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was willing to suppose that our repast I put a question to him upon a fact in was black broth. But the fact was, that common life, which he could not answer, nor we had a very good soup, a boiled leg of have I found any one else who could. What lamb and spinach, a veal piel, and a rice is the reason that women servants, though pudding

obliged to be at the expense of purchasing of Dr. John Campbell, the authour, he their own clothes, have much lower wages said, “ He is a very inquisitive and a very than men servants, to whom a great proporable man, and a man of good religious prin- tion of that article is furnished, and when ciples, though I am afraid he has been de- in fact our female house servants work much ficient in practice. Campbell is radically harder than the male 7? right; and we may hope, that in time there He told me that he had twelve or fourwill be good practice 2.”

teen times attempted to keep a journal of He owned that he thought Hawkesworth his life, but never could persevere. He adwas one of his imitators, but he did not vised me to do it. “ The great thing to be think Goldsmith 3 was. Goldsmith, he said, recorded, said he, " is the state of your own had great merit. Boswell. But, sir, mind; and you should write down every he is much indebted to you for his getting thing that you remember, for you cannot so high in the publick estimation.” John- judge at first what is good or bad; and write son. “Why, sir, he has perhaps got soon- immediately, while the impression is fresh, er to it by his intimacy with me.”

for it will not be the same a week allerGoldsmith, though his vanity often excit- wards." ed him to occasional competition, had a very I again solicited him to communicate to high regard for Johnson, which he had at me the particulars of his early life. He said, , this time expressed in the strongest manner

" You shall have them all for twopence. ! in the Dedication of his comedy, entitled hope you shall know a great deal more of “She Stoops to Conquer 4."

me before you write my life.” He menJohnson observed, that there were very tioned to me this day many circumstances, few books printed in Scotland before the which I wrote down when I went home, Union. He had seen a complete collection of and have interwoven in the former part of them in the possession of the Hon. Archibald this narrative. Campbell, à nonjuring bishop 5. I wish [The following is his own minute, but this collection had been kept entire. Many not uninteresting memorandum of this day: of them are in the library of the faculty of “ April 11, 1773. I had more disturadvocates at Edinburgh. I told Dr. John- bance in the night than has been customary son that I had some intention to write the for some weeks past. I rose before nine in the life of the learned and worthy Thomas Rud- morning, and prayed and drank tea. I came, diman 6. He said, “ I should take pleasure I think, to church in the beginning of the in helping you to do honour to him. But prayers. I did not distinctly hear the Psalms, his farewell letter to the faculty of advo- and found that I had been reading the cates, when he resigned the office of their Psalms for Good Friday. I went through librarian, should have been in Latin." the Litany, after a short disturbance, with

tolerable attention. (Mr. Boswell does not say whether the pie had the extraordinary addition of “plams and the pew, then went nearer the altar, and

“ After sermon, I perused my prayer in sugar,” which, Mrs. Piozzi tells us were ingredi- being introduced into another pew, used my ents in Dr. Johnson's veal pies. See ante, p. 208.-Ed.]

prayer again, and recommended 'my rela? [This praise of Dr. Campbell's piety is so

tions, with Bathurst and (Miss) Boothby, moderate as to excite a doubt whether he was

then my wife again by lierself. Then I the person meant in p. 270: perhaps the words went nearer the altar, and read the collects "regularity” and “exactness" in that passage chosen for meditation. I prayed for Salisare not to be taken in a sense exclusively religious. bury 8, and, I think, the Thrales. I then -Ed.

communicated with calmness, used the col3 (See ante, p. 189.-ED.)

lect for Easter Day, and returning to the • *. By inscribing this slight performance to first pew, prayed my prayer the third time. you, I do not mean so much to compliment you I came home again; used my prayer and the as myself. It may do me some honour to inform Easter Collect. Then went into the study the publick, that I have lived many years in inti- to Boswell, and read the Greek Testament. macy with you. It may serve the interests of | Then dined, and when Boswell went away, mankind also to inform them, that the greatest wit may be found in a character, without im- ? There is a greater variety of employments pairing the most unaffected piety.”—BOSWELL. for men than for women : therefore the demand

