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Consuls of mod'rate power in calms were made; A consult of coquets below
Dryden. CONSULTA’TION. 2. s. (from consult.) 3. An officer commissioned in foreign 1. The act of consulting ; secret delibee parts to judge between the merchants
ration. of his nation, and protect their com The chief priests held a consultation with the
elders and scribes.
Mark. CO'NSULAR. adj. [consularis, Lat.] 2. A number of persons consulted togeI. Relating to the consul.
ther; a council. The consular power had only the ornaments, A consultation was called, wherein he advised a without the force, of the royal authority. Spect. salivation.
Wiseman of Abscesses. 2. CONSULAR Man. One who had been 3. In law. consul.
Consultatio is a writ, whereby a cause, being Rose not the consular men, and left their places formerly removed by prohibition from the ecce So soon as thou sat'st down?
siastical court, or court christian, to the king's CO'NSULATE.n. s. [consulatus, Latin.]
court, is returned thither again : for the judges The office of consul.
of the king's court, if, upon comparing the
libel with the suggestion of the party, they do His name and consulate were effaced out of all
Addison. publick registers and inscriptions.
find the suggestion false, or not proved, and
therefore the cause to be wrongfully called from CO'NSULSHIP. n. s. (from consul.] The
the court christian ; then, upon this consultaties office of consul.
or deliberation, decree it to be returned again. The patricians should do very ill,
Coud!. To let the consulsbig be so defild. Ben Jonson. CONSUʼLTER. 11. s. [from consult.) One The lovely boy with his auspicious face,
that consults, or asks counsel or intelliShall Pollio's
consulship and triumph grace. Dryd, T. CONSULT. v. n. [consulto, Latin.]
There shall not be found among you a charmer, To take counsel together; to deliberate
or a consulter with familiar spirits, or a wizard. in common: it has with before the per
Deuterences. son admitted to consultation.
CONSU'MABLE. adj. [from consume.] SusEvery man,
ceptible of destruction ; possible to be After the hideous storm that follow'd, was
wasted, spent, or destroyed. A thing inspir'd; and, not consulting, broke
Asbestos does truly agree in this common Into a general prophecy, that this teinpest, Dashing the garment of this peace,
quality ascribed unto both, of being incombustiaboded
Sbakspeare: The sudden breach on 't.
ble, and not consumable by fire; but it doch A senate-house wherein three hundred and
contract so inuch fuliginous matter from the twenty men sat consulting always for the people.
earthy parts of the oil, though it was tried with 1 Maccabees.
some of the purest oil, that in a very fex days
it did choak and extinguish the flame. Wilbiss. Consult not with the slothful for any work.
Our growing rich or pocr depends only on,
which is greater or less, our importation or er He sent for his bosom friends, witb whom he
Larke. most confidently consulted, and shewed the paper TÉ CONSU'ME. v. a. [consumo, Latin.]
portation of consumable commodities. to them, the contents whereof he could not conceive,
Clarendon. To waste ; to spend ; to destroy. TO CONSU'LT.V. a.
Where two raging fires meet together,
They do consume the thing that feeds their fury. 1. To ask advice of: as, he consulted bis
Sbalspeare. friends ; to consult an author.
Thou shalt carry much seed out into the field, 2. To regard ; to act with view or respect and shalt gather but little in; for the locusts to.
shall consume it.
Deuteronomy We are, in the first place, to consult the ne Thus in soft anguish she consumes the day, cessities of life, rather than matters of ornament Nor quits her deep retirement. Tbewaren. and delight.
L'Estrange. TO CONSU'ME. v. n. To waste away; to The senate owes its gratitude to Cato;
be exhausted. Who with so great a soul consults its safety,
These violent delights have violent ends, And guards our lives while he neglects his own.
And in their triumph die; like fire and powder Addison.
Which, as they meet, consume. Slokar 3. To plan ; to contrive.
CONSU'MER. n. s. [from consume.) One Thou hast consulted shame to thy house, by
that spends, wastes, or destroys any cutting off many people.
thing. Manythings were there consulted for the future, yet nothing was positively resolved.
Money may be considered as in the hands of
the consumer, or of the merchant who buys the CO'NSULT. n. s. (from the verb. It is
commodity, when made to export. variously accented.]
