« ZurückWeiter »
Dream not of other worlds,
Best states, contentless,
Have a distracted and most wretched being,
Worse than the worst, content. Shakspeart. Milton's Par. Lost. CONTENTMENT. n. s. [from content, thr:.. If he can descry.
verb.) Some nobler foe approach, to him he calls,
1. Acquiescence, without plenary satisAnd begs his fate, and then contented falls.
faction. To distant lands Vertumnus never roves;
Such men's contentment must be wrought by Like you, contented with his native groves. Pope.
stratagem: the usual method of fare is not for them.
Hooker. CONTE'NTEDNESS. n. s. [from contented.
Submission is the only reasoning between a State of satisfaction in any lot.
creature and its Maker, and contentment in his Angling was, after tedious study, a calmer of
will is the best remedy we can apply to misforunquiet thoughts, a moderator of passions, a procurer of contentedness. Walton's Angler.
Contentment without external honour, is huCONTE'NTION. n. s. [contentio, Lat.] mility ; without the pleasure of eating, temper3. Strife ; debate ; contest ; quarrel; mu
Grew's Cosmologia. tual opposition.
Some place the bliss in action, some in ease; Can we with manners ask what was the dif
Those call it pleasure, and contentmentthese.Popo. ference ?
But now no face divine contentment wears,
"T is all black sadness, or continual tears. Pope. lick.
Sbakspeare. 2, Gratification.
At Paris the prince spent one whole day, to contentions and strivings.
Titus, give his mind some contentment in viewing of 2 Can they keep themselves in a perpetual con
Wotta 16 tention with their ease, their reason, and their CONTE'RMINOUS. adj. [conterminus, Lat.} God, and not endure a short combat with a sin Bordering upon; touching at the bow ful custom?
Decay of Piety.
daries. The ancients made contention the principle that This conformed so many of them, as were reigned in the chaos at first, and then love ; the
conterminous to the colonies and garrisons, to die one to express the divisions, and the other the
Ha le. union of all parties in the middle and common
ĆONTERRA'NEOUS. adj. [conterranex s, bond.
Burnet's Theory of the Earth. 2. Emulation ; endeavour to excel.
Lat.] Of the same country.
TO CONTE'ST. v. a. [contester, French, Sons and brother at a strife! What is
your quarrel ? how began it first ? probably from contra testari, Lat.) To -No quarrel, but a sweet contention. Shaks. dispute ; to controvert ; to litigate ; 'to 3. Eagerness; zeal ; ardour; vehemence call in question. of endeavour.
"T is evident upon what account none ha re Your own earnestness and contention to effect
presumed to contest the proportion of these a ile
cient pieces. what you are about, will continually suggest to
Dryden's Dufresne g. you several artifices.
TO CONTEST. V. n.
1. To strive ; to contend: followed by worthy our utmost contention to obtain. Rogers. with. CONTENTIOus. adj. [from contend.]
The difficulty of an argument adds to the
pleasure of contesting witb it, when there are Quarrelsome; given to debate; per
hopes of victory.
Burnet. verse; inot peaceable.
2. To vie; to emulate.
I do contest
There are certain contentious humours that are As ever in ambitious strength I did
L'Estrange. Contend against thy valour. Sbakspear :Rest made them idle, idleness made them cu Of man, who dares in pomp with Jove contest, rious, and curiosity contentious. Decay of Piely. Unchang'd, immortal, and supremely blest? CONTENTIOUS Jurisdiction. [In law.] A
Pope's Odyssey's court which has a power to judge and Co’NTEST.n. s. [from the verb. It is nour determine differences between contend accented on the first syllable.] Dispute ;. ing parties. The lord chief justices, difference ; debate. and judges, have a contentious jurisdic
This of old no less contests did move, tion; but the lords of the treasury, and
Than when for Homer's birth sey'n cities strove.
Denban the commissioners of the customs, have
A definition is the only way whereby the none, being merely judges of accounts
meaning of words can be known, without leaving and transactions.
Locke. CONTENTIOUSLY. adv. [from conten Leave all noisy contests, all immodest clamours, tious.] Perversely ; quarrelsomely;
and brawling language.
