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GENERAL APPENDIX.

No. I.

paternal affection (particularly for two of them, RECOLLECTIONS_of Dr. Johnson by Miss Miss Carter and Miss Mulso, now Mrs. Chapone), Reynolds.

previous to their acquaintance with Richardson,

and it was said that he thought himself neglected MR. PALMER'S

by them on his account. contain tro manu

papers scripts I of Miss Reynolds's Recollec

“ Dr. Johnson set a higher value upon female tions, boih in her own handwriting, friendship, than perhaps most men”, which may nearly the same in substance, but dif- reasonably be supposed was not a little enhanced fering a good deal as to the order, and by his acquaintance with those ladies

, if it was

not originally derived from them. To their sosomething as to the handling, of the ciety, doubtless, Richardson owed that delicacy various topics. Miss Reynolds's best of sentiment, that feminine excellence, as I may style was, as Dr. Johnson himself hinted say, that so peculiarly distinguishes his writings to her, not a clear one, and in those ram- from those of his own sex in general, how high bling Recollections scaltered over sepa- soever they may soar above the other in the more rale sheets of paper, there is a good deal dignified paths of literature, in scientific investigaof tautology and confusion, through tions, and abstruse inquiries. which the Editor has had some difficulty “ Dr. Johnson used to repeat, with very appain discovering any thing like order. He rent delight, some lines of a poem written by Miss has, however, made an arrangement Mulso: which, if not quite satisfactory, is at least "Say, Stella, what is love, whose cruel power in!elligible. These Recollections tell Robs virtue of content, and youth of joy ?

What nymph or goddess, in what fatal hour, little that is new, but they confirm and Produced to light the mischief-making boy? explain, and occasionally throw a useful Some say, by Idleness and Pleasure bred,

The smiling babe on beds of roses lay: light on some interesting points of Dr.

There with soft honey'd dews by Fancy fed, Johnson's manners and character: and His infunt beauties open’d ou the day 4! although they have not the advantage of “ Dr. Johnson had an uncommon retentive having been wrillen while the matters memory for every thing that appeared to hin were quite fresh in Miss Reynolds's worthy of observation. Whatever he met with mind, the long and cordial intimacy be- in reading, particularly poetry, I believe he seldom tween her ani Dr. Johnson entilles them required a revisal to be able to repeat verbatim. to as much confidence as can be placed in If not literally so, his deviations were generally Recollections.-E..

improvements. This was the case, in some re

spects, in Shenstone's poem of the · Inn,' which « The first time I was in company with Dr. learned from hearing Dr. Johnson repeat it; and Johnson, which was at Miss Cotterel's, I well re. I was surprised, on seeing it lately among the member the flattering notice he took of a lady authour's works for the first time, to find it so difpresent, og her saying that she was inclined to ferent. One stanza le seems to have extempoestimate the morality of every person according as rized himself : they liked or disliked Clarissa Harlowe. He was And once again I shape my way a great admirer of Richardson's works in general, Through rain, through shine, through thick and thin, but of Clarissa he always spoke with the highest Secure to meet, at close of day,

A kind reception at an inn.' enthusiastic praise. He used to say that it was

“He always read amazingly quick, glancing the first book in the world for the knowledge it displays of the human heart?

3 [" In his conversation with ladies, he had such a feYet of the author I never heard him speak of the female inind he conceived a higher opinion than

licity as would put vnlgar gallantry out of countenance. with any degree of cordiality, but rather as if im

many men, and, though he was never suspected of a pressed with some cause of resentment against blamable intimney with any individual of them see

The defect bim; and this has been imputed to something of ante, p. 432, had a great esteem for the sex.