TO CONSU'MMATE. v. a. (coxsaminet, 3. The act of consulting.
Fr. consummare, Lat.) To complete; Yourself in person head one chosen half,
to perfect; to finish ; to end. Ancient. And march t'oppress the faction in consult
ly accented on the first syllable. With dying Dorax. Dryd. Don Sebastian,
Yourself, myself, and other lords, will pass 2. The effect of consulting ; determination.
To consummate this business happily. Shakes He said, and rose the first : the council broke;
There shall we consummate our spousel nights And all their grave consults dissolv'd in smoke.
Sbatsperes Dryden's Fables.
The person was cunning enough to begin the 3. A council; a number of persons as deceit in the weaker, and the weaker suficient sembled in deliberation.
to consummate the fraud in the stronger. Brotir. Divers meetings and consults of our whole He had a mind to CORSAIR Date the happiness Aumber, to consider of the former labours. Bacon,
of the day.
CONSU'MMATE. adj. [from the verb.] TO CONTABULATE. v. a. [contabulo,
Complete ; perfect ; finished : omnibus Latin.) To floor with boards. numeris absolutus.
CONTABULATION, 11. s. [contabulatio, I do but stay till your marriage be consummate. Lat.] A joining of boards together;
Sbakspeare. a boarding a floor
CONTACT. 1. s. [contactus, Latin.] Consummate, lovely smild.
Milton. Gratian, among his maxims for raising a man
Touch ; close union ; juncture of one to the most consummate greatness, advises to body to another. perform extraordinary actions, and to secure a The Platonists hold, that the spirit of the good historian.
Addison. lover doth passinto the spirits of the person loved, If a man of perfect and consummate virtue falls which causeth the desire of return into the body; into a misfortune, it raises our pity, but not our whereupon followeth that appetite of contact and terrour.
Bacon's Natural History, CONSUMMA'TION, 1. s. [from consumo
When the light fell so obliquely on the air, mate.)
which in other places was between them, as to
be all reflected, it seemed in that place of contact 1. Completion ; perfection ; end.
to be wholly transmitted.
Newton's Opticks. That just and regular process, which it must The air, by its immediate contact, may coagube supposed to take from its original to its con
late the blood which flows along the air-bladders, summation. Addison's Spectator.
Arbuthnot on Dict. 2. The end of the present system of CONTA'ction. r. s. [contactus, Latin.] things; the end of the world.
The act of touching; a joining.one From the first beginning of the world unto the last consummation thereof, it neither hath been,
body to another.
Hooker. nor can be, otherwise,
That deleterious it may be at some distance,
and destructive without corporal contaction, there 3. Death; end of life.
is no high improbability.
CONTAGION. n. s. [contagio, Lat.)
1. The emission from body to body by Unremoved be thy grave!
Sbaks. which diseases are communicated.
"If we two be one, and thou play false, CONSU'MPTION. n. s. [consumptio, Lat.] I do digest the poison of thy flesh, 1. The act of consuming ; waste; de Being strumpeted by thy contagion. Shakspeare, struction,
In infection and contagion from body to body, In commodities, the value rises as its quantity as the plague and the like, the infection is reis less and vent greater; which depends upon ceived many times by the body passive; but yet
its being preferred in its consumption. Locke. is, by the strength and good disposition thereof, 2. The state of wasting or perishing.
Bacoj. Eena and Vesuvius have sent forth flames for 2. Infection; propagation of mischief, or this two or three thousand years: yet the moun disease. tains themselves have not suffered any consider Nor will the goodness of intention excuse the able diminution or consumption; but are, at this scandal and contagion of example. King Charles. day, the highest mountains in those countries.
Down they fell,
Woodward. And the dire hiss renew'd, and the dire form 3. [In physick.) A waste of muscular Catch'd by contagion. Milton's Paradise Lost.
flesh. It is frequently attended with a 3. Pestilence; venomous emanations. hectick fever, and is divided by physi Will he steal out of his wholesome bed, cians into several kinds, according to
To dare the vile contagion of the night? Sbaks. the variety of its causes. Quincy.
