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able retreat, after a battle loft, is that of knowing how far to puro fue the good fortune of conquest, and when to retire securely, 10 enjoy the spoils of victory. The petty acquisition, that mighe do honour to a novice in literasure or in arms, would rather diminish than increate the reputation of a vereran practised in great archievements, and repeatedly crowned with laurels. Hence it is expected of a writer, who hath acquired any portion of literary fame, that every new work he produces thould be superior to the last ; and if it prove otherwise, it detracts from his general character, by just so much as its merit falls short of expectation. The current of a living Au. thor's reputation is thus ever on the ebb or flow. To this; it may be added, that even novelty in the author, as well in the performance, is, in this novelty-loving age, become requisite to make a work of entertainment compleatly taking. However new the design, incidents, or model of the composition, yet, if the author hath been long known, the pre-conceived notion of the style and manner, gives the whole an old-fashioned air, and it is not quite a new thing, at least with the ladies ; for whose use and amusement works of this kind are chiefly calculated. The difpofition of the public may be imagined, in this respect, like that of a froward child, equally capricious and unaccountable. But, so it is. Mrs. Lenox, therefore, should not be disappointed if her Sophia does not meet with fo warm a reception as the female Quixote, Henrietta, and fome other of her pieces, have been honoured with. Indeed, we must confess, that this performance, consisting of a love-story, not uninteresting in point of incident, nor inelegantly written, wants, nevertheless, much of that spirit and variety which this species of composition peculiarly requires, and which are more confpicuous in fome of her former works,
Art. 11. A Grammar of the Italian Language, with a copious
Praxis of moral Sentences. To which is added, an English Grammar for the Use of the Italians. By Jofeph Baretii.
8vo. 45. Hitch, &c. ii; - If Mr. Baretti's Italian grammar has any thing to recommend it, more than those that have been already published, it is the brevity with which the principal rules are laid down : But by consulting this brevity too much. he has sometimes left the learner in the dark. In point of pronunciation, particularly, we can by na means recommend this work; nor can we approve of the Author's determination ta say nothing on points where he could not lay down any unexceptionable rule. If he intended to give his grammar any fuperior utility, it Mould have conveyed more light to the learner, and not less than others. In this respect, however, those of Altieri, Veperoni, &c. are much preferable to Baretti's. In fact, this grammar is only a copy of that prefixed to his dictia onary, with the addition of moral jentences, italian and English.
The Author boasts that this performance is the best of its kind that ever appeared in public ; but he had ever a favourable opinion of
his own productions. In truth, its defects are many. He hould have given a more ample explanation of the pronouns and active verbs used impersonally in Icalian ; the most perplexing and difficult part of the language. It is also very defective in regard to the conjugations.
The verbs are conjugated at length (the order and division of the tenses are an invention of his own) but no English is given to the Itahan ; which is contrary to the practice of others who pretend to teach a language : For to what purpofe can a ftudent learn by rote a verb in the language he would acquire, if he is not informed to what word it answers in his own. Mr. Barretti may suppose the students previous knowledge of grammar; but that is seldom the case, even with adalts, and hardly eyer with younger pupils; who, for the most part, begin to apply themselves to the study of the French or Italian, without any foundation in grammar.
Bur though Mr. Barretti has not acquitted himself much to our fatisfaction as a grammarian, he has certainly acted the part of a good citizen, by making the services of his tongue-teaching councrymen' still more necessary and important, :.
POÉTICA L.. Art. 12. The Viceroy.' A Poem. 4to. Is, Payne, & Co.
An elegant and troly poetical panegyric on Lord Halifax, the prefent worthy Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
Art. 13. An Ode to the Right Honourable the Earl of Lincoln.
4to. 6 d. Kent. .. , A compliment to the Duke of Newcastle, on his retirement. A dry politician at the Smyrna, on seeing this ingenious little poem, exclaimed, “Oh! that it had but come out twenty years ago.'
Art. 14. Miscellaneous Poems. By Elizabeth Carolina Keene.
8vo. 55. fewed. Hooper. Many circumstances intitle the fofter sex to a more delicate treatment than our own, and therefore it is always with tenderness we look upon the productions of a female pen. If Mrs. Keene's poems Mall be thought to merit the public favour from the following extract*, may they enjoy it..
The Fairy in Love.
