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2. About 2 o'clock, P. M. the first signs of electricity me, ite: manifested themselves in that part of the atmosphere situhis w ated round the column of sand, which rose from the Crater forest in the form of a pine, and shortly zigzag flashes continued
without ceasing to penetrate the cloud of cinders, without, and asks
however, giving rise to any detonation that could be heard. side e Towards the evening, thunders commenced just as the vols erezi cano took for a short time, an appearance of
repose. 3. About 8 o'clock our philosophers took the opportu
nity of the short calm and approached the mountain, just Td se as a fresh and more vigorous eruption took place. ing
4. Soon the whole atmosphere seemed on fire, from the vous * immense quantity of burning matter thrown up in it. 'ToEm echt wards the middle of the night the paroxysm of the volcano
seemed to have risen to its height; but whilst the operaof, an tions of the Crater became more and more feeble, the play
of electricity, which embellished the elevated region of 7 Wer's the clouds of sand, became stronger, and acquired fresh Furniza vigour.
5. At this moment the heavens presented a very unex
pected scene; zigzag flashes of lightning passed in such proti quantity either from the borders of the clouds of sand intò
the air, or from one cloud to another, that the edges ap
peared as if surrounded by a fringe of light. e Indir 6. A faint idea of the phenomenon may be given by g for supposing an electric disc continually throwing off from its
edge a multitude of flashes of light. The flashes, which 1 his ] were so abundant on the edges of the clouds, were very
rarely seen in the interior, or on the summit of the mountain.
7. On the 23d a horrible explosion threw into the air such an immense quantity of sand, &c. as to threaten the greatest disasters to the towns to which the cloud was carried.
8. The frequent heavings of the earth, the constant rain e arties of fiery stones, the continual discharge of the lightning
which fell with awful thunder on the most elevated points ejto of the churches, houses and trees, the numberless flashes,
which separating on all sides, and coming as frequently cordis from the earth as from the heavens, traversed even the
very roads, produced frightful sensations in those who were thus surprised; and then the lava came down upon
9. To leave their houses was impossible, because of the
falling sand and stones, and the lightning; not only the rain of fire covered the ground with stones, but large globes of fire passed through the air, which burst with dreadful noise, destroying the houses.
10. During this night the sand fell in the streets to the depth of a foot, and its weight on the roofs of the houses and churches was such, as with the shaking of the earthquakes, to shake them to the ground. MONTECELLI.
General Putnam and the Wolf. 1. WHEN General Putnam first moved to Pomfret in Connecticut, in the year 1739, the country was new and much infested with wolves. Great havoc was made among the sheep by a she wolf, which with her annual whelps, had for several years continued in that vicinity. The young ones were commonly destroyed by the vigilance of the hunters; but the old one was too sagacious to be ensnared by them.
2. This wolf, at length, became such an intolerable nuisance, that Mr. Putnam entered into a combination with five of his neighbours to hunt alternately until they could destroy her. Two by rotation, were to be constantly in pursuit. It was known, that having lost the toes from one foot by a steel trap, she made one track shorter than the other.
3. By this vestige, the pursuers recognised, in a light snow, the route of this pernicious animal. Having followed her to Connecticut river, and found she had turned back in a direct course towards Pomfret, they immediately returned, and by ten o'clock the next morning the bloodhounds had driven her into a den, about three miles distant from the house of Mr. Putnam.
4. The people soon collected with dogs, guns, straw, fire and sulphur, to attack the common enemy. With this apparatus, several unsuccessful efforts were made to force her from her den. The hounds came back badly wounded and refused to return. The smoke of blazing straw had no effect. Nor did the fumes of burnt brimstone, with which the cavern was filled, compel her to quit her retirement.
5. Wearied with such fruitless attempts (which had brought the time to ten o'clock at night) Mr. Putnam tried once more to make his dog enter, but in vain ; he
ed to his negro man to go down into the cavern and shoot to the wolf. The negro declined the hazardous service. drets 6. Then it was that his master, angry at the disappoint
ment, and declaring that he was ashamed of having a cowtard in his family, resolved himself to destroy the ferocious eta beast, lest she should escape through some unknown fisThe la
sure of the rock.
7. His neighbours strongly remonstrated against the perilous enterprise; but he, knowing that wild animals were intimidated by fire, and having provided several strips of birch bark, the only combustible material he
could obtain, which would afford light in this deep and onis darksome cave, prepared for his descent.
8. Having accordingly, divested himself of his coat and de I waistcoat, and having a long rope fastened round his legs, al by which he might be pulled back at a concerted signal, The he entered, head foremost, with the blazing torch in his mce de hand.
