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I am yet
2 married woman, who, by the laws' 1. Avarice; inordinate desire of moneys of our realm, is in potestate viri, and eagerness of gain. therefore disabled to contract with any
He that takes pains to serve the ends of covete to the prejudice of herself or her hus
cusness, or ministers to another's lust, or keeps band, without his allowance or confir.
a shop of impurities or intemperance, is idle in
the worst sense. Taylor's Holy Living. mation.
Covetousness debaseth a man's spirit, and sinks The infancy of king Edward vi. and the co it into the earth.
Tillotson. verture of queen Mary, did, in fact, disable them
2. Eagerness ; desire: in a neutral sense. to accomplish the conquest of Ireland.
When workmen strive to do better than well, Davies on Ireland.
They do confound their skill in covetousness, TO COʻVET. v. a. [convoiter, French.]
Shakspeare's King Fobni. 1. To desire inordinately; to desire beyond due bounds.
Co'vey, n. s. [couvée, French.)
1. A hatch ; an old bird with her young I am the most offending man alive. Sbakspeari.
2. A number of birds together. Unknown to woman; never was forsworn;
A flight of wasps and covey of partridges went Scarcely have coveted what was mine own; to a farmer, and begged a sup of him to quench At no time broke my faith. Sbaksp: Macbetb. their thirst.
L'Estrange. O father! can it be, that souls sublime
A covey of partridges/springing in our front, Return to visit our terrestrial clime?
put our infantry in disorder.
Addison. And that the gen'rous mind releas'd by death, There would be no walking in a shady wood Can covet lazy limbs and mortal breath?
without springing a covey of toasts.
Addison, Dryden's Æneid. COUGH. n. s. [kuch, Dutch.] A con2. To desire earnestly.
vulsion of the lungs, vellicated by some All things coveting as much as may be to be like unto God in being ever; that which cannot
sharp serosity. It is pronounced coff hereunto attain personally, doth seek to continue
In consumptions of the lungs, when riature itself another way, by offspring and propagation.
cannot expel the cough, men fall into fluxes of Hooker. the belly, and then they die.
Bacon. But covet earnestly the best gifts.
For his dear sake long restless nights you borç, 1 Cor.
While rattling coughs his heaving vessels tore. To Co'vet. v. n. To have a strong desire.
Smith. The love of money is the root of all evil; which while some coveted after, they have erred
To COUGH, v. n. [kuchen, Dutch.] To from the faith.
have the lungs convulsed ; to make a CO'V ETABLE, adj. [from covet.] To be
noise in endeavouring to evacuate the wished for; to be coveted. Dict. peccant matter from the lungs.
Thou didst drink CO'VETISE, n. s. [convoitise, French.] The stale of horses, and the gilded puddle
Avarice ; covetousness of money. Not Which beasts would cough at. Sbakspears in use.
Thou hast quarrelled with a man for coughing Most wretched wight, whom nothing might in the street, because he hath wakened thy dog suffice;
that hath lain asleep in the sun. Sbakspeare. Whose greedy lust did lack in greatest store; The first problem enquireth why a man doth Whose need had'end, but no end covetise. cough, but not an ox or cow; whereas the conFairy Queen. trary is often observed.
Brown. Co'verous, adj. [convoiteux, French.]
any humour be discharged upon the lungs, 1. Inordinately desirous ; eager.
they have a faculty of casting it up by cougbing. While cumber'd with my dropping cloaths I
Ray on the Creation, lay,
I cough, like Horace; and, tho' lean, am short. The cruel nation, covetows of
Pope's Epistles. prey, Stain'd with my blood th' unhospitable coast. TO COUGH. v. a. To eject by a cough ;
to expectorate. 2. Inordinately eager of money; avari If the matter be to be discharged by expectocious.
ration, it must first pass into the substance of the An heart they have exercised with covetous lungs; then into the aspera arteria, or weasand; practices.
Peter, and from thence be coughed up, and spit out by What he cannot help in his nature, you must
Wiseman's Surgery. not account a vice in him: you must in no ways CO'UGHER. n. s. [from cough.] One that say he is covetous.
