« ZurückWeiter »
The apostle's advice, to be angry and sin not, distinct knowledge of what is meant by imagi* was a contradiction in their philosophy. South. nation, in contradistinction to some other powers. If truth be once perceived, we do thereby
Glanville's Stepsis. also perceive whatsoever is false in contradiction That there are such things as sins of infirmity, to it.
in contradistinction to those of presumption, is a truth not to be questioned.
Soutb. 4. Contrariety, in thought or effect.
All contradictions grow in those minds, which To CONTRADISTINGUISH. neither absolutely climb the rock of virtue, nor [from contra and distinguish) To disfreely sink into the sea of vanity. Sidney.
tinguish not simply by differential but Laws human must be made without contra
by opposite qualities. diction unto any positive law in scripture. Hooker,
The primary ideas we have peculiar to body, CONTRADI'CTious. adj. '[from contra as coniradistinguisbed to spirit, are the cohesion dict.)
of solid, and consequently separable parts, and 1. Filled with contradictions; inconsistent.
a power of communicating motion by impulse. The rules of decency, of government, of justice itselt, are so different in one place from what
These are our complex ideas of soul and body, as contradistinguished.
Lake. they are in another, so party-coloured and contradictious, that one would think the species of CONTRAFI'SSURE. 1. s. [from contra and
men altered according to their climates. Collier. fissure.) 2. Inclined to contradict; given to cavil. Contusions, when great, do usually produce a
fissure or crack of the scull: either in the same 3. Opposite to; inconsistent with. Where the act is unmanly, and the expecta
part where the blow was inflicted, and then it is
called tissure; or in the contrary part, in white tion immoral, or contradictions to the attributes of God, our hopes we ought never to entertain.
case it obtains the name of contrafissure. Wisza. Collier.
TO CONTRAINDICATE. V. a. (contra CONTRADI'CTIOUSNESS. n. s. (from con
and indico, Lat.] To point out some
peculiar or incidental symptom or me. tradictious.]
thod of cure, contrary to what the ge. 1. Inconsistency; contrariety to itself.
neral tenour of the malady requires. This opinion was, for its absurdity and contra.
Vomits have their use in this maledy; but the dictiousness, unworthy of the refined spirit of Plato.
age and sex of the patient, or other urgent of
contraindicating symptoms, must be observed. 2. Disposition to cavil; disputatious tem
Harvey ca Cansumpticas. per.
CONTRAINDICA'TION. 1.5. i from ccaCONTRADICTORILY. adv. [from con
traindicate.] An indication or symptradictory. ] Inconsistently with himself; tom, which forbids that to be done oppositely to others.
which the main scope of a disease points Such as have discoursed hereon, have so di out at first.
Puirs. . versely, contrarily, or contradictorily, delivered I endeavour to give the most simple idea of the themselves, that no affirmative from thence can distemper, and the proper diet; abstracting from be reasonably deduced.
Broton. the complications of the first, or the contrainde CONTRADI'CTORINESS. n. s. [from con
cations to the second. drbutbrot au dim.
CONTRAMU'R E. 1 s. (contremur, fr.] · tradictory.) Opposition in the highest degree.
In fortification, is an out-wall built CONTRADICTory. adj. [contradictorius,
about the main wall of a city, Chamb. Latin.)
CONTRANT'TENCY. !. s. (from contra 1. Opposite to; inconsistent with.
and nitens, Lat.) Reaction; a resistency 'The Jews hold, that in case two rabbies should
against pressure. happen to contradict one another, they were yer
CONTRAPOSITION, 1. s. [from contra bound to believe the contradictory assertions of and position.] A placing over against. both.
South's Sermons. CONTRAREGULARITY. n. s. [from ros: The schemes of those gentlemen are most ab
tra and regularity.] Contrariety to ruk surd, and contradictory to common sense. Addis.
It is not only its not promoting, but its 2. [In logick.] That which is in the
posing, or at least its natural aptness to gros", fullest opposition, where both the terins the greatest aod best of ends; so that it is 104 of one proposition are opposite to those properly an irregularity, as a ceatrarigakario, of another.
