnson retracted this opinion, as Fenton in his not my sins burthen me for ever.

Give me thy
Life is styled “secretary.” Fenton was secretary to

Enable
Lord Orrery when he commanded a regiment in Fiangrace to break the chain of evil custom.
Jers, and was dismissed in 1705, four years before Dr.

me to shake off idleness and sloth: to will and to Johnson was bon).-Nichols. (There is some mistake do what thou hast commanded, grant me chaste in tlie statement of Dr. Johnson. The first mention of in thoughts, words and actions; to love and freLord Ortery was probably a slip of the pen for Oxford, quent thy worship, to study and understand thy whose secretary Lewis was.-Ed.)

2 See Lives of the Poets, vol. jil. p. 111.-NICHOLS. word; to be diligent in my calling, that I may 3 Probably to Miss Burney.-Nichols. · The epigram ou a lady at the tragedy or Cato, which support myself and relieve others. has not only appeared in the works of Rowe, but has

Forgive me, O Lord, whatever my mother been transplanted by Pope into the “ Miscellanies" he has suffered by my fault, whatever I have done published in his own name and that of Dean Swift...amiss, and whatever duty I have neglected. Let NICHOLS. (This would have been a suficient excuse (if me not sink into useless dejection; but so sanctify one were niceded) for the Editor's omission of two or three indelicate expressions which escaped from Mr. Boswell my affliction, O Lord, that I may be converted in the course of his work.-Ep.)

and healed; and that, by the help of thy holy > Lives of the Poets, vol iii. p. 185.-NICHOLS. & “ Select Collection," vol. iv. p. 283.-NICHOLS.

Spirit, I may obtain ever

Jesus
Qu. What was it?-Nichols.

Christ our Lord.

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BIOGRAPHICAL NOTICE OF MR. COURTESAT.

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“ And O Lord, so far as it may be lawful, I ed on this occasion to print from. The commend unto thy fatherly goodness my father, subject, “sermoni proprior,'' is not fabrother, wife and mother, beseeching thee to make vourable to poetry ; the criticism is somethem happy for Jesus Christ's sake. Amen." times superficial and erroneous ; an! the

raillery frequently offends good feeling SSCRUPLES.

and good taste. It is, however, with all “O Lord, who wouldst that all men its defects, and, indeed, on accoun! of should be saved, and wbo knowest that these defects, deserving a place in this

without thy grace we can do nothing ac collection of Johnsoniana, not only as a ceptable to thee, have mercy upon me.

Enable

tribute to the general excellence of Dr. me to break the chain of my sins, to reject sensu Johnson's character, but in order that ality in thought, and to overcome and suppress some of the errors it contains may be vain scruples; and to use such diligence in lawful

corrected. employment as may enable me to support myself The authour, once a considerable person is and do good to others. O Lord, forgive me the time lost in idleness; pardon the sins which I

the political and literary world, is fading have committed, and grant that I may redeem the

so fast from public memory, that the Edtime mispent, and be reconciled to thee by true

itor is glad lo be able to present hisread. repentance, that I may live and die in peace, and

ers wilh the following biographical nohe received to everlasting happiness. Take not

tice of Mr. Courtenay, from the pen of from me, O Lord, thy holy Spirit, but let me have their common friend, Sir James. Vackinsupport and comfort for Jesus Christ's sake. Amen.

tosh.-Ed.] * Transc. June 26th, 1768. Of this prayer there is no date, nor can I conjecture when it was composed.”

JOHN COURTENAY was so intimate a friend of Boswell, and so long a mem

ber of the club, founded by Johnson, V.

that a short account of him may not be misplaced

in this work. Account of Dr. Johnson's last Dinner l at

He was born at Carlingford, in August, 1738
Streathain.

