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volumes, they do not arise from any imperfection in the mode of conveying their ideas, occafioned by this local or nominal barbarity of style; but either from the sublime or obscure nature of the things conveyed to the Reader by words; or from the purposed conciseness of the Writer ; who, in the occafional mention of any matter unrelated, or not essential to, the Dispensation, always affects a studied brevity. .
“ But further, Suppose that, in some cases, an authentic Scripture, designed for a religious rule, demanded this quality of local eloquence ; (for that, in general, it is not required I have fully shewn above) let this, I fay, be fup. posed, yet still it would not affect the case in hand, since it would be altogether unsuitable to the peculiar genius of the GOSPEL. It might easily be known to have been the purpose of Providence, (tho' such purpose had not been expressly declared) that the Gospel should bear'all the fubftantial marks of it's divine Original ; as well in the circumstances of it's promulgation, as in the course of it's progress. To this end, the appointed Ministers of it's conveyance were persons, mean and illiterate, and chosen from amongst the lowest of the people : that when Sceptics and Unbelievers saw the World converted by the foolishness of preaching, as the learned Apostle, in great humility, thinks fít to call it, they might have no pretence to ascribe the success, to the parts, the station, or the authority of the preachers. Now had the language, infused into these illiterate men, been the sublime of Plato, or the eloquence of Tully, Providence would have appeared to counteract it's own measures, and defeat the purpose best calculated to advance it's glory. · But God is wise, tho' man's a fool. And the course of his wisdom was here, as every where else, uniform and constant. It not only chose the weakest Ministers of his Will, but kept out of their hands that powerful weapon of contorted words, which their Adversaries might so easily have wrested to the dishonour of the Gospel. So much was Dr. Middleton mis. taken, when besides clearness, (which he might be allowed to expect) he supposes purity, nobleness, and pathetic affillion to be qualities inseparable from an inspired writing, St. Paul who, amongst these simple Instruments, was, for the same wise purposes, made an exception to the general choice, yet industriously profecuted that sublime view, for the fake of which, the choice was made ; by rejecting all other weapons but those of the Spirit, to spread abroad the Conquests of the
Son of God. My Speech (says he) and my preaching was nos with inticing words of man's wisdom, but in the demonstration of the Spirit and of Power. As much as to say, “ My fuccess was not owing to the sophistical eloquence of Rhetoricians, but to the supernatural powers, with which I was endowed, of interpreting Prophecies and working Miracles.* He fubjoins the reason of his use of these means that their faith mould not stand in the Wisdom of men, but in the power of God. i. e. Be converted not by force of Philosophy and elo quence, but of the supernatural gifts of the Spirit : Theres fore (faith he again) God hath chosen the foolish things of the World to confound the wise; and the weak things of the World to confound the mighty. And left it should be said, that this was an affectation of despising advantages which they themselves could not reach, it pleased Providence that this declaration should be made, not by one of the more fordid and idiotic of the number ; but by Him, to whom both nature and discipline had given powers to equal even the heights of Greek and Roman elocution. For we fee, by what now and then accidentally flames out in the fervor of his reasoning, that he had a strong and clear discernment, a quick and lively ima. gination, and an extensive and intimate acquaintance with those Masters in moral painting, the Greek Sophifts and Phim losophers : all which he proudly facrificed to the glory of the everlasting Gospel. Nor does he appear to have been conscious of any inconsistency between an inspired language and it's local barbarity of Byle : For having had occasion, in this very Epiftle, to remind the Corinthians of the abundance of spis ritual grace bestowed upon him, he says, I thank my God, I speak with tongues more than you all; and yet he tells them that he is rude in speech. Which apparent inconsistency the Reader may accept, if he pleases, for a further proof of the truth of what has been above delivered, concerning the natural condition of an inspired language.”
The learned Prelate closes this first part of his discourse with a short examination of what the noble Author of the CHARACTERISTICS has advanced in discredit of the inspi. ration of holy Scripture.
MONTHLY CATALOGUE, ::.. .For NOVEMBER, 1962.
POLITICA L. 1. Refle&tions on the domestic Policy proper ta be observed on the Conclusion of a Peace. 8vo. 1s. 6d. Millar.
T HE contents of this fenfible pamphlet, are too various
and diffusive for abridgment, within the limits of a Cata; lague article; and therefore we can only observe, in few words, that the chief design of the Writer, is to recommend a suitable provision for the Soldiers, Sailors, &c, who will be discharged on the ratification of Peace. For this purpose, he proposes to settle the men so discharged, whom he calculates to amount to forty thoufand, in twenty establishments of two thousand men each, in different parts of Britain, upon lakes or navigable rivers, or places adjoining to the fea, each man having an house and an acre of land assigned him, free from taxes for ten years, and to be upon the Chelsea Out-pension for the firit year after the forming of the establishment: . and he fhews, that upon a reasonable calculation, the whole charge of the supposed fettlements, would not amount to more than two-thirds of the ex. pences of the Colony of Nova Scotia. He does not propose, however, that the Settlers Thould draw all their subsistence from the ground, or from the bounty of the Government; but that they tould derive it in part from their application to some trade or handicraft. The Writer likewise makes many judicious reflections with regard to Trade, Population, and the Poor of this Country: and allo with respect to the Revenues of the kingdom. In short, though we make no doubt but that many who have been nursed in prepol. feftion, and wedded to prejudice, will censure our Author as a visionary Projector, yet we are satisfied that his proposals merit the. molt serious attention; and though it may not be expedient to exe.' cute them in every respect, yet they may serve as an excellent ground work, to frame a system of domestic improvement and national prosperity. ro..il .