CONTRA'RIANT. adj. [contrariont, from CONTRADICTORY. ^.s. A proposition
contrarier, French.] Inconsistent ; conwhich opposes another in all its terms;
tradictory: a term of law. contrariety; inconsistency.
The very depositions of witnesses theoisetas It is common with princes to will contradicto
being false, various, contrariari, single, iraundi ries; for it is the solecism of power to think to dent. command the end, and yet not to endure the CONTRARIES. n. s. [from contrars.] la
logick, propositions which destroy each to chuse this or that indifferently, is to make the other, but of which the falschoed of same thing to be determined to one, and to be one does not establish the truth of the not determined to one, which are contradictories, other.
Brambali's Answer to Hobbes. If two universals differ in quality, they are CONTRADISTI'NCTION. n. sa [from con contraries; as, every sine is a true, ne old
tradistinguish.] Distinction by opposite tree. These can never be both true together, qualities.
but they inay be both false. Wat Lyst We must trace the soul in the ways of intel- CONTRARI'ET Y. 7, s. (from contraratdi, lectual actions; whereby we may come the Latin.)
1. Repugnance ; opposition.
Sleep, after our short light,
One everlasting night.
Raleigh. in contrary respects, have contrary inclinations, CONTRARY. adj. [contrarius, Latin] and that without contrariety.
Hooker. 1. Opposite; contradictory; not simply He which will perfectly recover a sick, and different, or not alike, but repugnant, restore a diseased, body unto health, must not endeavour so much to bring it to a state of sim
so that one destroys or obstructs the
other. ple contrariety, as of fit proportion in contrariety, unto those evils which are to be cured. Hooker. Perhaps some thing, repugnant to her kind, Making a contrariety the place of my memo
By strong antipathy the soul may kill; ry, in her foulness I beheld Pamela's fairness;
But what can be contrary to the mind,
Which holds all contraries in concord still? still looking on Mopsa, but thinking on Pamela.
Davies, It principally failed by late setting out, and by
2. Inconsistent; disagreeing. some contrariety of weather at sea. Wotton.
He that believes it, and yet lives contrary to it, Their religion had more than negative contra
knows that he hath no reason for what he does. riety to virtue. Decay of Piety.
Tillotson, T'here is a contrariety between those things The various and contrary choices that men that conscience inclines to, and those that enter make in the world, do not argue that they do tain the senses.
Soutb. not all pursue good; but that the same thing is These two interests, it is to be feared, cannot not good to every man alike.
Locke. be divided; but they will also prove opposite, 3. Adverse ; in an opposite direction. and, not resting in a bare diversity, quickly rise The ship was in the midst of the sea, tossed into a contrariety.
South. with the waves; for the wind was contrary. There is nothing more common than contra
Mettbew. riety of opinions; nothing more obvious than CO'NTRARY. n. s.
s. [from the adjective.] that one man wholly disbelieves what another
I. A thing of opposite qualities. only doubts of, and a third stedfastly believes
No contraries hold more antipathy, and firmly adheres to.
Than I and such a knave. Sbakspeart. 2. Inconsistency; quality or position de
He sung structive of its opposite.
Why contraries feed thunder in the cloud. He will be here, and yet he is not here;
Cowley's Davideis. How can these contrarieties agree? Sbakspeare. Honour should be concern'd in honour's cause; CONTRARILY. adv. (from contrary.]
That is not to be cur'd by contraries,
As bodies are, whose health is often drawn 1. In a manner contrary.
From rankest poisons. Southern's Oroonoko. Many of them conspire to one and the same
2. A proposition contrary to some other ; action, and all this contrarily to the laws of specitick gravity, in whatever posture the body be
a fact contrary to the allegation. formed.
Ray on the Creation. The instances brought by our author are but 2. Different ways; in different directions. slender proofs of a right to civil power and do
minion in the first-born, and do rather shew the Though all men desire happiness, yet their wills carry them so contrarily, and consequently
Locke. some of them do what is evil.
. 3. On the CONTRARY. In opposition ; CONTRA'RINESS. n. s. [from contrary.] on the other side. Contrariety; opposition. Dict.
