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me there was a fear of an action being risked It is scarcely necessary to say that the on the frontier of the Netherlands that might friendship which had sprung up, at prove disastrous. We think, they said, early period, between Wellington and Hill, your influence would operate to



had been cemented during the progress of will you go?" I answered, 'Yes. • When ? To-night?' No; not to-night; to-morrow

those campaigns which shed so much lustre morning.' I went home, got ready, and set over both of these great brothers-in-arms. off; and was able to keep all right lil the ar But an incident occurred after the close of rival of the Duke of Wellington. This, I be the war, which not only shows the strength lieve, is not generally known.? When this of that friendship, but is so honorable to conversation was told to his sister, she said both, that it deserves to be specially recordshe remembered that the evening before his ed. 'By unforeseen circumstances the fasudden departure, he was to have gone to the opera. Ai dinner he quietly remarked, • 1 mily of Lord Hill was exposed to heavy cannot go with you this evening; I am off to- pecuniary losses, which threatened to occamorrow morning;' but the cause of his rapid sion great inconvenience. Lord Hill was movement was not mentioned. He went, not one of those soldiers who had gathered leaving his attached aid-de-camp, Major Eg- booty during his campaigns. Though inerton, to arrange his affairs, and follow him stances had occurred, as after the battle of as soon as possible.”—P. 297.

Vittoria, when a profusion of rich spoil lay At the battle of Waterloo Lord Hill dis- exposed for seizure, the whole amount of tinguished himself greatly, and added booty which he ever appropriated was one much to his previous claims on the grati- plain china drinking cup. When Lord tude of his country. He was there expos- Wellington was informed of the pecuniary ed to the greatest personal danger. His losses just mentioned, he immediately and horse was shot under him, and feil wound-cordially offered, in terms the most delicate, ed in five places. He himself was rolled to place his own funds at the disposal of his over and severely bruised, and for half an

friend. Fortunately Lord Hill did not, in hour, in the mélée, it was feared by lois the event, require to avail himself of this troops that he had been killed. But he re

offer; but the frank kindness with which joined them to their great delight, and was

it was made, did not the less credit to the at their head to the close of the day.

generosity of the Duke.

We have not space to dwell longer on “ When the tremendous day was over," the latter portion of Lord Hill's career ; writes his biographer, “ Lord Hill and his

nor is it needsul that we should. The comstaff again re-occupied the litile cottage they left in the morning. His two gallant brothers, mand in India, the Lieutenant-generalship Sir Robert Hill and Colonel Clement Hill, of the Ordnance, and afterwards the Master. had been removed wounded to Brussels; the generalship, were severally offered to his party was, nevertheless, nine in number. A lordship and declined by him. When the soup made by Lord Hill's servant from two Duke of Wellington resigned the office of fowls was all their refreshment after hours of Commander-in-Chief in 1828, Lord Hill desperate fighting without a morsel of food. Lord Hill himself was bruised and full of pain: Guards, and he held the appointment until

was appointed to succeed him at the Ilorse All night long, the groans and shrieks of sufferers were the chief sounds that met their his failing health obliged hiin to resign it ears. It was to them all a night of the great- in August 1842, on which occasion he was est misery. The men whom the nations of raised to the rank of a Viscount. It is Europe were about to welcome with acclama: gratifying also to learn that, at his request, tions, and to entertain in palaces, could only as he had no issue of his own, both his exchange sigh for sigh with each other in a wretched cottage. Such is war, even to the peerage and his pension were settled on the winners. May a gracious God soon make it male issue of his elder brother Colonel Hill. to cease in all the earth!"-Pp. 307, 308.

There have been other cases in which a si

milar request was ungraciously refused. It has been a subject of debate, at what we are glad to record the more favorable precise hour of the day the battle of Wa- reception given to Lord Hill's application, terloo began. Apparently Lord Hill, when and we trust that a title so honorably won asked that question, has set the matter at may long remain in the British peerage. rest by the following answer :-"I took But though passing thus hastily over this two watches into action with me. On con- less stirring portion of the public life of sulting my stop watch after the battle was Lord Hill, we cannot refrain from extractover, I found that the first gun was fired at ing an interesting passage from Mr. Sidten minutes before twelve."

ney's work, respecting his private life and


habits, on finally returning home from his reflections, partly upon the duties which France.

he owed to his Maker, partly upon his du

ties to his fellow-men, which afforded the « On the termination of his duties at Cambray, Lord Hill came to England. Ai Hawk- strongest evidence of his trusting for stone there had gathered round his venerable strength to God alone, and habitually leanfather such a family circle as has seldom as-ing ou Him for support. Nor could the sembled at the board of any parent. Lord discovery of this private document cause Hill took his place at table, daily, with six any feeling of surprise to those who had brothers and four sisters, besides the widow of observed the sentiment of reverential piety his lamented eldest brother, whose children he with which his heart was imbued. regarded with paternal solicitude. There never lived a more unaffected human being than Sir

Mr. Sidney quotes, with just commendaJohn Hill. When he heard that his sons had tion, a letter respecting Lord Hill, recently survived Waterloo, he exclaimed, "God bless written by an officer of his division in the lads! and their presence in his own house Spain, who thus characterizes his former seemed to add fresh vigor to his old age. General :

"In the ease and enjoyments of home, Lord Hill's chief anxiety seemed to be to add to the

“ The great foundation of all his popularity cheerfulness and comfort of all about him. and his heroic spirit; but his popularity was

with the troops was his sterling personal worih, His farm and his garden occupied some por-increased and strengihened as soon as lie was tion of his time, and he was fond of hunting, shooting, and fishing in a quiet way. The

He was the very picture of an English

To those soldiers who poor were the objecis of his peculiar kindness. country gentleman, A soldier's wife on the estate had requested he represented home-bis fresh complexion,

came from the rural districts of Old England, husband, which was successful. He received placid face, kind eye, kind voice, the total abthe answer in his favor just as he was going lighted them. The displeasure of Sir Row

sence of all parade or noise in his habits, deout with the hounds. After riding a little way land Hill was worse to them than the loudest he disappeared, and nobody knew where he was gone. At length it was discovered that anger of other generals; and when they saw he had quietly withdrawn from the field, to anxiety in his face that all should be right, carry in person the acceptable tidings to the they doubly wished it themselves; and when poor woman who was anxiously expecting they saw his countenance bright with the ex. them. The farmers used to be delighted to pression that all was right, why, they were see him, when he rested in their houses on his glad for him as well as for themselves.". shooting excursions. He would play with Also his kind attention to all the wants and their children in the most winning manner,

comforts of his men, his visits to the sick in taking them on his knee, and amusing them in the hospital, his vigilant protection of the poor every way he could devise. The only thing country people, his just severity to marauders, which seemed to embarrass him was the ex

his generous and humane treatment of such treme modesty of his nature ; so that actually prisoners and wounded as at times fell into his when about io confer the greatest favor, he hands—all consistent actings of a virtuous and would appear more confused than other noble spirit-made for him a place in the hearts

persons would have been if they had solicited it. of the soldiery; and wherever the few survivSo simple were his manners, that it was diffi- ors of that army may now be scattered, in cult for an ordinary observer to imagine him their hearts assuredly his name and image are possessed of any of those qualities by which dearly cherished still.”—Pp. 228, 229. he had gained his high reputation.”—Pp. 324

To these extracts we would add the ob326.

servation of Mr. Sidney himself, in the truth

of which we entirely concur, thatSir John Hill, the father of Lord Hill, died in 1824. His uncle, the well-known