9. Having groped his passage till he came to a horizontal part of the den, the most terrifying darkness ap
peared in front of the dim circle of light afforded by his ationy torch. It was silent as the house of death. None but ther ch monsters of the desert had ever before explored this soli
tary mansion of horror:
10. He, cautiously proceeding onward, came to an ascent, which he slowly mounted on his hands and knees
until he discovered the glaring eyeballs of the wolf, at the in al extremity of the cavern. Startled at the sight of fire, she
gnashed her teeth and gave a sudden grow).
11. As soon as he had made the necessary discovery he kicked the rope as a signal for pulling him out. The peobili ple at the mouth of the den, who had listened with painful
anxiety, hearing the growling of the wolf, and supposing
their friend to be in the most imminent danger, drew him 15, #forth with such celerity that he was stripped of his clothes, Wits and severely bruised.
12. After he had adjusted his clothes, and loaded his gun with nine buck shot, holding a torch in one hand and the musket in the other, he descended a second time. When
he drew nearer than before, the wolf, assuming a still memo more fierce and terrible appearance, howling, rolling her
eyes, snapping her teeth, and dropping her head between amt her legs, was evidently in the attitude and on the point of
springing at him.
i from r than
13. At this critical instant, he levelled and fired at her head.' Stunned with the shock, and suffocated with the smoke, he immediately found himself drawn out of the
But having refreshed himself and permitted the smoke to dissipate, he went down a third time. 14. Once more he came within sight of the wolf, per
lo ceiving she appeared very passive he applied the torch to her nose; and finding her dead, he took hold of her ears, and then kicking the rope (still tied round his legs) the people above, with no small exultation, dragged them both the out together.
by the examples of fishes and birds. (From Transactions of the American Philosophical Society.) 1. I shall conclude this desultory chapter with another open anecdote which is strongly characteristic of the good sense ele of the Indians, and shows how much their minds are capable of thought and reflection.
9, 2. Seating myself upon a log, by the side of an Indian, the who was resting himself there, being at that time actively sch employed in fencing in his corn-field, I observed to himins
, that he must be very fond of working, as I never saw himosil idling away his time, as is so common with the Indians.
3. The answer which he returned made considerable and in impression on my mind; I have remembered it ever since, her and I shall try to relate it as nearly in his own words as possible.
4. “My friend,” said he, “the fishes in the water, and be the birds in the air and on the earth have taught me work; by their examples I have been convinced of the shised necessity of labour and industry. When I was a young 11. man I loitered a great deal about, doing nothing, just like ptite, the other Indians, who say that working is only for the a dan whites and the negroes, and that the Indians have been keep destined for other purposes, to hunt the deer, and catch hi the beaver, otter, raccoon, and such other animals.
5. “But it one day so happened, that while hunting, I came to the bank of the Susquehannah, where I sat down near the water's edge to rest a little, and casting my eye on the water, I was forcibly struck when I observed with what industry the sun-fish heaped small stones together,
to to make secure places for their spawn; and all this labour
they did with their mouths and bodies without hands.
6. “ Astonished as well as diverted, I lighted my pipe, indsat awhile smoking and looking on, when presently a little
bird not far from me raised a song which enticed me to
7. “I entirely forgot that I was hunting, in order to contemplate the objects before me. I saw the birds of the air ị and the fishes in the water working diligently and cheer
fully, and all this without hands! I thought it was strange, in and became lost in contemplation!
8. "I looked at myself, I saw two long arms, provided
with hands and fingers besides, with joints that might be that opened and shut at pleasure. I could, when I pleased, take
up any thing with these hands, hold it fast or let it loose, and carry it along with me as I walked.
9. “ I observed moreover, that I had a strong body, caalpable of bearing fatigue, and supported by two stout legs,
with which I could climb to the top of the highest mounedutains, and descend at pleasure into the vallies. And is it
possible, said I, that a being so formed as I am, was created to live in idleness, while the birds which have no hands, and nothing but their little bills to help them, work with cheerfulness and without being told to do so?
10.“ Has then the great Creator of man and of all living creatures, given me all these limbs for no purpose? It cannot be; I will try to go to work. I did so, and went away from the village to a spot of good land, built a cabin, enclosed ground, planted corn, and raised cattle.
11. “Ever since that time I have enjoyed a good appetite, and sound sleep; while the others spend their nights in dancing, and are suffering with hunger, I live in plenty;
I keep horses, cows, hogs and fowls; I am happy. See, and a my friend, the birds and fishes have brought me to reflection, and taught me to work !"