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And in honour of

The Ornament-the Reformer


land. Of the value of the story, as he did not have done some good to-day; the tree might have relate it, I cannot judge ; but I am sure you will festered. I make a rule, sir, to do some good concur with me that it was not therefore necessa

every day of my life.' rily a good thing because it was about a king. I “ Returning through the house, he stepped into think Johnson's behaviour was indefensibly rude, a small study or book-room. The first book he but from the sample I had of C[oxe)'s conversa- laid his hands upon was farwood's 3 • Liberal tion, I am led to suspect that Johnson's censure Translation of the New Testament.' The paswas not unfounded."

sage which first caught his eye was from that sublime apostrophe in St. John, upon the

St. John, raising of Lazarus, ' Jesus wept ;' which


Harwood had conceitedly rendered

and Jesus, the Saviour of the world, burst into BY MR. WICKINS, OF LICHFIELD.

a flood of tears. He contemptuously threw the (From the Gentleman's Magazine, vol. xciii. p 389.) book aside, exclaiming, · Puppy!' 1 then showed (Dr. Harwood informs the Editor, that him Sterne’s Sermons. • Sir,' said he, do you

Mr. Wickins was a respectable draper ever read any others ? • Yes, Doctor ; I read in Lichfield. It is very true that Dr. Sherlock, Tillotson, Beveridge, and others.' Johnson was accustomed to call on himAy, sir, there you drink the cup of salvation to during his visits to his nalive town. the bottom ; here you have merely the froth froin The garden altached to his house was

the surface.' ornamenlcd in the manner he describes,

“ Within this room stood the Shakspearean and no doubt was ever entertained of mulberry vase, a pedestal given by me to Mr. the exactness of his anecdotes.-Ev.]

Garrick, and which was recently sold, with Mr.

Garrick's gems, at Mrs. Garrick's sale at Hamp“Walking one day with himn in my garden at The Doctor read the inscription : Lichfield, we entered a small meandering shrub

S.CRED TO SHAKSPEARE, bery, whose • Vista not lengthened to the sight,' gave promise of a larger extent. I observed that

DAVID GARRICK, Esq. he might perhaps conceive that be was entering

of the British Stage.' an extensive labyrinth, but that it would prove a deception, though I hoped not an unpardonable • Ay, sir ; Davy, Davy loves Aattery, but

• Sir,' said he, don't tell me of deception; here indeed you have flattered him as he deserves, a lie, sir, is a lie, whether it be a lie to the eye or paying a just tribute to bis merit.'” a lie to the ear.'

Passing on we came to an urn which I had « In Boswell's Life of Dr. John- G. W. L. erected to the memory of a deceased friend. I says another correspondent of Gent. Mag. v. asked him how he liked that urn-it was of the the Gentleman's Magazine," he : xciv. p. 386. true Tuscan order. “Sir,' said he, 'I hate them?; relates, that Garrick being asked by Johnson they are nothing, they mean nothing, convey no what people said of his Dictionary, told him, ideas but ideas of horror-would they were beat- that among other animadversions, it was objected en lo pieces to pave our streets !!

that he cited authorities which were beneath the “We then came to a cold bath. I expatiated dignity of such a work, and mentioned Richardupon its salubrity. “Sir,' said he, “how do you son. Nay,' said Johnson, I have done worse do?' “Very well, I thank you, Doctor.' Then, than that ; I have cited thee, David.' This sir, let well enough alone, and be content. I anecdote induced me to turn over the leaves hate immersion.' Truly, as Falstaff says, the of his Dictionary, that I might note the citations Doctor · would have a sort of alacrity at sinking from each writer. Two only I found from Gar“ Upon the margin stood the Venus de Medicis. rick, viz. "So stands the statue that enchants the world.'

Our bard's a fabulist, and deals in fiction.

I know you all expect from seeing me, · Throw her,' said he, into the pond to hide her Some formal lecture, spoke with prudish face.' nakedness, and to cool her lasciviousness.' The quotations from Richardson are at least

“ He then, with some difficulty, squeezed him- eighty in number ; almost all of which are from relf into a root house, when his eye caught the bis Clarissa." Collowing lines from Parnell : Go search among your idle dreams,

“ Dr. Brochesby', a few days before Green, Your busy, or your vain extremes, And find a life of equal bliss,

the death of Dr. Johnson, found on the table v. xcii. Or own the next began in this.'