Shakspeare. Let never so much probability hang on one
Dict. side of a covetous man's reasoning, and money on
Co'vin. 2 n. so A deceitful agreement the other, it is easy to foresee which will out
between two or more, to the weigh.
Cowell. 3. Desirous; eager : in a good sense. Co'ving. n. s. [from cove.) A term in
Sheba was never
building, used of houses that project Than this fair soul shall be.
over the ground-plot, and the turned He that is envious or angry at a virtue that is
projecture arched with timber, lathed not his own, at the perfection or excellency of and plaistered.
Harris. his neighbour, is not covetous of the virtue, but COULD. (the imperfect preterit of can.] of its reward and reputation; and then his intentions are polluted.
Was able to ;
Taylor. COʻVETOUSLY. adv. [from covetous.]
And if I have done well, and as is fitting the story,
it is that which I desired; but if slenderly Avariciously; eagerly.
and meanly, it is that which I could attain untu. If he care not for 'č, he will supply us easily;
2 Ma.. if he covetously reserve it, how shall 's get it?
What if he did not all the ill he could?
Am I oblig'd by that t' assist his rapines,
And to maintain his murders? Dryden.
CO'ULTER, n. s. [culter, Latin.) The and understanding and coun:d to men of > sharp iron of the plough which cuts
nour! the earth, perpendicular to the share.
There is no wisdom, nor understanding, na The Israelites went down to sharpen every
counsel, against the Lord.
Program man his share, and his coulter, and lis ax, and S. Secrecy; the secrets intrusted in cor. his mattock.
sulting Literature is the grindstone to sharpen the The players cannot keep coursel; thev 'l te] coulters, to whet their natural faculties.
Sbikipedia Hermond or Fundamentals. 6. Scheme; purpose ; design. Not in usc. The plough for stiff clays is long and broad; and The counsel of the Lord standeth for ever, the the coulter long and very little bending, with a thoughts of his heart to all generations. Please very large wing.
Mortimer. O God, from whom all thvly desires, al comune COUNCIL. n. s. [concilium, Latin.] counsels, and all just works do proceed! 1. An assembly of persons inet together in
Commis Prater consultation.
7. Those that plead a cause; the coun. The chief priests, and all the council, sought sellory. This seems only an abbrevia. false witness.
Mlattbew, ture usual in conversation. The Stygian council thus dissolv'd; and forth Your hand; a covenant; we will have these In order came the grand infernal peers. Milion. things set down by lawful counsel. Skaketeers
In histories composed by politicians, they are For the advocates and counsel that plead, yo for drawing up a perpetual scheme of causes and tience and gravity of learning is an essential cat events, and preserving a constant correspondence of justice ; and an overspeaking judge is no web -between the camp and the council table. Addis. tuned cymbal. 2. Act of publick deliberation.
Whai says my counsel learned in the laws? The scepter'd heralds call To council in the city gates: anon
To Co’UNSEL. v. a. [consilior, Latin.) Grey-headed men and grave, with warriors 1. To give advice or counsel to any person: mix'd,
But say, Lucetta, now we are alone, Assemble, and harangues are heard. Milton. Would'st thou then counsel me to fall in love? 3. An assembly of divines to deliberate
Skakspart upon religion.
Truth shall nurse her; Some borrow all their religion from the fathers Holy and heav'nly thoughts still counsel ber. of the christian church, or from their synods or
Sbakspeare's Hrary Fil. councils.
Watts. There is danger of being unfaithfully corazon 4. Persons called together to be consulted led, and more for the good of them that time.de on any occasion, or to give advice.
than for him that is counsellei. They being thus assembled, are more properly
Ill fortune never crushed that man whom geral a council to the king, the great council of the king
fortune deceived not; I therefore have star dom, to advise his majesty in those things of
selled ny friends never to trust to her fairer side, weight and difficulty which concern both the
though she seemed to make peace with them. king and people, than a court.
Ben Jonson's Discretion s. The body of privy counsellors.
He supports my porerty with his wealth, and Without the knowledge
I counsel and instruct bim with my learning 2 experience.
Taylor. Either of king or council, you made bold To carry into Flanders the great seal. Shaksp.