He pleaded still not guilty ; CONTRA'Rious. adj. (from contrary.) Op
The king's attorney, on the contrary,
Urg'd on examinations, proofs, confessions, posite ; repugnant one to the other.
Of diverse witnesses.
Sbaksp. Henry VIII.
If justice stood on the side of the single perThat thou towards him, with hand so various,
son, it ought to give good men pleasure to see Or might I say contrarious,
that right should take place; but when, on the Temper'st thy providence through his short course?
contrary, the commonweal of a whole nation is
overborn by private interest, what good man but CONTRA'RIOUSLY. adv. [from contrari
Swift. ous.] Oppositely; contrarily.
4. To the CONTRARY. To a contrary Many things, having full reference Toone consent, may work contrariously. Sheks. purpose; to an opposite intent.
They did it, not for want of instruction to the CONTRA'RIWISE. adv. [contrary and
To CO'NTRARY. v. a. [contrarier, Fr.] 1. Conversely:
To oppose ; to thwart; to contradict. Divers medicines in greater quantity move
When I came to court, I was advised not to stool, and in smaller urine; and so, contrariwise,
contrary the king.
Latimer. some in greater quantity move urine, and in
Finding in him the force of it, he would no smaller stool.
Bacon's Nat. Hist.
further contrary it, but employ all his service to Every thing that acts upon the fluids, must
Sidney: at the same time act upon the solids, and contra
Arbuthnot on Aliments. CONTRAST. n. s. [contraste, French. riwise.
Opposition and dissimilitude of figures, 2. Oppositely.
The matter of faith is constant; the matter, by which one contributes to the visibi. contrariwise, of actions, daily changeable. lity or effect of another.
Hooker. TO CONTRA'ST. v. a. (from the noun.] This request was never before made by any
1. To place in opposition, so that one other lords; but, contrariwise, they were hum
figure shows another to advantage. ble suitors to have the benefit and protection of
Davies en Ireland,
2. To show another figure to advantage The sun may set and rises
by its colour or situation.
The tigures of the groups must not be all on Dat we, contrariwist,
the English laws.
Of sorrow unfcigu'd, and humiliation meek.
through faith in Christ, our repentance is cutid
side, that is, with their faces and bodies all moting any purpose in concurrence turned the same way: but inust contrast each other by their several positions.
with other motives.
Dryden. CONTRAVALLATION.n. s. [from contra
As the value of the promises renders thes
most proper incentives to virtue, so the manner and vallo, Latin.) The fortification of proposing we shall find also highly contributive thrown up by the besiegers, round a
to the same end.
Decay of Piety, city, to hinder the sallies of the garri CONTRIBUTOR. 11. s. [from contribute.
One that bears a part in some common When the late czar of Muscovy first acquainted design; one that helps forward, or exhimself with mathematical learning, he practised erts his endeavours to some end, in conall the rules of circumvallation and contravallation at the siege of a town in Livonia.
junction with others.
Watts. TO CONTRAVE'NE. v. a. [contra and
I promis'd we would be contributors;
And bear his charge of wooing, whatsoe'er. venio, Lat.) To oppose; to obstruct;
Slakspeares to baffle.
A grand contributor to our dissentions is pas
Decay of Piety
Art thou a true lover of thy country? zealous CONTRAVENTION. 1. s. (French.] Òp
for its religious and civil liberties, and a chear
ful contribulor to all those public expences which position.
have been thought necessary to secure them? If chuistianity did not lend its name to stand
Atterton, in the gap, and to employ or divert these hu. The whole people were witnesses to the build
. mours, they must of necessity be spent
ing of the ark and tabernacle; they were all traventions to the laws of the land. Swift. contributors to it.
and yarva, a name by which the Spani Promoting the same end; bringing as.
Miller. ful; to make melancholy. Not used.
Bares, CONTRI'BUTARY. adj. (from con and they do contristate, but very little.
tributary.]. Paying tribute to the same CONTRISTA'TION. 11.s. [from contristate sovereign.
