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He single chose to live, and shunn'd to wed, CONSPICUOUSLY, adv. [from conspics. Well pleas'd to want a cursort of his bed.
1. Obviously to the view.
These methods may be preserved conspicuously, Th' imperial consort of the crown of Spades.
Wetts' Logick. Pope.
and intirely distinct. 2. An assembly; a divan ; a consultation.
2. Eminently; famously; remarkably. In one consort there sat
CONSPI'CUOUSNESS. n. s. [from conspia Cruel revenge, and rancorous despite,
cuous.) Disloyal treason, and heart-burning hate. 1. Exposure to the view; state of being
Fairy Queen. visible at a distance. 3. A number of instruments playing toge Looked on with such a weak light, they ap
ther; a symphony. This is probably a pear well proportioned fabricks; yet they appear mistake for concert.
so but in that twilight, which is requisite to A consort of musick in a banquet of wine, is
their conspicuousness. Boyle's Proem. Essay. as a signet of carbuncle set in gold. Ecclus. 2. Eminence; fame; celebrity. 4. Concurrence; union.
Their writings attract more readers by the Take it singly, and it carries an air of levity;
author's conspicuousness. Boyle on Colours. but, in consort with the rest, has a meaning quité ConsPI'RACY. N. s. [conspiratio, Latin.) different.
Atterbury 1. A private agreement among several TO CONSO'rt. v. n. (from the noun.] persons to commit some crime; a plot ;
To associate with; to unite with; to a concerted treason. keep company with.
O conspiracy! What will you do? Let's not consort with Sham'st thou to shew thy dang'rous brow by *ther.
night, Which of the Grecian chiefs consorts with When evils are most free? Shakspeare. thee?
Dryden. I had forgot that foul conspiracy TO CONSO'RT. v. a.
Of the beast Caliban, and his confed'rates, 1. To join ; to mix; to marry.
Against my life. Sbakspeare's Tempest. He, with his consorted Eve,
When scarce he had escap'd the blow
Of faction and conspiracy, The story heard attentive. Milton's Par. Lost.
Death did his promis'd hopes destroy. Dryden. He begins to consort himself with men, and thinks himself one. Locke on Educalien. 2. In law, an agreement of men to do 2. To accompany. Not used.
any thing; always taken in the evil I'll meet with you upon the mart,
part. It is taken for a confederacy' of And afterward consort you till bed time. Sheksp. two, at the least, falscly to indict one, CONSOʻRTABLE. adj. (from consort.) To or to procure one to be indicted, of febe compared with ; to be ranked with; lony.
Cowell. suitable. Not used.
3. A concurrence; a general tendency of He was consortable to Charles Brandon, under
many causes to one event. Henry viii, who was equal to him.
Wotton. When the time now came that misery was CONSO'RTION. n. so (consortio, Latin.] ripe for him, there was a conspiracy in all hea
venly and earthly things, to frame fit occasions Partnership ; fellowship; society. Dict.
to lead him unto it.
Sidney. CONSPECTABLE, adj. (from conspectus,
The air appearing so malicious in this morbiñic Latin.] Easy to be seen. Dict.
conspiracy, exacts a more particular regard. CONSPECTU'ITY. n. s. [from conspectus,
Hervey on Consumptions. Latin.] Sight ; view ; sense of seeing: CONSPI'RANT. adj. [conspirans, Latin.) This word is, I believe, peculiar to Conspiring; engaging in a conspiracy Shakspeare, and perhaps corrupt.
or plot ; plotting. What harm can your bisson conspectuities glean
'Thou art a traitor, out of this character ? Shakspeare's Coriolanus. Conspirant 'gainst this high illustrious prince. Conspe'rsion. n. s. [conspersio, Latin.] Conspira’TION.n. s. [conspiratio, Lat,]
Sbakspeare's King Lear. A sprinkling about.
An agreement of many to one end. CONSPICU'ITY. 1. s. [from conspicuous.] One would wonder how, from so differing Brightness; favourableness to the sight.
premises, they should infer the same conclusion, If this definition be clearer than the thing were it not that the conspiration of interest were defined, midnight may vie for conspicuity with too potent for the diversity of judgment. noon. Glanville's Scepsis.
