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u It maynot be amiss to add to the above account, that Dr. Franklin, in the year 1735, had a severe pleurisy, which terminated in an abscess of the left lobe of hislui.gs,and was, then almost suffocated with the quantity of the discharge. A second attack of a similar nature happened some ycais after this, from which he sbon recovered, and did not appear to suffer any inconvenience in his respiration from these diseases."
The following epitaph on himself, was written iff him many years previous to his deathi
(like The Coveu Of An Old Sook*
Its Contents Torn Out,
And Stript Of Its Lettering And Gilding^
Lies Uere, Food For WormsG
YET THE WORK ITSELF SHALL NOT BE LOST,
JfOJi IT WILL (AS HE BELIEVED J APPEAR ONCE MORE*
IN A NEW
£},D MORE BEAUTIFUL EDITION,
OOKKECTiD A^ID AMJNDFJJ
Extracts from the last Will and Testament of Dr. Franklin.
With regard to my books, those I had in France, and those 1 left in Philadelphia, being now assembled together here, and a catalogue matte of them, it is my intension to dispose of the same as follows:
My history of the Academy of Sciences, in sixty or seventy volumes quarto, I give to the philosophical society ot Philadelphia, of which I have the h'.nor to b.. president. My collection in folio of Les Arts Es" Les Metiers, I give to the philosophical society, established in New England, of which I am a member. My quarto edition of the same Arts and Metiers, I give to the library company of Pniladelphia. Such and so many of my books as I mark in the said catalogue, with the name of my grandson, Benjamin Franklin Bach?,.I do hereby give to him, and such and so many of my books, as I shall mark in the said catalogue withtl ename of .my grandson William Ba.ho, I do hereby give to him: and such as shall be marked with the name of Jonathan Williams, I hereby give to n.y cousin of that nsme. The residue and remainder of all my .books, manuscripts and papers, I do give to my grandson William Temple Franklin. My share in. the library company of Philadelphia I give to my grandson Benjamin Franklin Bache, confiding that he will permit his brothers and sisters, to share it* tin. use of it.
I was born in Boston, New. England, and owe mv first instructions in litt rature to the free gram* mar schools established the re. I therefore give Dae hundred pound sterling to my executors,, to. be Dy them, the suruivors or survior of them, paid overto the managers or directors of the free schools in my native town of Boston, to be by them, or the person or persons who shall have the superintend dance and management of the said shools, put out to interest, and so continued at interest for ever; which interest annually shall be laid out in silver m dais, and given as honorary rewards annually by the directors of the said free schools, for the encouragement of scholarship in (he said schools, belonging to the said town, in such manner as the discretion of the select men of the said town shall seem meet.
Out of the salary that may remain due to me, as president of the state, I give the sum of two thousand pounds to my executors, to be by them, tho survivors or survivor of them, paid over to each person or persons as the legislature of this state, by an act of assembly, shall appoint to receive the same, iif trust, to be employed for making the Schuylkill navigable.
During the number of years I was in business as a s:ationer, printer, and postmaster, a. great many small sums became due to me, for books, advertisements, postage of letters, and other matters, which Were not collected, when, in 1757,1 was sent by the assemby to England as their agent—and, by subsequent appointments continued there till 1775r vli.n, on mv return, I was immediately engaged in tl e affairs of congress, nnd sent to France in 1776, where I remained nine years, not returning till 1 85; and the said debts not being demanded in siu h a length of time, are become in a manner obsolete, \etare nevertheless justly due.—Thrse, asv t!.ev are stated in mv great folio ledger, E. I be* gueath to the contributors ol the, Pennsylvania. huaH. pitul; hoping that these debtors, and the descefl* dants or'such as are deceased, who now, as I find, make some difficulty of satisfying such antiquated demands as just debts, may however be induced to pay or give them as charity to that excellent institution. I am sensible that much must inevitably be lost i but I hope something considerable may be recovered. It is possible too that some of the parties charged may have existing old unsettled accounts against me ; in which case the managers of the said hospital will allow and deduct the amount, and pay the balance, if the\ find it against me.
I request my friends Henry Hill, Esq. John Jay, Esq. Francis Hopkinson, Esq. and Mr. Edward Duffield, of Bonfield, in Philadelphia county, to be the executors of this my" last will and testament, and I hereby nominate and appoint them for that purpose.
I would have my body buried with as little ex». pence or ceremony as may be.
Philadelphia, July 17, 1788.
I, Benjamin Franklin, in the foregoing or annexed last will and testament, having further considered the same, do think proper to make and publish the following codicil, or addition thereto:
It having long Seen a fixed political opinion of mine, that in a democratical state there ought to be no offices of profit, for the reasons 1 had given in an article of my drawing in our constitution, it was my intention, when I accepted the office of presi-. dent, to devote the appointed salary to some public use: Accordingly I had already, before I made my '\&M will, in July last, given large sum* of it to coi»
leges, schools, building of churches, &c. and in that will 1 bequeathed two thousand pounds more to the state, for the purpose of making the Schuylkill navigable; but understanding since, that such a sum will do but little towards accomplishing such a work, and that project is not likely to be undertaken for many years to come —and having entertained another idea, which I hope may be found more extensively useful, I do hereby revoke and annul the bequest and direct that the certificates I have of what remains due to me of that salary, be sold towards raising the sum of two thousand pounds sterling, to be disposed of as I am now about to order.
It has been an opinion, that he who receives an estate from his ancestors, is under some obligation to transmit the same to posterity. This obligation lies not on me, who never inherited a shilling from an ancestor or relation. I shall, however, if it is rot diminished by some'acciderit before my death, leave a considerable estate among my descendant* and relations. The above observation is made merely as some apology to my familv, for my making bequests that do not appear to have any immediate relations to their advantage.
I was born in Boston, New-England, and owe I»y first instructions in literature to the free grammar schools established there. I have therefore considered those schools in my Willi
But I am under obligations to the state of Massachusetts, for having, unasked, appointed me formerly their agent, with a handsome salary, which continued some years; and although I accidentally lost in their service, by transmitiing governor Hutchinson's letters, much more than the amount *f what they gave me, I do not think that ought iu