6. The secret of Lord Hill's constant advance Rev. Rowland Hill, to whom he seems to that to the most endearing goodness of dis

at every step and on every occasion was this have been much attached, died in 1833, in position there was added a fixed, simple deterthe 89th year of his age. Lord Hill was not mination to do his duty according to the abilidestined to reach these years, but neverthe- ty he possessed, and, above all, the zeal and less had attained the advanced age of 70, devotedness to his country of a patriotic and when he died on the 10th December, 1842. courageous heart.”—P. 30. In his last illness he showed all the patient Such is a brief outline of the life and fortitude which was suitable to his previous character of Lord Hill. During his lifecharacter, and he was sustained by the time the inhabitants of his county town of hope and comfort which Christian faith can Shrewsbury, reared a column in his honor, alone bestow. Afier his death there was which records his feats of arms, and not less found among his private papers a record of his personal virtues. But his proudest

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monument will be the recollection, ever LADY HESTER STANHOPE. cherished by his admiring countrymen, that

From the Literary Gazette. he not only achieved great deeds, and was distinguished by nearly unchequered suc- Memoirs of Lady llester Stanhope, as recess, but that his fortune was not superior lated by Herself in Conversations with to his worth. Requiring less allowance her Physician, foc. 3 vols. Colburn. than most other public men for the frailty NOTWITHSTANDING all we have read of incident to human nature, it may justly be this extraordinary lady in the publications said of him that he was not only a good of Lamartine, Puckler Muskau, and albut a great man.

most every traveller who visited Syria durLord Hill was eminently distinguished ing her long sojourn on Mount Lebanon, by that quiet simplicity of character which we are well pleased to meet with this more só often accompanies genuine greatness. ample and complete biography from the He not only rose to the highest rank, but hands of one who had such superior opporattained the niost brilliant renown, without tunities to study her character, and to obbecoming giddy by his elevation. Among tain possession of the information she was all the accounts which have been given of so prone to pour forth into listening ears. the battles and enterprises in which he Much, therefore, as has been anticipated had so large a share, there are none in concerning her, and much has appeared which his own merit is so slightly consid- within the last ten years in the pages of the ered as in the letters written by himself. Literary Gazette, we repeat our satisfacAnd yet it is evident from the strain of tion at reviewing the miscellaneous, gossipthese letters, as well as from the acuteness ing, and entertaining volumes through and talents of Lord Hill, that this proceeds which it is now our duty to thread our neither from a defective perception of the way. praise which was justly due to him, nor yet Naturally partial to his subject, the aufrom that affectation which pretends to thor represents her as having suffered veil what it really seeks to display, but much from the harshness of the English from the manly modesty of nature which is government in regard to withdrawing her satisfied with having done great things, pension-an affair which made much noise without descending to blazon them. some years since-and consequently as be

On the whole, regarding the gentle and ing impoverished, and exposed to many ingenerous boyhood of Lord Hill

, from the conveniences, when she was supposed to first dawning of his earliest youth at school be rich and exercising a kind of sovereign -tracing onwards his mature ripening in- authority; and he draws a miserable picto heroic manhood during his military ca- ture of her domestic establishment, and her reer-observing the unfailing devotion with own violent temper and imperious conduct. which he dedicated his whole energies to Looking upon the circumstances related, the faithful discharge of duty-and recol- were not our pity somewhat touched lecting that to all this were added the ami- by the conviction that her “eccentricities" able graces of a pure and affectionate heart, were the results of sheer insanity, and that —we think his life may well be made the never was there so mad a lady, we should subject of most profitable study and con- say that all the miseries to which she was templation. And we do not hesitate to say, subjected, or subjected herself, were the that the example which he has bequeathed just and too light punishment for her utter in his military course, will henceforward want of feeling and savage barbarity toform a valuable portion of the best inherit- wards every soul within the scope of her ance of the youthful soldiers of Britain.

crazy vagaries and remorseless selfishness. We trust, indeed, with a confidence She died, as such a person ought to die, which grows daily stronger, that war is not neglected and forsaken; for those who destined to be the future arbiter of the fate have no sympathies for their fellow-creaof nations, to the same extent as it has tures deserve neither sympathy nor succor been in times that are past. But whether -as they have existed for themselves, let this reliance be well or ill-founded, we feel them perish by themselves, and rot by assured that the soldier who best studies themselves. Before I conclude (says and appreciates the life and character of her physician and biographer), I think it Lord Hill, will never be found in the num- necessary to add a few lines respecting the ber of those who undervalue the blessings last months of her existence. Lady Hes

ter Stanhope died, as far as I have been able VOL. VI.-No. II. 11

of peace.

