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had so rughly figured out that of the poor D- of Nand now ames away a grim-visaged Saracen's head, with one pe.
culiar traits in it, designed to make it país for that of the D o f Cd,
“ The Iird noble Perfon,” says he, “ feels it a matter worthy of his indignation, that his Sovereign will not again enter into his nonage, and submit bimself to a second pupillage. Fie would gain by force that power, with which neither the wildom of his royal Father, vor the apprehenfions of the people, would intruf him in the year 1751. But of what injuries does he complain: He has been treated, during the present reign, and more especially during the present administration, with eve y distinction due to his rank and relation to the crown. Even in the latest instance. When a plan was formed by the ministry for the reduction of the Havanna, it was immediately sent to him for his approbation. The commander in chief was appointed according to Dis socii. nation. Every thing he asked, in order to secure the success of the expedition, was instantly complied with. The vigour of the ministry seemed to second his demands. Never were any troops better appointed. Upon what pretence of complaint, therefore, cao He cnter into an unnatural alliance in oppcntion to the interests of his own family? What vicws of future power can rempt him to join with a man, whom he most sincerely detests, to distress the crown, to which he is to nearly related? Is it Agrippina's impotence of anibition, eo lidi, quia non regnaret? Docs he confider kinseif a Prince of the blood, and is this his proper conduct? Doe: he acknowledge himself a subject, and is this his proof of duty to his Sovereign But, in truth, he is as much a subject to the crown, and, in all numan probability, as far removed from the throne, as any private gentleman in England. Oliver Cromwell indeed rose to the tyranny of his country, as a private gentleman, and Richard the third, as an uncle.
“ We have often been reproached with our apprehenfions of mi. litary power. Whether those apprehensions were in themselves juit, or not, we certainly were juilifieủ, in being wachtul to repel e en a poffible danger, to formidable, indeed fo fatal, w the libert; of our country. It is wisdom to foresce luch danger; it is courage to meet it in its approach ; it is our duty to die or to repel it. But now, what will they, who used to impuie our tears to us as crimes; whai - i!l they sav now? when the protestion of the opposition is to covern the King absolutely; when the leader of that opposition is a military leader, who lias hardly any other ideas of government, than what he Jearned in the German dicipline, which our foldiers, unused to such severity, such cruelty, so scnsibly felt, and so loudly resented. If this man comes into power by violence, he mult maintain it by vio. Jence. Yet when he places himself at the head of faction, every officer, who has a seat in parliament, and joins under such a leader, in such a cause, muft give us very serious apprehensions. We cannot look upon fucii a member of parliament, as a man merely following his own opinion in civil matiers : whenever he succeeds, he becomes an initrument to opprcfs thię ļiberty of a free people, but when this
commandes commander in chief both of the King and army shall pour abroad bis spirit upon the soldiery — The unhappy Roman, upon whom Sylla either forgot, or neglecled to smile, was butchered by his
Having thus, in our most sincere opinion, grossly misreprefented as honest a man as ever was vilified, he proceeds to mention a certain very popular and right honourable gentleman, of whose influence these dangerous ringleaders may find means to avail chemielves, in order to carry their schemes into execution.
Thus, he concludes, “ three or four families have formed an opposition, that dares to threaten and insult their Sovereign. They have assumed to themselves, as most honourable, the no longer existing title of whigs; they have given to us, country-gentlemen, as most ignominious, the no longer existing name of tories.” • We do not think it worth while to trouble our Readers with any remarks on this well-written though invidious pamphlet; but proceed to take notice of the pieces to which it hath given birth.
Art. 23. A Letter to the Whigs, with some Remarks on a Letter
to the Tories. 4to. 6 d. Nicoll. Apprehensive that the fire of party may possibly be re-kindled by the revival of those low, exploded terms, Whig and Tory, it is with concern we have seen them of late so much used by our political writers. It is servile and scandalous for free-men to rank themielves under such vile, unmeaning, or worse than unmeaning denominations! Away with them to Paris or to Rome, where, to be the slaves of Naves, is the humiliating birthright of the wretched natives !
