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· " All human perfection is relative: let us cherith, therefore, the principle on which our paft improvements have been effccted, and to which even the present state of our civil and religious liberties is so truly owing. Let us encourage, let us esteem, every one who, like our Author, ventures, with a manly freedom, to controvert the general opinions and cuftoms of a misguided or mistaken world. Right or wrong, indeed, he has not only a claim to be heard, but it is the interest, as it should be the pride, of a free people to give him a candid hearing. The worst of slavery is the subjection of the mind. The man who dares not think, is the most abject Nave in nature; and he who dares not publish his sentiments with decency and freedom, is the vileft slave of society.
" It has been reported, that this performance has been difcountenanced, where a statue should have been erected to the honour of its Author, even in his native country, Geneva. The Protestant Republics owe their existence to a very different kind of policy; and it may be safely affirmed, that a society must be in a tottering situation, indeed, whose pillars rest on such rotten foundations as those our Author endeavours to expose. Be this as it may; it is to be hoped, that England will be the last country in the world, wherein the friends of truth and liberty will be restrained from thus exercising their talents for the service and improvement of mankind."
We have only to add, that the two volumes now published, contain but half the work; the third and fourth, we are told, are now in the press, and will speedily inake their appearance.
For SEPTEMBER, 1762.
MISCELLANEOUS. Art. 1. A new Guide to Eloquence : Being a Treatise of the pro
per Distinctions to be observed betwen IV ords reckoned synonimous ; or their different Significations, and the Choice which should be made of them, in order to express ourselves juftly. The synonimous Iords clasjed alphabetically, upon the Plan of
a French a French Work of the same Nature, by the Abbot Girard. 8vo.' is. Pritchard. T HIS publication is part of a work which, we are told, is to be Nation, which is inscribed to the Hon. Thomas Cholmondeley, Esq; of Vale Royal in Cheshire, and is said to be the performance of a Che. Thire Farmer, bears genuine marks of its having been executed by a person killed in matters of husbandry, and is not unfaithful to the original. The Translator hach also prefixed a sketch of some of the principal implements requisite for the purposes laid down in this usefuland commendable tract.
I continued, if found acceptable to the public. We are sorry, therefore, to find so useful a design likely to be frustrated for want of competent abilities in the Undertaker. What is here published is translated from the French, on which account the alphabetical order of the words is already broken; and yet we do not find that this pamphlet is published merely as a specimen. Our Readers will rea. dily conceive, that a work of this kind, calculated to adjust and determine the nicest punctilios of language, cannot admit of transla. tion : the utility, however, of such an original work, in every lan. guage, is sufficiently displayed in the Abbe Girard's excellent preface, which is translated, and prefixed to this performance.
After having explained the nature and design of his work, in treating of words usually esteemed synonimous, and Mewn the necesfity of making a choice adapted to every occasion in writing and dir. course, this ingenious Writer proceeds to enforce what he advances by the following beautiful illustration.
" I will not absolutely deny, that there are some occasions on which such a very nice choice as this may be dispensed with ; but surely there are innumerable more in common discourse ; where such words cannot tolerably pass one for another; especially if the speaker pretends to any scholarthip, or knowlege of compofition. To illustrate this doctrine by a comparison.--If a Lady wants merely a yellow ribband for her head-dress, it is no great matter whether she chuses the hue of the daffodil or the jonquil; but if the means to thew a rich and elegant variety in that colour of her attire, she muit undoubtedly chuse it, set off with different tints and fhades; and in how few circumstances, either of composition or conversation, do we find ourselves, in which we ought not to use the same varicus degrees or shades, as we may call tiem, of di&ion!”
While we recommend, however, the execution of this design to fumc abler hand, we must observe, that it is impoflible to make fuch a work compleat; the meaning of words is not so permanent but that the lights and Mades of the more delicate modes of expression are perpetually changing.
Art. 2. A Discourse on the Cultivation of waste and barren Lands.
Transated from the French of the Marquis de Turbilly, for the Benefit of the Farmers of Great Britain and Ireland, where these uncultivated Lands too much abound. Part I. 2s. 6d. sewed. Dodfley.
Having already given an account of the original of this work among our foreign articles *, we shall here only observe, that the tran.
• Under the title of Memoire sur les defrichemens. zol. XXIII. p. 507.
Art. 3. Thesaurus Græcæ Poefesas; srve Lexicon Græco-Pro.
fodiacum ; versus, et synonyma, (tam ad explikationem vocabulorum, quam ad compositionem poeticam pertinentia) epitheta, phrases, descriptiones, Šo. (ad modum Latini gradús ad Par. nassum) compleétens. Opus, in ftudiofa, juventutis gratiam et utilitatem, ex optimis quibusque Poetarum Græcorum monumentis, que adhuc prodierunt, nunc primum conftrućłum. Cui prafigitur, de Poeli, seu Profodia Græcorum Tractatus. Autore T. Morell, S. T.P. 4to. Il. is. in boards. Pote.
In our Review for September, 1757, we gave an account of that part of this work which was published as a specimen. The whole is now compleated; and we shall only add, that the learned Author has executed his laborious talk with great judgment and accuracy jt is but justice to add, that the work is handsomely and correctly printed, to that we hope it will meet with that favourable reception from the public which it so juftly deserves. . .
Art. 4. The Female Pilgrim ; or, the Travels of Hephzilah, : 'under the Similitude of a Dream. Illustrated with Copper
plates. 8vo. 7s. bound. Johnson.
