Abbildungen der Seite

firmed to have recovered. The two first had been plunged in sea water, which did not prevent a Hydrophobia. The third and fourth, bit by the mad cow, and the fifth, supposed to have tasted her Naver, were not immerged at all, and had no Hydrophotia. The sixth is not mentioned to have been dipped, nor to have had the great fymptom: and the seventh, who was dipped, and never had the Hydrophobia, is affirmed to have died two years afterwards of a putrid fever, without the least manifestation of any rabious fymptom at his death. Some of them were treated with a variety of medicines ; but different mercurials, internally and externally, seem to have been chiefly effectual in the cure. In the second case, indeed, a considerable quantity of opium was used, and seems to have conduced to it. This valuable extension of the use of mer: cury was discovered by Default, and revived by Dr. James.

So many successful escapes, however contradicted by a .. much greater number of fatal consequences from this surprizing poison, affirmed by reputable Writers, may afford fome comfort to persons who have received it: and undoubtedly a calm and hopeful state of the mind, must be a circumstance that can neither prevent nor retard the cure. To hazard a prescription or expedient on such an alarming occasion-Suppose the actual cautery, fire, applied immediately on the bite; or, where the Patient might be too irresolute to submit to it, an active potential cautery, of a moderate size, to be fixed upon, and round the orifice of the bite; might not a radical cure be reasonably expected from the sudden constriction of all the Aefhy, vascular, and nervous fibres; and from the incirculable, uncommunicating state of the Auids, in the poisoned part? 'even if we could suppose the poison itself not to be destroyed, nor effectually altered in its pernicious quality, from so powerful an application. As the frequently mortal operation of this vitiated canine saliva seems constantly to commence, at whatever period, with a pain in and near the spot through which it was injected ; the early destruction and feparation of that, and of its immediately contiguous fibres and Auids, has so rational and promising an aspect, that it seems to be worth essaying at least, in a disease, where the success of many other instruments has certainly been often fallible. - But this by the way,

We fhall conclude this Article, after observing that our Author is rather a diligent reader, than a very accurate writer, with presenting such practitioners, as may be remote from the best assistance on such an unhappy occasion, with K 3


the most recent advice and prescriptions of this gentleman, who has laboured so much on the fubjeét.

« The part liten should immediately be cleaned from the faliva of the mad dog, and the wounis encourag:d to bleed, car:fuily clearing the blood away ; then hilf a dam of the mi" arial ointment, known by the name of unguentum cæruleum firties, or the firogor blue ointme it, Nould be rubbed in, and Tpeared right and morning, increafing or lefening the quantil, as it may prove necefiary. Sanguine constitusions will require bleeding; leucophlegmatic, relaxed, and bilious ones, should be veriter, either with pacuanha wine, with or without comid of juils, which will cleanse the stomach and bowels from the unit bile, and ac,id fuliva, that has been di charged into them ; and in the advanced stage, when liquids begin to pils with difficulty, if it be requifite to enpty the stoma h and bowels, after plentiful bleedings, fome giaiiis of intumanda and write beltebore root miy be given in a bolus, made up with the oxymel of squills. Thule vomits will be less api to irritate the primæ via, than either turpeth misiltul, or any antimonial preparation.

"Doctor MEAD's tuluis artilgus may then be taken every morning, in warm milk, to procure the urinary discharges, while the mercurial fricions are continued, and if there are inclined to salivate, an emolient clyfter, or a purge, with

mna, cooling faits, and rhubarb, may be given. Puhubarb, cither in powder, or the syrup, will be best adapted io children. Clyfters are recommended, in al fiages, by Doctor DISAULT, p. ofefior BOERHAAVE, and Dostor MLAD; and ars to be composed of such ingredients as the case inay require, whether emollient, or coolers. After the mercurial ointment has been used four or five days, and the patient purged with some of the abovementioned medicines, or, if neceflary, with crude 2. rcury, divided with turgentine, and mixed with rhubarb, or by miercurius dulcis, well sublim d, and mixed wiih rhubaib; then it may be proper, in foine cases, especially where the spacios a: e frcquent, to give the cinnabars, either with or without mujk, as perfumes agree or disagree with the patieni: indeed there are instances wherein wuk has not been disagreeable to the stomach, although the person could not usually bear the smell of it. The cinnabar prwders are to be taken cvery fix or, eight hours, with a julep of rue watcr, perzyroyal water, tin&ture of castor, and some common fyru;, or in a glass of arrack alone, or with water. .

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]


the Bite of a mad Dog." “In tender constitutions, antispasmodic and antihysteric medicines may be used, towards the end of the cure ; but nature, in this disease, no more than in any acute disorder, is not to be overcharged with medicines : for, as Doctor MORTON observes, “ an officious overloading seldom goes off unpunished.”. And care must be taken, left, instead of strengthening the nerves, they suffer not by too much irritation.

“ Such patients as can, without fear,' be prevailed upon togo into the cold bath, willingly, and of themselves, may complete their cure by that immersion; but force, or too earnest persuasion, are cautiously to be avoided.