The act of making sad; the state of Thus we are engaged in the objects of geo being made sid; sorrow; heaviness of metry and arithmetick; yea, the whole mathematicks must be contributary, and to them all
heart; sadness; sorrowfulness; gloomi. nature pays a subsidy. Glanville's Scepsis.
ness; grief; moan; mournfulness;
trouble; discontent ; melancholy. Not TO CONTRIBUTE.
[contribuo, used. Latin ] To give to some common
Incense and nidorous smells, such as were of stock; to advance toward some com
sacrifices, were thought to intoxicate the brain, mon design.
and to dispose men to devotion; which they England contributes much more than any other
may do by a kind of sadness and contristatica i of the allies.
Addison on the War.
the spirits, ar.d partly also by heating and exulio His master contributed a great suin of money
ing them. to the Jesuits church, which is not yet guite CONTRI'TE. adj. [contritus, Latin] .
Addison on Italy.
1. Bruised; much worn. TO CONTRI'BUTE. V. n. To bear a part;
2. Worn with sorrow; harassed with the to have a share in any act or effect.
sense of guilt ; penitent. In the bouko Whatever praises may be given to works of
of divines, contrite is sorrowful for ning judgment, there is not even a single beauty in
from the love of God and desire of them to which the invention must not contribute.
Popo's Essay on Homer. CONTRIBU'TION. 11.s. (from contribute. )
from the fear of punishment. 1. The act of promoting some design in
I Richard's body have interred now;
And on it have bestow'd more coatrite teari, conjunction with other persons.
Than frona it issued forced drops of blood. 2. That which is given by several hands for some common purpose.
With tears It hath plead them of Macedonia to make
Wa'ring the ground, and with our sighs the air a certain contribution for the poor saints. Rom.
Frequencing, sent from hearts contrite, in sign
The contrite sinner is restored to pardon, and
to salvation, an army lying in a country:
CONTRITION. 1. so [from contrite.]
powder. That has the power or quality of pro.
pleasing him ; and attrite is sorrowful
3. That which is paid for the support of CONTRITENESS. Mes [fróm contratado
1. The act of grinding, or rubbing 10
Some of those coloured powders which paire esuse, may have their rolours a bide abiga
by being very elaborately and finely ground; CONTRI'ver, n. s. [from contrive.] Ar where I see not what can be justly pretended for inventer; one that plans a design ; a those changes, besides the breaking of their parts
schemer. into less parts by that contrition. Newton's Opt.
1, the mistress of your charms, 2. Penitence; sorrow for sin : in the strict
The close contriver of all harms, sense, the sorrow which arises from the Was never call’d to bear my part. Shakspearr. desire to please God; distinguished from Epeus, who the fraud's contriver was. Donbam. attrition, or imperfect repentance pro
Plain loyalty, not built on hope,
I leave to your contrivir, Pope :
None loves his king and country better,
Yet none was ever less their debtor. grieved with the conscience of sin, not only that
Savift: we have thereby incurred such danger, but also
Scenes of blood and desolation, I had painted
as the common effects of those destructive mathat we have so unkindly
grieved and provoked so good a God. Hammond's Practical Catechism.
chines; whereof, he said, some evil genius, ene
my to mankind, must have been the first cona Fruits of more pleasing savour, from thy seed
triver. Sown with contrition in his heart, than those
Swift's Gulliver's Travelse
1. A register or account kept by another pecially in times of greater riot and luxury.
officer, that each may be examined by Sprett's Sermons.
Think themselvesinjur'd that they cannot reign;
Dryden. Without control, upon their fellows prey. Waller, CONTRI'VABLE. adj. [from contrive.] He shall feel a force upon himself from withe Possible to be plained by the mind ;
in, and from the control of his own principles, to possible to be invented and adjusted.
engage him to do worthily.
if the sinner shall win so complete a victory It will hence appear how a perpetual motion
over his conscience, that all those considerations may seem easily contrivable. Wilkins' Dedalus.
shall be able to strike no terrour into his mind, CONTRI'VANCE. n. s. [from contrive.]
lay no restraint upon his lusts, no control upon 1. The act of contriving ; excogitation ; his appetites, he is certainly too strong for the the thing contrived.
means of grace.