2. To advise any thing.
*The less had been our shame, COUNCIL-BUARD. so (council and
The less his counsell'd crime which brands the board.] Council-table; table where
Grecian name, matters of state are deliberated.
'Co’UNSELLABLE. adj. [from coursel. He hath commanded
Willing to receive and follow the advice To-morrow morning to the cruncil-loard He be convened. Shakspeare's Henry viii.
or opinions of others. When ship money was transacted at the coura
Very few men of so great parts were still? pil-board, they looked upon it as a work of that
counsellable than he; so that he would seldosi be power they were obliged to trust, Clarendon.
in danger of great errours, if he would comm And Pallas, if she broke the laws,
nicate his own thoughts to disquisition. Closed Must yield her foe the stronger cause; CO'UNSELLOR. n. s. [from counsel. This A shamc to one so much ador'd
should rather be written counseller.] For wisdom at Jove's conneil-board.
Swift. COUNSEL. n. s. [consilium, Latin.]
I. One that gives advice.
His mother was his coxaseller to do wicked, I. Advice; direction.
There is as much difference between the cour. She would be a counsellor of good things, and a sel that a friend giveth, and that a man giveth comfort in cares. himself, as there is between the counsel of a friend
Death of thy soul! Those linen cheeks of the and of a flatterer,
Are counsellors to fear. The best counsel he could give him was, to go
2. Confident; bosom friend. to his parliament.
In such green palaces the first kings raimn'e;
Slept in their shades, and angels encertain'd: Whereon I live, thy gentle looks, thy aid,
With such old counsellors they did adrise, Thy counsel, in this uttermost distress. Milton, & Consultation ; interchange of opinions.
And by frequenting sacred groves grew
3. One whose province is to deliberate %. Deliberation ; examination of conse
and advise upon publick affairs.
You are a counseller, quences.
And by that virtue no man dare accade PEU **They all confess, therefore, in the working of dat first cause, that counsel is used, reason Of counsellors there are two sorts: the first followed, and a way observed.
consiliarii nati, as I may term them; such as 4. Prudence; art : machination.
the prince of Wales, and others of the king O how comely is the wisdom of old men,
sonş; but the ordinary sort of reasrdiets are so
Shuéspeare's Herry File
'as the king, out of a due consideration of their 2. Reckoning ; number summed. worth and abilities, and withal of their fidelity to
By my count, his person and to his crown, callech to bé of I was your mother much upon these years. council with him in his ordinary government.
Sbakspears. Bacon's Advice to Villiers,
Since I saw you last, 4. One that is consulted in a case of law; There is a change upon you. a lawyer.
Well, I know not A counsellor bred up in the knowledge of the
What counts hard fortune casts upon my face. municipal and statute laws, may honestly inform
Sbakspeare. a jusi prince how far his prerogative extends. COUNT. n. s. [comte, Fr. comes, Lat.) A
Dryden's Juvenal, Dedication, CO'UNSELLORSHIP. n.s. (from counsellor.]
title of foreign nobility, supposed equi.
valent to earl. The office or post of a privy counsellor.
Of the great offices and officers of the king: CO’UNTABLE, adj. [from count.] That dom, the most part are such as cannot well be
may be numbered. severed from the counsellorsbip. Bacon. The evils which you desire to be recounted TO COUNT. v.a. [compter, Fr. compu-,
are very many, and almost countable with those
which were hidden in the basket of Pandora. tare, Latin.]
Spersër. 1. Tonuinber ; to tell. Here thro' this grate I can count every one,
COʻUNTENANCE. 2. s. [contenance, And view the Frenchmen.
French.] The vicious count their years; virtuous, their
1. The form of the face; the system of
Fobnson. the features. For the preferments of the world, he that 2. Air; look. would reckon up all the accidents that they de
A made countenance about her mouth between pend upon, may as well undertake to count the
simpering and smiling; 'her head, bowed somesands, or to sum up infinity.
what down, seemed to languish with over-much When men in sickness ling'ring lie,
Sidney. They count the tedious hours by months and
Well, Suffolk; yet thou shalt not see me blush, years.