CONTA'Gious. adj. (from contagio, Lat.} Consumptions sow
Infectious ; caught by approach ; poiIn hollow bones of men. Sbaksp. Timon. sonous ; pestilential. The stoppage of women's courses, if not looked
The jades to, sets them into a consumption, dropsy, or other That drag the tragick melancholy night, disease,
From their misty jaws The essential and distinguishing character of a Breathe foul contagious darkness in the air. confirmed consumption is a wasting of the body
Sbakspeare's Henry VI. by reason of an ulcerated state of the lungs, at We sicken soon from her contagious care, tended with a cough, a discharge of purulent Grieve for her sorrows, groan for her despair. matter, and a hectick fever. Blackmore.
Prior. CONSU'MPTIVE. adj. (from consume.]
CONTA'GIOUSNESS.n.s.[from contagious.) . Destructive ; wasting ; exhausting ;
The quality of being contagious. having the quality of consuming.
TO CONTAIN. v. a. [contineo, Lat.]! A long consumptive war is morelikely to break 1. To hold as a vessel, this grand alliance than disable France. Addison. There are many other things which Jesus did,
the which if they should be written every one, 7. Diseased with a consumption.
I suppose that even the world itself could not Nothing taints sound lungs sooner than inspiring the breath of consumptive lungs. Harvey.
contain the books that should be written. John.
Gently instructed I shall hence depart, The lean, consumptive'wench, with coughs decay'd,
Greatly in peace of thought, and have my fill Is call'd a pretty, tight, and slender maid. Dryd.
Of knowledge, what this vessel can contain. By an exact Tegimen a consumptive person may
What thy stores contain bring forth, and pour hold out for years.
Arbutbroi on Dies.
Milion. CONSU'MPTIVENESS. 9.s.
s. [from consump:
2. To comprehend; to comprise. tive.) A tendency to a consumption.
What seem'd fair in all the world, seem'd now CONSU'TILE. adj. [consutilis, Lat.] That
Mean, or in her summ'd up, in her contain'd, is sowed or stitched together. Dict.
CONTEMPERAMENT. n. š. (from contem. Though in comparison of heav'n so small,
pero, Lat.] The degree of any quality Nor glist'ring, may of solid good contain More plenty than the sun, that barren shines.
as tempered to others. Milton.
There is nearly an equal contemperament of the
warmth of our bodies to that of the hottest part 3. To comprise, as a writing. Wherefore also it is contained in the scripture. To CONTE'MPERATE. v. a. (from co
of the atmosphere.
Derbes, 4. To restrain; to withhold ; to keep
temper.] To diminish any quality by within bounds.
something contrary ; to moderate ; to All men should be contained in duty ever
temper. after, without the terrour of warlike forces. The mighty Nile and Niger do not only
Spenser on Ireland. moisten and contemperate the air, but refresh Their king's person contains the unruly people
and humectate the earth.
Breres from evil occasions.
If blood abound, let it out, regulating the I tell you, sirs,
patient's diet, and contemperating the humours If you should smile, he grows impatient.
Wiseman's Surgery. -Fear not, my lord, we can contain ourselves. CONTEMPERATION.n. s. [from contes
perate.] TO CONTA'IN. v. n. To live in conti 1. The act of diminishing any quality by nence.
admixture of the contrary ; the act of I felt the ardour of my passion increase, till I moderating or tempering: could no longer contain. Arbutbrot and Page. The use of air, without which there is no CONTA’INABLE, adj. [from coniain.) continuation in life, is not nutrition, but the Possible to be contained.
contemperation of fervour in the heart. Brows. The air containable within the cavity of the 2. Proportionate mixture; proportion. eolipile, amounted to eleven grains. Boyle. There is not greater variety in inen's faces, TO CONTAMINATE. v. a. (contamino,
and in the contemperations of their natural huLatin.] To defile ; to pollute; to cor
mours, than there is in their phantasies. Hek
To CONTE'MPLATE. v. Q. [coatera. rupt by base mixture. Shall we now
plor, Lat. This seems to have been once Contaminate our fingers with base bribes ? Shak. accented on the first sylable.] To conA base pander holds the chamber door,
sider with continued attention; to study; Whilst by a slave, no gentler than a dog,
to meditate. His fairest daughter is contaminated. Sbakspeare. There is not much difficulty in confining the
Do it not with poison; strangle her in her bed, mind to contemplate what we have a great desirə Even in the bed she hath contaminated. Sbak. to know.