South's Sermons, There is no work impossible to these contri Speak, what Phæbus has inspir'd thy soul vances, but there may be as much acted by this For common good, and speak without control. art as can be fancied by imagination. Wilkins.
Dryden's Homer. Instructed, you 'll explore
3. Power ; authority ; superintendence. Divine contrivance, and a God adore. Blacksore. The beasts, the fishes, and the winged fowls, 2. Scheme; plan ; disposition of parts or Are their males' subjects, and ac their controls. causes.
Sbakspeare. Our bodies are made according to the most
TO CONTRO'L. v. a. [from the noun.] curious artifice, and orderly contrivance. 1. To keep under check by a counter
reckoning. 3. A conceit ; a plot; an artifice.
2. To govern ; to restrain ; to subject. Have I not manag'd my contrivance well,
Authority to convent, to control, to punish, as To try your love, and make you doubt of mine?
far as with excommunication, whomsoever they Dryden. think worthy.
Hooker. There might be a feint, a contrivance in the Give me a staff of honour for mine age; matter, to draw him into some secret anbush.
But not a sceptre to control the world. Sbats. Atterbury.
Who shall control me for my works? Ecclus. To CONTRIVE. v. a. [controuver, Fr.] I feel my virtue struggling in my soul; 1. To plan out; to excogitate.
But stronger passion does its pow'r control.
Dryden's Aurengzabe. aked to do it.
With this he did a herd of goats control,
Which by the way he met, and slily stole;
Clad like a country swain he pip'd and sung, Tillotson.
And playing drove his jolly troop along. Dryd. Our poet has always some beautiful design,
O dearest Andrew, says the humble droll, which he first establishes, and then contrives the
Henceforth may I obey, and thou control. Prior. means which will naturally conduct him to his 3. To overpower ; to confute : as, he con. end.
Dryden. trolled all the evidence of his adversary. 2. To wear away. Out of use,
As for the time while he was in the Tower, Three ages, such as moital men contrive. and the manner of his brother's death and his
Fairy Queen. own escape, she knew they were things that a Please ye, we may contrive this afternoon, very few could control,
Bacon's Henry VII. And quaff carouses to our mistress' health. CONTROʻLLABLE, adj. [from control.]
Sbakspeari, Subject to control; subject to comTO CONTRI'VE. v. n. To form or design ;
mand ; subject to be over-ruled. to plan : to scheme' ; to complot.
Passion is the drunkenness of the mind, and Is it enough
therefore, in its present working, nos controlli That masking habits, and a borrow'd name,
ble by reason.
South, Contrique to hide my plenitude of shame ? Prior. CONTRO'LLER. n. s. [from control.] One CONTRIEMONT, 1. s. [from contrive.] that has the power of governing or 16. devent's
Dict, straining i, a ruperintendent.
Fie, lords! that you, being supreme magis
He does not calm his contumelious spirit, Nor cease to be an arrogant controller.
gancy intreat a credulity, or implore any farther
Sbaks, assent than the probability of our reasons and The great controller of our fate
verity of our experiments. Brown's Vulg. Err. Deign'd to be man, and liv'd in low estate. CONTROVE'RTIST. n. s. (from contro.
Dryden. CONTROLLERSHIP. n.s [from controller.]
vert.] Disputant; a man versed or en The office of a controller.
gaged in literary wars or disputations.
Who can think himself so considerable as it CONTRO'LMENT. 11, s. [from control.] to dread this mighty man of demonstrativo
, 1. The power or act of superintending or this prince of controvertists
, this great lord and restraining
possessor of first principles? Tillers. 2. The state of being restrained; restraint. CONTUMA'cious. adj. [contumax, Lat.)
They made war and peace with one another, Obstinate ; perverse ; stubborn; in. without controlment.
Davies on Ireland. flexible. 3. Opposition; confutation.
He is in law said to be a contumacions person, Were it reason that we should suffer the same who, on his appearance, afterwards departs the to pass without controlment, in that current mean
court without leave.