in his powers of sight rendered him totally insensible to jealousy, not to say envy, on account of Richard

the charms of beauty; but he knew that beauty was the son's having engrossed the attentions and affec- attribute of the sex, and treated all women with such an tionate assiduities of several very ingenious literary equable complacency as flattered every one into a belief ladies, whom be used to call his adopted daugh-that she had her share of that or some more valuable en

dowment. In his discourses with them his coinpliments ters, and for whom Dr. Johnson had conceived a liad ever a neat and elegant turn: they were never di

rect, but always implied the merit they were intended to 1 [Mr. Gwatkin's copy of these Recollections seems to attest."--Hawkins's Life, p. 309.-E..] have been extracted and abridged from the originals by 4 (Johnson paid the first of those stanzas the great and another hand.-Ep.

undeserved compliment of quoting it iu his Dictinuary, 3 See ante, vol. 1. p. 245,-ED.

under the word ' QUATRAIN."-ED1

his eye from the top to the bottom of the page in its first coming out, to testify her admiration of it. an instant. If he made any pause, it was a com- exclaimed, ' I never more shall think Dr. Goldpliment to the work; and after seesawing' over it smith ugly.' In having thought so, however, she a few minutes, generally repeated the passage, was by no means singular; an instance of shieh especially if it was poetry.

I am rather inclined to mention, because it in “ One day, on taking up Pope's • Essay on volves a remarkable one of Dr. Johnson's ready Man,' a particular passage seemed more than wit: for this lady, one evening being in a large ordinary to engage his attention; so much so in- party, was called upon after supper for her toast

, deed that, contrary to his usual custom, after he had and seeming embarrassed, she was desired to give left the book and the seat in which he was sitting, the ugliest man she knew; and she immediately he returned to revise it, turning over the pages named Dr. Goldsmith, on which a lady on the with anxiety to find it, and then repeated, other side of the table rose up and reached acres

to shake hands with her, expressing some desire • Passions, though selfish, if their means be fair, List under Reason, and deserve her care:

of being better acquainted with her, it being the Those that, imparted, court a nobler aim,

first time they had met; on which Dr. Jobesan Exalt their kind, and take some virtue's name.'

said, “ Thus the ancients, on the commencement Epis. ii. v. 96.

of their friendships, used to sacrifice a beast beHis task, probably, was the whole paragraph, but twixt them.' these lines only were audible.

“Sir Joshua, I have often thought, never gave “ He seemed much to delight in reciting verses, a more striking proof of his excellence in portraitparticularly from Pope. Among the many I have painting, than in giving dignity to Dr. Goldsmith's had the pleasure of hearing him recite, the con- countenance, and yet preserving a strong likeness clusion of the · Dunciad;' and his Epistle to Jer- But he drew aster his mind, or rather his genics, vas, seemed to claim his highest admiration. if I may be allowed to make that distinction,

assimilating the one with his conversation, the *Led by some rule that guides, but not constrains, And finish'd more through happiness than pains 2,'

other with his works.

“ Dr. Goldsmith's cast of countenance, and inhe used to remark, was a union that constituted deed his whole figure from head to foot, impressed the ultimate degree of excellence in the fine arts. every one at first sight with an idea of his being a

“ Two lines also from Pope's • Universal low mechanic-particularly, I believe, a journey; Prayer’ I have heard him quote, in very serious man tailor. A little concurring instance of this ! conversation, as his theological creed:

well remember. One day at Sir Joshua Rey. * And binding Nature fast in fate,

nolds's, in company with some gentlenen and Lest free the human will.'

ladies, he was relating with great indignat:on as

insult he had just received from some gerti “Some lines also he used to repeat in his best

man he had accidentally met (I think at a coffeemanner, written in memory of Bishop Boulter', house). •The fellow,' he said, "took me for a which I believe are not much known.

tailor! on which all the purty either laughed

aloud or showed they suppressed a laugh. "Some write their wrongs in marble ; he, more just, stoop'd down serene and wrote them in the dust;

“ Dr. Johnson seemed to have moch rare Trod under foot, the sport of every wind,

kindness for Goldsmith, than Goldsmith had iar Swept from the earth, and blotted from his mind.

hiin. He always appeared to be orerawed by There, secret in the grave, he bad them lie, And grieved they could not 'scape the Almighty's eye.'