Watts. We shall not contentiously rejoin, or only to
CONTESTABLE.adi. [from contest.] That justify our own, but to applaud and confirm his may be contested; disputable; contromaturer assertions.
vertible. CONTE'NTIOUSNESS, 1. s. [from conten CONTE'STABLENESS. n. s. [from contes
tious.] Proneness to contest ; perverse table.] Possibility of contest. Dict. ness; turbulence ; quarrelsomeness. CONTESTA'Tion.n. s.[from contest.] The
Do not contentiousness, and cruelty, and study of revenge, seldom fail of retaliation ? Bentley.
act of contesting ; debate; strife.
Doors shut, visits forbidden, and, which was CONTE'NTLESS. adj. [from content.) Dis worse, divers contestations even with the queen contented; dissatisfied ; uneasy.
After years spent in domestick, unsociable con
The east and west, testations, she found means to withdraw. Clarend. Upon the globe, a mathematick point 1. CONTEX. v. a. [contexo, Lat.] To Only divides: thus happiness and misery, weave together ; to unite by interposi
And all extremes, are still contiguous. Deaban.
Distinguish them by the diminution of the tion of parts. Not in use.
lights and shadows, joining the contiguous wjects Nature inay contex a plant, though that be a
by the participation of their colours. Bruder. perfectly mixi concrete, without having all the
When I viewed it too near, the two halfs of elements previously presented to her to com
the paper did not appear fully divided from one pound it of.
another, but seemed cortiguous at one of them The fluid body of quicksilver is contexed with
Neartea's Optickt. the salts it carries up in sublimation, Bogle.
2. It has sometimes with CU'NTEXT. 1. s. [contextus, Latin.] The
Water, being contiguous with air, cooleth it, general series of a discourse ; the parts
but moisteneth it not. Bacon's Natural History: of the discourse that precede and follow CONTI'GUOUSLY.adv. [from contiguous.) the sentence quoted.
Without any intervening spaces. That chapter is really a representation of one, Thus disembroil'd, they take their proper piace, which hath only the knowledge, not practice, of The next of kin cortiguously embrace, his duty; as is manifest from the context. And foes are sunder'à by a larger space. Dryd
. Hammond on Fundamentals. CONTIGUOUSNESS. n. 's. (from coniCONTE'xt. adj. [from contex.] Knit to
guous.] Close connexion; coherence. · gether; firm.
Dict. Hollow and thin, for lightness; but withal corze text and firm, for strength.
n. s. [continentia, Lat.) CONTE'XTURE. n. s. [from contex.] The i. Restraint; command of one's self.
disposition of parts one among others; He knew what to say; he knew also when to the composition of any thing out of leave off, a continence which is practised by fers separate parts; the system; the consti writers.
Dryden's Fab. Prei tution ; the manner in which any thing 2. Chastity in general.
Where is he? is woven or formed. He was not of any delicate contexture; his
-In her chamber, making a sermon of continency Cmbs rather sturdy than dainty.
to her; and rails, and swears, and rates. Sbstsp. Every species, afterwards expressed, was pro
Suffer not dishonour to approach duced from that idea, forming that wonderful
Th' imperial seat; to virtue consecrate,
To justice, continence, and nobility.
Sbetsp. quiexture of created beings. Hence 'gan relax
3. Forbearance of lawful pleasure. The ground's contexture; hence Tartarian dregs, Content without lawful venery, is contisense; Sulphur and nitrous spume, enkindling fierce,
without unlawful, chastity.
Grew's Cases Bellow'd within their darksome caves. Pbilips. 4. Moderation in lawful pleasures.
This apt, this wise contexture of the sea, Chastity is either abstinence or continuare: ab Makes it the ships, driv'n by the winds, obey; stinence is that of virgins or widows; cc*:*., Whence hardy merchants sail from shore to of married persons.
Blackmore. 5. Continuity; uninterrupted course. CONTIGNA’TION. N. s. [contignatio, Lat.) Ansvers ought to be made before the same I. A frame of beams joined together ; a
judge, before whom the depositions were for story.
duced, lest the continence of the course should be
divided; or, in other terms, lest there shown be We mean a porch, or cloister, or the like, of
a discontinuance of the cause. one contignation, and not in storied buildings.
