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ing his leisure hours, as many idle boys do, in foolish ebe
games, skating, &c. he employed the greatest part of the
time that he was not at work, in reading instructive enter5,1 taining books, and in laying up such knowledge as might De be useful to him when arrived to manhood.
15. Mr. Merton and Mr. Sandford both sent their little ndo
boys to live with Mr. Barlow, who undertook the charge fee of their education. The day after Thomas came to Mr.
Barlow's, as soon as breakfast was over, he took him and
Henry into the garden when he was there, he took a spade Rok into his own hand, and giving Henry a hoe, they both began to work with great willingness.
16. “Every body that eats," said Mr. Barlow, ought to * assist in procuring food, and therefore little Henry and I It begin our daily work; this is my bed, and that other is his; Ela we work
them every day, and he that raises the most it out of them, will deserve to fare the best. Now, Thomas,
you choose to join us, I will mark you out a piece
ground, which you shall have to yourself, and all the proha duce shall be your own.”
17. “Na, indeed,” says Thomas, very sulkily, “I am a gentleman, and don't choose to work like a ploughboy." "Just as you please, Mr. Gentleman,” said Mr. Barlow; " but Henry and I, who are not above being useful, will mind our work. In about two hours Mr. Barlow said it
was time to leave off, and, taking Henry by the hand, he pro led him into a very pleasant summer-house, where they şat
down, and Mr. Barlow, taking a plate of fine ripe cherries, il divided them between Henry and himself.
18. Thomas, who had followed, and expected his share, when he saw them both eating without taking any notice of him, could no longer restrain his passion, but burst into a violent fit of sobbing and crying. “What is the matter?" said Mr. Barlow, very coolly to him. Thomas looked upon very sulkily, but returned no answer.
“Oh! sir, if you don't choose to give me an answer, you may be silent; nobody is obliged to speak here."
19. Thomas became still more disconcerted at this, and being unable to conceal his anger, ran out of the summerhouse, and wandered very disconsolately about the garden; equally surprised and vexed to find that he was now in a place where nobody felt any concern whether he was pleased or not. 20. When all the cherries were eaten, little Henry said,
"You promised to be so good as to hear me read when we had done working in the garden; and if it is agreeable to you, I will now read the story of the Flies and the Ants." « With all my heart,” said Mr. Barlow; “remember to read it slowly and distinctly, without hesitating or pronouncing the words wrong; and be sure to read it in such a manner as to show that you understand it.” Henry then took up the book and read as follows:
21. In a corner of a farmer's garden, there once happened to be a nest of Ants, which, during all the fine weather of the summer, were employed all day long in drawing little seeds and grains of corn into their holes. Near them there happened to be a bed of flowers, upon which a great number of flies used to be always sporting and humming, and diverting themselves by flying from one flower to another.
22. “A little boy who was the farmer's son, used frequently to observe the different employments of these insects; and, as he was very young and ignorant, he one day thus expressed himself:-Can any creature be so simple as these Ants ? All day long they are working and toiling instead of enjoying the fine weather, and diverting themselves like these flies, that are the happiest creatures in the world.
23. Some time after he had made this observation, the weather grew extremely cold, the sun was scarcely seen to shine, and the nights were chilly and frosty: The same little boy, walking then in the garden with his father, did not see a single Ănt, but all the flies lay scattered up and down, either dead or dying. As he was very good-natured, he could not help pitying them, and asking, at the same time, what had happened to the Ants that he used to see in the same place?
24. The father said, “the flies are all dead, because they gave themselves no trouble about laying up provisions, and were too idle to work: but the Ants, who have been busy all the summer, in providing for their maintenance during the winter, are all alive and well; and you will see them again, as soon as the warm weather returns."
SECTION II. The History of Sandford and Merton, continued. 1. Very well, Henry, said Mr. Barlow; we will now take a walk. They accordingly rambled out into the fields
where Mr. Barlow made Henry take notice of several kinds of plants, and told him the names and nature of them.
2. At last, Henry, who had observed some very pretty purple berries upon a plant that bore a purple flower and grew in the hedges, brought them to Mr. Barlow, and asked whether they were good to eat.
3. It is very well, said Mr. Barlow, young man, that you asked the question before you put them into your mouth; for had you tasted them they would have given you violent pains in your head and stomach, and perhaps have killed you, as they grow upon a plant called night-shade, which is a rank poison.
4. Sir, said Henry, I take care never to eat any thing without knowing what it is; and I hope, if you will be so good as to continue to teach me, I shall very soon know the names and qualities of all the herbs which
grow. 5. As they were returning home, Henry saw a very large bird, called a kite, upon the ground, that seemed to have something in its claws, which it was tearing to pieces.
6. Henry, who knew it to be one of those ravenous crea. tures which prey upon others, ran up to it, shouting as loud as he could, and the bird being frightened flew away, and left a chicken behind it, very much hurt indeed, but still alive.