Decay of Piety. CONSPICUOUS. adj. [conspicuus, Lat.) CONSPI'R ATOR.n.s. (from conspiro, Lat.] I. Obvious to the sight; seen at a di A man engaged in a plot; one who has stance.
secretly concerted with others the comOr come I less conspicuous ? Or what change
mission of a crime; à plotter. Absents thee? Milton's Paradise Lost. Achitophel is among the conspirators with Ab. 3. Eminent; famous; distinguished.
2 Samuch He attributed to each of them that virtue
Stand back, thou manifest conspirator; which he thought most conspicuous in them.
Thou that contriv'st to murder our dread lord. Dryden's Juvenal, Dedication.
Sbakspeare. Thy father's merit points thee out to view ;
But let the bold conspirator beware; And sets thee in the fairest point of light,
For heav'n makes princesirs peculiar care. Dryd. To make thy virtues or thy faults conspicuous.
One put into his hand a note of the wholc con-
Soarb. Censpicuous scenel Pope's Epistles of Horace
. T. CONSPIRE. v. n. [conspiro, La:10.)
Both loving one fair maid, they yet remained
s. To concert a crime ; to plot; to hatch The constable being a sober man, and an en secret treason.
my to sedition, went to observe what they did. Tell me what they deserve,
Clarendenta That do conspire my death with devilish plots 2. To overrun the CONSTABLE. (perhaps Of damned witchcraft. Shakspeare's Ricb. III. from conte stable, Fr. the settled, firm,
What was it That mov'd pale Cassius to conspire?
and stated account.) To spend more
Sbaks. They took great indignation, and conspired
than what a man knows himself to be against the king.
worth : a low phrase. Let the air be excluded; for that undermineth CO'NSTABLESHIP. n. s. [from constable.] the body, and conspiretb with the spirit of the The office of a constable. body to dissolve it.
Bacon. This keepership is annexed to the constableibt There is in man a natural possibility to destroy of the castle, and that granted out in lease. the world; that is, to conspire to know no wo
Carew's Survey of Cerrwell
Brown's Vulgar Errours. CO'NSTANCY. n. s. [constantia, Latin.] The press, the pulpit, and the stage, Conspire to censure and expose our age. Roscom.
1. Immutability; perpetuity; unalterable 2. To agree together: as, all things con
continuance. spire to make bim happy.
The laws of God himself no man will ever
deny to be of a different constitution from the So moist and dry, when Phæbus shines,
former, in respect of the one's constant, and Conspiring give the plant to grow. Heigh.
the mutability of the other.
Hoeko. CONSPI'RER. n. s. [from conspire.] A conspirator; a plotter.
2. Consistency; unvaried state.
Incredible, that constancy in such a variety, Take no care, Who chafes, who frets, and where conspirers are:
such a multiplicity, should be the resul or
chance. Macbeth shall never vanquish'd be. Sbakspeare.
Ray or the Creatiss. CONSPI'RING Powers. (In mechanicks.] 3. Resolution ; firmness ; steadiness ; unAll such as act in direction not oppo
In a small isle, amidst the widest seas, site to one another.
Harris. Triumphant constancy has fix'd her seat ; CONSPURCA'TION. n. s. [from conspurco, In vain the syrens sing, the tempests beat. Prier
. Latin.] The act of defiling; defile. 4. Lasting affection; continuance of love, ment; pollution.
or friendship. CONSTABLE. 1. s. [comes stabuli, as it Constancy is such a stability and firmness of is supposed.)
friendship as overlooks and passes by lesser 1. Lord high constable is an ancient officer
failures of kindness, and yet still retains the of the crown.
same habitual good-will to a friend. The function of the constable of England consisted in the care s. Certainty; veracity; reality.