Dr. Kippis's account of the Disputes of p. 592. “ The Doctor, however, not possessing any the Royal Society. Dr. J. inquired of his phyiloan ideas, seemed not to admit that heaven sician if he had read it, who answered in the negould be an Arcadia.


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ative. You are at no loss, sir. It is poor stuff, “I then observed him with Herculean strength

3 The reuder must bear in mind that this Doctor Ed. gging at a nail which he was endeavouring to

ward Jarwood, the s'ime mentioned by Mr. Crailock, tract from the bark of a plum tree ; and having and who has been dead many years, is not to be concomplished it, he exclaimed, “There, sir, i founded with Dr. Thomas Harwood, of Lichfield, who is

now alive, and whose information is quoted at the head

of this article.-Ed. ? (Bee a similar sentiment on the occasion of Mr. Myd- 4 [It was Mr. Langton who related it, on the authority top's nrn to himself, ante, p. 113.-Ed.]

of J. G. Cooper. See ante, p. 243. - Eo.) (A mistake; he was a good swimmer.

3 (This and the four following anecdotes are told by -ED.)

Mr. Green of Lichfield. See ante, p. 44.-Ed.)

See ante, p.

3 [It was also in this year, 1761, that Goldsmith push

indeed, a sad unscholar-like performance. lsity, some young men approached him with a could not have believed that that man would view to entertainment. They knew the subject have written so ill.'

of Scotch poetry and Scotch literature would call “He then said, 'Dr. Brocklesby, do you think him forth. They talked of Ossian, and Home's there is a possibility that I should recover ?' | tragedy of Douglas ; and one of them repea:ed •What nature may do I cannot say, but art has some verses from the latter ; after which he called done her utmost.' • How long do you think I out, “There's imagery for you, Dr. Jolasea ! may live?' 'I cannot precisely say, perhaps a There's description ? Did you ever know any few days. That is honest and friendly. Do man write like that?' Johnson replied, with you think I can live a week?' * No.' • Do you that tone of voice and motion of head and body think I can live six days?' ' Perhaps so.' • Then for which he was remarkable, and which Garrick I will take no more physic; and now you will used to mimick inimitably, 'Yes, sir, trany a say I have killed myself!!!

man, many a woman, and many a child ?." Being desired to call in Dr. Warren, he said, 6 they might call in any body they pleased ; ' and " The first visit Goldsmith ever received Warren was called. At his going away, “You from Dr. Johnson was on May 31, 1761 * ; Geis have come in,' said Dr. Johnson,' at the eleventh when he gave an invitation to him and hour ; but you shall be paid the same with your much other company, many of them literary ned, fellow-labourers. Francis, put into Dr. Warren's to a supper in his lodgings. Dr. Percy, tiskep coach a copy of the English Poets.'

of Dromore, one of the company then nrised, “Some years before, some person in a compa- being intimate with the great lexicographer

, # ny at Salisbury, of which Dr. Johnson was one, desired to call upon him and take him with him. vouched for the company, that there was nobody As they went together, the former na nech in it afraid of death. — Speak for yourself, sir; struck with the studied neatness of Jobesoe's for indeed I am.' •I did not say of dying,' dress. He had on a new suit of clothes, a re* replied the other ; but of death, meaning its wig nicely powdered, and every thing about him consequences.' • And so I mean,' rejoined the so perfectly dissimilar from his usual habits and Doctor ; 'I am very seriously afraid of the conse- appearance, that his companion could not help quences.'

inquiring the cause of this singular transformatie

Why, sir,” said Johnson, 'I hear that Godszed, “Mr. Nichols was present when who is a very great sloven, justifies his disegni Gent. Mag. Mr. Henderson, the actor, had the of cleanliness and decency by quoting my partiet, v. Ixi. p. 500.