Johnson, particularly when in company with

people of any consequence, always as if impresent “ A lady who had learnt them from Dr. John- with some fear of disgrace, and indeed wel he son thought she had made a mistake, or had for- might. I have been witness to many noritiesgot some words, as she could not make out a tions he has suffered in Dr. Johnson's compear reference to there, and mentioned it to him. No,' one day in particular, at Sir Joshua's tib.e, he said, ' she had not;' and after seesawing a few gentleman to whom he was talking his best step minutes, said something that indicated surprise, ped him, in the midst of his discourse, with llust that he should not have made the same remark hush! Dr. Johnson is going to say something.' before.

“At another time, a gentleman who was si“Some time after, he told the lady that these ting between Dr. Johnson and Dr. Goldsmith, lines were inserted in the last edition of his Dic- and with whom he had been disputing, remarked tionary, under the word sport 4,

to another, loud enough for Goldsmith to bear “Of Goldsmith's Traveller he used to speak in him, “That he had a fine time of it

, between terms of the highest commendation. A lady 5 1 Ursa major and Ursa minor?!' remember, who had the pleasure of hearing Dr. “ Mr. Baretti used to remark (with a smile) Johnson read it from the beginning to the end on that Dr. Johnson always talked his best to the la

dies. But indeed that was his general practice to 1 (A lady said pleasantly of Dr. Johnson's strange movement, or oscillation while reading, that “ his head 6 Mrs. Cholmondely.-Miss Reynolds. swung seconds."-Miss Hawkins's Memoirs, vol. ii. p. 7 [The Editor has preserved this specimen, as an 216.-Ep.)

instance of the easy fabrication of what are called 2 Epistle to Jervas.-Miss REYNOLDS.

dotes, and of how little even the best authorities can be 3 (By Dr. Madden. See ante, v. i. p. 137.-Ed.)

4 They are so. We see in this case, and that of Miss Doctor Major and Doctor Minor see ante, rol. 1.9. Muiso (ante, p. 491), that Dr. Johnson's personal partinl- 353, by no means so happy as the fabricat:en, an ities induced him to quote in his Dictionary authours who title or Ursa Major was applied to Johnson by old land "had no business there." See ante, v. i. p. 137, the mo Anchinlech (ante, p. 459). tive of his gratitude 10 Madden.- ED. • (Miss Reynolds herself.-E..l

pleasant fallacy quoted by Miss Reynolds was no dosta compounded.-E..]

relied on in such matters.

'The real anecdote nous of

From these two facts the

all who would furnish him with a subject worthy | attended, or rather constituted his mental malady, of his discussion ; for, what was very singular in which, I have observed, might probably have inhim, he would rarely, if ever, begin any subject cited him so often to pray; and I impute it to the himself, but would sit silent' till something was same cause, that he so frequently, with great earparticularly addressed 10 him, and if that happen- nestness, desired his intimate acquaintance to pray ed to lead to any scientific or moral inquiry, his for bim, apparently on very slight occasions of benevolence, I believe, more immediately incited corporeal disorder. him to expatiate on it for the edification of the (Here followed an expression of surprise at his ignorint than for any other motive whatever. having desired a prayer from Dr. Dodd, and ser