Watts, I quickly shed
CONTÈ'MPLATE. v.n. To muse; to think Some of his bastard blood, and in disgrace
studiously with long attention. Bespoke him thus : contaminated, base,
So many hours must I take my rest; And misbegotten blood, I spill of thine. Sbaks.
So many hours must I contemplate. Sbakspeert. Though it be necessitated, by its relation to
Sapor had an heaven of glass, which he trod Resh, to a terrestrial converse ; yet 't is, like
upon, contemplating over the same as if he had the sun, without contaminating its beams. Glanv.
been Jupiter. He that lies with another man's wife propa
How can I consider what belongs to myself, gates children in another's family for him to
when I have been so long contemplating on you? keep, and contaminates the honour thereof as much as in him lies. Ayliffe's Parergon. CONTEMPLA'TION. n. s. (from contem
Dryden's Juvenal, Prefere CONTAMINATION. n. s. [from contami.
plate.] nate.] Pollution ; defilement.
1. Meditation ; studious thought on any CONTE'MERATED. adj. [contemeratus,
subject ; continued attention. Latin.] Violated ; polluted. Dict. How now? what serious contemplation are you TO CONTE'MN. v. a. [contemno, Lat.] in?
Shahspare To despise; to scorn; to slight; to
Contemplation is keeping the idea, which is disregard ; to neglect ; to defy.
brought into the mind, for some time actually
in view. Yet better thus, and known to be contemned, Than still contemned and flattered. Sbakspeare.
2. Holy meditation ; a holy exercise of the Eve, thy contempt of lite and pleasure seems soul, employed in attention to sacred To argue in thee something more sublime things. And excellent than what thy mind contemns.
I have breath'd a secret vow
Milton. To live in prayer and contemplation, Pygmalion then the Tyrian sceptre sway'd, Only attended by Nerissa here, Sbalspert One who contemn'a divine and human laws'; 3. The faculty of study: opposed to the Then strife ensued. Dryden's Virg. Æneid.
power of action. CONTE'MNER, N. s. [from contemn.] One There are two functions, contemplatias and that contemns; a despiser ; a scorner. practice: according to that general division of ob
He counsels him to prosecute innovators of jects ; some of which entertain our speculation worship, not only as contemners of the gods, but others employ our actions. disturbers of the state,
Soutb. CONTE'MPLATIVĖ. adj. (from contente TO CONTE'MPER. V. a. [contempero,
plate.] Latin.) To moderate ; to reduce to a 1. Given to thought or study; studious ; lower degree by mixing something of thoughtful. opposite qualities.
Fixt and contemplative their looks, The leaves qualify and contempor the heat, and Still turning over nature's books. binder the evaporation of moisturc. Rey. 2. Employed in study; dedicated to study.
tam no courtier, nor versed in state affairs: The place was like to come unto contempt. my life hath rather been contemplative than acto
2 Mor. ise.
Bacon. CONTE'MPTIBLE. adj. [from contempt.) Contemplative men may be without the plea
1. Worthy of contempt ; deserving scorn. sure of discovering the secrets of state, and men
No man truly knows himself, but he groweth of action are commonly without the pleasure of
daily more contemptible in his own eyes. Taylor. tracing the secrets of divine art. Grew.
From no one vice exempt, 3. Having the power of thought or medi And most contemptible to shun contempt. Pope. tation.
2. Despised ; scorned ; neglected. So many kinds of creatures might be to exer There is not so contemptible a plant or animal, cise the contemplative faculty of man. Ray. that does not confound the most enlarged unCONTE'MPLATIVELY. adv. (from con derstanding
Locke. - templative.] Thoughtfully; attentively; 3. Scornful; apt to despise ; contemptu. with deep attention.
ous. This is no proper use. CONTEMPLA'TOR. n. s. (Lat.] One em
If she should make tender of her love, 't is ployed in study; an enquirer after
very possible he'll scorn it; for the man hath a contemptible spirit.
Sbakspeare. knowledgo; a student.
In the Persian tongue the word magus imports CONTEMPTIBLENESS. n. s. [from conas much as a contemplator of divine and heavenly
temptible.] The state of being conscience.
Raleigl's History. temptible ; the state of being despised ; The Platonick contemplators reject both these meanness ; vileness; baseness; cheapdescriptions, founded upon parts and colours.
Brown's Vulgar Errours. Who, by a steddy practice of virtue, comes to CONTE‘MPORARY. adj. [contempo discern the contemptibleness of baits wherewith rain, Fr.]
he allures us.
Decay of Piety. 1. Living in the same age ; coetaneous. CONTEMPTIBLY. adv. [from contempti. Albert Durer was contemporary to Lucas. ble.] Meanly ; in a manner deserving Dryden's Dufresnoy.
contempt. 2. Born at the same time.
Know'st thou not
Their language, and their ways? They also know, And loves his old contemporary trees. Cowley. And reason not contemptibly.
Milton. 3. Existing at the same point of time. CONTEMPTUOUS. adj. [from contempt.)
It is impossible to make the ideas of yester Scornful; apt to despise ; using words day, to-day, and to-morrow, to be the same ; or
or actions of contempt; insolent. bring ages past and future together, and make
Locke. them contemporary.
To neglect God all our lives, and know that
we neglect him; to offend God voluntarily, and CONTEMPORARY. 1. s. One who lives at
know that we offend him, casting our hopes on the same time with another.
the peace which we trust to make at parting ; is All this in blooming youth you have atchiev'd; no other than a rebellious presumption, and even Nor are your foild contemporaries griev'd. Dryd. a contemptuous laughing to scorn and deriding of As he has been favourable to me, he will hear God, his laws, and precepts.
Raleigh. of his kindness from our contemporaries ; for we Some much averse found, and wond'rous are fallen into an age illiterate, censorious, and
harsh, detracting: Dryden's Juvenal, Preface. Contemptuous, proud, set on revenge and spite. The active part of mankind, as they do most
Milt. Agon. for the good of their contemporaries, very de Rome, the proudest part of the heathen world, servedly gain the greatest share in their ap entertained the most contemptuous opinion of the plauses. Addison's Freebolder. Jews.
Atterbury. TO CONTEMPORISE. v. A. [con and tem- CONTEMPTUOUSLY. adv. [from con
pus, Lat.) To make contemporary ; to temptuous.] With scorn; with despite; place in the same age.
scornfully; despitefully. The indifferency of their existences, contem I throw my name against the bruising stone, porised into our actions, admits a farther con Trampling contemptuously on thy diadem. Sbaks. sideration, Brown's Vulgar Errours.
The apostles and most eminent christians were CONTE'MPT. n. s. [contemptus, Lat.]
poor, and used contemptuously. Taylor.
If he governs tyrannically in youth, he will 1. The act of despising others ; slight re
be treated contemptuously in age ; and the baser gard ; scorn.
his enemies, the more intolerable the affront. It was neither in contempt nor pride that I did
L'Estrange. not bow.
Esther. A wise man would not speak cantemptuously of The shame of being miserable
a prince, though out of his dominions. Tillotsor. Exposes men to scorn and base contempt, CONTEMPTUOUSNESS. n. s. [from conEven from their nearest friends. Denham. There is no action, in the behaviour of one
temptuous.] Disposition to contempt; man towards another, of which human nature is
Dict. more impatient than of contempt; it being an
TO CONTE'ND. v. n. [contendo, Lat.) undervaluing of a man, upon a belief of hisutter 1. To strive : to struggle in opposition. uselessness and inability, and a spiteful endeavour Hector's forehead spit forth blood to engage the rest of the world in the same slight At Grecian swords contending. Shakspeare. esteem of him.
South. His wonders and his praises do contorud
Death and nature do contend about them,
Whether they live or die. Shakspeare's Macbeth. Nothing, says Longinus, can be great, the con
Distress not the Moabites, neither contendwith
Addison, them in battle ; for I will not give thee of their 2. The state of being despised ; vileness.
tsmpt of which is great.
2. To vie ; to act in emulation.
It doth much content me,
To hear him so inclin d. Sbakspeare's Harld. Contend for what you only can bestow. Dryden. If a man so temper his actions, as in some 3. It has for before the ground or cause of
one of them he doth content every faction, the contention.
musick of praise will be fuller. Bacen,
Wheat is contented with a meaner earth, and The question which our author would contend for, if he did not forget it, is, what persons have
contenting with a suitable gain. Carcu. 'a right to be obeyed.