honour of being introduced to Dr. and I am desirous this night to show him a beter Johnson, and was highly entertained by the in- example.'» terview. The conversation turning on the merits of a certain dramatic writer, Johnson said, I “Dr. Johnson's friendship for Mrs. Rer. N. never did the man an injury; but he would per- Elizabeth Aston * commenced at the frien sist in reading his tragedy to me.' When Hen- palace in Lichfield, the residence of Mr. Walizes derson was taking his leave, he invited him with ley: with Mrs. Gastrel he became acquainted in much earnestness come again frequently. London, at the house of her brother-in-law, Mc • The oftener you call on me, sir, the more wel- Hervey. During the Doctor's annual visits to his come will your visits be.'»

daughter-in-law, Lucy Porter, he spent much of “ A literary lady, expressing to Dr. Johnson his time at Stow-hill, where Mrs. Gastrel and her approbation of his Dictionary, and, in partic- Mrs. Elizabeth Aston resided. They were the ular, her satisfaction at his not having admitted daughters of Sir Thomas Aston, of into it any improper words—No, madam,' re- Cheshire, of whom it is said, that being applied plied he; 'I hope I have not daubed my fin-to for some account of his family, to illustrate the gers. I find, however, that you have been look- History of Cheshire, he replied, " that the title and ing for them.'

6 Boswell, in his minute and entertaining ac 2 [I have quoted this anecdote solely with the FIT count of Johnson's Life, has omitted to mention, showing to how little credit hearsay shecdotes are that, when the Doctor first came to London with general entitled. Here is a story pablished by Sir Joseph his pupil, Garrick, they borrowed five pounds on

Mawbey, a member of the house of commotis, and oper

son every way worthy of credit, who says be had a their joint note Mr. Wilcocks, the bookseller Garrick. Now mark_Johnson's • visit to Outleri 2. in the Strand."

the time of his doctor's degree” was in 1754, time he had been there since he left the

universis : "The mention of Johnson's name," writes till 1960. Every one knows that Dr. Johnset sul on

Douglas was not acted till 1756, and Ossian Los posted Sir Joseph Mawbey, “ reminds me of an anec sian that “many men, many women, and many childte dote of him which I had from Garrick, with might have written it.” A therefore that is whom I belonged to a summer club for many

Joseph Mawbey's story is false. Mr. Tyers rested the

same story, Gentleman's Magazine, 1783, p. i beton years (till he died), first held at the assembly- not lay the scene with such minute in accuery as år de house at Walton Bridge, and afterwards at Hamp

seph did.-ED.)
I believe Mr. Boswell does not mention this lished the Vicar of Wakefield.""' (See ante

, re. anecdote in his account of Johnson.

188. n.) This leads the Editor to observe a mort STRE " Whilst Johnson was sitting in one of the cof- she says johnson ieft her table to go and cell the other

inaccuracy of Mrs. Piozzi than Mr. Boswell notes y fee-houses at Oxford, about the time when he had of Wakefield” for Goldsmith. Now Dr. Jokasta a doctor's degree conferred on him by the Univer- not acquainted with the Thrales till 1765, four years after

the book had been published. -ED.),

* The following anecdotes are told by Mr. Parker insi See ante, page 422. -Ed.)

the relation of Mrs. Aston and her sister.-ED.)




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estate had descended from father to son for thirty “ He had long promised to write Mr. Walmesgenerations, and that he believed they were | ley's epitaph, and Mrs. W. waited for it, in order neither much richer nor wuch poorer than they to erect a monument to her husband's memory; were at first.'

procrastination, however, one of the Doctor's few "He used to say of Dr. Hanter, master of the failings, prevented its being finished; he was enfree grammar school, Lichfield, that he never gagod upon it in his last illness, and when the targhe a boy in his life—he whipped and they physicians, at his own request, informed him of learned. Hunter was a pompous man, and never his danger, he pushed the papers from before him, entered the school without his gown and cassock, saying, It was too late to write the epitaph of and his wig full dressed. He had a remarkably another when he should so soon want one himstern look, and Dr. Johnson said he could tremble self.'” at the sight of Miss Seward, she was so like her grandfather.