Ayliffe's Pararga ing whereby every where it prevailech. Hooker. There is another very efficacious method for 4. Resistance; hostility.
subduing of the most obstinate contumacious sin Here have we war for war, and blood for blood, ner, and bringing him into the obedience of the Controlment for controlment. Sbakspeare.
faith of Christ. Hammond's Fundamenta'. CONTROVE'RSIAL. adj. [from contro.
CONTUMA'CIOUSLY.adı. from contuma versy.] Relating to disputes; dispu.
cious.] Obstinately; stubbornly; intatious.
flexibly; preversely. It happens in controversial discourses as it does CONTUMACIOUSNESS. n. s. [from conta• in the assaulting of towns; where, if the ground macious.] Obstinacy ; perverseness ; inbe but firm whereon the batteries are erected, there is no farther enquiry whom it belongs to,
flexibility ; stubbornness. so it affords but a fit rise for the present purpose.
From the description I have given of it, a
judgment may be given of the difficulty and we
CO'NTUMACY. n. s. [from contumaria, trary opinions: a dispute is commonly
Latin.] oral, and a controversy in writing.
1. Obstinacy ; perverseness; stubborn. How cometh it to pass that we are so rent
ness; inflexibility, with mutual contentions, and that the church is
Such acts so much troubled ? If men had been willing to Of contumacy will provoke the Highest learn, all these controversies might have died the
To make death in us live. very day they were first brought forth. Hooker. 2. [In law.] A wilful contempt and dis
Without controversy, great is the mystery of obedience to any lawful summons or godliness.
1 Timotby. Wild controversy then, which long had slept,
judicial order. Ayliffe's Parergaa. Into the press from ruin'd cloisters leapt. Denb.
These certificates do only, in the generality, This left no room for controversy about the
mention the party's contumacies and disobedience. title, nor for encroachment on the right of
Mylife's Parergas: others.
CONTUME'Lious.adj. [continueliosus Lat.)
Locke. 2. A suit in law.
1. Reproachful ; rude ; sarcastick; conIf there be a controversy between men, and
temptuous. they come unto judgment, that the judges may
With scoffs and scorns, and contumelious taunts, judge them, then they shall justify the righteous
In open market-place produc'd they me and condemn the wicked. Deuteronomy.
To be a publick spectacle. 3. A quarrel.
In all the quarrels and tumults at Rune
, The Lord hath a controversy with the nations.
though the people frequently proceeded to rude Feremiah.
contumelious language, yet no blood was ever 4. Opposition; enmity. This is an un
drawn in any popular commotions, till the time
of the Gracchi. usual sense. The torrent roar'd, and we did buffet it
2. Inclined to utter reproach or practize With lusty sinews; throwing it aside,
insults; brutal; rude. And stemming it with hearts of controversy.Sbak.
There is yet another sort of contueselias po TO COʻNTROVERT. v. a. [controverto,
sons: who indeed are not chargeable with that Lat.) To debate ; to ventilate in
circumstance of ill employing their wit ; for they
op posite books; to dispute any thing in
Giving our holy virgins to the stain writing.
Of contumelious, beastly, madbrain'd war. Shehy
. If any person shall think fit to controvert them, 3. Productive of reproach ; shameful ; he may do it very safely for me. Cbeyne.
ignominious. Hooker seems to use the word contro
As it is in the highest degree injurious to thes, verse, if it be not an erratum.
so is it contumelious to him. Persuasion ought to be fully settled in men's hearts, that, in litigations and controversed causes
CONTUME'LIOUSLY. adv. (from. conta of such quality, the will of God is to have them
melious.] Reproachfully; contemptu. to do whatsoever the sentence of judicial and
ously ; rudely. final decision shall determine.
The people are not wont to take so grezt CONTROVE'RTIBLE. adj. [from controvert.) Disputable ; that may be the.
and offices, as when their persons are content cause of controversy.
liously trodden upon. Discoursing of matters dubious, and many
trates, controvertible truths, we cannot without artc
* Thus contumelicusly should break the peace.dk
$ CO I.
use none of it.
Government of the Penguins
Decay of Pics,
offence, when they are excluded from honor: