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the power of improving beauty; beau
The city woman bears tifying.
The cost of princes on unworthy shoulders. No better cosmeticks than a severe temperance
Sbakıpeare. and purity, modesty and humility, a gracious
Let foreign princes vainly boast temper, and calmness of spirit; no true beauty
The rude effects of pride and cost without the signatures of these graces in the very
Of vnster fabricks, to which they countenance.
Ray on the Creation,
Contribute nothing but the pay.
While he found his daughter maintained with
out his cost, he was content to be deaf to any CO'SMICAL. adj. [xócp...]
noise of infamy.
I shall never hold that man my friend, 1. Relating to the world.
Whose tongue shall ask me for one penny cest, 2. Rising or setting with the sun ; not To ransom home revoked Mortimer. Šiakse. acronycal.
Have we eaten at all of the king's test? The cosmical ascension of a star we term that, hath he given us any gift?
Sanat's when it ariseth together with the sun, or in the And wilt thou, O cruel boast! same degree of the ecliptick wherein the sun Put poor nature to such cost? abideth.
Brown's Vulgar Errours. O! 't will undo our common mother, CO'SMICALLY. adv. [from cosmical.] To be at charge of such another. Crarbete. With the sun; not acronycally.
It is strange to see any ecclesiastical pie, na From the rising of this star, not cosmically,
by ecclesiastical cost and induence, rising abore that is, with the sun, but heliacally, that is, its
ground; especially in an age in which mea's emersion from the rays of the sun, the ancients
mouths are open against the church, but there computed their canicular days. Brown.
hands shut towards it.
Sentb'. Sergei COSMO'GONY. n. s. (xácpa and zón.]
He whose cale is best, and pleases most, The rise or birth of the world ; the
Should win his supper at our common eest creation.
Fourteen thousand pounds are paid by Word COSMO'GRAPHER. n.s. (xioue - and yzáow.] for the purchase of his patent: what were bis
One who writes a description of the other visible tests, I know not; what his lates, world; distinct from geographer, who
is variously conjectured.
Swifi, describes the situation of particular 4. Loss; fine; detriment. countries.
What they had fondly wished, proved afterThe ancient cosmograpbers do place the divi- To Cost. v. n. pret. cost; particip. cesto
wards to their costs over true.
Krollis sion of the east and westera hemisphere, that is, the first term of longiiude, in the Canary or [couster, Fr.] To be bought for ; to be Fortunate Islands, conceiving these parts the had at a price.
extremest habitations westward. Brown. The dagger and paison are akrays in read COSMOGRAPHICAL. adj. [from cosmo ness; but to bring the action to extremity, and graphy.] Relating to the general de then recover all, will require the art of a stre,
and cost him many a pang.
Dryca scription of the world. COSMOGRA'PHICALLY. adv. [from cos
Co'st Al. adj. [costa, Lat. a ribe] Bemographical.] In a manner relating to
longing to the ribs. the science by which the structure of
Hereby are excluded all cetaceous and cartile
ginous fishes; many pectinal, whose ribs are sti the world is discovered and described. tilineal; and many costal, which have their rizi
The terrella, cr spherical magnet,cosmograpbi embowed. cally set out with circles of the globe. Brown. CO'STARD. 11. s. (from coster, a head.]
Brown's Vulgar Erreats COSMO'GRAPHY. n. s. (réole and
I. A head. ypásu.] The science of the general sy
Take him over the castard with the belt on stem or affections of the world : distinct
Sbakspeare's Richard' un from geography, which delivers the si 2. An apple round and bulky like the tuation and boundaries of particular head. countries.
Many country vicars are driven to shifts; ad Here it might see the world without travel; if our greedy patrons hold us to such conditions it being a lesser scheme of the creation, nature they will make us turn cestard mongers, grises, contracted, a little cosmography, or map of the
or sell ale.
Burtoa ai Mintay universe.