Art. 2. An Examination of the Commercial Principles of the late
Negociation between Great Britain and France in 1761. In which the System of that Negociation, with regard to our Colonies and Commerce, are considered. 8vo. Is. 6d. Dodsley:
This pamphlet, considered merely as a matter of composition, has undoubted merit, being penned in a spirited and masterly style. But with respect to the true ftate of the question, it is by no means candid and satisfactory. The Writer takes unwearied pains to prove, what we believe few will venture to dispute, that the returns from Guadaloupe far exceed the produce from Canada. But he hurries
over the argument, with regard to the value of the latter in point of future security. And what he advances on this head, is rather specious than sólid. He has, with great address, availed himself of some inaccuracies and inconsistencies in the writings of the Advocates for the North American Colonies ; but he offers nothing fatisfactory to shew that Canada is not essential to secure us from the Savages, and to prevent another war in those parts : on the contrary, he seems to admit the plea of danger, and only argues in extenuation of the degree. Our Readers, we are persuaded, will excuse our entering more minutely into this subje&t, as the point is now probably decided by the Preliminaries lately signed :'and the Government have been so thoroughly apprised of the merits of the question, that there is 'reason to conclude, they have judged for the best.
Art. 3. A Letter to the Right Hon. IVilliam Pitt, Esq; on the
present Negociations for a Peace with France and Spain. 8vo. Is. 6d. Coote.
There is a spirit in this pamphlet which borders too nearly on pe. tulance ; nevertheless, the reflections are in general just, though not always perfectly decent. The Writer, with good reason, inveighs against the rage of conqueft; endeavours to Thew, that our acquisitions have been purchased too dear; and that the difference between the supposed terms of the expected treaty and those of Mr. Pitt's negociation, are quite inconsiderable, when put in ballance with the benefits of peace.
Art. 4. A Prophesy.of Merlin. 8vo. 6d. Nicoll. Those who are very fond of political scandal, may possibly think this strange reiteration of ftale fcurrility, a mighty meritorious performance: yet we can discern nothing in it but rancour, misre. presentation, and bad language. The quintescence of all the hack. ney'd abuse, so plentifully thrown upon Mr. Pitt for some years past, is here collected ; together with other noxious and filthy matter, enough to infect the minds of half the underling Politicians in the City; who generally frame their opinions on what they spell and put together in the Gazetteer, and in the vallly clever pamphlets set forth by the Sh 's, the C 's, and the B-— 's of the age.
Art. 5. A Letter to the Right Hon. the Earl of Ha x , con
cerning a Parliamentary Peace. 8vo. Is. A. Henderson. We find abundance of great naries, and great things too, in this Epiltle: Grotius and Puffendorf, and Gustavus Adolphus, and Magna Charta, and the Havanna, and Oliver Cromwel, and Admiral Po. cocke, and Canada, and the King of Prussia, and Attakullakulla the Little Carpenter, and the Alehouse keepers, and the House of Commons, and the Spaniards, and the Scotch, and the Duke de Niver. pois' tavern-bill, and Churchill the Poet, and the Lord Mayor's feaft, Rev. Nov. 1762.
with a thousand more notable things ; all highly meriting the noble Lord's most serious consideration, although many of them seem to have very liitle connection with either the peace or the parliament. And as great men, like great Wits, may have short memories, how happy is it for the public, that there is such a watchful Argus as the very profound Politician now before us, to remind our Statesmen of their duty. Art. 6. A Speech without Doors, by a Lobby-Member. 410. .
: 6d... Williams. Atracks Pitt, defends Bute, and recommends the Peace. The writing is not the meanest. ..
Art. 7. Political Considerations, being a few Thoughts of a car
d id Man, on the prefent Crisis. In á Letter to a noble Lord .., retired from Power. 8vo. 15. 6d... J: Hinxman.
Though there is a great deal of what the French call verbiage is ... this pamphlet, yet it contains many observations, which speak the
Janguage of good sense and moderation. The Writer is one of those who bow the knee 10 the rising Sun, and would persuade all others to fall down before the glaring idol of his adoration : but ab. stracted from this idolatry, his principles are juft, and his manner of writing decent and plausible.' He strongly recommends unanimity; and exhorts the noble Lord to whom he addresses his Letter, to concur in ftrengthening the hands of the present Ministry. Whether this zeal proceeds from principle or intereft, his own heart only can determine. Aş to his professions, they are in the usual strain of mi. niftcrial Advocates ; and he has only repeated what has been said by his predeceffors, in terms more spirited and striking. We, who are used to the temper and tendency of such writings, can pártly anticipate what will be offered by the contending Parties on each side; and we could with, the public would be perfuaded that it is of very little consequence to them, who presides at the Treasury, though it may be of great importance to the Candidates for places and penfions. All con. telts of this nature, are more about persons than things : and unhap.
pily the herd of mankind who cannot judge of the latter, are easily : cajoled or irritated by the influence of the former.
Art. 8. A Letter to the Right Hon. the Lord Mayor, the Wor-; "Shipful Aldermen, and Gommon-Council; the Merchants, Ci. tizens, and Inhabitants of the City of London. From an old
Servant*. 8vo. Is. 6d. Owen.
It is not many years since this old Servant, disgusted with his station, gave warning, and quitted his service in a pet. In taking a formal leave allo of the respectable family he now addreffes, he did little better than tell them, he thought there was hardly an ho. nelt man among them. After such a parting, it was to be presumed * Mr. Heathcote, formerly an Alderman of London.
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