“ One day, on a lady's telling him that she had eral particulars of that story, already amply told read Parnell's · Hermit' with dissatisfaction, for ante, pp. 104 et seq., and 118.) she could not help thinking that thieves and mur- “ And another axiom of his, of the same tenderers, who were such immediate ministers from dency, was, that the pains and miseries incident heaven of good to man, did not deserve such to human life far outweighed its happiness and punishments as our laws inflict, Dr. Johnson spoke good. [Vol. i. p. 521 ?.] such an eloquent oration, so deeply philosophical, “But indeed much may be said in Dr. Johnas indeed afforded a most striking instance of the son's justification, supposing this notion should truth of Baretti's observation, but of which, to my not mee with universal approbation, having, it is great regret, I can give no corroborating proof, probable, imbibed them in the early part of his iny memory furnishing me with nothing more life when under the pressure of adverse fortune, than barely the general tendency of his arguments, and in every period of it under the still heavier which was to prove, that though it might be said pressure and more adverse influence of Nature that wicked men, as well as the good, were min- herself; for I have often heard him lament that isters of God, because in the moral sphere the he inherited from his father a morbid disposition good we enjoy and the evil we suffer are admin- both of body and of mind—an oppressive melistered to as by man, yet, as infinite goodness ancholy, which robbed him of the common encould not inspire or influence man to act wicked- joyments of life 3. ly, but, on the contrary, it was his divine proper- Indeed he seemed to struggle almost incesty to produce good out of evil, and as man was santly with some mental evil, and often by the endowed with free-will to act, or to refrain from expression of his countenance and the motion of acting wickedly, with knowledge of good and his lips appeared to be offering up some ejaculaevil, with conscience to admonish and to direct tion to Ileaven to remove it. But in Lent, or him to choose the one and to reject the other, he near the approach of any great festival, he would was, therefore, as criminal in the sight of God generally retire from the company to a corner of and of man, and as deserving punishment for his the room, but most commonly behind a windowevil deeds, as if no good had resulted from them. curtain, to pray, and with such energy, and in so

“And yel, though, to the best of my remem- loud a whisper, that every word was heard disbrance, this was the substance of Dr. Johnson's tinctly, particularly the Lord's Prayer and the discourse in answer to the lady's observation, I Apostles' Creed, with which he constantly conam rather apprehensive that in some respects it cluded his devotions. Sometimes some words may be thought inconsistent with his general as would emphatically escape him in his usual tone sertions, that inan was by nature much more in- of voice 4. clined to evil than to good. But it would ill be- “ At these holy seasons he secluded himself come me to expatiate on such a subject.

more from society than at other times, at least " Yet what can be said to reconcile his opinion from general and mixed society ; and on a genof the natural tendency of the human heart io evil tleman's sending him an invitation to dinner on with his own zealous virtuous propensions? No- Easter Eve he was highly offended, and expressthing perhaps, at least by me, but that this opin- ed himself so in his answer. ion, I believe, was founded upon religious princi- “ Probably his studious attention to the secret ples relating to original sin; and I well remember workings of bis peculiar mental infirmity, tothat, when disputing with a person on this subject, gether with his experience of divine assistance cowho thought that nature, reason, and virtue were operating with his reasoning faculties, to repel the constituent principles of humanity, he would its force, may have proved in the highest degree say, · Nay, nay, if man is by nature prompted to conducive to the exaltation of his piety, and the act virtuously, all the divine precepts of the gos- pre-eminence of his wisdom. And I think it pel, all its denunciations, all the laws enacted by equally probable, that all his natural defects were unan to restrain man from evil, had been needless.' conducive to that end; for being so peculiarly de

“ It is certain that he would scarcely allow any barred from the enjoyment of those amusements one to feel much for the distresses of others; or which the eye and the ear afford, doubtiess he whatever he thought they might feel, he was very sought more assiduously for those gratifications 8pt to impule to causes that did no honour to bu- which scientific pursuits or philosophic meditation man nature. Indeed I thought him rather too bestow. food of Rochefoucault maxims.