South. CO'STIVE. adj. [constipatus, Latis ; COSMOPO'LITAN. n. s. (xsope, and
constivé, French.) CosMO'POLITE, 7011773] A citizen
1. Bound in the body; having the cacheof the world; one who is at home in
tions obstructed. every place
When the passage of the gall becomes ab Co'sSET. N. s. A lamb brought up with structed, the body grors restive, and the efekt out the dam.
ments of the belly white. If thou wilt bewail my woeful teen,
While faster than bis cestive brain indites, I shall thee give yond' cosset for thy pain. Philo's quick hand in flowing letters write;
His case appears to me like honest Teague's COST. n. so [kost, Dutch. As this word When he was run away with by his less you? is found in the remotest Teutonick dia
2. Close; unpermeable. lects, even in the Islandick, it is not pro
Clay in dry seasons is csstir, bardening
the sun and wind, till unlocked by industry, b bably derived to us from the Latin con
as to admit of the air and heaveny infusrces sto; though it is not unlikely that the
French couster comes from the Latin.] CO'STIVENESS. n. s. (from castita.) T 1. The price of any thing.
state of the body in which excretich is 2. Sumpiuousness; luxury.
Costiveness disperses maligni putrid fumes out CoʻTLÄND. 1. s. [cot and land. ] Land
French.] A man who busies himself
with women's affairs. dealt with by physick; purging medicines ra
Look to the bak'd meats, good Angelica; ther increasing than removing the evil. Locke. ÇO'STLINESS. n. s. [from costly.] Sump
Spare not for cost.
-Go, go, you cotquean, go; tuousness; expensiveness.
Get you to bed. Shakspeare's Romeo and Julied Though not with curious costliness, yet with
Astateswoman is as ridiculous a creature as a cleanly sufficiency, it entertained me. Sidney.
cotquean: each of the sexes should keep within Nor' have the frugallor sons of fortune any
Addison, reason to object the costliness; since they free
You have given us a lively picture of husb-ada quently pay dearer for less advantageous plea
hen-pecked; but you have never touched upon
one of the quite different character, and who Co'stly. adj. [from cost.] Sumptuous; goes by the name of cotquean. Addison. expensive; of a high price.
COʻTTAGE, n. s. [from cot.] A hut; a Costly thy habit as thy purse can buy,
mean habitation, a cot; a little house. But not exprest in fancy ; rich, not gaudy;
The sea coast shall be dwellings and cottages For the apparel oft proclaims the man. Sbaks.
for shepherds, and folds for flocks. Zephaniab. Leave for a while thy costly country-seat ; They were right glad to take some corner of And, to be great indeed, forget
a poor cottage, and there to serve God upon their 'The nauseous pleasures of the great. Dryden.
Hooker. The chapel of St. Laurence will be perhaps The self-same sun that shines upon his court, the most costly piece of work on the carth, when
Hides not his visage from our cottage, but completed.
Looks on both alike. Sbakspeare's Winter's Tak, He is here speaking of Paradise, which he re
Let the women of noble birth and great forpresents as a most charming and delightful
tunes nurse their children, look to the affairs of place; abounding with things not only useful
the house, visit poor cottages, and relieve their and convenient, but even the most rare and va
Taylor's Holy Living. luable, the most costly and desireable.Woodward.
It is difficult for a peasant, bred up in the obCo'sTMARY. n. s. (costus, Lat.) An herb.
scurities of a cottage, to fancy in his mind' tha CO'STREL. n. s. (supposed to be derived splendors of a court.
Soutb. from coster.] A bottle. Skinner.
Beneath our humble cottage let us haste, CoT, COTE, COAT, at the end of the And here, unenvied, rural dainties taste. Pope. names of places, come generally
om COʻTTAGER, n. s. [from cottage.] the Saxon cur, à cottage.
Let us from our farms
Call forth our cottager's to arms. small house ; a cottage; a hut; a
The most ignorant Irish cottager will not sell mean habitation.
his cow for a groat. Swift's Addr. to Parliament. What that usage meant,
2. A cottager, in law, is one that lives on Which in her cot she daily practised. F. Queen.
the common, without paying rent, and Besides, his cot, his flocks, and bounds or feed, Are now on sale ; and at our sheep cot now,
without any land of his own. By reason of his absence, there is nothing
The husbandmen and plowmen be but as their
work-folks and labourers; or else mere cottaa That you will feed on. Sbaksp. As you like it.