“ The late Mr. Crauford, of Hyde-Park“ Mirs. Gastrel was on a visit at Mr. Hervey's, corner', being engaged to dinner, where Dr. in London, at the time that Johnson was writing Johnson was to be, resolved to pay his court to the Rambler; the printer's boy would often come him, and having heard that he preferred Donne's after him to their house, and wait while he wrote Satires to Pope's version of them, said, • Do you off a paper for the press in a room full of company. know, Dr. Johnson, that I like Dr. Donne's A great portion of the Lives of the Poets was original Satires better than Pope's.' Johnson written at Stow-hill; he had a table by one of the said, “Well, sir, I can't help that.' windows, which was frequently surrounded by five “ Miss Johnson, one of Sir Joshua's nieces or six ladies engaged in work or conversation. (afterwards Mrs. Deane), was dining one day at Mrs. Gastrel had a very valuable edition of Bai- her uncle's with Dr. Johnson and a large party: ley's Dictionary, to which he often referred. She the conversation happening to turn on music, told him that Miss Seward said that he had made Johnson spoke very contemptuously of that art, poetry of no value by his criticism. “Why, my and added, that no man of talent, or whose mind dear lady,' replied he, 'if silver is dirty, it is not was capable of better things, ever would or could the less valuable for a good scouring.'


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devote his time and attention to so idle and frivo“A large party had one day been invited to lous a pursuit.' The young lady, who was very meet the Doctor at Stow-hill; the dinner waited fond of music, whispered her next neighbour, '1 far beyond the usual hour, and the company were wonder what Dr. Johnson thinks of King David.' about to sit down, when Johnson appeared at the Johnson overheard her, and, with great good great gate; he stood for some time in deep con humour and complacency, said, “Madam, I thank templation, and at length began to climb it, and, you; I stand rebuked before you, and promise having succeeded in clearing it, advanced with that, on one subject at least, you shall never hear hasty strides towards the house. On his arrival | me talk nonsense again.' Mrs. Gastrel asked him, If he had forgotten that “ The honours of the l'niversity of Cambridge there was a small gate for foot passengers by the were once? performed, to Dr. Johnson, by Dr. side of the carriage entrance.' • No, my dear lady, Watson, the late Bishop of Llandaff, and then by no means,' replied the Doctor; 'but I had a Professor of Chemistry, &c. After having spent mind to try whether I could climb a gate now as the morning in seeing all that was worthy of notice, I used to do when I was a lad.'

the sage dined at his conductor's table, which was “One day Mrs. Gastrel set a little girl to repeat surrounded by various persons, all anxious to see to him Cato's soliloquy, which she went through so remarkable a character, but the moment was very correctly. The Doctor, after a pause, asked not favourable; he had been wearied by his the child · What was to bring Cato to an end ? ' previous exertions, and would not talk. After the She said it was a knife. No, my dear, it was party had dispersed he said, I was tired, and not so.' “My aunt Polly said it was a knife.' would not take the trouble, or I could have set • Why, aunt Polly's knife may do, but it was a them right upon several subjects, sir; for instance, dagger, my dear.' He then asked her the the gentleman who said he could not imagine how meaning of bane and antidote,' which she was any pleasure could be derived from hunting, the unable to give. Mrs. Gastrel said, “You can- reason is, because man feels his own vacuity less not expect so young a child to know the meaning in action than when at rest.' of such words. He then said, "My dear, how “ Mr. Williams, the Rector of Wellesbourne, many pence are there in sixpence? I cannot in Warwickshire, mentioned having once, when a tell, sir,' was the half terrified reply. On this, young man, performed a stage-coach journey with addressing himself to Mrs. Gastrel, he said, “Now, Dr. Johnson, who took his place in the vehicle, my dear lady, can any thing be more ridiculous provided with a little book, which his companion than to teach a child Cato's soliloquy, who does soon discovered to be Lucian; he occasionally not know how many pence there are in six peuce?' threw it aside, if struck by any remark made by

** The ladies at Stow-hill would occasionally his fellow travellers, and poured forth his knowrebuke Dr. Johnson for the indiscriminate exercise ledge and eloquence in a full stream, to the deof bis charity to all who applied for it. There light and astonishment of his auditors. Acciwas that woman,' said one of them, to whom dentally the first subject which attracted him was you yesterday gave half-a-crown, why she was at the digestive faculties of dogs, from whence he church to-day in long sleeves and ribbons.' •Well, my dear,' replied Jobnson,' and if it gave