. COʻNTINENT. adj. [continens, Lat.) Where more of the orders than one shall be 1. Chaste; abstemious in lawful pleasures. Set in several stories or contemnations, there must
Life be an exquisite care to place the columns one Hach been as continent, as chaste, as true, over another.
As I am now unhapry.
Shuéspeare. 2. The act of framing or joining a fabrick 2. Restrained ; moderate; temperate. of wood.
I pray you, hare a continent forbearance, t.] CONTIGU'ITY. n. s. [from contiguous. ]
the speed of his rage goes slower. Sbakefest Actual contact; situation in which two 3. Continuous; connected. bodies or countries touch upon each
The north-east part of Asia, if not eestist
with the west side of America, yet certainly other.
the least disjoined by sea of all that coast i He defined magnetical attraction to be a na
Brerewood en Language tural imitation and disposition conforming unto 4. Opposing; restraining, contiguity.
My desire The immediate contiguity of that convex were
All continent impediments would o'erbear a real space. Hale's Orig. of Mankind. That did oppose my will.
Sbakspeare. CONTIGUOUS. adj. [contiguus, Lat.] CO'NTINENT. n. š. [continens, Lat.) 1. Meeting so as to touch; bordering 1. Land not disjoined by the sea from upon each other; not separate.
other lands. Flame doth not mingle with flame as air doth Whether this portion of the world were rent, with air, or water with water, but only remain By the rude ocean, from the continent; ech contiguous; as it cometh to pass betwixt con Or thus created; it was sure design'd sisting bodies.
Bacon's Natural History, To be the sacred refuge of mankind. Wilh. The loud misrule
The declivity of rivers will be so much the Of chaos far remov'd ; lest fierce extremes, less, and therefore the continents will be the less Consigw014, might distemper the whole frame. drained, and will gradually increase in humidas.
2. That which contains any thing. This year as long as I live; and so I save the serte is perhaps only in Shakspeare. right of entry to my heir. Cowell. cleave, my sides!
3. It is sometimes used for perpetual. Heart, once be stronger than thy continent ; CONTI'NUALLY. adv. (from continual.] Crack thy frail case ! Antony and Cleopatra. Close pent-up guilts,
1. Without pause ; without interruption. Rive your contending continents.
The drawing of boughs into the inside of a To CONTI'NGE. v. n. [contingo, Latin.)
room, where fire is continually kept, hath been tried with grapes.
Bacon. To touch ; to reach ; to happen. Dict,
2. Without ceasing: CONTI'NGENCE. I n. s. [from contingent.] Why do not all animals continually increase in CONTI'N GENCY. I The quality of being bigness, during the whole space of their lives? fortuitous ; accidental possibility.
Bentley's Sermons. Their credulities assent unto any prognosticks, CONTI'NUANCE. n. s. (from continue.] which, considering the contingency in events, are 1. Succession uninterrupted. only in the prescience of God. Brown.
The brute immediately regards his own preFor once, 'O heav'n! unfold thy adamantine
servation, or the continuance of his species. book;
's Spectator. If not thy firm immutable decree,
2. Permanence in one state. At least the second page of great contingency, Such as consists with wills originally free. Dryd.
Continuance of evil doth in itself increase evil. Aristotle says, we are not to build certain
Sidney. rules upon the contingency of human actions.
A chamber where a great fire is kept, though
Soutb. the fire be at one stay, yet with the continuance CONTINGENT, adj. [contingens, Latin.]
continually hath its heat increased. Sidney
These Řomish casuists speak peace to the Falling out by chance ; accidental; not
consciences of men, by suggesting something determinable by any certain rule.
which shall satisfy their minds, notwithstanding Hazard naturally implies in it, first, something a known, avowed continuance in sins. South, future; secondly, something contingent. Soutb. I first informed myself in all material circum: 3. Abode in a place.
4. Duration; lastingness. stances of it, in more places than one, that there might be nothing casual or contingent in any one
You either fear his humour, or my negligerice, of those circumstances.
Woodward. that you call in question the continuance of his CONTINGENT. n. s.
Sbakspeare's Twelfth Night.. I. A thing in the hands of chance.