Hezekiah made himself stalls for all manner gers, which are but housed beggars. Bacon, of beasts, and cuts for flocks. 2 Chronicles.
The yeomenry, or middle people, of a condi
tion between gentlemen and cottagers. A stately temple shoots within the skies:
Bacon. The crotchets of their cot in columns rise;
CO'TTIER. 11. s. [from cot.] One who "The pavement, polish'd marble they behold;
inhabits a cot.
Dict. The gates with sculpture graç'd, the spires and COTTON. n. s: [named, according to ciles of gold. Dryden's Baucis and Phil.
Skinner, from the down that adheres to As Jove vouchsaf'd on Ida's top, 't is said,
the mala cotonea, or quince, calied by Ai poor Philemon's cot to take a bed. Fenton, Cor. n. s. An abridgment of cotquean.
the Italians cotogni ; whence cottone,
Ital. cotton, French.) COTA'SGENT. n. s. (In geometry.) The
1. The down of the cotton-tree. tangent of an arch which is the com
The pin ought to be as thick as a rowlingpin ; plement of another to ninety degrees.
and covered with cotton, that its hardness may Harris. not be offensive.
Wisemak. To Cote. v.a. This word, which I 2. Cloth made of cotton.
have found only in Chapman, seems to CO'TTON. ». s. A plant. signify the same as To leave behind, To The species are, 1. Shrubby cotton. 2. The overpass.
most excellent American cotton, with a greenisha Words her worth had prov'd with deeds, seed. 3. Annual shrubby cotton, of the island of Had more ground been allow'd the race, and
Providence. 4. The tree cotton. 5. Tree cote ccted far his steeds. Chapman's Iliad.
ton with a yellow flower, The first sort is cul. COTEMPORARY. adj. [con and tempus,
tivated plentifully in Candia, Lemnos, Cyprus,
Malta, Sicily, and at Naples; as also between Latin.] Living at the same time; Jerusalem and Damascus; from whence the cote coetaneous; contemporary.
ton is brought annually into these northern parts What would not, to a rational man cofcm of Europe. This cotton is the wool which inporary with the first voucher, have appeared pro. closes or wraps up the seeds, and is.contained in bable, is now used as certain ; because several a kind of brown husk, or seed-vessel, growing have since, from him, said it one after another. upon this shrub. It is from this sort that the vast
quantities of cotton are taken, which furnish our
parts of the world. The second and third sorts s. To include secretly; to hide : with are annual : these are cultivated in the West Indies in great plenty. But the fourth and fifth
The foundation of all parables, is some ans sorts grow in Egypt: these abide many years,
logy or similitude between the topical or allusive and often arrive to be trees of great magnitude.
part of the parable, and the thing coucbed unders and intended by it.
South, To Coʻrton. v. n.
There is all this, and more, that lies naturally 1. To rise with a nap.
couched under this allegory. L'Estrast 2. To cement; to unite with : a cant The true notion of the institution being luse word.
the tradition of the deluge, which was esuched A quarrel will end in one of you being turned
under it, was thereupon at length suspended asd off, in which case it will not be easy to cotton
Woodward'. Natural Histers, with another.
Swift. 6. To lay close to another. TO COUCH. v. n. (coucher, French.]
And over all with brazen scales was armid,
Like plated coat of steel, so cacbed near 1. To lie down on a place of repose. That nought might pierce.
Spenn If I court more women, you 'll couch with
7. To fix the spear in the rest, in the pos
ture of attack. Deserve as full, as fortunate a bed,
The knight 'gan fairly coucb his steady spea, As ever Beatrice shall cauch upon? Sbakspeare.
And fiercely ran at him with rigorous mighi. When love's fair goddess
Spacer Coucb'd with her husband in his golden bed.
Before each van Dryden's Æneid. Prick forth the aery knights, and cexrb their 2. To lie down on the knees, as a beast to
Till thickest legions close. Miltea's Par. Leste rest.