The Author of this pamphlet, however, appears in the character of a Moderator. He professes himself a whig, but he relents not the inflammatory design of the Letter to the Tories, which is the subject of the foregoing article; which we think every honest Englihman ought to resent, until the Author of that extraordinary pamphlet shall have demonstrated the reality of the iniquitous project which he charges upon the three noble personages. All that this conciliatory Writer contends for, is (what, indeed, every wise man, every true friend to his country, will acquiesce in) that there shall be no contention, i. e. that the Whigs and Tories should unite, and thereby fecond the endeavours of our young monarch, for promoting the universal happiness of his people. This, no doubt, were a confummation de voutly to be wish'd: notwithilanding our best politicians are agreed, that the liberty of the subject is never so much in danger as when no danger is suspected. To which we shall be bold to add, without exprefling or feeling any apprehensions with regard to the disposition or conduct of the reigning Prince, that all administrations of government naturally tend toward Despotism; that Liberty is an ineltimable jewel, which we can never be too watchful in guarding and defending; and that having no right to relinquish it, if we were so inclined, it is our indifpenlible duty to see it transmitted safe and inviolate to our polleG g 4
rity. rity. " Rerencer à sa liberté c'est renoncer à sa qualité d'homme, aux droits de l'humanité, même à ses devoirs.” Rousseau Contraci social.
Art. 24. An Address to the Cocoa-Tree, from a IVhig. 4to.
15. Kearsly. In this well-written performance, in which spirit and decency are ha pily united, the Author smartly rallies the Torics, on account of the Epistle from their friend at the Cocoa-Tree, their supposed ascendancy at court, and their attachment to the present miniitty. As to the grand occasion of this controversy, (the complaint, that an oppofition is forming against the measures of government, which is construed into a design against his Majesty's independency and preragative, those darling objects of a party which has been lately thought excine?, in this kingdom at least) our Author does not deny the reality of such an opposition, but he differs from the Cocoa-tree Letter-writer, in attributing the whole of it to “ three very great names,” that is his expression. According to him, the fact is, " That the present oppo. fition is known to spread through the whole kingdom,-and existed in the minds of the people before the first of the three great persons retired from business, before the second was banilhed from Co--st, and before it was suggested that the third would openly patronize the cause, which has been the support of his illustrious house on the throne.”
This general, and, according to our Author, national opposition, he endeavours to eitablish on the people's dislike of the FAVOURITE [Tory] Minister, on whose unpopularity he largely and severely ex. putiates through the greatelt part of his Epifle; endeavouring, from that circumstance and some others, to Mew the favourite's total difqualification for the enjoyment of that influence he is said to have acquired at the helm. The Tory maxim, “ That the King having a right to appoint his ministers, the people have no right to oppose them,” he very sensibly controverts, and extracts a different doctrine from Whig principles, viz. “ That if a Minilter's pretensions to power be not natural, corflitutional, genely alerted, and generally admitied, the prerogative of the crown can be no melter from the warmest opposition which a free people may constitutionaliy form agairft such a minister.” This, he adds, “ has been invariably the doctrine of WHIGGISM ; and an opposition is forming against the present M-mr, upon no other motive, than that he is supposed to be defective in each of those qualifications;" which he undertakes to evince; and has, in our opinion, said more to the purpose than will be easily answered, to the equal satisfaction of the impartial reader, whether South-Briton or North-Briton.- -He concludes with fcme strong and manly assertions of the noble and genuine principles of Whiggism, [Oh! that we had a nobler denomination for thein!] and takes his leave of his readers with a declaration, by which we hope every true Briton will for ever abide,-“ Under this royal family alone, we are fully convinced, we can live free; and under this
royal family, we are fully resolved, we will live free *"...While we continue in this persuasion, and iteadily adhere to this resolution, there can be little reason to fear the accomplishment of bishop Fleet wood's melancholy presage, which our Author has prefixed, "by way of motto, to his pamphlet, viz. “ From the natural tendency of several principles and practices, that have of late been studiously revived, and from what has followed thereupon, I could not help both fearing and presaging, that these nations would some time or other fall into the way of all other nations, and lose their liberty.”
# These words are said to have been the conclusion of a protest formerly made in a certain great assembly.
Art. 25. A Letter from Arthur's to the Cocoa-Tree, in Answer
to the Letter from thence to the Country-Gentleman, 4to, Is. Morgan.
