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20. Dear heart! said Thomas, when Mr. Barlow had finished this account, what a number of accidents people are subject to in this world! It is very true, answered Mr. Barlow; but as that is the case, it is necessary to improve ourselves in every manner, that we may be able to struggle against them.

21. T. Indeed, sir, I begin to believe it is; for when I was less than I am now, I remember I was always fretful and hurting myself, though I had two or three people constantly to take care of me. At present, I seem as if I was

GE quite another thing; I do not mind falling down and hurting myself, or cold or weariness, or scarcely any thing that happens.

22. Mr. B. And which do you prefer, to be as you are now, or as you were before?

23. T. As I am now a great deal, sir; for then I always had something or other the matter with me. Sometimes I had a little cold, then I was obliged to stay in for several days; sometimes a little headache, and then I was forced ou to take physic. Sometimes the weather was too hot, then I must stay within; and the same if it was too cold. I used to be tired if I did but walk a mile; and I was often eating cakes and sweetmeats till I made myself sick. At present I think I am much stronger and healthier than ever I was in my life.





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SECTION I. Respect and affection due from pupils to their tutors. 1. QUINCTILIAN says, that he has included almost the whole duty of scholars in this one piece of advice which he ti gives them: to love those who instruct them, as they love the sciences which they study; and to look upon

them as fathers, from whom they derive not the life of the body, butuh that instruction which is in a manner the life of the soul.

2. This sentiment of affection and respect disposes them to apply diligently during the time of their studies; and preserves in their minds, during the remainder of life, a T



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tender gratitude towards their instructors. It seems to inarors clude

a great part of what is to be expected from them. onts De

3. Docility, which consists in submitting to directions, in readily receiving the instructions of their master, and reducing them to practice, is properly the virtue of scho

lars, as that of masters is to teach well. for make

4. The one can do nothing without the other. As it is not sufficient for a labourer to sow the seed, unless the earth, after having opened its bosom to receive it, in a manner warms and moistens it; so likewise the whole fruit of instruction depends upon a good correspondence between the master and the scholars.

5. Gratitude for those who have laboured in our education, is the character of an honest man, and the mark of a good heart. Who is there among us, says Cicero, who has been instructed with any care, and is not highly delighted with the sight, or even the bare remembrance of his preceptors, and the place where he was taught and

? 6. Seneca exhorts young men to preserve always a great hot

respect for their teachers, to whose care they are indebted
for the amendment of their faults, and for having imbibed
sentiments of honour and probity.
7. Their exactness and severity displease sometimes, at

when we are not in a condition to judge of the obligations we owe them; but, when years have ripened our understanding and judgment, we then discern, that what made us dislike them, is exactly the very thing which should make us esteem and love them.


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The Sailor and the Monkies. 1. PERHAPS no animal, below the human species, resembles man more in the imitative faculty than the monkey. It is said that a sailor, having a number of red woollen caps to dispose of, went on shore in South America to trade with the natives.

2. In his way to a settlement, lying through a wood very thickly inhabited by monkies, it being in the heat of the day, he put a cap on his head, and laying the others by his side, determined to take a little repose under the shade of a large tree. 3. To his utter astonishment, when he awoke, from the

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specimen he had given his imitative observers of the use the of his caps,

he beheld a number of them upon the heads of the the monkies in the trees round about him; while the wear

6. ers were chattering in the most unusual manner.

4. Finding every attempt to regain his caps fruitless, helbes at length, in a fit of rage and disappointment, and under the supposition that the one he retained on his head was dhe not worth taking away, pulled it off, and throwing it upon 7. the ground, exclaimed, “Here, you little thieving rogues, if you will keep the rest, you are welcome to this also.”

5. He had no sooner done this, than to his great sur said prise, the little observing animals very readily imitated him. They all threw down their caps upon the ground; krta by which means the sailor regained his property, and the e marched off in triumph. Happy would it be for mankind, at if they resembled monkies only in imitating the virtues of those whom they consider their superiors, while they avoided their vices.




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Don't give too much for the Whistle. 1. WHEN I was a child, at seven years old, says Dr. yikist Franklin, my friends on a holiday filled my little pockets 10. with cents. I went directly to a shop where they sold toys for children; and being charmed with the sound of a intra whistle, which I met by the way, in the hands of another be! boy, I voluntarily offered, and gave all my money for one.