1 (Commonly called Fish Crauford.-Ed.) the woman pleasure, why should she not wear

2 (Dr. Watson was a fellow of Trinity: see ante, vol. ther?"

i. p. 216, an account of this visit to Cambridge, which occurred in Feb. 1765.-Ev.


branched off as to the powers of digestion in on the occasion, but said, tarning to Dr. Farr, various species of animals, discovering such stores : Sir, I am very glad to hear this. I hope the of information, that this particular point might day will never arrive when I shall neither be the have been supposed to have formed his especial object of calumny or ridicule, for then I shall be study, and so it was with every other subject neglected and forgotten' started: the strength of his memory was not less “ It was near the close of his life that ino) astonishing than his eloquence; he quoted from young ladies, who were warın admirers of his various authours, either in support of his own works, but had never seen himself, went to Baitargument or to confute those of his com-court, and, asking if he was at home, were show panions, as readily and, apparently, as accurately up stairs, where he was writing. He laid down as if the works had been in his hands. The his pen on their entrance, and, as they stood be coach halted, as usual, for dinner, which seemed | fore him, one of the females repeated a speech of to be a deeply interesting business to Johnson, some length, previously prepared for the occasion

. wlio vehemently attacked a dish of stewed carp, It was an enthusiastic effusion, which, when the using his fingers only in feeding himself".

speaker had finished, she panted for ber idol's reBishop Percy was at one time on a very in- ply. What was her mortification when al be timate footing with Dr. Johnson, and the Doctor said was · Fiddle-de-dee, my dear.' one day took Percy's ? little daughter upon his “ Much pains were taken by Mr. Hayler's knee, and asked her what she thought of . Pil- friends to prevail on Dr. Johnson to read. The grim's Progress ?' The child answered that she Triumphs of Temper,' when it was in iis zecith; had not read it. No,' replied the Doctor, “then at last he consented, but never got beyond the I would not give one farthing for you,' and he set two first pages, of which he ultered a few words her down and took no further notice of her." of contempt that I have now forgotten. They

were, however, carried to the authour, who le “ Dr. Mudge used to relate, as a proof venged himself by pourtraying Johnson as Run Rose 3.

of Dr. Johnson's quick discernment into ble in his comedy of · The Mausoleum,' and so character 4 :- When he was on a visit to Dr. sequently he published, without his name, a ' [! Mudge at Plymouth, the inbabitants of the Dock alogue in the Shades between Lord Chesterted (now Devonport) were very desirous of their and Dr. Johnson,' more distinguished for malon town being supplied with water, to effect which it ty than wit. Being anonymous, and poema was necessary to obtain the consent of the corpo- very little merit, it fell still-born from the press ration of Plymouth; this was obstinately refused, “ Dr. Johnson sent his Life of Lord Litera' the Dock being considered as an upstart. And a in MSS. to Mrs. Montague, who was mocha do rival, Alderman Tolcher, who took a very strong satisfied with it, and thought her friend every way part, called one morning, and immediately opened underrated, but the Doctor made no alietate on the subject to Dr. Johnson, who appeared to When he subsequently made one of a partis give great attention, and, when the alderman had Mrs. Montague's, he addressed his hostess tro e ceased speaking, replied, “You are perfectly three times after dinner, with a view to ensure right, sir; I would let the rogues die of thirst, for her in conversation : receiving only cold and und I hate a Docker from my heart.' The old man answers, he said, in a low voice, to General Pusti, went away quite delighted, and told all his ac who sat next him, and who told me the story, quaintances how completely the great Dr. John- . You see, sir, I am no longer the man for Nis son was on his side of the question.'