An unequal imitation of the celebrated Pilgrim's Progress, which is, perhaps, inimitable.
Art. 5. An Essay on Oeconomy. The third Edition. By Ed.
ward Watkinson, M. D. Rector of Litcle Chart in Kent. 8vo. Printed for the Author, by Melf. Oliver in Bartholomew Close.
Dr. Watkinson having corrected and enlarged the present edition, from no pecuniary motives, is entitled to the thanks of the public, for his truly benevolent defign. See Review for May lait, page 387. Vide also the Note on the cover of our Review for June.
Art. 6. The History of Carausius : Or, an Examination of what
has been advanced upon that Subjeet by. Genebrier and Stukeley. In which the many Errors and Inaccuracies of both IVriters are pointed out and corrected. With an Appendix, containing Oba fervations on their Method of explaining Medals. 4to. 35. Becket and De Hondt.
This elaborate disquisition is introduced with the following advertisement.
“The science of Antiquities has been involved in the systematic fatality of the age. Every research after truth has degenerated into contet for an hypothesis. Of all inquirers after it, Antiquarians, to whose discoveries some deference is presumed to be due, inould quarrel lenít. Much less should they substitute fancy and invention to that fiction and obscurity they labour to banih.
- Every one knows what degree of credit is due to our monkith Historians, who, though they furniih us with many new facts, do not give us many more true ones. The cause under consideration has not been at all served by them. Carausius lias been acknowleged as a law fol, or even as a good, Prince, by no party since the Roman legion, and some mercenaries whom he attached to his interests upon principles like his own, and the inhabitants of our ille, whom he awed into submission. But ample amends have been made him in this century; when a war, as inveterate as that himself waged with Rome, has been carried on between learned Writers, not so much about his actions and character, as about the proofs of them. Tis true, in the examination of the latter, the former have been brought into view, I wilh I could say, canvalled. This is the design of the present work. There may be fome vanity in succeeding in it. However, there is no relentment or partiality in undertaking it."
We shall only add, that the work appears to be learnedly and critically conducted; and may afford much satisfaction to those who have a taite for the subje&t..
Art. 7. Colonia An-licanæ Ilindirate : Or, the Acqueft of Dominion, and the Plantation of Colonies made by the English in
Arneriia; quith the Rights of the Colonists examined, siated, and illustrated. Part 1. Containing, I. The Plan of the whcle Work, including the Propofition, asserting the Rights of the Colonists, intended to be established. 1. A brief History of the Wars, Revolutions, and Events which gave Rise to all the marine Discoveries, and foreign Acquisitions made by the modern Europeans. III. A S!!rvey of the Knowlege and Opinions cubich the Europeans bad of the Earth in Times preceding these Discoveries; with other Matters relating to this Subje£t. IV. The Particulars of the Progress made by the Portuguese, from their beginning these Discoveries to the Death of King John II. and an Account of the Grants made to the King of Portugal of the Countries that were or might be discovered, by the Bulls of Several Popes, with one of them set forth at large. 4to. 8s. in boards. Baker.
This specimen promises a work formed on a very extenfive plan, and executed, so far as this first part extends, with great'erudition, tho' not written in a pleasing liyle. The learned Author informs us,
by a previous Advertisement, that“ although he has collected many materials necefiary for his proceeding in this work, the state of his health and affairs renders the time of his intended progress in it uncertain." ;
Art. 8. A rational Account how Capt. Weller's conversig at a
Distance, affiets the Fancy and animal Spirits. Published by the Author, from Experience in some Positions. 8vo. 6d. Bristow,
What is here called a rational Account, is a more incoherent composition than we ever remember to have seen ; except a former pam. phlet by the same hand, which is referred to in this; and which is to be found in Review, vol. V. page 521, intitled, I be Experiments uf:d by a Captain of 6 Man of War, &c.
POLITICA L. Art. 9. Invincible Reasons for the Earl of 'Bute's immediate - Resignation of the Ministry. In a Letter to a Nobleman. Svo.
A wretched attempt at Irony. The Author is by no means quali. fied to handle the keen weapons of ridicule, or to display the talents of a Rhetorician, in the management of that beautiful figure, under which he affects to convey his thoughts to the public. He adopts many of those common place reflections that have been so frequently made on the conduct of Mr Pite and his Partizans; and is so extremely grof, in treating of those allusions and inuendos which he fupposes faction hah thrown out against the most respectable personages, that we imagine the latter will think themselves litile obliged to this their obscure and incompetent advocate. They might, indeed, with no liale propriety cry out to such Defenders, Pol, me occidiflis amici.
Art. 10. The Favourite. A political Epislle. Hurnbly addressed
to all Monarchs, Favourites, and Minijlers in the known IV orld. By an ancient Briton. 8vo. Is. Burd.
What fund of politics the Author of this political Epistle may be poffefied of we know not; certain it is, he has obliged us with very little knowlege of this kind in his pamphler. The whole is, indeed, nothing more than a rambling declamation againit vicious overeigns and their Favourites ; or, to use this very familiar Writer's own phrases, Pimas, Stallions, and af.ally Procurers, that are exclusively countenanced by the wrong-head of M ay For what good , un pose this publication was calculated, we cannot pretend to fay; nor is it clear to us whom or what the Author aims at. The following, however, is the conclusion he draws from, what he calls, the anecdotes contained in his performance.