The puny effort of some boy-politician, who not being himself very deep in the subject, has filled up his inlignificant pamphlet with extracts from Rapia's history.
Art. 26. A Derbyshire Gentleman's Answer to the Letter from
the Cocoa-I ree. 8vo. 6d. Moore. The Derbyshire gentleman knows no more of the matter than the little pamphlet-spinner at Arthur's. Both, however, talks in a tone of vast importance about their patriotic spirit, their whig-principles their loyalty to the house of Hanover, and their unconquerable aversion to favourites; an aversion which, in all probability, would be radically cured, by creating the Derbyshire gentleman a tide-waiter, and making the industrious politician at Arthur's an exciseman.
MISCELLANEOU S. Art. 27. The Reverie: Or a Flight to the Paradise of Fools.
By the Editor of the Adventures of a Guinea. 12mo. 2 vols. 6s. Becket.
A number of public characters and transactions are here described and narrated, in that animated, but inelegant, style and manner, which is peculiar to the Author of the Adventures of a Guinea. We do not charge it on a malignancy of disposition, that some men are fond of placing every thing in the worst light; perhaps such a method of taking a view of human nature, may sometimes have its use. We would advise the Reader, however, to beware of forming injurious notions of persons and facts, on the authority of such Writers; since he might as well take the characters and actions of ancient Heroes and Heroines from the novels of Casandra and Cleopatra, as those of our modern ones from the representations of this Author. Like those ungraceful Painters who have an admirable hand at an ugly likeness, this Writer hits of the wart on the cheek, the
squint fquint of the eye, and the pimple of the nose, to perfection. He appears, indeed, to have no taste or idea of the beautiful, either in fyle, character, or design: both the scenes and personages exhibited in this performance being, in general, the grosseft dawbings we re: member to have seen. Macheath, in the Beggars Opera, is a Genteman in comparison to our Author's King of Prussia; and the Emprefs Queen is but a copy of Flanders Moll or the German Princess. Madam Pompadour may, indeed, for ought we know, be a second lenny Diver; the Emperor little better than a Squire Sullen, a cer. tain Prince a Captain Bobadil, and another a Master Stephen ; but we doubt of our Author's authority for exhibiting them in such a light; Ror do we conceive, from the tenor of his work, that he hath been let far into the secrets of the great and polite world : the news papers, and his own imagination, appearing to be his greatest authorities.
Art. 28. Letters from Sophia to Mira : Containing the Adven.
tures of a Lady. 12mo. 3$. Dodsey. Tho' Sophia pretends to be, a Lady of family and fortune, le appears, by the manner of writing, to have been little used to good company, or polite conversation; and her sentiments are well suited to the flatternly style in which they are cloathed..
We are usually ender of the productions of a female pen; but, in truth, the number of Authorelies hath of late fo considerably increased, that we are somewhat apprehensive leit our very Cookwenches fhould be infected with the Cacoethes Scribendi, and think themselves above the vulgar employment of mixing a pudding, or rolling a pye-crust. It seems high time, therefore, to deal plainly with the scx, in order, as far as the influence of the Review may extend, to prevent them from growing equally ridiculous with those pitiful male-Scriblers, who have so plentifully locked the Circulating Libraries with Adventures, Familiar Letters, and Novels :- and, if poffible, to convince them, that every woman who has learnt to spell, is not a Cockburn, a Jones, a Carter, or a Lennox, • To thew how far this good Lady, Sophia, is qualified to figure in the republic of letters, we need only cite the following ihurt passage, which, for liberality of sentimient, and propriety of expression, is Dot casily to be matched.
“I am sorry to say, there are some giddy, and inconsiderate youths, who make it their constant practice to scoff at old age, and make a jeft of all human imperfections. This they think gives them an air of caiety, and becomes their youth.” So far is well-enough; but mark what follows] “ But, poor mistaken fouis! they not only excite the contempt of all humane well-disposed people, but deservedly draw down the wrath of Almighty God; who being ail goodiefs, clemencv, and mercy himself, will molt assuredly punish with everlafting darkness, those of a different way of thinking”
Sophia gives us this blundering denunciation of the dreadful wrath of a Being all goo iness and merry', as a specimen of her “tenderness of heart"-tenderness with a vengeance ! We are really