The first of his family in Ireland settled there in
“Oct. 6, Die Dominica, 1762. the reign of Elizabeth, and married a sister of the
“ Pransus sum Streathamiæ agninum crus Deputy Chichester, as appears from a monument
coctum cum herbis (spinach) comminutis, at Carrickfergus. His grandfather served uada

farcimen farinaceum cum uvis passis, lumbos King William at the Boyne. His father, a roanza bovillos, et pullum gallinæ Turcicæ; et post carnes son, obtained a situation in the revenge. He was missas, ficus, uvas, non admodum maturas, ita himself educated at the school of Dundalk, where voluit anni intemperies, cum malis Persicis, iis he read and relished the best writers of Greece tamen duris. Non lætus accubui, cibum modicè and Rome ; but he became so much infected with sumpsi

, ne intemperantià ad extremum peccaretur. a passion for the army, or rather, for its show and Si recte memini, in mentein venerunt epulæ in dissipation, that he would not gratify his father by exequiis Hadoni celebratæ. Streathamiam quando pursuing his studies at the university. revisan?"

In 1756 he purchased an ensigncy, and seems to have combined the conviviality of the time

with desultory reading and careless composition. VI.

In 1765, when on the eve of purchasing a comA Poetical Review of the Literary and Mor- relinquished the army in a fit of ill humour, and

pany, he was disappointed by an accident : be al Character of the late Samuel Johnson, applied the purchase-money to buy the place of a LL. D. with Notes by John COURTENAY, Esq. commissary of musters, thus unfortunately rentals Man is tùy theme; his virtue, or his rage,

cing all regular advancement in a profession. He Drawn to the life, in each elaborate page.-Waller.

married, obtained leave to sell his place, and, afimmensc veluti connexa carince

ter paying his debts, found hiniself possessed of ss Cymba minor.--STATIUS 2.

hundred pounds.

About that time, Dr. Lucas, a man tien popalat London : Printed for Charles Dilly, in the Poultry, 1786. at Dublin, had published a severe pauphet sanse The following poem was never very popu- prompted by old military feelings, employed his

the sentence of a court-martial. Courtenay, lar, and is now so scarce that it was not very idle hours in an answer, which obtained without difficulty that a copy was procur- some commendation, and earned for him the palHe seems to have taken leave of the kitchen as well ronage of Lord Townshend, then lord-ieutenant. As of the church at Streatham in Latin. See ante, p. 522. He soon after became one of the writers of the tures is remarkable, and proves lint this, which at first Simcox, a clergyman, but chiefly written by

Bachelor,” a government paper, condaeted by bigha looks like burlesquer, was written when in sober Courtenay, Marlays, afterward a bishop and sadness.-Ed.)

2. [These two mottos would suit Mr. Boswell's work Jephson “, a dramatic poet of note. It was better than Mr. Courtenay's. The reader will observe main part of the task of these advocates of the in the latter quotation the original of Pope's celebrated and beautifu compliment to St. John-Essay on Man, 3 (Ante, p. 283.-Ed. Epist. iv. I. 385.-ED.)

* | 4:11€, vol. 1. p. 9), and p. 597 of Dis rol.- ED.'

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Castle to counteract the “ Baratarian Letters," an political opponents in times of much heat. Mr. Irish imitation of Junius, which, attacking the Windham and Lord Stowell, Mr. Malone, and lord-lieutenant's governient, received contribu- even Mr. Burke, continued to show kindness to tions from Flood, and first published Grattan's him. He was frequently a guest of Sir Joshua character of Chatham. Previous to the recall of Reynolds, of whose table he gave an amusing dethe lord-lieutenant he gave Courtenay the place scription (which is inserted ante, p. 78.] of barrack-master of kinsale, and soon after his His parliamentary speeches, by which he was return to England appoinied him secretary to the best known, did injustice to his powers. He was in master-general of the ordnance. Though in that truth a man of fine talents, and of various accomcontidential relation to a minister, Courtenay plishments, which rendered his conversation agreeagreed more in opinion, and was more connected able, as his good-nature and kind heart obtained with the Opposition, as may be pretty certainly for him the attachment of many excellent friends. inferred from his intimacy with Mr. Windham, But, from his speeches, strangers mistook him for than an oppositionist of more than common vio- a jester by profession. Every Irishman has wit, lence, who used to meet him often at the 'Thatch- but Courtenay's drollery had not that polish and ed-house, as Courtenay said, to drink a glass to urbanity, of which pleasantry stands in greater the health of General Washington.

need than perhaps any other endowment. In 1790, Lord Townshend gave him a seat for He fell into two not easily forgotten mistakes ; Tamworth, which he long retained. He some- the one was a somewhat unrefined attack on Mr. times made ineffectual attempts to vindicate his Canning, whom he mistook for a declaiming consistency in voting for the minister, on the plea schoolboy; the other was an attack on Mr. Wilthat he could no longer support the Americans berforce, whose meekness and gentleness he unafter they had received French aid ; as if those, luckily regarded, before he knew him, as proofs whom he considered as exposing themselves to of want of wit. The following extract from some destruction in a righteous cause, might not lawful- criticism on parliamentary speakers written by Jy seek for succour wherever they could find it. him long after, is an agreeable proof that, in the 'This, however, was the period of his chief success case of Mr. Wilberforce, he discovered his error, in parliament. He was then invited often to the and was willing to acknowledge the justice of the evening convivial parties of Rigby, a man of wit chastisement. “ He (Mr. W.) is quick and acute and pleasure : be became an intimate friend of in debate, and always prompt to answer and reMr. Gerard Hamilton, a man of considerable liter- ply. When he is provoked to personality (which ature and of fastidious taste in his companions, seldom happens) he retorts in a poignant and reand of Boswell, a zealous but good-natured tory. fined vein of satire, peculiarly his own.' In the

At the coalition, in 1783, he was appointed same criticism he makes reparation to Mr. Cansurveyor-general of the ordnance. After the ex- ning, by owning that “ bis wit is keen,” but he palsion of that administration, he refused to retain tries to excuse himself by adding, “ that it is some ihe office, which was handsomely offered to him times flippant.” by the Duke of Richmond : the letters of both do He died at his humble lodging, in Duke-street, them credit. Henceforwards he attached himself | Portland-place, on the 21st of March, 1815, in the to Mr. Fox, during a long and rigid exclusion seventy-eighth year of his age. from office. On one occasion he took a step not To the early connexion of Mr. Courtenay with believed to be agreeable to that great man. At a General Fraser, in the family of Lord Townsdinner at Lord Lauderdale's, in Leicester-square, hend, the writer of this note, (who is the Generin spring 1792, he put his name, with others, of al's grand-nephew) owed the beginning of a whoin the present writer was one, to the Associ- kindness which lasted till Courtenay’s death. ation of the Friends of the People for the pro- Fraser was Lord Townshend's aid-de-camp at motion of Parliamentary Reform," saying, as he Quebec in 1759, where by means of some French pushed the writing materials on to his next neigh- acquired when an officer in the Scotch regiments bour, " There goes Tamworth.” Mr. Fox, with in the service of the states-general, he had the difficulty, saved him from the necessity of leaving good fortune to render a more important service England in 1796 and in 1802, by procuring a seat than is usually within the reach of an officer of for him.

the rank which he held at that time. When In 1806, Mr. Fox wished to have restored him rowing down the river St. Lawrence, and on the to the ordnance, but a high influence obtained point of landing, the night before the battle, they that place for another, and Courtenay, after were observed by a French sentinel, who called twenty-five years of opposition, had a twelve- to bim for “ the word,” which the British officers month's seat at the treasury.

did not know. Fraser answered in an audible lo 1812, when aged, lonely, infirm, and nearly whisper in French, “ Hold your tongue ; they bed-ridden, he was rescued from cruel sutierings will overhear us."'' 'The sentinel believed thein by the generosity of the late Lord Thanet. Even to be a French reinforcement, and they efiected in that situation, when found at his dinner, con- their landing without disturbance. He went with sesting of the claw of a lobster, by one of his few Lord Townshend to Ireland, and he was killed in voiters, be used to make his repast a suliject of Burgoyne's army at Stillwater, near Saratoga, on Inertinent.

the 7th October, 1777. His death has been affectThe happy marriages of two daughters were, ingly represented by the pencil and the pen. for a short time, bright spots in his little sphere ; The writer attended Mr. Courtenay's funeral, bat though his life was un prosperous, it was not, almost the only duty of a friend and an executor thanks to his temper, un happy. The consolations which circumstances left for himn to perform ; unof friendship he deserved and possessed among | less he may be allowed to consider as another of

these duties the present attempt to preserve a short | With poignant taunt mild Shenstone's life arraigns, account of Mr. Courtenay, in which he has studi- His taste contemns, and sweetly-flowing strains ; ously endeavoured to avoid all exaggeration, and At zealous Milton aims his tory dart, bas laboured to shun that undue expansion which But in his Savage finds a moral hean; he cannot help considering as a sort of tacit ex- | At great Nassau despiteful rancour flings, aggeration.—MACKINTOSH.

But pension’d knees ev'n to usurping kings:

Rich, old, and dying, bows his laureld head, A generous tear will Caledonia shed ?

And almost deigns to ask superfluous bread'. Her ancient foe, illustrious Johnson 's dead :

A sceptick once, he taught the letter'd throng Mac-Ossian's sons may now securely rest, To doubt the existence of famed Ossian's song; Safe from the bitter sneer, the cynick jest . Yet by the eye of faith, in reason's spile, Lost is the man, who scarce deigns Gray to praise, Saw ghosts and witches, preach'd up second-sight: But from the grave calls Blackmore's sleeping lays; For o'er his soul sad superstition threw A passport grants to Pomfret's dismal chimes, Her gloom, and tinged his genius with her hue. To Yalden's hymns, and Watts's holy rhymes ? ; On popish ground he takes his high church station, By subtle doubts would Swift's fair fáme invade, To sound mysterious tenets through the nations ; And round his brows the ray of glory shade 3 ;

these sentiments. The fact is, that the * Tale of a Tube

is a continued panegyrick on the Church of England, and 1 " A Scotchman must be a sturdy moralist, who does a bitter satire on popery, Calvinism, and every sect ef not preser Scotland to truth." Johnson's Journey to the dissenters. At the same time I am persuaded, that every Western Isles of Scotland.-COURTENAY.

reader of taste and discernment will perceive, in say 2 - The Poems of Dr. Watts were, by my recommen parts of Swift's other writings, strong internal proos dation, inserted in this collection ; the readers of which that style which characterises the - Tale of a Tub:" are lo impute to me whatever pleasure or weariness they pecially in the " Public Spirit of the Whio" It is wel may find in the perisal of Blackmore, Watts, Pomfret, known, that he affected simplicity, and stadiopsiy avoided and Yalden.” Johnson's Life of Watts. The following any display of learning, except where the subject asje specimen of their productions may be sufficient to ena it absolutely necessary. Temporary, local, 300 politus! ble the reader to judge of their respective merits: topicks compose too great a part of his works ; but in a “Alas, Jerusalem! alas' where 's now

treatise that admitted * more thinking, more knowledge. * Thy pristine glory, thy unnatch'd renown,

&c. he naturally exerted all his powers. Let us hear le To which the heathen monarchies did bow?

authour himself on this point. " The greatest pet Ah, hapless, miserable town!"

that book was finished above thirteen years since 106 Eleazar's Lamentation over Jerusalem,

which is eight years before it was published. The an paraphrased by Pomfret.

thour was then young, his invention at the height and

his reading fresh in his head." And again : - Mea sunt " Before the Almighty Artist framed the sky,

be more cautious in losing their une, if they di : Or gave the earth its harmony,

consider, that to answer a book effectually require His first command was for thy light;

more pains and skill, more wit, learning, and jm22 He view'd the lovely birth, and bless'd it:

than were employed in writing it. And the authod In purple swaddling bands it struggling luy,

sureth those gentlemen, who have given themselves ! Old Chaos then a cheerful smile put on,

trouble with him, that his discourse is the prodici of the And from thy beauteous form did first presage its own." study, the observation and the invention of selera! #131;