Their duty depending upon fear, the one was By contingents we are to understand those
of no greater continuance than the other. Hayw. things which come to pass without any human
That pleasure is not of greater continuance, forecast.
which arises from the prejudice or malice of its hearers.
Addison's Freebolder. His understanding could almost pierce into future contingents, his conjectures improving 5. Perseverance. even to prophecy.
Soutb's Sermons. To them who, by patient continuance in well2. A proportion that falls to any person
doing, seek for glory, and honour, and immortality, eternal life.
Romans. upon a division : thus, in time of war, each prince of Germany is to furnish
6. Progression of time. his contingent of men, money, and muni which
in continuance were fashioned. In thy book all my members were written,
7. Resistance to separation of parts ; conCONTI'NGENTLY.adv. [from contingent.] tinuity. Accidentally ; without any settled rule. Wool, tow, cotton, and raw silk, have, be
It is digged out of the earth contingently, and sides the desire of continuance in regard to the indifferently, as the pyritæ and agates. Woodry. tenuity of their thread, a greediness of moisture. CONTINGENTNESS. n. s. [from contin.
Bacon. gent.} Accidentalness; fortuitousness. CONTI’NUATE. adj. [continuatus, Lat.) CON TI'NUAL. adj. [continuus, Lat.), 1. Immediately united. 1. Incessant; proceeding without inter We are of him and in him, even as though ruption ; successive without any space
our very flesh and bones should be made continuate with his.
Hooker. of time between. Continual is used of time, and continuous of place.
2. Uninterrupted ; unbroken. He that is of a merry heart hath a continual
A most incomparable man, breath'd, as it
To an untirable and continuate goodness. Sbaks. Other care perhaps
A clear body broken to small pieces produceth May have diverted from continual watch
white; and becometh most black while it is conOur great forbidder.
Milton. 'T is all blank sadness, or continual tears. Pope.
tinuate and undivided, as we see in deep waters and thick glasses.
Peacbai. 2. [In law.] A continual claim is made CONTI'NUATELY.adv.(from continuate.]
from time to time, within every year and day, to land or other thing, which,
With continuity; without interruption.
The water ascends gently, and by intermis. in some respect, we cannot attain with sions; but it falls continuately, and with force. out danger. For example, if I be dis
Wilkins. seised of land, into which, though I CONTINUATION. n. s. [from continuate.] have right into it, I dare not enter for Protraction, or succession uninterrupted. fear of beating; it behooveth me to hold
These things must needs be the works of Proon my right of entry to the best oppor
vidence, for the continuation of the species, and tunity of me and mine heir, by ap
upholding the world.
Ray. proaching as near it as I can, once every
The Roman poem is but the second part of the Ilias; a continuation of the same stony. Dryd.
CONTINUATIVE. n. s. [from continuate.] CONTINU'ITY. n. s. [continuitas, La
An expression noting permanence or 1. Connexion uninterrupted ; cohes. duration,
close union. To these may be added continuatives: as, It is certain, that in all bodies there is a Rome remains to this day; which includes at petite of union, and evitation of solution at least two propositions, viz. Rome was, and finuity.
Bacon's Net. Rome is.
Watts's Logick. After the great lights there must be CONTINUA'Torin. s. [from continuate.] shadows, which we call reposes; becaus He that continues or keeps up the series
reality the sight would be tired, if it were or succession.
tracted by a continuity of glittering objects It seems injurious to Providence to ordain a
It wraps itself about the filame, and by way of production which should destroy the producer, or contrive the continuation of the species
continuity hinders any air or nitre from cor
Addison es In by the destruction of the continuator. Brotun. TO CONTINUE. v. n. [continuer, Fr.
2. [In physick.] That texture or cu continuo, Latin.)
sion of the parts of an animal body 1. To remain in the same state, or place.
upon the destruction of which there The multitude continue with me now three
said to be a solution of continuity. days, and have nothing to eat. Matthew.
As in the nacural body a wound or sola The popular vote
of continuity is worse than a corrupt humour, Inclines here to continue, and build up here
in the spiritual.
Bacon's E11 A growing empire.
The solid parts may be contracted by disse:. Happy, but for so happy ill secur'd
ing their continuity; for a fibre, cut thround Long to continue.