“The diet to be kept, during the mercurial frictions, which, as hath been said, are to be repeated according to the case, and intirely depended upon, is to be light and nourishing, neither high sealoned, nor acrid : in the worst stages, a moderate quantity of wine may increase the inflammation ; whereas wine may be of use in the beginning, and in a dej.cted state. White meats will suit tho stomach best; and milk pottage, water gruel, polenta, that is, a decoction of oatbread toasted, and tont and water, may be drank: as likewise an infusion of black currants stalks and leaves, or baum tea' sweetned with black currant jelly: these two last will better suit in the infammatory staze.

“So far from confining the patients to their room, or house ; exercise, company, and diversions, are to be encouraged : for the mind being as much affected as the body, the cure will be much forwarded by a proper application to the parfions, avoiding all conversation relating to madnels, or mad dogs. Doctor Desault relates the success which attended these directions which he gave to a Jady of Bourdeaux, who, under the course of mercurial fricions, constantly visited her friends, went to concerts, and other public places. ' "Thus far the cure is only preventive of the hydrophobin, and designed for the milder progress of the disease, and also when it is complicated with hypochondriac or byltrical symptoms ; but in the confirmed state, when the hydrophobia appears, the actual cure is to be performed by copious and repeated bleedings, cooling clyfters, often administred, of barley water, nitre, honey, and vinegar ; and, after these evacuations, it may be allowable, in case of a considerable flow of the saliva, to apply a blister round the neck, to take off part of the discharge, as succeeded in Doctor HELE's remarkable observatioa : this is the only time wherein blisters can be safely



applied.But the medicine chiefly to be depended upon is the mercurial ointment, which is to be rubbed in three times a day, and continued till the symptoms decrease, and the discharge from the glands of the mouth thew it is proper to lessen the quantity of the ointment... · N. B. To this Gentleman the Public is also obliged for an Essay on the contagious distemper among the Cattle. See Review, Vol. XVII. p. 36.

FOREIGN ARTICLE. EMILE; ou de l'Education. Par J. J. Rousseau, Citoyen de

ii į.. Genéve. Or, EMILIUS; a Treatise on Education. 4 vols. 12mo. Am di 1. sterdam. 'Imported by the London Booksellers.


this publisin France, by means e idd the well kuning

THE extraordinary notice which hath been taken of

I 'this publication abroad; and the severe treatment it hath met with in France, and elsewhere, have already been communicated to the public by means of the News papers! If to these circumstances, therefore, we add the well-known character of the Writer, and the importance of the subject, no one will wonder that so general a curiosity and attention have been excited throughout Europe, in regard to so interesting a performance. . ... In the plan and conduct of this work, which is calculated

for the information of all" ranks and degrees of 'people, the very ingenious Author supposes himself the Tutor of a young Gentleman, whom he takes the charge of, and conJucts from the earliest term of infancy, to the age of manhood. · Applicable to the several periods of this interval, he gives, very minute and circumstantial directions for a general course of education; illustrating thole which particularly segard the male part of our species, by the example of EMILits, and such as respect the fair fex, by that of SOPHIA , an happy marriage being at length designedly effected between these amiable parties': 'a circumstance which, added to the entertaining conduct of the whole piece, gives this very instructive treatise the air and manner of the most agreeable Romance. : Mr. Rousscau has been frequently charged with an un


reasonable attachment to peculiarity and paradox; it can hardly be expected, therefore, he should be free from this imputation in his manner of treating so delicate a subject as that of Education. He is able, however, to apologize for himself; and, indeed, were all the exceptionable parts of bis book extracted and thrown aside, there would be a fufficiency of original matter, and striking observation, to enable 'a dozen ordinary Authors to divide the remainder among them, and figure away on the subject. A more minute and sagacious Observer, perhaps, never exifted: his hints and suggertions also, for the improvement of our species, and of rociety, are, in general, extremely acute and ingenious : his views, nevertheless, are frequently too confined, and his arguments sometimes wanting in folidity. . . .

But we shall not proceed to a farther account of this work at present, as we learn, with pleasure, that the Gentlemen who obliged the public with a translation of Eloisa, have unó dertaken also to give a tranllation of Emilius.


MISCELLANEOU S. Art. 1. The Practice of a Justice of Peace : Containing the Sta

tutes which give jurisdiction to that Magistrate. With a greater Variety of Precedents formed upon the Words of the Aets of Parliament, than in any other Book extant. Compiled and published under the Direction of the Right Hon. Lord Ward. By T. Cunningham, Esq; 8vo. 2 vols. 145,

bound. Owen. W e have formerly had occasion to commend the labours of those

industrious Compilers, who have taken the pains to 'reduce the confused mass of Law into a digested form, and to class the scato tered materials under their proper heads of division: and we thould for these reasons have applauded the Author of these volumes, had not the learned and accurate Mr. Burn forestalled the subject, and sendered this publication unnecessary. . " Mr. Cunningham acquaints his Readers, that “the furnishing Justices of the Peace with a sufficient variety of precedents, formed upon the words of the Acts of Parliament, was the fole motive for compiling the following sheets ; so that they may be assured, that no



« ZurückWeiter »