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Nero Romney. Sir Edward Deering.-1 Cardiff. Herbert Mackworth; created a
Richard Jackson ; made a commis. baronet of Great Britain, August 24, sioner of the treasury; a new writ or
1776. dered, July 8, 1782, he was re-elected. MERIONETHSHIRE. Esan Lloyd Vaughan. Rye. Middleton Onslow ; made steward of the manor of East Hendred in the
MONTGOMERYSHIRE. William Mostyn Owen. county of Berks; a new writ ordered; Montgomery. Whitshed Keene ; bro
1775.--Thoinas Onslow ; eldest ther-in-law to the earl of Dartmouth, son of lord Onslow and Cranley... Rose and secretary to the lord chamberlain of Fuller; died, a new writ ordered, May
the household. 8, 1777.-- William Dickenson.
PEMBROKESHIRE. Hugh Owen ; made lord • Winchelsea. Arnold Nesbitt; made bis
lieutenant of the county.
Pembroke. Hugh Owen.
Haterford West. William lord Kensingcommissioner of the treasury, and on
ton. the dissolution of this parliament made / RadNORSHIRE. Chase Price; died, and the chief justice in Eyre, porth of Trent.
Speaker issued his warrant to the clerk Seaford. W. Hall, viscount Gage.--Geo of the crown for a new writ, July 1777. Medley.
- Thomas Johnes, sen, ; custos rotulo. WALES.
rum of the county of Glamorgan; died,
a new writ ordered, June 1780.-ThoANGLESEY. Thomas James, viscount Bulke
mas Jobnes; son of the late member ; ley; of Ireland ; made lord lieutenant made auditor or receiver-general of the and custos rotulorum of the county of customs of Wales; a new writ ordered, Carnarvon.
May 25, 1781, he was re-elected... Beaumaris. Sir Hugh Williams.
Radnor. John Lewis ; not duly elected,
--Edward Lewis ; duly elected, and BRECONSHIRE. Charles Morgan..
ought to bave been returned. Brecon. Charles Van; died, a new writ ordered, April 9, 1778.--Charles Gould;
and- SHIRES OF .
Aberdeen. Alexander Garden.
Argyle. Adam Livingstone ; second son CARDIGANSHIRE. Wilmot, viscount Lisburne; of sir James Livingstone.
created earl of Lisburne, July 16, 1776. Banff. James, earl Fife. Cardigan. Sir Robert Smith ; not duly Berwick. James Pringle.-- Sir John Pa
elected.--Thomas Jobnes, jun.; duly terson; son-in-law to ihe earl of Marchelected, and ought to have been re.
mont. turned; made steward of the manor of Bute and Caithness. James Stuart; seEast Hendred in the county of Berks;
cond son of the earl of Bute; majora new writ ordered, June 1780, he was
commandant of a regiment of foot. elected for the county of Radnor.-- Jobp
Clackmannan and Kinross. Ralph AberCampbell.
crombie ; lieutenant-colonel of dra. CARMARTHENSHIRE. George Rice; died, and
goons. the Speaker issued bis warrant for a Cromartie und Nairn. Cosmo Gordon; new writ to the clerk of the crown, Au
made a baron of the court of Exchequer gust 20, 1779.--John Vaughan.
in Scotland; a new writ ordered, March Carmarthen. Johu Adams.
1777.--Jobn Caropbell. CARNARVONSHIRE. Thomas Asheton Smith.
Dumfries. Robert Laurie; eldest son of
sir Robert Laurie, bart.; a major-geCarnarvon. Glyon Wyon.
peral; succeeded his father as baronet. DENBIGHSHIRE. Sir Watkin Williams Wynne.
Dunbarton. Sir Archibald Edmonstone. Denbigh. Richard Myddeltoo.
Edinburgh. Henry Dundas; solicitor. FLINTSHIRE. Sir Roger Mostyn.
general for Scotland; made lord advoFlint. Sir Jobo Glyone; died, a new
cate for Scotland ; a new writ ordered,
May 1775, he was re-elected ; made writ ordered, June 5, 1777.---Watkin Williams.
joint keeper of the sigoet for Scotland;
a new writ ordered, March 1777, he was GLAMORGANSHIRE. George Venables Vernon; re-elected; made keeper of the signet succeeded his father as lord Vernon,
for Scotland ; a new writ ordered, June August 21, 1780.
3, 1779, he was re-elected.
Elgin. Arthur Duff; fourth brother to in Ross. James Stuart Mackenzie. earl Fife; made comptroller of the ex
Roxburgh. Sir Gilbert Elliot; died, a cise in Scotland ; a new writ ordered,
new writ ordered, February 1777.--Sir April 2, 1779.-- Lord William Gordon;
Gilbert Elliot; eldest son of the deDext brother to the duke of Gordon ;
ceased member; in this parliament bedeputy ranger of St. James's and Hyde fore for Morpeth. parks.
Selkirk. Jobo Priogle. Fife. John Scott; made a major-ge Stirling. Thomas Dundas. neral; died, a new writ ordered, De
Sutherland. James Wemyss. cember 1775.--James Townshend Os. wald; secretary to the Leeward islands; Wigton. Keith Stewart ; brother to the made auditor of the Exchequer in Scot earl of Galloway; a captain in the land ; a new writ ordered, June 2,
navy, 1779.-- Robert Skene; a major-general; Edinburgh City. Sir Lawrence Dundas. baggage-master, and inspector of the roads in Scotland ; this last office was BURGHS OF created since the year 1704, apd on
Kirkwall, &c. James Grant; made cothat account the committee who tried
lonel of a regiment of foot in December the petition agaiost this election found
1775, and a major-general in August that Robert Skene, esq. was not eligible
1777. to be elected, and that Jobn Henderson,
Inderness, fc. Hector Munro; made a esq. the petitioner, was duly elected,
colonel in the army in August 1777 ; and ought to have been returned, February 7, 1780.--John Henderson ; el.
made a knight of the bath in 1780. dest son of sir Robert Henderson, bart.
Elgin, &c. Staats Long Morris ; a co
lopel in the army; made a major-geForfar. William earl Panmure.
heral in August 1777 ; made colonel of Haddington Sir George Suttie ; made a regiment of foot in August 1778.
steward of the manor of East Hendred Aberdeen, sc. Thomas Lyon ; made in the county of Berks; a new writ or
steward of the manor of East Hendred dered, May 9, 1777... William Nesbitt. in the county of Berks; a new writ orInderness. Simon Fraser ; a lieutenant.
dered, .1778.--Adam Drummond ;
a banker in London ; in this parliament general in 1772, and in 1775 colonel of
before for St. Ives. a regiment of foot. Kincardine. Lord Adam Gordon ; uncle
Forfar, 8c. George Dempster. to the duke of Gordon ; colonel of a
Crail, &c.' Philip Anstruther ; eldest son regiment of foot, and a major-general;
of sir John Anstruther, bart. ; a lieumade a lieutenant-general in 1777; tevant of dragoons; made steward of made governor of Tinmouth castle in
the three Chiltern Hundreds ; a new 1778.
writ ordered, November 20, 1777.--. Kirkcudbright. William Stewart.
George Damer ; eldest son of lord MilLanark. Andrew Stuart ; made joint
Kirkaldy, 8c. John Jobnstone. keeper of the signet ; a new writ ordered, March 1777, he was re-elected; Inverkeithing, 8c. Archibald Campbell ; made a commissioner of trade and plan. a lieutenant-colonel in the army. tations; a new writ ordered, June 3, Glasgow, 8c. Lord Frederick Campbell. 1779, he was re-elected.
