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other, intended to pass for that which it bodies, because he esteems the blood a brides resembles; a forgery.
the gall. My father was iknow not where,
COUNTER MA'ND, 2. s. [contremard, Fr.] When I was stampt. Some cojner with his tools Repeal of a former order. Made me a counterfeit; yet my mother seem'd Have you no countermand for Claudio yet, The Dian of that time.
Shakspeare. But must he die to-morrow? Sbatsperte There would be no counterf-its but for the sake To COUNTER MA'RCH. V. n. (counter and of something real; thougli pretenders seem to be what they really arc pot, yet they pretend to
march.) To march backward, to march be something that really is.
in indirect ways. CO'UNTERFEITER. n. s. [from counter- COUNTERM A'RCH. 11. s. [from the verb.] feit.] A forger; one who contrives co 1. Retrocession; march backward; march pies to pass for originals,
in a different direction from the former. Henry the Second altered the coin, which was
How are such an infinite number of thing corrupted by counterfeitors, to the great good of
placed with such order in the memory, nawithe commonwealth.
standing the tumules, marches, and counter CO'UNTERFRITLY. adv. [from counter
marcbes, of the animal spirits ? • Cser feit.] Falscly ; fictitiously; with for
2. Change of measures; alteration of con
duct. gery. Since the wisdom of their choice is rather to
They make him do and undo, go forward asi have my cap than my heart, I will practise the
backwards, by such countermarebes and retractias insinuating nod, and be off to them most counter
as we do not willingly impute to wisdom. Beraci. feitly. Sbakspeare's Coriolanus,
COUNTERMA’RK.n.š.[counter and mark.] COUNTER FE'RMENT. n. š. (counter and
1. A second or third mark put on a bac ferment.] Ferment opposed to ferment. of goods belonging to several merchants, What unnatural motions and counterferments
that it may not be opened but in the must a medley of intemperance produce in the presence of them all. body! When I behold a fashionable table, I fancy 2. The mark of the goldsmiths company, I see innumerable disiempers lurking in ambuscade among the dishes.
to shew the metal is standard, added to COUNTERFE'S ANCE. 1. s. [contrefaisance,
that of the artificer. Fr.] The act of counterfeiting; forgery: 3. An artificial cavity made in the teeth Not in use.
of horses that have outgrown their na. And his man Reynold, with fine counterfesance,
tural mark, to disguise their age. Supports his credit and his countenance. Spenser.
4. A mark added to a medal a long time Such is the face of falschood, such the sight after it is struck, by which the curious Of foul Duessa, when her borrow'd light
know the several changes in value which Is laid away, and counterf:sance known. Fairy Q. it has undergone.
Cbamári. CO'UNTER FORT. n. 5. (from counter and
To 'COUNTER MA'R K. v. a. (counter and fort.]
mark.) Counterforts, buttresses, or spurs, are pillars A horse is said to be countermarked, when bis serving to support walls or terrasses subject to
corner teeth are artificially made hollox, a tiba bulge.
mark being made in the hollow place, is imi? COUNTERGA'GE. 1. s. [from counter and
tion of the eye of a bean, to conceal the hands gage.] In carpentry, a method used to
Ferrier's It measure the joints, by transferring the COUNTERMI'NE. 1. s. [counter and saize, breadth of a mortise to the place where 1. A well or hole sunk into the ground, the tenon is to be, in order to make from which a gallery or branch runs out them fit each other.
Chambers. under ground, to seek out the enemy's COUNTERGU A'R D. n. s. [from counter mine, and disappoint it. Militar; Dist. and guard.) A small rampart, with
After this they mined the walls, laid the pote parapet and ditch, to cover some part of
der, and rammed the mouths; but the citiza the body of the place. Military Dict.
made a countermine, and therein they pour
such a plenty of water that the wet puerta COUNTERLIGHT.». s. (from counter and could not be fired.
light.] A window or light opposite to. 2. Means of opposition ; means of any thing, which makes it appear to a teraction. disadvantage.
Chambers. He thinking himself contemned, knowing to To COUNTER MA'ND. v.a. [contremander, countermine against contempt but terror
, begaa French.)
to let nothing pass, which might bear the colour 3. To order the contrary to what was or
of a fault, without sharp punishmeat. Sie dered or intended before; to contradict,
3. A stratagem by which any contrivanie
is defeated. annui, or repeal, a command. In states notoriously irreligious, a secret and
The matter being brought to a trial d'ski irresistible sorer countermands their deepest pro
the countermine was only an act of self-presenta jects, and smites their policies with frustration Ti CountERMI'NE. v. a. (from tze
tion, and a curse.
Soxtb. 2. To oppose; to contradict the orders of noun.] another.
1. To delve a passage into an enemy's For us to alter any thing, is to lift up our
mine, by which the powder may craps selves against God, and, as it were, to counter rate without mischief. mend him.
Hooker. 2. To counterwork; to defeat by secret .3. To prohibit.
Avicen counter mands letting blood in cholerick Thus infallibly it must be, if God do NTS
raculously countermine us, and do more for us stranger to the action begun, desire to be
than we can do against ourselves. Decay of Piety. admitted to say what he can for the safeCOUNTERMO'TION. n. S. [counter and
guard of his estate, that which the demotion.] Contrary motion ; opposition mandant allegeth against this request is of motion.
called a counterplea.
Cowell, That resistance is a countermotion, or equivalent to one, is plain by this; that any body which
To COUNTERPLO'T. v.'a. [counter and 'is pressed, must needs press again on the body plot.) To oppose one machination by that presses it.
Digby on the Soul.
another ; to obviate art by art. If any of the returning spirits should happen COUNTERPLOʻT. 1. s. [from the verb.] to fall foul upon others which are outward
An artifice opposed to an artifice. bound, these countermotions would overset them, or occasion a later arrival.
The wolf that had a plot upon the kid, was COUNTERMU'RE. ». . [contremur, fr.]
confounded by a counterplot of the kid's upon the
wolt; and such a counterpoot as the wolf, with A wall built up behind another wall, to all his sagacity, was not able to smell out. supply its place.
The great shot flying through the breach, did CO'UNTER POINT. n. s. A'coverlet woven beat down houses; but the countermure, new in squares, commonly spoken counterbuilt against the breach, standing upon a lower ground, it seldom touched.
pane. See COUNTERPANE. COUNTERN A'T URAL. adj. [counter and
TO COUNTER PO'ISE, W. a. [counter and natural.] Contrary to nature.
poise.] A consumption is a counternatural hectick ex 1. To counterbalance; to be equipondetenuation of the body. Harvey on Consumptions,
rant to; to act against with equal COUNTERNOʻISE.n.s. (counter and noise.] weight.
A sound by which any other noise is Our spoils we have brought home overpowered.
Do more than counterpoise a full third part They endeavoured, either by a constant suc:
The charges of the action. Sbakspeare. cession of sensual deligl.ts to charm and lull
The force and the distance of weights counterasleep, or olse by a counternoise of revellings and
poising one another, ought to be reciprocal. Digby. riotous excesses to drown, the softer whispers of 2. To produce a contrary action by an their conscience.
Calamy's Sermons. equal weight. COUNTERO'PENING, 1. s. [counter and The heaviness of bodies must be counterpoised opening.) An aperture or vent' on the by a plummet fastened about the pulley to the
Wilkins, contrary side.
A tent, plugging up the orifice, would make 3. To act with equal power against any the matter recur to the part disposed to receive person or cause. it, and mark the place for a counteropening:
So many freeholders of English will be able to Sharp's Surgery:
beard and to counterpoise the rest. Spenser. COUNTERPA'ce. n. s. [counter and pace.] COUNTERPOISE. 21. s. [from counter and Contrary measure ; attempts in oppo
poise.] sition to any scheme.
1. Equiponderance; equivalence of weight; When the least counterpaces are made to these resolutions, it will then be time enough for our
equal force in the opposite scale of the malecontents.
balance. CO'UNTERPANE, n. s. [contrepoint, Fr.]
Take her by the hand,
And tell her she is thine: to whom I promise A corerlet for a bed, or any thing else
A counterfeise; if not in thy estate, woven in squares. It is sometimes writ
A balance more replete.
Shakspeare. ten, according to etymology, counter Fastening that to our exact balance, we put a point.
metalline counterprise into the opposite scale. In ivory coffers I have stuff'd my crowns;
Boyle's Spring of the Air. In cypress chests my arras counterpanes. Sbatsp: 2. The state of being placed in the oppo. COUNTERFA'Rr. n. s. [counter and part.] site scale of the balance.
The correspondent part; the part which Th’ Eternal hung forth his golden scales, answers to another, as the two papers
Wherein all things created first he weigh'd ;
The pendulous round earth, with balanc'd air of a contract; the part which fits an
Milton's Par, Lost. other, as the key of a cipher.
3. Equipollence : equivalence of power. In some things the laws of Normandy agreed with the laws of England; so that they seem to
The second nobles are a counterpoise to the
higher nobility, that they grow not too potent. be, as it were, copies, or counterparts one of an,
Hale's Law of England, An old fellow with a young wench, may pass
Their generals, by their credit in the army, for a counterpart of this fable. L'Estrange.
were, with the magistrates and other civil offiOh counterpart
cers, a sort of counterpoise to the power of the Of our soft sex! well are you made our lords:
Swift. So bold, so great, so god-like are you forni'd,
COUNTER PO'JSON. n. s. [counter and poiHow can you love so silly things as women? son.] Antidote; medicine by which the
Dryden. effects of poison are obviated. He is to consider the thought of his author, Connterpoisons must be adapted to the cause ; and his words; and to find out the counterpart to for example, in poison from sublimato corrosive, cach in another language. Dryden. and arsenick.
Arbuthnot. In the discovery, the two different plots look like counterparts and copies of one another. Addis.
COUNTERPRE'SSURE, n. s. [counter and COUNTERPLE'A. 1. s. (from counter and
pressure.] Opposite force; power actplea] In law, a replication ; as, if ?
ing in contrary directions.
Does it not all mechanick heads confound, Let cheerfulness on happy fortune wait, That troops of atoms from all parts around, And give got thus the countertime to fate. Doad Of equal number, and of equal force, COUNTERTO'RN. n. s. [counter and turn.] Should to this single point direct their course; The catastasis, called by the Romans status, That so the counterpressure, ev'ry way
the height and full growth of the play, re may Of equal vigour, might their motions stay, call properly the counterturn; whichdestrors the And by a steady poise the whole in quiet lay? expectation, embroils the action in new difficial
Blackmore. ties, and leaves you far distant from that hope COUNTERPROJECT. n. s. (counter and
in which it found you.
Dryden project.] Correspondent part of a TO COUNTERVA'IL. v. 4. (contra and scheme.
valeo, Lat.) To be equivalent to; to A clear reason why they never sent any forces have equal force or value; to act against to Spain, and why the obligation not to enter with equal power. into a treaty of peace with France until that en
In some men there may be found such qualsia tire monarchy was yielded as a preliminary, was
as are able to countertail those exceptions which struck out of the counterproject by the Dutch. might be taken against them, and such men's
authority is not likely to be shaken off. Haszor. TO COUNTERPRO'VE.v. a. (from counter And therewithal he fiercely at him few,
and prove.] To take off a design in And with important outrage him assail'd; black lead, or red chalk, by passing it Who, soon prepar'd to held, his sword forta through the rolling-press with another
And him with equal valour coxstersail d. Fairy piece of paper, both being moistened
The outward streams, which descend, must be with a sponge.
of so much force as to countervail all that weighs TO COUNTERROʻL. v. a. [counter and whereby the ascending side does exceed the roll. This is now generally written as
Wilkiss's Dedala it is spoken, control.) To preserve the
We are to compute, that, upon balancing the power of detecting frauds, by another
account, the profit at last will hardly counterstil
the inconveniencies that go along with it. account.
L'Estrang COUNTERRO'LMENT. X. s. [from counter. COUNTERVA'IL. n. s. [from the verb.) rol.] A counter account; controlment,
1. Equal weight; power or value sufficient This manner of exercising of this office, hath
to obviate any effect or objection. many testimonies, interchangeable warrants, and counterrolments; whereof each, running through
2. That which has equal weight or value the hands, and resting in the power, of many
with something else. several persons, is sufficient to argue and con Surely, the present pleasure of a sinful act is vince all manner of falshood.
Bacon. a poor countervail for the bitterness of the re CO'UNTERSCARP. n.s. (from counter and
view; which begins where the action ends, and lasts for ever.
Sextb'. Ser scarp.] That side of the ditch which is next the camp, or properly the talus COUNTERVIE’w.n. s. [coarter and view.] that supports the earth of the covert 1. Opposition; a posture in which two way: although by this term is often persons front each other. understood the whole covert-way, with
Mean while, ere thus was sinn'd and jadi
on earth, its parapet and glacis ; and so it is to Within the gates of hell sat Sin and Death be understood when it is said the enemy In counterview. *Milton's Paradise Lost lodged themselves on the counterscarp: 2. Contrast ; a position in which two dis
Harris. similar things illustrate each other. TO COUNTERSIGN. 4. a. (from counter I have drawn some lines of Linger's characte, and sign.) To sign an order or patent
on purpose to place it in ceunterdicw or contrast of a superiour, in quality of secretary, T. COUNTERWO'RK. v a. (counter and
with that of the other company.
Serija to render it more authentick. Thus charters are signed by the king, and
work.) To counteract; to hinder any
effect by contrary operations. countersigned by a secretary of state, or
But heav'n's great view is one, anu that the lord chancellor.
whole; COUNTERTE'NOR.E.S. [írom counter and That counter corks each folly and caprice;
teror.) One of the mean or middle parts That disappoints th' effect of ev'ry vice. Pois of musick ; so called, as it were, oppo COUNTESS. n.s. [comitissa, Lat. comie!!! site to the tenor.
Harris. Fr.) The lady of an earl or count. I am deaf: this deafness unqualifies me for I take it, she that carries up the train, all company, except a few friends with counter Is that old noble lady, the duchess of North
Swift. It is; and all the rest are countesses. Self, COUNTER CI'DE. 7. s. [counter and tide.] It is the peculiar happiness of the earlies of Contrary tide; fiuctuations of the
Abingdon to have been so truly loved by you
while she was living, and so gratefully hawurd water.
after she was dead. Such were our countertides at land, and so
Co’UNTING-HOUSE. 7. s. [ count and bow Presaging of the faial blow, In your prodigious ebb and flow. Dryden.
The room appropriated by traders to COUNTERTINE, N. Soligunter and time ;
their books and accounts.
Men in trade seldom think of laying ost s contretemps, French.} 1. The dcience or resistance of a horse,
ney upon land, till their profit has brougia theu
in more than their trade can vell emplos; * that intercepts bis cadence, and the
their idle bags cumbering their custiago measure of his manage. Farrier's Dict. put them upon emptying them. 2. Defence; opposition.
Co’UNTLESS. adj. [trom count] luovo
merable; without number ; not to be 2. Of an interest opposite to that of reckoned.
courts : as, the country party, Ay, tear for tear, and loving kiss for kiss, 3. Peculiar to a region or people. Thy brother Marcus tenders on thy lips :
She, laughing the cruel tyrant to scorn, spake 0! were the sum of these that I should рау in her country language.
2 Maccabies. Countless and infinite, yet would I
4. Rude ; ignorant ; untaught.
Sbakspears. We make a country man dumb, whom we will But, oh! her mind, that orcus which includes not allow to speak but by the rules of grammar. Legions of mischief, countless multitudes
Dryden's Dufreinoy! Of former curses.
CO'UNTRYMAN. n. s. [from country and Hoary with cares, and ignorant of rest,
man.] We find the vital springs relax'd and worn :
1. One born in the same country, or tract Thus, thro' the round of age, to childhood we of ground.
Sce, who comes here? I see, I cried, his woes, a countless train; My countryman; but yet I know him not. Shak. I see his friends o'erwhelm'd beneath the main. Homer, great bard! so fate ordain'd, arose;
Pope's Odyssey. And, bold as were his countrymen in fight, COUNTRY. n. s. [contrée, Fri contruta,
Snatch'd their fair actions from degrading low Latin, supposed to be contracted
prose, from conterrata.)
And set their battles in eternal light. Prior.
The British soldiers act with greater vigour 1. A tract of land ; a region, as distin.
under the conduct of one whom they do not conguished from other regions.
sider only as their leader, but as their country, They require to be examined concerning the
Addison on the War. descriptions of those countries of which they 2. A rustick; one that inhabits the rural would be informed.
parts. 2. The parts of a region distant from cities
All that have business to the court, and all or courts; rural parts. Would I a house for happiness erect,
countrymen coming up to the city, leave their wives in the country.
Grauni. Nature alone should be the architect;
3. A farmer ; a husbandman. She'd build it more convenient than great,
A countryman took a boar in his corn. And, doubtless, in the country chuse her seat.
L'Estrange Cowley; Co’unty. 1. s. [comté, Fr. comitatus, I see them hurry from country to town, and then from the town back again into the country.
Spectator. 1. A shire; a circuit or portion of the 3. The place which any man inhabits, or
realm, into which the whole land is diin which he at present resides,
vided, for the administration of justice. Send out more horses, skirre the country Every county is governed by a yearly officer, round;
called a sheriff, who puts in execution all the Hang those that talk of fear. Shalspeare. commands and judgments of the king's courts. 4. The plače of one's birth; the native
Of these counties four are termed county-palasoil.
tiues; as that of Lancaster, Chester, Durham, The king set on foot á reformation in the ora
and Ely. A county-palatine is a jurisdiction of naments and advantages of our country. Spratt.
so high a nature, that the chief governors of O, save my country, heav'n! shall be your last.
these, by special charter from the king, sent out
all writs in their own name, and did all things
Pops. 5. The inhabitants of any region.
touching justice as absolutely as the prince him
self, only acknowledging him their superior and All the country, in a general voice,
sovereign. But this power has, by a statute in Cried hate upon hiur.; all their pray’rs and love Henry vau. his time, been much abridged. Were set on Hereford.
Sbakspeare. There are likewise counties corporate, which are CO'UNTRY. adj.
certain cities or ancient boroughs upon which I. Rustick; rural; villatick.
our princes have thought good to bestow extraCannot a country wench know, that, having
ordinary liberties. Of these London is one reccived a shilling from one that owes her three,
York another, the city of Chester a third, and and a shilling also from another that owes her
Canterbury a fourth. And to these may be adthree, the remaining debts in each of their hands
ded many more; as the county of the town of are equal?
Kingston upon Hull, the courty of the town of I never meant any other than that Mr. Trot
Haverfordvest, and the county of Lichfield should contine himself to country dances. Spect.
County is, in another signification, used for the He comes no nearer to a positive, clear idea
Cowell of a positive infinire, than the country fellow had
Discharge your powers unto their several of the water which was yet to pass the channel
counties, of the river where he stood,
As we will ours.
Shakspeare. Locke. Talk but with country people, or young peo
He caught his death the last county sessions, ple, and you shall find that the notions they ap
where he would go to see justice done to a poor ply this name to, are so odd, that nobody can
widow-woman and her fatherless children.
Addison's Spectatora imagine they were taught by a rational man.
Locke. 2. An earldom. A country gentleman, learning. Lacin in the 3. [compté.] A count; a lord. Obsolete. University, removes thence to his mansion-house. The gulant, young, and noble gentleman, Locke. The county Paris.
Sbakspeare. The low mechanicks of a country town do
He made Hugh Lupus county palatíne of somewhat outdo him.
Locke, Chester; and gave that earldom to him and his Come, we'll c'en to our country seat repair,
heirs, to hold the same ita liberè ad gladium The native home of innocence and love. Norris. sicut rex tenebat Anglia ad coronam, Davis
COUPE'E. n. s. (French.) A motion in
Thou, with thy lusty CTET, dancing, when one leg is a little bent
Cast wanton eyes on the daughters of men, and suspended from the ground, and
And coupled with them, and bega a race. Mal
That great variety of brutes in Africa, is by with the other a motion is made for
reason of the meeting together of Ixutes of wards.
Chambers. veral species, at water, and the promiscuous COUPLE. 11. s. [couple, French ; copula, couplings of males and females of several species. Latin.)
Hale's Origin of Mandando
After this alliance, 1. A chain or tie that holds dogs together. I'll keep my stable-stand where
Let tigers match with hinds, and wolves with I'lodge my wife; I'll go in couples with her;
sheep, Than when I feel and see, no further trust her.
And every creature couple with his foe. Dryden. Sbakspeare:
COUPIE-BEGGAR. n. s. [couple and bego It is in some sort with friends as it is with gar.] One that makes it his business to dogs in couples; they should be of the same size
marry beggars to each other. and humour.
No couple-beggar in the land 2. Two; a brace.
E’er join'd such numbers hand in hand. Saja He was taken up by a couple of shepherds, and Co’uplet. n. s. [French.] by them brought to life again. Sidney; 1. Two verses ; a pair of rhymes. A schoolmaster, who shall teach my son and
Then would they cast away their pipes, and yours, I will provide; yea, though the three do
holding hand in hand, dance by the only cader: cost me a couple of hundred pounds. dscbam. of their voices; which they would use in singaz A piece of chrystal inclosed a couple of drops,
some short couplets, whereto the one half begir which looked like water when they were shaken,
ning, the other half should answer. $400 though perhaps they are nothing but bubbles of
Then at the last, an only eeuplet fraught air.
Addison en Italy. With some unmeaning thing they call a thougti, By adding one to one, we have the complex A needless Alexandrine ends the song, idea of a couple.
That, like a wounded snake, drags its sle 3. A male and his female.
length along. So shall all the couples three
In Pope I cannot read a line,
Shekspeare. But with a sigh I wish it mine;
When he can in one couple fix
Shakspeare. I cry, pox take him and his wir!
2. A pair, as of doves. the married couple are permitted, before they
Anon, as patient as the female dove contract, to see one another naked. Bacon,
Fre that her golden couplets are disclos'd, He said: the caretul couple join their tears, His silence will sit drooping. And then invoke the gods with pious prayers.
Statispers COURAGE. 11. s. [courage, Fr. from rer,
Dryden. All succeeding generations of men are the
Lat.] Bravery ; active fortitude ; spirii progeny of one primitive coupie. Bentley.
The king-becoming graces, TO CO’UPLE. v. a. (copulo, Lat.]
Devotion, patience, courage, fortitude, 1. To chain together.
I have no relish of them.
Sbaksper Huntsman, I charge thee, tender well my
Their discipline hounds;
Now mingled with their couraga And couple Clowder with the deep-mouth'd Hope arms their courage; from their tours Brach.
Sbakspeare. they throw 2. To join one to another.
Their darts with double force, and drive the fe What greater ills have the heavens in store, To couple coming harins with sorrow past. Sidney. Courage that grows from constitution, ver
! And wheresoe'er we went, like Juno's swans,
often forsakes a man when he has occasion Still we went coupled and inseparable. Shadsp. it; and when it is only a kind of instinct ia i
Put the taches into the loops, and couple the soul, it breaks out on all occasions, without ja tent together that it may be one. Exodus. ment or discretion. That courage which alik?
They behold your chaste conversation coupled from the sense of our duty, and from the teard with fear,
offending Him that made us, acts always Their concernments were so coupled, that if uniform manner, and according to the data nature had not, yet their religions would have, of right reason.
Addison's Guarded made them brothers.
South. Nothing but the want of common marar That man makes a mean figure in the eyes of the cause of their misfortunes. reason, who is measuring syllables and coupling Coura'geous. adj. (from courage.] rhmes when he should be mending his own soul
I. Brave; daring i bold; enterprising: and securing his own immortality. Pope.
adventurous; hardy; stout. 3. To marry: to wed; to join in wedlock. I shall rejoice to see you so coupled, as may be
And he that is courageous among the met
shall fee away naked in that day. fit both for your honour and your satisfaction.
Let us imitate the cosrageous example of I am just going to assist with the archbishop, in
Paul, who chose then to magnify his office da
ill men conspired to lessen it. degrading a parson who couples all our beggars, by which I shall make one happy man. Secift.
2. It is used ludicrously by Sbakspeare tur To COʻUPLE. V. n. To join in embraces. outrageous.
Waters in Africa being rare, divers sorts of He is very courageous mad, about his tərow ** beasts come from several parts to drink; and so
into the water. being refreshed, fall to comple, and many times COURAGEOUSLY.adr.[from cara with several kinds.
Bacon. Bravely; stoutly; boldly.