? (Where passages from these “Recollections " have ** The very strict watch he apparently kept been introduced in the text of the preceding volume, over his mind seems to correspond with his tho- these marks refer to the places where they are to be

found. -Ed.) rough conviction of nature's evil propensions; but

3 (This last paragraph was originally written, “terri. it might be as likely in consequence of his dread lying melancholy, which he was sometimes apprehensive of those peculiar ones, whatever they were, which bordered on insanity.” This Miss Reynolds softened

into the remark as it stands above.-En.) (See ante, vol. i. p. 545.-ED)

4 See ante, vol. i. p. 333.-E..)

These defects sufficiently account for his in “Of latter years he grew much more compare Rensibility of the charms of music and of painting, ionable, and I have heard him say, that he knew being utterly incapable of receiving any delight himself to be so. “In my younger darr,' be from the one or the other, particularly from would say, “it is true I was much inclined to treat painting, his sight being more deficient than his mankind with asperity and contempt ; but I fand hearing.

it answered no good end. I thought it wiser and “Of the superficies of the fine arts, or visible better to take the world as it goes

. Besides, as I objects of taste, he could have had but an imper- have advanced in life I have had more reason is fect idea ; but as to the invisible principles of a be satisfied with it. "Mankind have treated me natural good taste, doubtless he was possessed of with more kindness, and of course I have more these in the most eminent degree, and I should kindness for them.' have thought it a strange inconsistency indeed in “In the latter part of his life, indeed, his cirhis character, had he really wanted a taste for cumstances were very different from what they music ; but as a proof that he did not, I think I were in the beginning. Before he had ibe peshad need only mention, that he was remarkably sion, he literally dressed like a beggar*; and fond of Dr. Burney's History of Music', and that from what I have been told, he as literally lived he said it showed that the authour understood the as such ; at least as to common convenient philosophy of music better than any man that ever in his apartments, wanting eren a chair ? wrote on that subject.

sit on, particularly in his study, where a gente It is certain that, when in the company of man who frequently visited him whilst writing this connoisseurs, whose conversation has turned chief- Idlers constantly found him at his desk, sitting on ly upon the merits of the attractive charms of one with three legs ; and on rising from it, he re painting, perhaps of pictures that were immedi marked that Dr. Johnson never forgot its defect

, ately under their inspection, Dr. Johnson, I have but would either hold it in his hand or place it thought, used to appear as if conscious of his un- with great composure against some sopport, taking becoming situation, or rather, I might say, suspi- no notice of its imperfection to his visitor. Whethcious that it was an unbecoming situation. er the visitor sat on chair, or on a pile of folos",

“But it was observable, that he rather avoided or how he sat, I never remember to have been the discovery of it, for when asked his opinion of told. the likeness of any portrait of a friend, he has “It was remarkable in Dr. Johnson, that no generally evaded the question, and if obliged to external circumstances ever prompted his te cxamine it, he has held the picture most ridiculous- make any apology, or to seem even sensible of their ly, quite close to his eye, just as he held his book. existence. Whether this was the effect of philo But he was so unwilling to expose that defect, sophick pride, or of some partial notion of his rethat he was much displeased with Sir Joshua, specting high breeding, is doubtful. Strange 33 remember, for drawing him with his book held it may appear, he scrupled not to boast, that " 28 in that manner, which, I believe, was the cause man knew the rules of true politeness better than of that picture being left unfinished ?.

himself;' and, stranger still, that no mar more « On every occasion that had the least tenden- attentively practised them.' cy to depreciate religion or morality, he totally · He particularly piqued himself upon his nice disregarded all forms or rules of good-breeding, as observance of ceremonious punctilios towards lautterly unworthy of the slightest consideration. dies. A remarkable instance of this was bis

“But it must be confessed that he sometimes never suffering any lady to walk from his house suffered this noble principle to transgress its due to her carriage, through Bolt-court, unattended by bounds, and to extend even to those who were himself to hand her into it (at least I have reason any ways connected with the person who had of- to suppose it to be his general custom, from bis fended him.

constant performance of it to those with whom “ His treatment of Mr. Israel Wilkes [related he was the most intimately acquainted) ; and if ante, p. 72,] was mild in comparison of what a any obstacle prevented it from driving off