Selkirk, &c. Sir James Cockburne. Linlithgow. Sir William Augustus Cun
Haddingten, fc. John Maitland ; made ningham.
lieutenant-colonel of a regiment of foot; Orkney. Thomas Dundas, jun.; made a
died, at Savannah in North America ; a lieutenant-colonel in the army.
new writ ordered, November 1779.-Peebles. James Montgomery; made lord Francis Charteris; only son of the bochief baron of the court of Exchequer
nourable Francis Cbarteris, and grandin Scotland ; a new writ ordered, May son of the late earl of Wemyss. 25, 1775.-- Adam Hay; died, a new Dumfries, 8c. William Douglas. . writ ordered, November 1775.-- Sir Ro
Wigton, 8c. William Norton; eldest son bert Murray Keith ; his majesty's am
of sir Fietcher Norton, kot, the Speaker bassador extraordinary and plenipoten
in last parliament; minister to the Swiss tiary at Vienna, and a colonel in the
Cantons ; not duly elected.--- Henry army ; made a major-general in 1777. Watkin Dashwood; eldest son of sir Perth. James Murray; made governor James Dashwood, bart. ; duly elected, of Fort William in Scotland.
and ought to have been returned. Renfrew. John Craufurd; chamberlain Ayr, &c. Sir George Macartney ; sonof the county of Fife.
in-law to the earl of Bute; made go
verror and captain-general of the islands | His Majesty being seated on the throne, of Grenada, Grenadines, &c. in the commanded the gentleman usher of the West Indies; a new writ ordered,
Black Rod to let the Commons know, “ It 1775.-- Frederick Stuart ; fourth son of
is his Majesty's pleasure that they attend the earl of Bute.
him immediately in this House." Who SIXTEEN PEERS OF SCOTLAND.
being come, Duke of Gordon,
Sir Fletcher Norton said,
« Most gracious Sovereign;
of Eglintoun in bis stead.). Commons of this your realm in parliaAbercorr).
ment assembled, have, in pursuance of Galloway.
your Majesty's direction, and of their anLoudoun.
cient right, elected one of their members • Dalhousie. Breadalbane.
to be their Speaker for this parliament; Aberdeen.
and their choice, Sir, having once more March and Ruglen.
fallen upon me for this high and important Marchmont.
trust, they now present me to your MaRoseberry.
jesty for your judgment upon their elecBute.
tion. Needless will it be in me, Sir, to Viscount Stormont.
mention on this occasion, with regard to Irwin; died in 1778; (marquis of
myself, what I fear cannot but be too well Lothian in his stead.) Lord Cathcart; died in 1776; (earl of
known to your Majesty: it therefore best Cassilis in his stead.)
becomes me, with silence and submission,
to resign myself to your royal determinaSir Fletcher Norton re-chosen Speaker.) | tion.” The Commons being returned to their House,
Then the Lord Chancellor, receiving Lord Guernsey, son and heir apparent
directions from his Majesty, said, of the earl of Aylesford, addressing him.. “ Sir Fletcher Norton, self to the Clerk, (who, standing up, “ You have appealed to the King's own pointed to him, and then sat down) pro- experience and knowledge for the decision posed to the House for their Speaker the of the weighty affair now under his conright hon. sir Fletcher Norton; in which sideration, and it is from thence his Ma. he was seconded by lord Robert Spencer, jesty has formed his judgment. brother to the duke of Marlborough. « After having had such clear demon
The House then calling sir Fletcher stration of your abilities, zeal, and appliNorton to the chair, he stood up in his cation, in the service of himself and of place, and expressed the sense he had of your country, in the last parliament, his the honour proposed to be conferred on Majesty commands me to let you know, him, and submitted himself to the House. that he entirely approves the choice which
The House then again unanimously his faithful Commons have made, and al. calling sir Fletcher Norton to the chair, lows and confirms you tobe their Speaker." he was taken out of his place by the said After which, lord Guernsey and lord Robert Spencer, and conducted to the chair : where being
Mr. Speaker said: placed, he again expressed himself truly · Since your Majesty has been pleased sensible of the high honour the House had to confirm the choice your Commons have been pleased to confer upon him, in unani- made of me to be their Speaker, it is my mously choosing him again to be their duty, Sit, with all humility, to conform Speaker.