Montague. “ It was aster the publication of the Lives of “ Mrs. Piozzi related to me, that when It the Poets that Dr. Farr, being engaged to dine Johnson one day observed, that poets in genera with Sir Joshua Reynolds, mentioned, on coming preferred some one couplet they had written a in, that, in his way, he had seen a caricature, any other, she replied, that she did not supp* which he thought clever, of the nine muses flog- he had a favourite ; he told her she was mistake ging Dr. Johnson round Parnassus. The admirers -he thought his best lines were :of Gray and others, who thought their favourites

* The encumber'd oar scarce leaves the hostile compte hardly treated in the Lives, were laughing at Dr. Through purple billows and a floating host *."" Farr's account of the print, when Dr. Johnson was himself announced : Dr. Farr being the only “ Dr. Johnson, in his conversation with stranger, Sir Joshua introduced him, and, to Farr's Dr. Parr, repeatedly and earnestly avowed infinite embarrassment, repeated what he had just been telling them. Johnson was not at all surly if Johnson had been an amateur authour, abue est et

6 (This was his usual declaration on all such as 1 (Mr. Boswell, ante, p. 381, mentions another in criticism would no doubt have given him pain, hul, stance, in which Dr. Johnson surprised his accidental authour by profession, and one who, for so maryn companions in a stage-coach with the force of his conver had lived by his pen, the greatest misfortune we sation and the goodness of his appetite.--Ep.)

neglect ; for his daily bread depended on the souls 2 [Afterwards Mrs. Isted, of Ecton, Northamptonshire. his works might create (see anie, p. 204). This is -Ev.)

vation will be found applicable to many other cases 3 (Mrs. Rose, who has obligingly communicated these 6 [See ante, p. 402-3, where it will be seen thai, bt anecdotes, is the daughter of Dr. Farr, of Plymouth, and sides the character of Rumble and the Dead Diako the daughter-in-law of Dr. Johnson's old friend,' Dr. Hayley vented his spleen in a correspondence with Y* Rose, of Chiswick.--Ed.)

Seward, which that lady, or some of hier contidants, chere 4 (This story is told by Mr. Boswell, and commented to publish, and which, instead of affecting the reputsoo upon by Mr. Blakeway (ante, vol. i. p. 164), as if Dr. of Dr. Johnson, only cover the names of the two write Johnson had seriously entered into the spirit of the con with indelible ridicule.-Ep. test; whereas Dr. Mudge, more naturally, represents 7 [These lines are in the Vanity of Human Wishes him as flattering, with an ironical vehenience, the preju- line 192.-ED.)

the worthy aldermall, who is known, from other 8 (These three anecdotes, or rather memorands of D: circumstances, to have been of a very zealous disposi- Parr's, were communicated by his biographer, Dr. Jos tion.---Ed.)

stone, of Birmingham.-Eo.


bis opinion, that accents ought not to be omitted | fession that had the courage to oppose the endea-
by any editor of Greek authours, or any modern vours of his art to the spreading of the contagion.
writers of Greek verse, or Greek prose.

It was the hard fate of this person, a short time
" Johnson said Gray' walked on tiptoe.' The after, to die a prisoner for debt in Ludgate. John-
samne thought is in Quintilian and in Seneca, 'quo son related this circumstance to us, with the tears
quisque ingenio minus valet, hoc se magis attolere ready to start from his eyes, and with great energy
et dilitare conatur : ut statura breves in digitos said, “Such a man would not have been suffered
eriguntur, et plura infirmi mirantur.'-Quintilian, to perish in these times.'”
by Rollin, Lib. ii. cap. 3. Seneca also says, in
edito stat admirabilis, celsus, magnitudinis veræ. “On Johnson's death, Mr. Langton Miss
Non exsurgit in plantas, nec summis ambulat digi- said to sir John Hawkins, “We shall now Hawk.
tis, eorum more, qui mendacio staturam adjuvant, know whether he has or has not assisted Mem.
longioresque quam sunt, videri volunt : contentus Sir Joshua in his Discourses ;' but Johnson had
est magnitudine suà.'—Epist. iii.