• See an account of this learned and respectable raises the price:—KEARNEY. gentleman, and of his curious work on the Middle $ (Mrs. Salisbury, Mrs. Thrale's mother, then State, post, 25th Oct. 1773.-Boswell. lauguishing with an illness, of which she died in • [See ante, p. 86.-Ed.)

a few weeks.--Ev.)


ended the four first chapters of St. Matthew, | nay, that five pickle shops can serve all the and the Beatitudes of the fifth.

kingdom? Besides, sir, there is no harm "I then went to Evening Prayers, and done to any body by the making of pickles, was composed.

or the eating of pickles.” "I gave the pew-keepers each five shil- We drank tea with the ladies; and Goldlings and threepence.”]

smith sung Toney Lumkin's song in his On Tuesday, April 13, he and Dr. Gold- comedy, “She Stoops to Conquer," and a smith and I dined at General Oglethorpe's. very pretty one, to an Irish tune?, which Goldsmith expatiated on the common top- he had designed for Miss Hardcastle; but ick, that the race of our people was degen- as Mrs. Bulkeley, who played the part, erated, and that this was owing to luxury. could not sing, it was left out. He afterJounson. “Sir, in the first place, I doubt wards wrote it down for me, by which the fact! I believe there are as many tall means it was preserved, and now appears men in England now, as ever there were. amongst his poems. Dr. Johnson, in his But, secondly, supposing the stature of our way home, stopped at my lodgings in Picpeople to be diminished, that is not owing cadilly, and sat with me, drinking tea a seio luxury; for, sir, consider to how very cond time, till a late hour. small a proportion of our people luxury can I told him that Mrs. Macaulay said, she Teach. Our soldiery, surely, are not luxuri- wondered how he could reconcile his politous, who live on sixpence a day; and the ical principles with his moral: his notions same remark will apply to almost all the of inequality and subordination with wisholher classes. Luxury, so far as it reaches ing well to the happiness of all mankind, the poor, will do good to the race of people; who might live so agreeably, had they all it will strengthen and multiply them. Sir, their portions of land, and none to domipo nation was ever hurt by luxury; for, as neer over another. Johnson. “Why, sir, I said before, it can reach but to a very few. I reconcile my principles very well, because I admit that the great increase of commerce mankind are happier in a state of inequaland manufactures hurts the military spirit ity and subordination. Were they to be of a people; because it produces a competi- in this pretty state of equality, they would kun for something else than martial honours soon degenerate into brutes; they would -a competition for riches. It also hurts become Monboddo's nation; their tails the bodies of the people; for you will ob- would grow. Sir, all would be losers, were serve, there is no man who works at any all to work for all: they would have no inparticular trade, but you may know him tellectual improvement. All intellectual from his appearance to do so. One part or improvement arises from leisure; all leisure the other of his body being more used than arises from one working for another.” the rest, he is in some degree deformed: but, Talking of the family of Stuart, he said, sir, that is not luxury. A tailor sits cross- 6 It should seem that the family at present leggei; but that is nou luxury.” Gold- on the throne has now established as good SMITH. " Come, you're just going to the a right as the former family, by the long same place by another road.” Johnson. consent of the people; and that to disturb "Nay, sir, I say that is not luxury. Let this right might be considered as culpable. u3 take a walk from Charing-cross to White- At the same time I own, that it is a very chapel, through, I suppose, the greatest se- difficult question, when considered with reries of shops in the world: what is there in spect to the house of Stuart. To oblige any of these shops (if you except gin shops) people to take oaths as to the disputed right that can do any human being any harm?” | is wrong. I know not whether I could take GOLDSMITH. “Well, sir, l'il accept your them: but I do not blame those who do." challenge. The very next shop to North- So conscientious and so delicate was he umberland-house is a pickle shop.” John- upon this subject, which has occasioned so 90%. “Well, sir: do we not know that a much clamour against him. maid can in one afternoon make pickles suf- Talking of law cases, he said, “The ficient to serve a whole family for a year? English reports, in general, are very poor:

[There seems no reason whatever to believe only the halt of what has been said is taken the fact : old coffins and old armour do not des down; and of that half, much is mistaken. ignate a taller race of men. Pepe tells us, that Whereas, in Scotland, the arguments on Colley Cibber obtained King Edward's armour

each side are deliberately put in writing, from the Tower, and wore it in a theatrical promon. The doors, windows, and ceilings of o 'The humours of Ballamagairy.--BosWELL. old booses are pot loftier than those of modern ['This air was not long since revived and vulgardata Other animals, too, cannot have degener-ized in a song sung by the late Mr. Johnstone, in a ated in sicer by the luxury of man; and they farce called "The Wags of Windsor.” Mr. mem, by all evidence, to have borne in old times Moore has endeavoured to bring it back into good the same proportion to the human figure that they company; it is to be found in the ninth number Daw bear.-ED.)

of luis Irish Melodies, p. 15.--En.)

to be considered by the court. I think a his history to write the most vulgar whigcollection of your cases upon subjects of gism.” importance, with the opinions of the judges An animated debate took place whether upon them, would be valuable."

Martinelli should continue his “ History of On Thursday, April 15, I dined with him England” to the present day. GOLDSMITH. and Dr. Goldsmith at General Paoli's. “ To be sure he should.” Johnson. "No, We found here Signor Martinellid, of sir; he would give great offence. He Florence, authour of a History of England would have to tell of almost all the living in Italian, printed at London.

great what they do not wish told.” GoldI spoke of Allan Ramsay's “ Gentle Smith. It may, perhaps, be necessary Shepherd,” in the Scottish dialect, as the for a native to be more cautious; but a best pastoral that had ever been written; foreigner who comes among us without not only abounding with beautiful rural prejudice may be considered as holding the imagery, and just and pleasing sentiments, place of a judge, and may speak his mind but being a real picture of manners; and I freely.” Johnson. “ Šir, a foreigner, offered to teach Dr. Johnson to understand when he sends a work from the press, ought it. “No, sir,” said he, “ I won't learn it. to be on his guard against catching the erYou shall retain your superiority by my not rour and mistaken enthusiasm of the peoknowing it.”

ple among whom he happens to be.” This brought on a question whether one GOLDSMITH. “ Sir, he wants only to sell man is lessened by another's acquiring an his history, and to tell truth; one an honequal degree of knowledge with him. est, the other a laudable motive." JousJohnson asserted the affirmative. I main-son. “Sir, they are both laudable motives. tained that the position might be true in It is laudable in a man to wish to live by those kinds of knowledge which produce his labours; but he should write so as he wisdom, power, and force, so as to enable may live by them, not so as he may be one man to have the government of oth- knocked on the head. I would advise him ers; but that a man is not in any degree to be at Calais before he publishes his hislessened by others knowing as well as he tory of the present age. “A foreigner who what ends in mere pleasure :-“eating fine attaches himself to a political party in this fruits, drinking delicious wines, reading ex- country, is in the worst state thai can be quisite poetry.”

imagined: he is looked upon as a mere inThe General observed, that Martinelli termeddler. A native may do it from inwas a whig. Johnson. “I am sorry for terest.” Boswell. “Or principle.” GOLDit. It shows the spirit of the times; he is smith. “ There are people who tell a obliged to temporise.” Boswell. " I rath-hundred political lies every day, and are er think, sir, that toryism prevails in this not hurt by it. Surely, then, one may tell reign.” JOHNSON. "I know not why you truth with safety.” Johnson. “Why, sir, should think so, sir. You see your friend in the first place, he who tells a hundred Lord Lyttelton, a nobleman, is obliged in lies has disarmed the force of his lies. But

besides; a man had rather have a hundred ! (Vincenzio Martinelli. He was an Italian, lies told of him, than one truth which he living chiefly among our nobility, many of whom does not wish should be told.” GOLDhe instructed in his native idiom. He is the authour of several works in Italian. His History of shame the devil.” Johnson.