The former wav'd in air Trees bent their heads to hear him sing his
His flaming sword; Æneas coucb'd his spear. wrongs, Fierce tygers couch'd around, and loll'd their 8. To depress' the condensed crystalline fawning tongues. Dryden's Virgil. These, when death
humour or film that overspreads the Comes like a rushing lion, couch like spaniels,
pupil of the eye. This is improperly With lolling tongues, and tremble at the paw, called couching the eye, for couching the
Dryden. cataract: with equal impropriety they 3. To lie down in secret, or in ambush. sometimes speak of coucbing the patici. We'll couch i'ch'castle ditch, till we see the
Some artist, whose nice hand light of our fairies.
Sbakspeare. Couches the cataracts, and clears his eyes, The earl of Angus couched in a furrow, and And all at once a flood of glorious light was passed over for dead, until a horse was Comes rushing on his eyes. brought for his escape.
Hayward. Whether the cataraci be wasted by being & 4. To lie in a bed, or stratum.
parated from its vessels, I have never known Blessed of the Lord be his land for the dew, sitively by dissecting one that had been csil and for the deep that couchetb beneath. Deut.
Skate 5. To stoop, or bend down; to lower in Couch. 1. s. (from the verb.) fear, in pain, in respect,
1. A seat of repose, on which it is conThese couchings, and these lowly curtesies, mon to lie down dressed. Might stir the blood of ordinary men. Sbaksp. So Satan fell: and straight a fiery giube
Issachar is a strong ass couching down between Of angels on full sail of wing flew nigh; two burdens.
Genesis. Who on their plumy vans receiv'd him soft To Couch. v. a.
From his uneasy station, and upbore, 1. To repose ; to lay on a place of repose.
As on a floating couch, through the blithe air. Where unbruis'd youth, with unstuft'd brain,
Milten's Paradise Recital.
To loll on couches rich with citron steds, Doth couch his limbs, there golden sleep doch reign.
And lay their guilty limbs in Tyrian beds. 2. To lay down any thing in a bed, or
Dryder's Virg. Geergiks
Oye immortal pow'rs that guard the just stratum.
Watch round his coucb, and soften his repose! H the weather be warm, we immediately pouch malt about a foot chick; but if a hotter sea 2. A bed; a place of repose. son require it, we spread it on the floor much
Let not the royal bed of Denmark be thinner,
Mortimer's Husbandry. A couch for luxury and damned incest. Suhe The sea and the land make one globe; and the
Dire was the tossing, deep the groans! Desert waters couch themselves, as close as may be, to the centre of this globe, in a spherical convexity. .
Tended the sick, busiest from evob to cebit
Milton's Para L. Burnet's Theory of the Earth.
This gentle knight, inspir’d by jolly May, 2. To bed; to hide in another body: Forsook his early ceucb at carly dayi Dresden
It is at this day in use at Gaza, to couch pote 3. A layer, or stratum. sherds, or vessels of earth, in their walls, to ga
This heap is called by maltsters colhe
, che ther the wind from the top, and to pass it down
bed, of raw malt. Mertizer's Huecedy in spouts into rooms. Bacon's Nat. Hist. 4. To involve; to include; to comprise. CO'UCHANT. adj. [couchant, Fr.] Lyin
But who will call those noble, who deface, down; squatting. By meaner acts, the glories of their race;
If a lion were the cost of Judah, set mere Whose only title to their fathers' fame
uot probably a lion rampant, but rather Is coucb'd in the dead letters of their name? or dormant.
Dryden's Juvenal. As a tiger, who by chance hath spyd, That great argument for a future state, which In some purlieu, two gentle fawns at plar, St. Paul hath couched in the words I have read to Straight couches close; then rising, changes of youe
Atterbury's Sarmente His souphart Watch,
de disea': C
CO’UCHEE. n. s. [French.] Bedtime; COVENANTER. n. s. [from covenant.] the time of visiting late at night.
One who takes a covenant. A word None of her sylvan subjects made their court; introduced in the civil wars. Levees and couchees pass'd without resort. Dryd. The covenanters shall have no more assurance CO'UCHER. n. s. [from couch.) He that of mutual assistance each from other, after the couches or depresses cataracts.
taking of the covenant, than they had before. Couch fellow. n. s. [couch and fellow.] Co'venous. adj. [from covin.] Fraudu
Oxford Reasons against the Covenanti Bedfellow; companion.