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to learn, unattended by a single European, ordinarily sat was propped up by two unand in complete isolation. I was the last sightly spars of wood, for fear the ceiling European physician or medical man that should fall on her head; and that these attended her, and I was most anxious and deal pillars, very nearly in the rough state willing (foreseeing her approaching fate as in which they had been brought from the I did) to continue to remain with her: but north in some Swedish vessel, stood in the it was her determined resolve that I should centre of the room? Her bedroom was leave her, and those who have known her still worse; for there the prop was a rough cannot deny that opposition to her will was unplaned trunk of a poplar-tree, cut at the altogether out of the question. There is foot of the hill on which her own house no doubt that, by prolonging my stay on stood. It may be asked, whether there Mount Lebanon, I might have been of cor- were no carpenters or masons in that coun: siderable service to her ladyship. She was try? There certainly were both; but, about to shut herself up alone, without where carriage is effected on the backs of money, without books, without a soul she camels and mules, and there are no wheelcould confide in; without a single Euro- ed vehicles whatever, in a sudden emergenpean, male or female, about her; with cy (such as the cracking of a beam) resort winter coming on, beneath roofs certainly must be had to the most ready expedient no longer waterproof, and that might fall for immediate safety; and with her resourin; with war at her doors, and without any ces cramped by the threatened stoppage of means of defence except in her own un- her pension, her ladyship could not venture daunted courage; with no one but herself on new roofing her rooms—a work of time to carry on her correspondence; so that and expense. The perusal of the narrative every thing conspired to make it an imper- which is here submitted to the reader will ative duty to remain with her : yet she sufficiently account for Lady Hester's would not allow me to do so, and insisted debts; and the most cursory visit to her on my departure on an appointed day, de- habitation at Joon (or Djoun, as the French claring it to be her fixed determination to write it) would have proved to anybody remain immured, as in a tomb, until repara- that the money which she had borrowed tion had been made her for the supposed was never expended on her own comforts : insult she had received at the hands of the --a tradesman's wife in London had ten British government. It would have been times as many. Having no other servants expected that the niece of Mr. Pitt, and but peasants, although trained by herself, the grand-daughter of the great Lord Chat- she could scarcely be said to have been ham, might have laid claim to some indul. waited on; and a tolerable idea may be gence from those whose influence could formed of their customary service, when help or harm her; and that her peculiar an eye-witness can say that he has seen her situation in a foreign country, among a maid ladling water out of a cistern with people unacquainted with European cus- the warming-pan, and a black slave putting ioms and habits (being left as she was to the teapot on the table, holding it by the her own energies to meet the difficulties spout, and the spout only. But these were which encompassed her), might have ex- trifles in comparison with the destruction empted her from any annoyance, if it did and pilfering common to the negresses and not obtain for her any aid. A woman peasant girls; and so little possibility was sixty years old, with impaired health, in- there of keeping any article of furniture or habiting a spot removed many miles from apparel for its destined purpose, that, after any town, amidst a population whom their many years of ineffectual trouble, she who own chiefs can hardly keep under control, was once, in her attire, the ornament of a was no fit object, one would think, for mo- couri, might now be said to be worse clad lestation under any circumstances; but, than a still-room maid in her father's house. when the services of Lady Hester's family Her ladyship slept on a mattress, on planks are put into the scale, it seems wonderful how upheld by tressels, and the carpeting of the representations of interested money- her bedroom was of felt. She proclaimlenders could have had sufficient weighted herself, with much cheerfulness, a phiwith those who guided the State to induce losopher; and, so far as self-denial went, them to disturb her solitude and retire-in regard to personal sumptuousness, her ment. Will it be believed, that when, in assertion was completely borne out in garb August 1838, I took leave of her, the beam and furniture. How far she deserved that of the ceiling of the saloon in which she title upon the higher grounds of specula