“For my part, I'd tell truth, and

" Yes, sir; England, in two quarto volumes, is a mere compilation from Rapin. Two volumes of moral shame the devil as much as you do, but

but the devil will be angry. I wish to philosophy on La Vita Civile, &c. An octavo volume of his “ Lettere Familiare' is rather amu

I should choose to be out of the reach of sing, for the complacency of the writer respecting

his claws." Goldsmith. “ His claws can his own importance, and the narratives of his visits do you no harm, when you have the shield to various noblemen, whose names spangle his of truth." pages. Having prefixed his portrait to his works, It having been observed that there was Badini, another Italian scribbler, well known in little hospitality in London: Johnsos. his day, mortified at the success of his more fash Nay, sir, any man who has a name, or ionable rival, published a quarto pamphlet, enti- who has the power of pleasing, will be very tled, I think, “ La Bilancia.” He also pre- generally invited in London. The man, sented the portrait of Martinelli to the world, in a Sterne, I have been told, has had engagemanner then perhaps novel. In a pair of scales, ments for three months.” GOLDSMITH. the head of Martinelli, weighed against a single

very dull fellow." Johnson. feather, flies into the air. Martinelli disdained to

"Why, no, sir 2.” reply to the scurrilities of his desperate compatriot, and to designate his low rank, and with an allu * Sterne, as may be supposed, was no great fasion to the well known grievance of the Lazzaronivourite with Dr. Johnson; and a lady once venof Naples causticly observed that he left his assail-tured to ask him how he liked Yorick's serinons, ant to be tormented by another race of critics— “I know nothing about them, madam,” was his Lo lascio a i suoi pidochi.-D'ISRAELI.) reply. But some time afterwards, forgetting him


" And a

« Well,

Martinelli told us, that for several years I lic; for you lie when you call that right he lived much with Charles Townshend, which you think wrong, or the reverse. A and that he ventured to tell him he was a friend of ours who is too much an echo of bad joker. Johnson. Why, sir, thus that gentleman, observed, that a man who much I can say upon the subject. One day does not stick uniformly to a party, is only he and a few more agreed to go and dine waiting to be bought. Why, then, said I, in the country, and each of them was to he is only waiting to be what that gentlebring a friend in his carriage with him. man is already." Charles Townshend asked Fitzherbert to We talked of the king's coming to see go with him, but told him, 'You must find Goldsmith's new play?._I wish he would,” somebody to bring you back; I can only said Goldsunith; adding, however, with an carry you there,' Fitzherbert did not much affected indifference, “ Not that it would do like this arrangement. He, however, con- me the least good.” Johnson. sented, observing sarcastically, ' It will do then, sir, let us say, it would do him good very well; for then the same jokes will laughing). No, sir, this affectation will serve you in returning as in going.” not pass;—it is mighty idle. In such a state

An eminent public character i being men- as ours, who would not wish to please the tioned :-Johnson. “I remember being chief magistrate?” GOLDSMITH. “I do present when he showed himself to be so wish to please him. I remember a line in corrupted, or at least something so different Dryden, from what I think right, as to maintain that a member of parliament should go along

And every poet is the monarch's friend.' with his party, right or wrong. Now, sir, It ought to be reversed.” Johnson. “Nay, this is so remote from native virtue, from there are finer lines in Dryden on this subscholastick virtue, that a good man mustject: hace undergone a great change before he can reconcile himseli to such a doctrine. It

• For colleges on bounteous kings depend,

And never rebel was to arts a friend.' 11 is maintaining that you may lie to the pub

General Paoli observed, that successful self, be severely censured them, and the lady very rebels might. MARTINELLI. aptly retoned, “ I understood you to say, sir, that bellions." GOLDSMITH. “We have no

“Happy reyou had never read them.” “ No, madam, I

" But did read them, but it was in a stage-coach. I

such phrase.” GENERAL PAoli. should never have deigned even to look at them have you not the thing?" GOLDSMITH. bad I been at large.Crad. Mem. 208.-E...) have hurt our constitution, and will hurt

Yes, all our happy revolutions. They (The Editor once thought pretty confidently, that the " eminent public character " was Mr. it, till we mend it by another HAPPY REVOFos, and the friend of Johnson's, who had be- lution." I never before discovered that one too much the " echoof the former, Mr. my friend Goldsmith had so much of the old Barbe; bat Lord Wellesley and Sir James Mack- prejudice in him. late-d, who bave been so kind as to favour the General Paoli, talking of Goldsmith's new Editor with their advice on this and other points, play, said, " Il a fait un compliment très tha's that Mr. Burke and Sir Joshua Reynolds gracieux à une certaine grande dame;" were means, doubting whether Mr. Fox was, in meaning a duchess of the first rank 3. 1973, sufficiently prominent to be designated as I expressed a doubt whether Goldsmith

an ensinent public character,” whom Mr. Burke intended it, in order that I might hear the (wte reputation was then at its maturity) could truth from himself. It, perhaps, was not be said to *. echo.” Mr. Chalmers, on the whole, quite fair to endeavour to bring him to a in lines to the same opinion, though he agrees confession, as he might not wish to avow with the Editor, that the distant and formal man positively his taking part against the court. Der in which the eminent character is spoken of; He smiled and hesitated. The general at and the allasion to his being " already bought,' Themel is, being already in office,) suit Mr. Fox bet- once relieved him by this beautiful image: ter than Burke. All, however, agree that

« Monsieur Goldsmith est comme la mer, Nr. L'urke was one of the persons meant; he al- qui jette des perles et beaucoup d'autres was maintained the opinion alluded to, (see post, belles choses, sans s'en appercevoir.Gold13tia Avgust, 1773,) and was, indeed, the first who,

home "Thoughts on the Present Discontents," [“ She Stoops to Conquer" was played on openly avowed and advocated the principle of Monday, 15th March.-E..] slable adherence to political connexions,“ put- 3 [The lady, no doubt, was the Duchess of ting." -- Mr. Prior says, " to silence the hitherto Cumberland, whose marriage made a great noise common reproach applied to most public characters about this time. The “ compliment” has esof being party-men." Life of Burke, vol. i. p. caped the Editor's observation, unless it be Has282. ** This is an instance," as Sir James Mack- tings's speech to Miss Neville, in the second act, stosh observes, " which proves that the task of when he proposes to her to fly" to France, where, decidating Boswell has not been undertaken too even among slaves, the laws of marriage are FOOO"-ED.)





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« Très bien dit, et très élégam- ston, at his academy at Kensington. A ment."