CONTI'NUOUS, adj. [continuus, Latie .. Continued making
Milton. Joined together without the interventi 2. To last ; to be durable.
of any space. Thy kingdom shall not continue. 1 Samuel. As the breadth of every ring is thus augmen :. For here have we no continuing city, but we ed, the dark intervals must be diminished, u seek one to come.
Hebrews. the neighbouring rings become cont inveu: , ac They imagine that an animal of the longest are blended.
Nexten's Optical duration should live in a continued motion, with
To whose dread expanse, out that rest whereby all others continue. Continuous depth, and wond'rous length of cours
Brown's Vulgar Errours. Our floods are rills. Thomson's S: 3. To persevere.
TO CONTO'RT. v.a. [contortus, Lat.CoIf ye continue in my word, then are ye my To twist; to writhe. disciples indeed.
Fobn. The vertebral arteries are variously contorta Down rush'd the rain
Ra Impetuous, and continued till the earth
eems to consist of spires contorted in No more was seen.
Milton. small spheres, through the interstices of which TO CONTINUE. v. a.
the particles of light may freely pass. Cbrys 1. To protract, or hold without interrup-' CONTO'RTION. 1. s. (from contort tion.
Twist; wry motion ; flexure. O, continue thy loving kindness unto them! Disruption they would be in danger of, op
Psalms a great and sudden stretch or contortion. You know how to make yourself happy, by How can she acquire those hundred grat. A only continuing such a life as you have been long and motions, and airs, the contortions of ever accustomed to lead,
Pope. muscular motion in the face? 2. To unite without a chasm, or interven. CONTO’UR. n. s. (French.] The outline ing substance.
the line by which any figure is define The use of the navel is to continue the infant or terminated. unto the mother, and by the vessels thereof to Co'tka. A Latin preposition, used il 1 convey its aliments and sustenance. Brown. The dark abyss, whose boiling gulph
composition, which signifies against. Tamely endur'd a bridge of wond'rous length,
CONTRABAND. adj. [contrabancos From hell continued, reaching th' utmost orb Ital. contrary to proclamation.] Pre Of this frail world. Milton's Par. Losi. hibited; illegal; unlawful. Here Priam's son, Deiphobus, he found,
If there happen to be found an irreverente con Whose face and limbs were one continued wound; pression, or a thought too wanton, in the carga Dishonest, with lopp'd arms, the youth appears, let them be staved or forfeited, like contraband Spoil'd of his nose, and shorten'd' of his ears. goods.
Dryden's Fables, Prefer 92 Dryden's Æneid
. To CO'NTRABAND. v. a. [frum the 34 1: Where any motion or succession is so slow, as
jective.] To import goods prohibited. that it keeps not pace with the ideas in our minds, there the series of a constant continued To CONTRA’CT. v.a. [contractus, Lat.) succession is lost, and we perceive it not but 1. To draw together into less compass C
with certain gaps of rest between. Locke. Why love among the virtues is not knosa; CONTI'NUEDLY. adv. (from continued.] It is, that love contracts them all in one. Diest Without interruption ; without ceasing, 2. To lessen ; to make less ample.
By perseverance, I do not understand a cona in all things desuetude does contract and puro tinuedly uniform, equal course of obedience, and now our faculties. Guverhibent of the Treat such as is not interrupted with the least act of 3. To draw the parts of any thing to the sin.
Co which has the power of perseverance,
I would my horse had the speed of your 4. To make a bargain. tongue, and so good a continuer. Sbakspeare. On him thy grace did liberty bestow;
TEERT An act whereby two parties are brought TO CONTRADICT. v. a. [contradico, 19
But first contracted, that, if ever found,
The arteries are elastick tubes, endued with Truptet, His head should pay the forfeit. Drydenta contractile force, by which they squeeze and s. To betroth; to affiance.
drive the blood still forward. Arbuthnot. The truth is, she and I, long since contracted, CONTRACTION. n. s. [contractio, Lat.] Are now so sure that nothing can dissolve us.