CONTE'NT. n. s. (from the verb.) 4. Sometimes about.
1. Moderate happiness; such satisfaction He will find that many things he fiercely con
as, though it does not fill up desire, aptended about were trivial. Decay of Piety. peases complaint, g. It has with before the opponent.
Nought 's had, all's spent, This battle fares like to the morning's war, Where our desire is got without content. Sbake. When dying clouds contend with growing light. One thought content the good to be enjoy'd;
Sbakspeare's Henry vi. This every little accident destroy'd... Drydis. If we consider him as our Maker, we cannot A wise content his even soul secur'd; contend witb him.
Temple. By want not shaken, nor by wealth allur'd. 6. Sometimes against.
Smith ea Pbilips. In ambitious strength I did
2. Acquiescence; satisfaction in a thing Contend against thy valour. Sbakspeare. To CONTE'ND. v. a. To dispute any
Others for language all their care express, thing; to contest.
And value books, as women men, for dress : Their airy limbs in sports they exercise, Their praise is still the stile is excellent ; And on the green contend the wrestler's prize. The sense they humbly take upon seatent. Pers.
Dryden's Æneid. A time of war at length will come,
3. (from contentus, contained.] That When Carthage shall contend the world with which is contained, or included, in any Rome.
Tho' my heart's content firm love doth bear, Shut from this day and that contended sky. Dryd. Nothing of that shall from mine eyes appear. CONTE'NDENT. n. s. (from contend.] An
Sbakspeare tagonist ; opponent; champion ; com
Scarcely any thing can be determined of the batant. Not used.
particular contents of any single mass of ore by In all notable changes and revolutions, the
Werd werd. contendents have been still made a prey to the
Experiments are made on the blood of healthy third party.
animals: in a weak habit serum might afford
other contents. CONTE'NDER.n. s. [from contend.] Com.
4. The power of containing ; extent ; batant ; champion.
capacity. The contenders for it look upon it as undeniable.
This island had then fifteen hundred strong Those disputes often arise in good earnest,
ships, of great content.
Bacte where the two contenders do really believe the It were
good to know the geometrical centers, different propositions which they support. Watts. figure, and situation of all the lands of a king CONTENT. adj. [contentus, Lat.]
dom, according to natural bounds. Grase, s. Satisfied, so as not to repine; easy, 5. That which is comprised in a writing. though not highly pleased.
In this sense the plural only is in use.
I have a letter from her,
Of such contents as you will wonder at.
Sbakipean. To manage well that mighty government. Dryd.
I shall prove these writings not counterfeits
, Who is content, is happy.
but authentick; and the contents true, and verA man is perfectly content with the state he is
thy of a divine original. Grew's Cosmologis.
The contents of both books come before those in, when he is perfectly without any uneasiness.
of the first book, in the thread of the story. Foe to loud praise, and friend to learned ease,
Addiser's Spectatori Content with science in the vale of peace. Pope. CONTENTA’TION. n. s. [from context.] 2. Satisfied, so as not to oppose.
Satisfaction; content. Out of use. Submit you to the people's voices,
I seek no better warrant than my own cos Allow their officers, and be content
science, nor no greater pleasure than mine on To suffer lawful censure. Sbakspeare. .condentation.
Sissey To CONTE'NT. v. a. (from the adjective.] Fourteen years space, during the minority o 1. To satisfy, so as to stop complaint ;
Gordianys, the government was with great for not to offend ; to appease, without
plause and contentation in the hands of Misitheus,
pedant. plenary happiness or complete gratifi
The shield was not long after incrusted with cation,
a new rust; and is the same, a cut of which bach Content thyself with this much, and let this been engraved and exhibited, to the great este satisfy thee, ihat I love thee.
Sidney. tentation of the learned. Arbutbaet and Pep Great minds do sometimes content themselves to threaten, when they could destroy. Tillotson. CONTENTED. participial adj. [from core
Do not content yourselves with obscure and tent.] Satisfied; at quiet; not repining; confused ideas where clearer are to be attained. not demanding more ; easy, though pot
Watts's Logick. plenarily happy. 2. To please ; to gratify.
Barbarossa, in hope by sufferance to obrain adIs the adder better than the eel
other kingdom, seemed contented with the snBecause his painted skin contents the eye? Sbak.