I have grated upon my good friends for three lent; collusive ; trickish. reprieves for you, and your couchfellow, Nim; I wish some means devised for the restraint of
these inordinate and covenons leases of lands, or else you had looked through the grate like a
Sbakspeare. geminy of baboons.
holden in chief, for hundreds or thousands of Co’UCHGRASS. n.s. A weed.
Bacon's Office of Alienation. The couchgrass, for the first year, insensibly To COVER. vra. [couvrir, French.] robs most plants in sandy grounds apt to graze. i. To overspread any thing with some
Mortimer's Husbandry. thing else. COVE. n. so
The pastures are cloathed with flocks, the vala I. A small creek or bay.
leys also are covered over with corn. Psalms. 2. A shelter ; a cover.
Sea cover'd sea,
Milton. COVENANT. n. s. [covenant, French ;
The fiuming mount appear'd contentum, Latin.]
In Dothan cover'd with a camp of fire. Milton. I. A contract; a stipulation.
Go to thy fellows; bid them cover the cable, He makes a covenant never to destroy
serve in the meat, and we will come to dinner. The earth again by Hood; nor let the sea
Sbakspeare's Merchant of Venise. Surpass his bounds. Milton's Pur. Lost.
2. To conceal under something laid over. The English make the ocean their abode;
Nor he their outward only with the skins Whose ready sails with ev'ry wind can fly,
Of bests, but inward nakedness, much more And make a cov'nant with th' inconstant sky,
Opprobrious, with his robe of righteousness
Arraying, cover'd from his father's sight. Milt, Some men live as if they had made a covenant
Corer me, ye pines! with hell: let divines, fathers, friends, say what
Ye cedars, with innumerable boughs they will, they stop their ears against them.
Milton 2. An agreement on certain terms; In life's cool vale let my lovr scene be laid; compact.
Cover me, gods, with Tempe's thickest shade! A covenant is a mutual compact, as we now
Cowley. consider it, betwixt God and man: consisting of Or lead me to some solitary place, mercies, on God's part, made over to man; and And cover my retreat from human race. Dryde of conditions, on mau's part, required by God.
3. To hide by superficial appearances. Hammond's Practical Catechism. 3. A writing containing the terms of 4. To overwhelm; to bury:
Raillery and wit serve only to cover nonsense agreement.
with shame, when reason has first proved it to I shall but lend my diamond till your return; be mere nonsense.
Watts. let there be covenants drawn between us. Shak.
5. To conceal from notice or punishment. TO COVENANT. V. n. [from the youn.] Charity shall cover the multitude of sios. 1. To bargain; to stipulate.
1 Peter. His lord used commonly so to covenant with
Thou may’se repent, him ; which it at any time the tenant disliked, And one bad act with many deeds well done he might freely depart at his pleasure. Spenser. May'st cover.
Alilton. It had been covenanted betiseen him and the 6. To shelter ; to protect. king of England, that neither of them should
His calm and blameless life treat of peace or truce with the French king. Does with substantial blessedness abound, Hayward on Edward vi,
And the soft wings of peace cover him round. By words men come to know one another's
Cowley. minds; by these they covenant and confederate.
7. To incubate ; to brood on. South.
Natural historians observe, chat only the male Jupiter covenanted with him, that it should be
birds have voices; that their songs begin a little hot or cold, wet or dry, calm or windy, as the
L'Estrange. tenant should direct.
before breeding time, and end a little after; that
whilst the hen is covering her eggs, the male go 2. To agree with another on certain terins:
nerally takes his stand upon a neighbouring bough with for before either the price or the within her hearing, and by that means amuses thing purchased.
and diverts her with his songs during the whole „They covenanted with him for thirty pieces of time of her sitting. Addiser's Spectator. silver.
Matthew. 8. To copulate with a female.
To wear the hat, or garment of the For ev'ry grain to live a year demand;
head, as a mark of superiority or indeBut, ah! unmindful of th' effect of time, Forgot to covenant for youth and prime. Garth.
That king had conferred the honour of grandee COVENANTE'E. n. s. [fiom covenant.] A
upon him; which was of no other advantage or party to a covenant; a stipulator ; a signitication to hiin, than to be covered in the bargainer.
presence of that king.