Yalden's Hymn to Light. that he often blotted out more than he left; andrs “My cheerful soul now all the day

papers had not been a long time out of his powe Sits waiting here and sings;

they must still have undergone more severe correcs. Looks through the ruins of her clay,

“An Apology for the Tale of a Tub."- With respect to Aud practises her wings.

this work being the production of Swift, see his letter to 0, rather let this flesh decay,

the printer, Mr. Benjamin Tooke, daied Dublin, Jure ? The ruins wider grow;

1710, and Tooke's answer on the publication er she Till, glad to see the evlarged way,

" Apology” and a new edition of the Tale of a Tab. I stretch my pinions through."

-Haulesworth's edition of Suill's Works, oro. TL 17. A Sight of Heaven in Sickness, by

p. 145. Dr. Hawkesworth mentions, in this prefere, lber Isaac Watts.-COURTENAY.

ihe edition of “A Tale of a Tub," printed in 1710. w* TE

vised and corrected by the Dean a short time before Las (The Editor is not without some apprehensions, that he understanding was impaired, and that the corrected caps may incur a similar censure, for having recommended was, in the year 1760, in the hands of his kinsman, Nr. the introduction of Mr. Courtenay's poem into this col Dean Swift.-COURTENAY. lection.-Ed.)

4 JOHNSON. “ I would tell truth of the two Georges, 3 lle seemed to me to have an unaccountable prejudice or of that scoundrel, King William." Boswells Tour against Swift. He said to-day, “I doubt if the Tale of to the Hebrides, ante, v. 1. p. 410.–COURTENAY. & Tub' was his; it has so much more thinking, more 5 See his letter to Lord Thurlow, in which he seems knowledge, more power, more colour, than any of the to approve of the application (though he was not previous works that are indisputably his. If it was his, I shall | ously consulted), thanks his lordship for having need it, only say, he was impar sibi."-Boswell's Tour to the and even seems to express some degree of surprise and Hebrides, p. 38. Dr. Johnson's “ unaccountable prejudice resentment on the proposed addition to his peces against Swin" may probably be derived from the same being refused.-COURTENAY. (It seems very strane source as Blackmore's, if we may venture to form a that after Sir Joshua Reynolds had received Lord Tv. judgment from the panegyrick he bestows on the follow low's letter of the 18th Nov. 1784, he should share ing groundless invective, expressly aimed at Switt, as the permitted Dr. Johnson and all his friends to remain a authour of " A Tale of a Tub,” which he quotes in his ihe belief, that the king had been applied to and tedre life of Blackmore: - Several, in their books, have many fused. See ante, p 413.-E..] sarcastical and spiteful strokes at religion in general; 6 “ If (added Dr. Johnson) God had never spoken fig while others make themselves pleasant with the princi- uratively, we might hold that he speaks literally, whea ples of the christian. Or the last kind, this age has seen he

says, . This is my body,'" Boswell's Tour, p. 67. a most audacious example in the book entitled 'A Tale Here his only objection to transubstantiation seems to of a Tub. Had this writing been published in a pagan rest on the style of the scripture being figurative else or popish nation, who are justly impatient of all indigni where as well as in this passage. Hence we may in ty offered to the established religion of their country, no

that he would otherwise have believed in it. Batare doubt but the authour would have received the punish- bishop Tillotson and Mr. Locke reason more philoso; ment he deserved. But the fate of this impious buffooncally, by asserting, that "no doctrine, bowerer clearly is very different; for, in a protestant kingdom, zealous expressed in scripture, is to be admitted, if it contrad* of their civil and religious immunities, he has not only the evidence of our senses :--For our evidence for the escaped affronts, and the effects of publick resentment, truth of revealed religion is less than the evidence for but has been caressed and patronized by persons of great the truth of our senses, because, even in the first author figure of all denominations." The malevolent dulness of our religion, it was no greater; and it is evile at it af bigotry alone could have inspired Black.noro with in'ist diminish in passing from them to us, throng the

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