assured Sir John that his assistance had never ex"A wit arnong lords, and a lord among ceeded the substitution of a word or two, in prewits,' said Johnson of Lord Chesterfield. 'Sed ference to what Sir Joshua had written. tam contumeliosos in se ridet invicem eloquentia : “ What the economy of Dr. Johnson's house et qui stultis eruditi videri volunt, stulti eruditis may have been under his wife's administration I videntur.'—Quintilian, by Rollin, pa. 409, Lib. cannot tell, but under Miss Williams's manageX. cap. vii. See also Pope's Dunciad:

ment, and, indeed, afterwards, when he was "A wit with dunces, and a dunce with witz.'” overcome at the misery of those around him, it al

ways deceived my expectation, as far as the con“Mr. Barclay', from his connexion dition of the apartment into which I was admitted Mr. Bar- with Mr. Thrale, had several opportuni- could enable me to judge. It was not, indeed, his clay.

ties of meeting and conversing with Dr. study; amongst his books he probably might bring Johason. On his becoming a partner in the Magliabeechi to recollection, but I saw him only brewery, Johnson advised him not to allow his in the decent drawing-room of a house, not infecommercial pursuits to divert his attention from rior to others on the same local situation, and with his studies. "A mere literary man,' said the stout old-fashioned mahogany table and chairs. Doctor, is a dull man ; a man, who is solely a He was a liberal customer to his tailor, and I can man of business, is a selfish man ; but when lit- remember that his linen was often a strong contrast erature and commerce are united, they make a to the colour of his hands. respectable man.'

“ It may be said of Johnson, that he had a pe** Mr. Barclay saw Johnson ten days before he culiar feeling of regard towards his many and vadied, when the latter observed, • That they should rious friends, and that he was to each what might never meet more. Have you any objection to be called the indenture, or counter-part of what receive an old man's blessing ? Mr. Barclay they were to him.” knelt down, and Johnson gave him his blessing with great fervency.

“ Dr. Johnson 3 confessed himself to Steevens

London “ Mr. Barclay had never observed any rudeness have been sometimes in the power of

Mag. or violence on the part of Johnson.

bailiffs. Richardson, the authour of Cla- vol. iv. “ He has seen Boswell lay down his knife and rissa, was his constant friend on such oc- p. 253. fork, and take out his tablets, in order to register casions. •I remember writing to him,' said Johna good anecdote.

son, ' from a sponging house; and was so sure of " When Johnson proceeded to the dining-room, my deliverance through his kindness and liberality, one of Mr. Thrale's servants handed him a wig of that, before his reply was brought, I knew I could a sinarter description than the one he wore in the afford to joke with the rascal who had me in cusmorning ; the exchange took place in the hall, or tody, and did so, over a pint of adulterated wine, passage. Johnson, like many other men, was for which, at that instant, I had no money to always in much better humour after dinner than pay.' before?”

** It has been observed that Johnson had lost

the sight of one of his eyes. Mr. Ellis, an an“ With all that asperity of manners cient gentleman now living (authour of a very Sir J. Hawk with which he has been charged, and happy burlesque translation of the thirteenth book Life, which kept at a distance many who, to added to the Æneid by Maffée Vegio) was in the

my knowledge, would have been glad of same condition; but, some years after, while he an intimacy with him, he possessed the affections was at Margate, the sight of his eye unexpectedly of pity and compassion in a most eminent degree. returned, and that of its fellow became as suddenly In a mixed company, of which I was one, the extinguished. Concerning the particulars of this conversation tumed on the pestilence which raged singular but authenticated event, Dr. Johnson was in London in the year 1665, and gave occasion to Johnson to speak of Dr. Nathaniel Hodges, from day to day in the St. James's Chronicle, and after

3 [The following anecdotes, published by Mr. Stecvens, who, in the height of that calamity, continued in wards collected in the London Magazine, escaped the the city, and was almost the only one of his pro- Editor's notice, till it was too late to introduce them into

the text; but as they tell some new facts, and relate

others that have been already told in a new manner, it 1 The late Robert Barclay, Esq, of Bury Hill, near has been thought right to preserve them. The first of Dorking. This benevolent and excellent man (from whom these anecdotes confirms the justice which the Editor had Mr. Markland derived these memoranda in 1824)

died in already endeavoured to do to the memory of Richardson 1831, at an advanced agc.-Ed.)

against the snoer of Murphy. Ante, v. i. p. 131, n. 2 (Seo ante, p. 182.- Ep.1

En.) VOL. II.


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