Dryder. Both of them were respective rites of their admission into the several covenants, and the co
Co'ver. n. s. (from the verb.] geranices become thereby entitled to the respec
I. Any thing that is laid over another. Aylife's Parergon.
The secundine is but a general cover, nof
Not honestly, my lord; but so covertly, that
shaped according to the parts; the skin is shaped 2. A thicket, or hiding place.
Tow'rds him I made; but he was 'ware of me,
Aud stole into the covert of the wood. Staliz.
I shall be your faithful guide
Through this glooniy covert wide. Müte.
Thence to the coverts, and the conscious groces,
The scenes of his past triumphs and his loves.
Deep into some thick covert would I run,
Impenetrable to the stars or sun, Dryden.
The deer is lodg’d; I've track'd her to her 2. A concealment ; a screen ; a veil; a su
Rush in at once, and seize upon your prey.
L'Estrange. You are, of either side the green, to plant a
Berts 3. Shelter; defence from weather.
The fox is a beast also very prejudicial to the In the mean time, by being compelled to lodge husbandman, especially in places that are near in the fields, which grow now to be very cold,
forest-woods and covert places.
Mortise. whilst his army was under cover, they might be Together let us beat this ample field; forced to retire.
Clarendon. Try what the open, what the coveri, yield. Pofte
Some appearance used to conceal in And let us presently go sit in council,
How covert matters may be best disclos'd,
And open perils surest answered. Shekspears
By what best way,
, CO'VERING, N. s. [from cover.]
The women took and spread a covering over the well's mouth.
state of a woman sheltered by marriage
2 Sam. Bring some covering for this naked soul,
under her husband; as covert baron, Whom I 'll intreat to lead me. Shakspeare.
feme covert. Through her flesh methinks is seen
Instead of her being under covert baron, to be The brighter soul that dwells within ;
under covert feme myself! to have my body disOur eyes the subtle covering pass,
abled, and my head fortified! Dryden, And see the lily through its glass. Coreley. COVERT-WAY.11.s.(from covert and wag.
Then from the floor he rais'd a royal bed, Ie is, in fortification, a space of ground level With cov'rings of Sidonian purple spread. Dryd.
with the field, on the edge of the ditch, three or Sometimes providence casts things so, that four fathom
broad, ranging quite round the half truth and interest lie the same way; and when
inoons, or other works toward the country. One it is wrapt up in this covering, men can be con
of the greatest difficulties in a siege is to make a tent to follow it.
lodgment on the covert-way; because usually Co'YERLET, 11. s. [couvrelit, Fr.] The
the besieged pallisade it along the middle
, and outermost of the bedclothes ; that under
undermine it on all sides. It is sometimes called which all the rest are concealed.
the corridor; and sometimes the counterscurs, Lay her in lilies and in violets;
because it is on the edge of the scalp. Harrio And silken curtains over her display,
CO’VERTLY, adv. (from covert.) And odour'd sheets, and arras csverlets. Spenser.
cretly; closely; in private; with pti.
Yet still Aragnol (so his foe was hight)
Lay lurking, covertly him to surprise, Stener.
How canst thou cross this marriage?
no dishonesty shall appear in me. Skakspart. I. A shelter ; a defence.
Let mine outcasts dwell with thee, Moab; be thou a convert to them from the face of the
and indignation. spoiler.
CO’VERTNESS. 71. s. [from covert.) S. There shall be a tabernaclc for a shadow in the day-time from the heat, and for a place or covEXTURE, Xis. (from covert.]
crecy; privacy refuge, and for a covert from storm and rain.
Isaiah. 1. Shelter; defeace; not exposure., They are by sudden alarm, or watch-word, to be called out to their military motions, under sky or avert according to the season; 'as was the
of the herb. Roman wont.
He saw their shame, that sought
Milton Now have a care your carnations catch not teg much wet; therefore retire them to covert.
Amongst the poets, Persius covertly strikes at
It may be it is rather the shade, or other * werfurs, that they take liking in, than the virtue
Bacon". Natural History
Milton's Parsdite Late
The winds being so fierce, and so sevete, si not to suffer any thing to thrive beyond the height of a shrub, in those islands, ugless pro tected by walls or other like routiert.