, there gentleman 3 met with from him one day at Sir he would stand by the door of it, and gather & Joshua Reynolds's, a barrister-at-law and a man mob around him; indeed, they would begin to of fashion, who, on discoursing with Dr. (then gather the moment he appeared handing the indy Mr.) Johnson on the laws and government of dif- down the steps into Fleet-street. But to desente ferent nations (I remember particularly those of his appearance-ohis important air—that ied Venice), and happening to speak of them in terms cannot be described; and his morning habiliments of high approbation : Yes, sir,' says Johnson, would excite the utmost astonishment in my read'all republican rascals think as you do.' How the conversation ended I have forgot, it was so many

4 (See post, in Miss Hawkins's Anecdotes, bom dia

ent his appearance was after the pension.-E.! years ago ; but that he made no apology to the

3 ["He had a large but not a splendid library, 1.6 gentleman I am very sure, nor to any person pres

5000 volumes. Many authours, not in hostility with his ent, for such an outrage against society.

presented hin with their works. But his study d* contain half his books. He possessed the chartside

longed to the Ciceronian Dr. King of Oword, which is (Miss Reynolds will hardly convince any one that given him by his friend Vansitturi. It alsters ibe pe Dr. Johnson was fond of music by proving that he was poses of reading and writing, by night or by day; a fond of his friend Dr. Burney's History of Music. The as valnable in all respects as the chair of Arioste, a de truth is, he held both painting and music in great con lineated in the preface to Hoole's liberal translation of tempt, becanse his organs afforded him no adequate per that poet. Since the rounding of this period, interest ception of either.-Ev.)

is brought that this literary chair is purchased dr Mr. ? [This however, or a similar picture, was finished and Hoole. Relicks are venerable things, and are only not to engraved as the frontispiece of Murphy's edition of Dr. Johnson's works.-E..)

be worshipped. On the reading-chair of Mr. scaber 3 11:. Elliott - Viss' REYNOLDS.

Onslow, a part of this bistorical sketch was writtea."
THERS.-ED.)

er, that a man in his senses could think of step- offence he has given, particularly if it seemed to ping outside his door in them, or even to be seen involve the slightest disrespect to the church or to at home! Sometimes he exhibited himself at the its ministers. distance of eight or ten doors from Bolt-court, to [Ante, pp. 299, 40, 131, 252.] get at the carriage, to the no small diversion of “ It is with much regret that I reflect on nry the populace!. And I am certain that, to those stupid negligence to write down some of his diswho love laughing, a description of his dress from courses, his observations, precepts, &c. The folhead to foot would be highly acceptable, and in lowing few short sentences only did I ever take general I believe be thought the most curious part any account of in writing ; and these, which I of my book; but I forbear, out of respect to his lately found in an old memorandum pocket-book, memory, to give more than this slight intimation of ancient date, were made soon after the comof it; for, having written a minute description of mencement of my acquaintance with him. A his figure, from his wig to his slippers, a thought few others, indeed, relating to the character of occurred that it might probably excite some per- the French (ante, p. 19), were taken viva voce, son to delineate it, and I might have the mortifi- the day after his arrival from France, Nov. 14, cation to see it hung up at a printshop as the 1775, intending them for the subject of a letter to greatest curiosity ever exhibited.

a friend in the country: “ His best dress was, in his early times, so very “ Talking on the subject of scepticism:mean, that one afternoon, as he was following “ Johnson. The eyes of the mind are like some ladies up stairs, on a visit to a lady of fash- the eyes of the body ; they can see only at such ion (Miss Cotterel ?), the servant, not knowing a distance : but because we cannot see beyond him, suddenly seized himn by the shoulder, and this point, is there nothing beyond it?' exclaimed, • Where are you going?' striving at Talking of the want of memory:the same tinie to drag him back ; but a gentle- " JOHNSON - No, sir, it is not true; in genman who was a few steps behind prevented her eral every person has an equal capacity for refrom doing or saying more, and Mr. Johnson miniscence, and for one thing as well as another, growled all the way up stairs, as well he might otherwise it would be like a person complaining He seemed much chagrined and discomposed that he could hold silver in his hand, but could Unluckily, whilst in this humour, a lady of high not hold copper.' rank bappening to call upon Miss Cotterel, he “A GENTLEMAN.