myself to their appointment and your And then the mace (which before lay royal approbation of it; begging your under the table) was laid upon the table. Majesty's favourable acceptance of my Then sir John Shelley, treasurer of his humblest acknowledgments for this fresh Majesty's household, having congratulated instance of your Majesty's grace towards Mr. Speaker elect, moved to adjourn till myself, and that your Majesty would to-morrow.
vouehsafe to pardon my failings and infir
mities, at least not to impute them in any The Speaker's Speech on being presented wise to your faithful Commons. And that to the King and approved of.] Nov. 30. your Commons in parliament may be the The King's Speech on Opening the Session. A. D. 1774. [34 better enabled to discharge their duty to into execution the laws which were passed your Majesty and their country, I do in in the last session of the late parliament, their name, and on their behalf, by hum- for the protection and security of the comble petition to your Majesty, lay claim to merce of my subjects, and for the restorall their ancient rights and privileges ; ing and preserving peace, order, and good particularly that they, their servants, and government, in the province of the Mas. estates, may be free from arrests and all sachuset's Bay. And you may depend on other molestation. That they may enjoy my firm and stedfast resolution to withfreedom of speech in their debates, and stand every attempt to weaken or impair have liberty of access to your royal per- the supreme authority of this legislature son on all occasions; and that all their over all the dominions of my crown, the proceedings may receive from your Ma- maintenance of which I consider as essenjesty the most favourable interpretation.” tial to the dignity, the safety, and the welWhich done,
fare of the British empire, assuring myself The Lord Chancellor, by his Majesty's
that, while I act upon these principles, I
shall never fail to receive your assistance further commands, said,
and support. " Mr. Speaker,
“ I have the greatest satisfaction in “ The King has the greatest cor.fidence | being able to inform you, that a treaty of in the duty and affection of this House peace is concluded between Russia and of Commons to his person and govern- the Porte. By this happy event the ment, and an high opinion of that wisdom, troubles which have so long prevailed in temper, and prudence, which they will one part of Europe are composed, and use in all their proceedings; and his Ma- the general tranquillity rendered complete. jesty does most readily grant and allow to It shall be my constant aim and endeathem all their privileges, in as full and vour to prevent the breaking out of fresh ample a manner as they have at any time disturbances; and I cannot but Aatter been granted or allowed by his Majesty, myself I shall succeed, as I continue to or any of his royal predecessors.
| receive the strongest assurances from other 6 There is one suit, Sir, which you have powers of their being equally disposed to made on your own behalf: his Majesty preserve the peace. has received the surest pledge that no « Gentlemen of the House of Commons; person in your station ever stood less in “I have ordered the proper Estimates need of it than yourself: but that you for the service of the ensuing year to be may want no support in sustaining the laid before you; and I doubt not but that, burden of that important trust which is in this House of Commons, I shall meet reposed in you, his Majesty has directed with the same affectionate confidence, and me to assure you, that he will put the the same proofs of zeal and attachment to most favourable construction both on my person and government, which I have your words and actions."
always, during the course of my reign,
received from my faithful Commons. The King's Speech on Opening the Ses-1 My Lords, and Gentlemen; sion.) Then his Majesty was pleased to “ Let me particularly recommend to speak as follows: .