There I?ll tell you many a tale
Which will make you laugh with me
Who is that, that I efpy
A little rogue ! but he shall smart,
Then la listen to your tale
Ah! but Cynthia then I fear,
Not Cupid with his keenest dart
Though he descended from the sky,
If then these terms you do approve,
MEDICAL. Art. .15 An Account of the topical Application of the Spunge, in
the Stoppage of Hæmorrhages. Read before the Royal Society. By Charles White, F. R. S. one of the Corporation of Surgeons in London, and Surgeon to the Manchester Infirmary. 8vo. 15. Johnston.
This small pamphlet, which may prove of considerable utility, gives thirteen cases in surgery, of which nine were amputations, in evidence of the success of this application. The taking up and making ligatures on the larger vessels after amputacions, being, according to the report of those who have suffered them, the most painful part of such operations, having been sometimes attended with convulsive symptoms, the locked jaw, and even death; and the agaric of the oak having proved less infallible in the subsequent hæmorrhages than was at first expected, besides the frequent difficulty of procuring the best fort, Mr. White has thought it his duty, he says, to lay this remedy before the public. The spunge should be of the best and closest kind, or the fine male spunge, and is to be cut into slices, not horizontally, according to the strata or layers of which it is composed, but perpendicularly and through them, so that each flice is to confift of several strata. After the application of such slices to the wounded vessels, a gentle compression [hould be made upon them, either with a linen roller, or with cross flips of good sticking-plairter. But as the price of this small yet important pamphler, (which contains all necessary directions for the proper application of this effectual and, as it may be called, anodyne remedy) is so trifting, that we cannot suppose any decent operator will be without it, we shall only add, that it is expressed and conducted in the clear manner of a sensible writer; and that several physicians, surgeons, and pupils at Manchester are mentioned as present at the operations, who may be supposed so many evidences to the efficacy of this happy application, Besides which, our Author says, p. 48. “ The spunge has never yet failed me, though I have applied it within these fixteen months to upwards of fifty patients ; and have constantly used it once last Mi. chaelmas, without ever having had recourse to the needle and liga
ture, except in two cases.” Admitting this, we must also admit, that | amputations must not only prove lefs painful, but less fatal than they have often been before this new application.
RELIGIOUS and CONTROVERSIAL. Art. 16. Devout Meditations : Or a feleet Collection of Observa
tions, divine and moral. Abstracted from the IDritings of the most approved Authors. By a Gentleman. 8vo.. is. Baldwin.
This devout medley can only be commended for the piety of the design. The author appears to be but fuperficially acquainted with
the doctrines of christianity, which yet he ventures to write about, although it be only to tell us the old story, that we are commanded to believe what we neither do,' nor can understand. When will this wretched tafte for Ænigmas, Acrostics, Anagrams, and Rebusies wear out?
Art. 17. A Help to the Study of the Scriptures ; or a new and
compleat History of the Bible. 12mo. 2 s. 6d. Hinxman.
A pretty book for children ; adorned with pretty pictures.. . Art. 18. Christ's Temptations real Facts: or a Defence of the
Evangelic History ; Thewing, that our Lord's Templations moy be fairly and reasonably understood, as a Narrative of what was really transacted. Being an Anfwer to Mr. Farmer's Inquiry *, &c. 8vo. Is. 6d. Piety.'
Much learning misemployed. We do not think Mr. Farmer anfwered yet. . : * See an account of this ingenious performance in Review, Vol. XXV. p. 130.
Art. 19. An occasional Review. of the Prebendary of Litchfield's
Sermon, and Address to the People, called Quakirs. By John Johnson. Svo. 9d. Johnson. We are determined to have nothing to say, in regard to this unprofitable controversy, farther than barely informing our Readers that there are such publications-by repeating their title-pages, as above.
Art. 20. A pre-existent Lapse of human Souls demonstrated from
Reason; shown to be the Opinion of ihe most eminent Writers ojo Antiquity, sacred and profane : proved to be the Ground-work likewise of the Gojpel Dijpenfuiion; and the Medium through which many material topics, relative thereto, are set in a clear, rational, and consistent Light. By Capel Borrow, A. M. Rector of Finningley, Nottinghamshire. 8vo. 29. 60. sewed. Whifton, &c.
Though the Opinion of the pre-existence of human souls is juítiy given up, in the present age, as a sentiment either wholly founded on imagination, or upon very precarious reasonings, yet it hach formerly been embraced by such a number of eminen: persons, that it seems to claim fome degree of respect, On this account, notwith. standing the awkwardness of the title, we took up Mr. Berrow's book, with an intention of laying before our readers a diflinct view of his scheme, provided it should be fouud to contain any thing plausible or ingenious. But we are sorry to say, (as the Author is,