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tive science and the extraordinary range sequence of the insulated situation of the of her understanding, let those say who house on the summit of a conical hill, have shared with the writer in the pro- whence comers and goers might be seen found impression which her conversation on every side; yet, notwithstanding this, always left on the minds of her hearers. on one occasion all her free women dePeace be with her remains, and honor to camped in a body, and on another, her her memory! A surer friend, a more slaves attempted to scale the walls, and frank and generous enemy, never trod the some actually effected their object, and earth. Show me where the

poor and ran away. In addition to these artificial needy are,' she would say, “and let the barriers, she was known to have great inrich shift for themselves !' As free from Auence with Abdallah Pasha, to whom she hypocrisy as the purest diamond from stain, had rendered many services, pecuniary she pursued her steady way, unaffected by and personal; for to him, as well as to his the ridiculous reports that were spread harym, she was constantly sending preabout her by travellers, either malicious or sents; and he, as a Turk, fostered despot misinformed, and not to be deterred from ism rather than opposed it. The Emir her noble though somewhat Quixotic enter- Beshyr, or Prince of the Druzes, her nearprises by ridicule or abuse, by threats or est neighbor, she had so completely intimiopposition."

dated by the unparalleled boldness of her From this view we have à priori pro- tongue and pen, that he felt no inclination claimed our entire and hearty dissent. to commit himself by any act which might There was nothing except her descent to be likely to draw either of them on him obtain for Lady H. Stanhope this honor, again. In what direction, therefore, was this affecti•nate obedience, this devotedness a poor unprotected slave or peasant to fly? to her comforts, this sacrifice to her happi- Over others, who, like her doctor, her sec

Lip-service and terrified duty were retary, or her dragoman, were free to act all her behavior to her dependants deserv- as they liked, and towards whom she had ed; and curses, not loud but deep, were more menagemens to preserve, there hung what she wrought for all her days and all a spell of a different kind, by which this her nights, only redeemed by the favor of modern Circe entangled people almost insome partial caprice; and she reaped what extricably in her nets. A series of beneshe wrought for in a restless, wretched, fits conferred on them, an indescribable and devouring harvest of everlasting petty art in becoming the depositary of their setroubles and graver afflictions. What facts crets, an unerring perception of their failare adduced by her panegyrist in a hundredings, brought home in moments of confipassages in support of his eulogistic opinion?dence to their bosoms, soon left them no

“Never was there so restless a spirit- alternative but that of securing her protecnever lived a human being so utterly indif- tion by unqualified submission to her will.” ferent to the inconvenience to which she [A Napoleon of Lebanon.] subjected others. Nobody could pursue

“Her maids and female slaves she puntheir avocations in quiet : she must give ished summarily, if refractory; and, in instructions to every one; and although conversation with her on the subject, she the unexampled versatility of her talents boasted that there was nobody could give and genius seemed to inspire her with an such a slap in the face, when required, as intuitive knowledge on all matters, yet it she could. was irksome to remain three or four hours “For the last fifteen years of her life, together to be taught how to govern one's Lady Hester Stanhope seldom quitted her wife, or how to rear one's children; how bed till between two and five o'clock in statesmen were made, and how ministers the afternoon, nor returned to it before were unmade; how to know a good horse the same hours the next morning. The or a bad man; how to plant lettuces or day's business never could be said to have plough a field.

The love of well begun until sunset. But it must not power made her imperious; but, when her be supposed that the servants were suffered authority was once acknowledged, the ten- to remain idle during daylight. On the der of unconditional submission was sure contrary, they generally had their work to secure her kindness and largesses. All assigned them over-night, and the hours this was royal enough, both in its tyranny aster sunset were employed by her ladyship and its munificence. Unobserved escape in issuing instructions as to what was to was well nigh impracticable by day, in con- be done next day; in giving orders, scold



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