you, at this time, to proceed with temper “ My Lords, and Gentlemen; in your deliberations, and with unanimity " It gives me much concern that I am in your resolutions. Let my people, in obliged, at the opening of this parliament, every part of my dominions, be taught by to inform you that a most daring spirit of your example, to have a due reverence resistance and disobedience to the law still for the laws, and a just sense of the blessunhappily prevails in the province of the ings, of our excellent constitution. They Massachuset's Bay, and has in divers parts may be assured that, on my part, I have of it broke forth in fresh violences of a nothing so much at heart as the real prosvery criminal nature. These proceedings perity and lasting happiness of all my have been countenanced and encouraged subjects." in other of my colonies, and unwarrantble attempts have been made to obstruct The Lords' Address of Thanks.] His the commerce of this kingdom by unlaw- Majesty having retired, fal combinations. I have taken such mea- The Earl of Hillsborough rose, and in a sures, and given such orders, as I judged long and able speech set forth the situation most proper and effectual for carrying of the colonies with the mother country,
[VOL. XVIII. ]
highly disapproving of the refractory spirit conjuncture our inviolable fidelity to his of the Americans, and hoping, that, with Majesty, and our serious attention to the temper and unanimity, such measures public welfare.” might be adopted, as to bring about a re- The Earl of Buckinghamshire seconded conciliation. His lordship then moved, the motion. “ That an humble Address be presented The Duke of Richmond spoke strongly to his Majesty, to return his Majesty the against the measures which he imagined thanks of this House for his most gracious were intended to be taken, and moved, Speech from the throne. ,
That an Amendment be made to the said “ To declare our abhorrence and detes- motion, by inserting, after the word tation of the daring spirit of resistance and throne,' at the end of the first paragraph, disobedience to the laws, which so strong. these words: ly prevails in the province of the Massa- “ And to desire his Majesty would be chusets Bay, and of the unwarrantable at- graciously pleased to give direction for tempts in that and other provinces of Ame- an early communication of the accounts rica, to obstruct, by unlawful combina- which have been received concerning the tions, the trade of this kingdom.
state of the colonies, that we may not pro" To return his Majesty our humble ceed to the consideration of this most cri. thanks for having been pleased to commu- tical and important matter, but upon the nicate to us, that he has taken such mea. | fullest information; and when we are thus sures, and given such orders as his Majes- informed, we shall, without delay, apply ty hath judged most proper and effectual ourselves with the most earnest and se. for the protection and security of the rious zeal, to such measures as shall tend commerce of his Majesty's subjects, and to secure the honour of his Majesty's for carrying into execution the laws, which crown, the true dignity of the mother were passed in the last session of the late country, and the harmony and happiness parliament, relative to the province of the of all his Majesty's dominions." Massachuset's Bay. To express our en- Lord Lyttelton replied to him, and, tire satisfaction in his Majesty's firm and amongst other things, urged the necessity stedfast resolution to continue to‘support of asserting the sovereign right of Great the supreme authority of the legislature Britain over the colonies by the most over all the dominions of his crown, and speedy and resolute measures. His lord. to give his Majesty the strongest assurances ship declared, that it was no longer a questhat we will cheerfully co-operate in all tion, whether we should relinquish the such measures, as shall be necessary to right of taxation, but whether that commaintain the dignity, safety, and welfare of merce, which had carried us triumphantly the British empire.
through the last war, should be subject to "" That as this nation cannot be uncon the wise and necessary regulations precerned in the common interest of Europe, scribed by the Act of Navigation, and conwe have the greatest satisfaction in being / firmed by many subsequent acts of parliaacquainted with the conclusion of the ment, or. at once laid open at the will of peace between Russia and the Porte; that the factious Americans, who were now we confide in his Majesty's endeavours to struggling for a free and unlimited trade, prevent, as far as possible, the breaking independent of their mother country, and out of fresh disturbances; and from the for powers inconsistent with, and derogaassurances given to his Majesty by other tory to, the honour and dignity of the im. powers, we have the pleasing expectation perial crown of England: that if govern. that nothing is likely to intervene that ment should now in the least degree remay interrupt the present happy tranquil. cede, all would be over, and America, in. lity in Europe.
stead of being subject to Great Britain, “That it is no less our duty than our in. would soon give laws to it. clination to proceed with temper and una. Lord Shelburne spoke next; then lord nimity in our deliberations and resolu- Talbot. After him, tions, and to inculcate, by our example, a' Lord Camden expatiated largely on the due reverence for the laws, and a just inexpediency of coercive measures at this sense of the excellency of our constitu- time: he said such measures might be very tion; and impressed with the deepest gra- properly exercised in the infancy of colo. titude for the many blessings we have en nies, but that when they had acquired joyed during the course of his Majesty's power by commerce, and strength by the reign, to testify with unaffected zeal at this increase of numbers, it was wholly impo