2. I then came home, and went whistling all over the ma house, much pleased with my Whistle; but disturbing all h the family. My brothers and sisters, and cousins, under om standing the bargain I had made, told me, I had given four times as much for it, as it was worth.

3. This put me in mind of what good things I might have bought with the rest of the money. And they laughed at me so much for my folly, that I cried with vexation; ! and the reflection gave me more chagrin than the Whistle gave me pleasure.

4. This, however, was afterwards of use to me; the im- Kled pression continuing on my mind, so that often when I was tempted to buy some unnecessary thing, I said to myself

, 2. Don't give too much for the Whistle. And so I saved my so money.

5. As I grew up and came into the world, and observed


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f there the actions of men, I thought I met with many, very many, head who gave too much for the Whistle.

6. When I saw one too ambitious of court favours, sa

crificing his time in attendance at levees, his repose, his ites liberty, his virtue, and perhaps his friends, to attain it, I nd we have said to myself, This man gives too much for his Whis


7. When I saw another fond of popularity, constantly og employing himself in political bustles, neglecting his own al affairs, and ruining them by that neglect, He pays indeed,

said I, too much for his Whistle.

8. If I knew a miser, who gave up every kind of comfortable living, all the pleasure of doing good to others, all

the esteem of his fellow-citizens, and the joys of benevomat lent friendship, for the sake of accumulating wealth, Poor irtual mari, said I, you indeed pay too much for the Whistle.

9. When I meet with a man of pleasure, sacrificing every laudable improvement of the mind or of his fortune, to mere corporal sensations, and ruining his health in the pursuit, mistaken man, say I, you are providing pain for yourself instead of pleasure; you give too much for your



10. If I see one fond of fine clothes, fine furniture, fine millor houses, fine equipage, all above his fortune, for which he t contracts debts, and ends his career in prison ; . Alas! say I, he has paid dear, very dear, for his Whistle.

11. In short, I conceived that great part of the miseries of mankind were brought upon them by the false estimates they had made of the value of things, and by their giving too much for their Whistles.


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The Humane Indian. 1. An Indian, who had not met with his usual success in hunting, wandered down to a plantation among the back settlements in Virginia ; and seeing a planter at his door, asked for a morsel of bread, for he was very hungry. The planter bid him begone, for he would give him none.

2. Will you give me a cup of your beer? said the Indian. No, you shall have none here, replied the planter. But I àm very faint, said the savage. Will you give me only a draught of cold water? Get you gone, you Indian dog; you shall have nothing here, said the planter.

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3. It happened some months after, that the planter went on a shooting party up into the woods, where, intent upon his game, he missed his company, and lost his way; and night coming on, he wandered through the forest, till he espied an Indian wigwam.

4. He approached the savage's habitation, and asked him to show him the way to a plantation on that side the country. It is too late for you to go there this evening, sir, said the Indian; but if you will accept of my homely fare, you are welcome.

5. He then offered him some venison, and such other refreshment as his store afforded, and having laid some bear-skins for his bed, he desired that he would repose himself for the night, and he would awake him early in the morning, and conduct him on his way.

6. Accordingly in the morning they set off, and the Indian led him out of the forest, and put him into the road which he was to pursue ; but just as they were taking leave, he stepped before the planter, and turning round

, staring full in his face, asked him, whether he recollected his features. The planter was now struck with shame and confusion, when he recognised, in his kind protector, the Indian whom he had so harshly treated.

7. He confessed that he knew him, and was full of excuses for his brutal behaviour ; to which the Indian only

6. replied; When you see poor Indians fainting for a cup of cold water, don't say again, “ Get you gone, you Indian dog.” The Indian then wished him well on his journey, and left him. It is not difficult to say which of these two had the best claim to the name of Christian,


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SECTION IV. Description of the tremendous eruption of the Volcano of the Mount Vesuvius, in October, 1822.

8. 1. In October, 1822, the mountain became active, and an eruption took place, one of the most disastrous that Vesuvius ever gave rise to. After frequent ejections of ashes, from the summit, earthquakes, &c. the lava appeared about mid-day of October 21, 1822, on the border of the Crater, and came down in two streams. On the 22d an enormous column of fire 2000 feet high, rose from the top of the mountain, whilst a rain of hot sand, pumice stones, and lava fell.

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