1. The act of contracting or shortening..
The main parts of the poem, such as the fa
ble and sentiments, no translator can prejudice country, and contracted to a man of merit and quality.
but by omissions or contractions. Pope. i gatene 6. To procure; to bring ; to incur; to
2. The act of shrinking or shrivelling.
Oil of vitriol will throw the stomach into in draw; to get. Of enemies he could not but contract good
Arbuthnote store, while moving in so high a sphere.
3. The state of being contracted, or drawn
into a narrow compass.
Some things induce a contraction in the nerves
placed in the mouth of the stomach, which is a Like friendly colours, found them both unite, great cause of appetite.
Bacon. And each from each contract new strength and
Comparing the quantity of contraction and dia light.
latation made by all the degrees of each colour, Such behaviour we contract by having much
I found it greatest in the red.
Newtonio conversed with persons of high stations. Szvijt. 4. (In grammar.] The reduction of two * 7. To shorten: as, life was contructed. vowels or syllables to one. , se 8. To epitomise ; to abridge.
5. Any thing in its state of abbreviation To CONTRACT. V. n.
or contraction : as, the writing is full bij. To shrink up; to grow short.
of contractions. Whatever empties the vessels, gives room to CONTRACTOR. n. s. [from contract.] the fibres to contract. Arbutbrot on Aliments.
One of the parties to a contract or bar2. To bargain : as, to contract for a quan
gain. tity of provisions.
Let the measure of your affirmation or denial CONTRACT. part. adj. [from the verb.] be the understanding of your contractor; for he Affianced; contracted.
that deceives the buyer or the seller by speaking First was he contract to lady Lucy;
what is true, in a sense not understood by the Your mother lives a witness to that vow. Sbak. other, is a thief. Taylor's Rule of Living Holy. CO'NTRACT. n. s. (from the verb. An
All matches, friendships, and societies, aro
dangerous and inconvenient, where the contrace ciently accented on the last syllable.]
tors are not equals.
L'Estrange. together; a bargain ; a compact.
The agreement upon orders, by mutual cor. Latin.) tradł, with the consent to execute them by com 1. To oppose verbally; to assert the conmon strength, they make the rise of all civil
trary to what has been asserted. governments.
Temple. It is not lawful to contradict a point of history, Shall Ward draw contracts with a statesman's which is known to all the world; as to make skill?
Hannibal ard Scipio contemporaries with AlexOr Japhet pocket, like his grace, a will ? Pope. ander.
Dryden. 2. An act whereby a man and woman are 2. To be contrary to ; to repugn; to op betrothed to one another.
1 contradict your bans: I did, with his contract with lady Lucy,
marry, make your loves to me. And his contract by deputy in France. Sbaks.
Sbakspeare's King Lear. 3. A writing in which the terms of a bar
CONTRADICTer. n. š. (from contradict.] gain are included.
One that contradicts; one that opposes ; CONTRACTEDNESS. n. si [from con
an opposer. tracted. ] The state of being contracted;
If no contradicter appears herein, the suit will contraction.
Dict. surely be good.
Ayliffe's Parergon. CONTRACTIBILITY. n.s. [from contract
If á gentleman is a little sincere in his repreible.] Possibility of being contracted;
sentations, he is sure to have a dozen citrah dicters.
Sziji's View of Irelanda quality of suffering contraction.
CONTRADICTION.^.s. (from contradict.] By this continual contractibility and dilatability by different degrees of heat, the air is kept 1. Verbal opposition; controversial asserin a constant motion.
Arbuthnot, tion. CONTRA'CTIBLE. adj. [from contract.]
Inspird with contradiction, durst oppose
A third part of the Gods. Milten's Par. Losto
2. Opposition. are capable to be infiated by the admission of
Consider him that endureth such contradictiot air, and to subside at the expulsion of it. Arbutbrot in Aliments. of sinners against himself, lest ye
Hebrews CONT'R A'CTIBLENESS. n. Si (from contractible.) The quality of suffering con.
3. Inconsistency with itself; incongruity traction.
in words or thoughts,
Can he make deathless death? That were Contra'CTILE. adj. [from contract.]
Strange contradiction, which to God himself Having the power of contraction, or of Impossible is held; an argument, shortening itself.
Of weakiless, nor of pow's
. Miltori's Perabosts VOL. I