Nor change my cuntenance, for this arrest: Argos, now rejoice; for Thebes lies low :
A heart unspotted is not casily daunted. Shał. Thy slaughter'd sons pow smile, and think they
So spake our sire, and by his count's
seem'd When they can count more Theban ghosts than
Entering on studious thoughts abstruse. Milton. theirs.
Dryden. To whom with count'nance calm, and soul se2. To preserve a reckoning.
date, Some people in America counted their years by Thus Turnus.
Dryden's Æneid. the coming of certain birds amongst them at their certain seasons, and leaving them at others.
3. Calmness of look; composure of face. Locke.
She smil'd severe; nor with a troubled look, 3. To reckon; to place to an account.
Or trembling hand, the fun'ral present took ;
Ev'n kept her count'nance when the lid remov'd He believed in the Lord, and he counted it to Disclos'd the heart unfortunately lov'd. Dryden. him for righteousness.
The two great maxims of any great man at Not baroly the plowman's pains is to be
court are, always to keep his countenance, and counted into the bread we eat; the labour of those who broke the oxen must all be charged
never to keep his word.
Savijt. on the account of labour.
Locke. 4. Confidence of mien; aspect of assur4. To esteem ; to account; to reckon; ance: it is commonly used in these
to consider as having a certain charac i hrases, in countenance, and out of counter, whether good or evil.
tenance. When once it comprehendeth any thing above The night beginning to persuade some retiring this, as the differences of time, affirmations, ne place, the gentlewoman, even out of countenance gations, and contradictions in speech, we then before she began her speech, invited me to lodge count it to have some use of natural reason.
that night with her father,
Sidney. Hooker. We will not make your countenance to fall by Count not thine handmaid for a daughter of the answer ye shall receive.
1 Sen. Their best friends were out of countenance, beNor shall I count it heinous to enjoy
cause they found that the imputations which The publick marks of honour and reward their enemies had laid upon them were well Conferr'd upon me. Milton's Agonistes. grounded.
Clarendon. You would not wish to court this man a foe! Your examples will meet it at every turn, and In friendship, and in hatred, obstinate.
put it out of countenance in every place; even Philips' Briton.
in private corners it will soon lose confidence. s. To impute to; to charge to.
Spratt's Sermons, All the impossibilities, which poets
If the outward professio. of religion and virtue Count to extravagance of loose description,
were once in practice and countenance at court, a Shall sooner be. Rowe's Ambitious Stepmother. good treatment of the clergy would be the neTo COUNT. v. n. To found an account cessary consequence.
Swift. or scheme: with upon.
If thosc preachers would look about, they I think it a great errour to count upon the ge
would find one part of their congregation out of nius of a nation as a standing argument in all
countenance, and the ocher asleep. Swift.
It is a kind of ill manners to offer objections
Swift. COUNT. n. s. [compte, French ; computus,
to a tine woman, and a man would be out of
countenance that should gain the superiority in such Latin.]
a contest: a coquette logician may be rallied, but I. Number.
Addison's Freebolder. That we up to your palaces may mount,
It puts the learned in countenans, and gives of blessed saints for to increase the count.
them a plase among the fashionable part of manSpenser. kinde
Each other's poise and countei balne arc. Drake
Aloney is the counterlwlany to all other than
5. Kindness or ill-will, as it appears upon 3. The table on which goods are viewed,
and money told, in a shop.
"Drydora That to strange knight no better countenance In half-whipt muslin needles useless lie, allow'd.
Spenser. And shuttlecocks across the counter fly, Gas. 0. Patronage ; appearance of favour ; ap Sometimes you would see him behind his pearance on any side ; support.
counter selling broad-cloth, sometimes measuring The church of Christ, which held that pro
Arbuibri. session which had not the publick allowance and
Whether thy counter shine with sums untold, wountenance of authority, could not use the exer
And thy wide-grasping hand grows black sich cise of the christian religion but in private.
4. COUNTER of a Horse, is that part of a
haps by a metaphor from the old tour.
Shall we erect two wills in God's, and make 7. Superficial appearance; show ; resem. the will of his purpose and intention run seunter blance.
to the will of his approbation
Sextb. The election being done, he made countenance The profit of the merchant, and the gain of of great discontent thereat. Ascham's Schoolm, the kingdom, are so far from being always pso you blessed ministers above!
rallels, that frequently they run counter one to Keep me in patience; and with ripend time the other.
Child an Trade
He thinks it brave at his first setting out to
2. The wrong way; contrarily to the right While he did bear my countenance in the town. course.
Sbakspeare. Io Co’UNTENANCE. v. 2. (from the
How cheerfully on the false trail they czy!,
Oh, this is counter, you false Danish dogs! Sbakas noun.]
3. Contrarywise. 1. To support; to patronise; to vindicate.
A man whom I cannot deny, may oblige me Neither shalt thou countenance a poor man
to use persuasions to another, which, at tbe sarac in his cause.
time I am speaking, I may wish may not prevail This conceit, though countenanced by learned
on him : in this case, it is plain, the will and the men, is not made out either by experience or
desire run counter.
Brown. This national fault, of being so very talkative,
4. The face, in opposition to the back.
Not in use.
They hit one another with darts, as the cher
do with their hands; which they never throw
counter, but at the back of the flyer. And to his mistress each himself strove to ad
5. This word is often found in composi
. Spenser 3. To act suitably to any thing ; to keep
nouns or verbs used in a sense of oppo
sition. up any appearance.
Malcolm! Banquo! As from your graves rise up, and walk like | sites,
counter-petition on foot. To courtenance this horrour. Shaki
To Counter A'CT.7. a. [counter and art.] . To encourage; to appear in defence.
At the first descent on shore he was not im contrary agency. mured with a wooden vessel, but he did counte
nance the landing in his long-boat. Woiton. CO'UNTENANCER, n. s. [from counte and to relieve him. narce.] One that countenances or sup
To COUNTERBAʼLANCE. v. a. [counter ports another. CO’UNTEK, 11. s. [from count.]
against with an opposite weight. 1. A false piece of money used as a means of reckoning
balance the mercurial cylinder. Will you with counters sum The vast proportion of his infinite? Sbakspeare,
Though these half-pence are to be received as money in the Exchequer, yet in trade they are zo better that counters.
COUNTERBAʼLANCE. 1. s. 2. Money, in contempt.
verb.] When Alarcus Brutus grows so covetous To lock such rascal counters from his friends,
power. Be ready, gods! with all your thunder-bolts Dishtim to pieces. Sbakspeari's Julius Caessato
S On Eac
TE Cou che $0.
tion, and may be placed before either
That design was no sooner known, but others of an opposite party were appointed to set a
To hinder any thing from its effect by
In this case we can find no principle within him strong enough to counteract that prmciple,
and balance.] To weigh against ; to act
There was so much air drawn out of the vessely that the remaining air was not able to counter
Begrite Few of Adam's children are not born with some bias, which it is the business of educatica either to take off or counterbelanes,
2013 des lin
Opposite weight; equivalent
purchaseable by it; and lying, as it were, in the Sense itself detects its more palpable deceits opposite scale of commerce.
by a counter-evidence, and the more ordinary imTo COUNTERBU'FF. v. a. [from counter postures seldom outlive the first experiments. and buff.] To impel in a direction op
Glanville. posite to the former impulse ; to strike
We have little reason to question his testimony, back.
in this point, seeing it is backed by others of
good credit; and all because there is no counterThe giddy ship, betwixt the winds and tides Forc'd back and forwards, in a circle rides,
evidence, nor any witness that appears against it.
Burnet's Theory of the Earth. Stunn'd with the different blows; then shoots amain,
To CO’UNTERFEIT. v. a. [contrefaire, Till counterbuf'd she stops and sleeps again. French.)
Dryden. 1. To copy with an intent to pass the COUNTERBU'FF. n. s. [counter and buff:]
copy for an original; to forge. A blow in a contrary direction; a stroke
What art thou, that produces a recoil.
That counterfeits the person of a king ? Sbaksp. He at the second gave him such a counterbuf, It came into this priest's fancy to cause this that, because Phalantus was not to be driven
lad to counterfeit and personate the second son of from the saddle, the saddle with broken girths Edward iv. supposed to be murdered. Bacon. was driven from the horse.
Sidney. There have been some that could counterfeit Go, captain Stub, lead on; and show
the distance of voices, which is a secondary obWhat house you come of, by the blow
ject of hearing, in such sort, as, when they stand You give Sir Quintin, and the cuff
fast by you, you would think the speech came You 'scape o' th' sandbag's counterbuf.
from afar off, in a fearful manner, Dacor
Ben Jonson. Say, lovely dream, where couldst thou find CO'UNTERCASTER. 11. s. [from counter, Shadows to counterfeit that face?
Wallat. for a false piece of money, and caster.]
It happens, that not one single line or thought A word of contempt for an arithmeti
is contained in this imposture, although it appears cian ; a book-keeper ; 'a caster of ac
that they who counterfeited me had heard of the
Swift counts; reckoner.
2. To imitate ; to copy; to resemble. 1, of whom his eyes had seen the proof
And, oh, you mortal engines, whose rude At Rhodes, at Cyprus naust be let and calmd,
throats By debtor and creditor, this countercaster. Shak.
Th’immortal Jove's dread clamours counterfeit, CO'UNTERCHANGE. n. s. [counter and Farewell!
Sbakspears change.] Exchange ; reciprocation. O Eve! in evil hour thou didst give ear
She, like harmless lightning, throws her eye To that false worm, of whomsoever taught On him, her brothers, me, her master, hitting To counterfeit man's voice.
Milton. Each object with a joy. The countercbenge To counterfeit, is to put on the likeness and apa Is sev'rally in all.
Sbakspeare. pearance of some real excellency: Bristol-stones TO COʻUNTERCHANGE. v.a. To give and would not pretend to be diamonds, if there nereceive.
ver had been diamonds.
Tillotson. COUNTRECH A'RM. 1. s. [counter and Co’UNTERPEIT. adj. [from the verb.)
charm.] That by which a charm is dis 1. That is made in imitation of another, solved; that which has the power of de with intent to pass for the original ; stroying the effects of a charm.
forged ; fictitious. Now touch'd by countercharms they change
I learn again,
Now of my own experience, not by talk, And stand majestick, and recallid to men. Pope.
a coin they are, who friends TO COUNTERCHA'RM. v. a. (from coure
Bear in their superscription : in prosperous days ter and charm.] . To destroy the effect
They swarm, but in adverse withdraw their heads
Milton of an enchantment.
General observations drawn from particulars, Like a spell, it was to kcep us invulnerable ; and so countercbarm all our crimes, that they
are the jewels of knowledge, comprchending
great store in a little room; but they are thereshould only be active to please, not hurt us. fore to be made with the greater care and cau
Decay of Piety.
tion, lest, if we take counterfeit for true, our To COUNTERCHE'CK. v. a. (counter and
shamc be the greater, when our stock comes to check.] To oppose ; to stop with sud a severe scrutiny.
Locke. den opposition.
2. Deceitful ; hypocritical. COUNTERCHE'CK. 1. s. (from the verb.] True friends appear less mov'd than counter. Stop; rebuke.
ROSCONIXON. If again I said his beard was not well cut, he CO'UNTERFEIT. n. s. [from the verb.) would say I lye: this is called the countercheck
1. One who personates another; an imquarrelsome.
postor. TO COUNTERDRA'W.J. a. [from counter I am no counterfeit: to die is to be a counter
and draw.] With painters, to copy a feit; for he is but the counterfeit of a man, who design or painting by means of a fine
hath not the life of a man. Shakspeare: linen cloth, an oiled paper, or other
This priest, being utterly unacquainted with transparent matter, whereon the strokes,
the true person according to whose pattern he appearing through, are traced with a
should shape his counterfeit, yet could think it
possible for him to instruct his player, either in Pencil.
gesture or fashions, or in fit answers to questions, COUNTERE'VIDENCE. 17. s. [counter and
to come near the resemblance.
Bacon. evidence.) Testimony by which the de
But trust me, child, I'm much inclin'd to fear position of some former witness is op
Some counterfeit in this your Jupiter. Addison posed,
2. Something made in imitation of an