• I think when a person was most violently offended with her for not in- laughs alone he supposes himself for the moment troducing him to her ladyship, and still more so

with company.'

Johnson. · Yes, if it be for her seeming to show more attention to her true that laughter is a comparison of self-superiorthan to him. After sitting some time silent, med- ity, you must suppose some person with you.' itating how to down Miss Cotterel, he addressed “No, sir,' he once said, ' people are not born himself to Mr. Reynolds, who sat next him, and, with a particular genius for particular employafter a few introductory words, with a loud voice ments or studies, for it would be like saying that said, 'I wonder which of us two could get most a man could see a great way east, but could not money at his trade in one week, were we to work west. It is good sense applied with diligence hard at it from morning till oight.' I do n't re- to what was at first a mere accident, and which, member the answer ; but know that the lady, by great application, grew to be called, by the rising soon after, went away without knowing what generality of mankind, a particular genius.' trade they were of. She might probably suspect “ Some person advanced, that a lively imaginaMr. Johnson to be a poor authour by his dress; tion disqualified the mind from fixing steadily upon and because the trade of neither a blacksmith, a objects which required serious and minute investiporter, or a chairman, which she probably would tion. Johnson. It is true, sir, a vivacious quick have taken him for in the street, was not quite so imagination does sometimes give a confused idea suitable to the place she saw him in.

of things, and which do not fix deep; though, at • This incident he used to mention with great the same time, he has a capacity to fix them in glee-how he had downed Miss Cotterel, though his memory if he would endeavour at it. It beat the same time he professed a great friendship ing like a man that, when he is running, does not and esteem for that lady.

make observations on what he meets with, and " It is certain, for such kind of mortifications, consequently is not impressed by them ; but he he never expressed any concern; but on other oc- has, nevertheless, the power of stopping and incasions he has shown an amiable sorrow • for the forming himself.'

A gentleman was mentioning it as a remark of 1 (Bec ante, vol. i. p. 189.-ED.),

an acquaintance of his, that he never knew but ? (His acquaintance with this lady and her sister, who married Dean Lewis, continued to the last days of his

one person that was completely wicked.' John. life. He says in one of his letters to Mrs. Thrale, “I

"Sir, I do n't know what you mean by a know not whether I told you that my old friend Mrs. person completely wicked.' GENTLEMAN. Cotterel, now no longer Miss, has called to see me. Mrs. Lewis is not well.–26th April, 1784.” It is gratify

Why, any one that has entirely got rid of all ing to observe how many of Johnson's earliest friends shame.' Johnson. "How is he, then, comcontinued so to the last.-Ed.)

pletely wicked ? He must get rid too of all con(Sir Joshua (then Mr.) Reynolds.-ED.)

science.' GENTLEMAN. I think conscience Lady Fitzroy:-Miss Reynolds. (See ante, v. i. p. 104, where this story is told of the Duchess of Argyll and and shame the same thing.' Johnson. I am another lady of high rank: that other lady was no doubt

the person erroneously designated by Miss Reynolds as been led to praise any person or thing by accident more Lady Fitzroy. She probably was Elizabeth Cosby, wife than he thought it deserved; and was on such occasions of Lord Augustus Filzroy, and grandmother of the pres- comically earnes to destr the pra or pleasure he lad ent Duke of Grason.--Ep.)

uníutentionally given."-Piozzi's Anecdotes, p. 75,. [" He repented just as certainly howerer, if he had Ed.)

SON.

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