7. Look, sir, said Henry, if that cruel creature has not almost killed the poor chicken! see how it bleeds, and hangs its wings- I will put it into my bosom and carry it home, and it shall have part of my dinner every day, till it is well, and able to take care of itself.
8. As soon as they came home, the first care of little Henry was to put his wounded chicken into a basket with some fresh straw, some water, and some bread: after that, Mr. Barlow and he went to dinner. In the mean time, Thomas, who had been skulking about all day, very much mortified and uneasy, came in, and, being very hungry, was going to sit down to table with the rest: but Mr. Barlow stopped him, and said, no sir, as you are too much a gentleman to work, we, who are not so, do not choose to work for the idle.
9. Upon this, Thomas retired into a corner, crying as if his heart would break, but more from grief than passion, as he began to perceive that nobody minded his ill-temper. But little Henry, who could not bear to see his friend so unhappy, looked up, half crying, into Mr. Barlow's face,
and said, pray, sir, may I do as I please with my share of the dinner? Yes, to be sure, child.—Why then, said he, getting up, I will give it all to poor Thomas, who wants it more than I do.
10. Saying this, he gave it to him as he sat in the corner; .and Thomas took it, and thanked him, without ever turning his eyes from the ground. I see, says Mr. Barlow, that, though gentlemen are above being of any use themselves, they are not above taking the bread that other people have been working hard for. At this Thomas cried still more bitterly than before.
11. The next day Mr. Barlow and Henry went to work as before; but they had scarcely begun before Thomas came to them, and desired that he might have a hoe too, which Mr. Barlow gave him: but, as he had never before learned to handle one, he was very awkward in the use of it, and hit himself several strokes upon his legs. Mr. Barlow then laid down his own spade, and showed him how to hold and use it, by which means, in a short time he became very expert, and worked with the greatest pleasure.
12. When their work was over, they all retired to the summerhouse; and Thomas felt so much joy when the fruit-was produced, and he was invited to také his share, that it seemed to him the must delicious he had ever tasted, because working in the air had given him an appetite.
13. As soon as they had done eating, Mr. Barlow took up a book, and asked Thomas whether he would read them a story out of it; but he, looking a little ashamed, said he had never learned to read. I am very sorry for it, said Mr. Barlow, because you lose a very great pleasure; then Henry shall read to you. Henry accordingly took up book and read the story of “ The gentleman and the Basketmaker."
14. From this time forward, Mr. Barlow and his two little pupils used to work in their garden every morning, and when they were fatigued they retired to the summerhouse, where Henry, who improved every day in his reading, used to entertain them with some pleasant story of other, which Thomas always listened to with great plea
But little Henry going home for a week, Thomas and Mr. Barlow were left alone. The next day, after they had done work, and were retired to the summerhouse as usual, Thomas expected Mr. Barlow would read to him, but to his great disappointment, found that he was busy
and could not. The next day the same accident was renewed, and the day after that.
15. At this Thomas lost all patience, and said to himself, now if I could but read like Henry Sandford, I should not need to ask any body to do it for me, and then I could divert myself: and why may I not do what another has done? To be sure. Henry is very clever, but he could not have read if he had not been taught; and if I am taught, I dare say, I shall learn to read' as well as he. Well, as soon as ever he comes home, I am determined to ask him about it.
16. The next day, Henry returned; as soon as Thomas had an opportunity of being alone with him, Pray, Henry, says Thomas, how came you to be able to read? Why, Mr. Barlow taught me my letters, and then spelling, and then, by putting syllables together, I learned to read. And could you not show me my letters, Henry? Yes, very willingly. Henry then took up a book, and Thomas was so eager and attentive, that he soon learned the whole alphabet.
17. He was much pleased with this first experiment, and could scarcely forbear running to Mr. Barlow to let him know the improvement he had made; but he thought he should surprise him more, if he said nothing about the matter till he was able to read a whole story. He therefore applied himself with such diligence, and little Henry, who spared no pains to assist his friend, was so good a master, that in about two months he determined to surprise Mr. Barlow with a display of his talents.
18. Accordingly, one day, when they were all assembled in the summerhouse, and the book was given to Henry, Thomas stood up, and said, that, if Mr. Barlow pleased, he would try to read. Oh! very willingly, said Mr. Barlow; but I should as soon expect you to be able to fly as to read. Thomas smiled with a consciousness of his own proficiency, and taking up the book, read the history of the two dogs.
19. Indeed, says Mr. Barlow, when the story was ended, I am sincerely glad to find that Thomas has made this acquisition. He will now depend upon nobody, but be able to divert himself whenever he pleases. All that has ever been written in our language will be from this time in his power; whether he chooses to read little entertaining stories like what we have heard to-day, or to read the actions
great and good men in history, or to make himself acquainted with the nature of wild beasts and birds which are