printer having acquired a fortune sufficient A person was mentioned, who it was said to keep his coach, was a good topick for the could take down in short-hand the speeches credit of literature. Mrs. Williams said, in parliament with perfect exactness. that another printer, Mr. Hamilton!, had Johnson. “Sir, it is impossible. I re- not waited so long as Mr. Strahan, but had member one Angel, who came to me to kept his coach several years sooner. . JOHNwrite for him a preface or dedication to a “ He was in the right. Life is short. book upon short-hand, and he professed to The sooner that a man begins to enjoy his write as fast as a man could speak. In or- wealth, the better.” der to try him, I took down a book, and Mr. Elphinston talked of a new book that read while he wrote; and I favoured him, was much admired, and asked Dr. Johnson for I read more deliberately than usual. I if he had read it. Johnson. “I have had proceeded but a very little way, when looked into it.” “ What,” said Elphinston, he begged I would desist, for he could not “have you not read it through?" Johnfollow me.” Hearing now for the first son, offended at being thus pressed, and so time of this preface or dedication, I said, obliged to own his cursory mode of reading, “What an expense, sir, do you put us to in answered tartly, “No, sir, do you read buying books, to which you have written books through? is prefaces or dedications.” Johnson. “Why He this day again defended duelling, and I have dedicated to the royal family all put his argument upon what I have ever round; that is to say, to the last generation thought the most solid basis; that if publick of the royal family.” GoldsmITH. And war be allowed to be consistent with moperhaps, sir, not one sentence of wit in a rality, private war must be equally so. Inwhole dedication.” Johnson. “ Perhaps deed we may observe what strained argunot, sir.”

Boswell. “What then is the ments are used to reconcile war with the reason for applying to a particular person to Christian religion. But, in my opinion, it do that which any one may do as well?” is exceedingly clear that duelling having Johnson. “Why, sir, one man has great etter reasons for its barbarous violence, er readiness at doing it than another." is more justifiable than war in which thou

I spoke of Mr. Harris, of Salisbury, as sands go forth without any cause of personbeing a very learned man, and in particular al quarrel

, and massacre each other. an eminent Grecian. Johnson. “I am On Wednesday, April 21, I dined with not sure of that. His friends give him out him at Mr. Thrale’s. A gentleman attackas such, but I know not who of his friends ed Garrick for being vain. Johnson. “No are able to judge of it.” Goldsmith. wonder, sir, that he is vain; a man who is “He is what is much better: he is a worthy, perpetually flattered in every mode that can humane man.” Johnson. “Nay, sir, be conceived. So many bellows have blown that is not to the purpose of our argument: the fire, that one wonders he is not by this that will as much prove that he can play time become a cinder.” Boswell." And upon the fiddle as well as Giardini, as ihat such bellows too! Lord Mansfield with his he is an eminent Grecian.” Goldsmith. cheeks like to burst: Lord Chatham like an “ The greatest musical performers have but Æolus 2. I have read such notes from them small emoluments. Giardini, I am told, to him, as were enough to turn his head." does not get above seven hundred a year.” Johnson. “ True. When he whom eveJohnson. « That is indeed but little for ry body else flatters, flatters me, I then ami a man to get, who does best that which so truly happy.” Mrs. ThralE.

- The many endeavour to do. There is nothing, sentiment is in Congreve, I think.” Johs. I think, in which the power of art is shown son. “ Yes, madam, in: The Way of the so much as in playing on the fiddle. In all World :' other things we can do something at first. Any man will forge a bar of iron, if

If there's delight in love, 'tis when I see

you give him a hammer; not so well as a smith,

That heart which others bleed for, bleed for me.' but tolerably. A man will saw a piece of No, sir, I should not be surprised though wood, and make a box, though a clumsy Garrick chained the ocean and lashed the one; but give him a fiddle and a fiddle-stick, winds.” Boswell. “ Should it not be, sir,

and he can do nothing." [To Mrs. lashed the ocean and chained the winds?" Piozzi,

Piozzi he observed of Mr. Harris's Johnson. “ No, sir; recollect the original:

dedication to his Hermes, that, though but fourteen lines long, there were for three generations.--Ed.]

· [The Hanıiltons were respectable publishers six grammatical faults in it.]

? Lord Chatham addressed to him those very On Monday, April 19, he called on me with Mrs. Williams, in Mr. Strahan's coach,

pretty lines, beginning,

“ Leave, Garrick, leave the landscape, proudly gay, and carried me out to dine with Mr. Elphin Dock, forts, and navies bright'ning all the bay."-ED.

P. 46.

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