But all the story of the night told over, of the common peace of the land in More witnesseth than fancy's images, deeds of arms, and in matters of war. And grows to something of great constansy, To the court of the constable and mar But, however, strange and admirable. Stale shal belonged the cognizance of con- CONSTANT. adj. [constans, Latin.) tracts, deeds of arms without the realm, 1. Firm ; fixed; not Huid. and combats and blazonry of arms within If you take highly rectified spirit of pine, it. The first constable of England was cre and dephlegmed spirit of urine, and mix then, ated by the Conqueror, and the office you may turn these two fluid liquors into a esto
stant body. continued hereditary till the thirteenth
Boyle's History of Firareil
. of Henry vill. when it was laid aside,
2. Unvaried; unchanged; immutable; as being so powerful as to become trou
durable. blesome to the king. From these mighty
The world's a scene of changes; and to be magistrates are derived the inferiour 3. Firm; resolute; determined'; immor
Constant, in nature were inconstancy. Courbet constables of hundreds and franchises;
able; unshaken. two of whom were ordained, in the
Some shrewd contents thirteenth of Edward 1. to be chosen Now steal the colour from Bassanio's cheek: in every hundred, for the conservation Some dear friend dead; else nothing in the world of the peace, and view of armour.
Could turn so much the constitution These are now called high constables;
Of any constant man. Sbakspeare's Mer.efi'o. because continuance of time, and in 4. Free from change of affection. crease both of people and offences, have occasioned others in every town of in
constant friends. feriour authority, called petty constables. 5. Certain ; not various ; steady; firmiy Besides these, we have constables deno
adherent: with to.
Now through the land his care of soul be minated from particular places; as,
stretch'd, constable of the Tower, of Dover Castle, And like a primitive apostle preach'd: of the Castle of Carnarvon: but these Still cheerful, ever constant to his call; are properly castellani, or governours of
By many follow'd, lov'd by most, admiral by
Cowell. Chambers. When I came hither, I was lord high constable,
He shewed his firm adherence to religion, *** And duke of Buckingham; now poor Edward
modelled by our national constitution; and was Bohun.
constant to its offices in devotion both in put
Sbakspeare. The knave constable had set me i' th' stocks,
lick and in his family. i' ch' common stocks, for a witche Sbakspeare. Co’NSTANTLY. adv. [from cexstant.)
Unvariably ; perpetually ; certainly ; The inactivity of the gall occasions-a constipan steadily.
tion of the belly:
Arbutbrot, It is strange that the fathers should never ap 3. The state of having the body bound. peal; nay, that they should not constantly lo it. CONSTITUENT, adj. [constituens, Lat.]
Tillotson, That makes any thing what it is; neTO CONSTE'LLATE. v. n. [constella
cessary to existence ; elemental; essentus, Latin.) To join lustre ; to shine tial; that of which any thing consists. with one general light.
Body, soul, and reason, are the three parts The several things which engage our affec necessarily constituent of a man. Dryden. tions, do, in a transcendent manner, shine forth All animals derived all the constituent matter and constellate in God.
Boyle. of their bodies, successively, in all ages, out of To CONSTE'LLATE. v. a. To unite seve
W codward. ral shining bodies in one splendour.
It is impossible that the figures and sizes of its Great constitutions, and such as are constel
constituent particles should be so justly adapted as lated into knowledge, do nothing till they outdo
to touch one another in every point.
Brown's Vulgar Errours. CONSTITUENT. n. s.
were divided 1. The person or thing which constitutes among the several ranks of inferior natures, were or settles any thing in its peculiar state. summed up and constellated in ours. Glanville.
Their first composure and origination requires Constellation.n.s. [from constellate.] a higher and nobler constituent than chance. Hale. I. A cluster of fixed stars.
2. That which is necessary to the subsist. For the stars of heaven, and the constellations ence of any thing: thereof, shall not give their light. Isaiab. The obstruction of the mesentery is a great The earth, the air, resounded;
impediment to nutrition ; for the lymph in those The heav'ns, and all the constellations rung. glands is a necessary constituent of the aliment. Milton's Par. Lost.
Arbuthnot. A constellation is but one;
3. He that deputes another ; as, the reThough 't is a train of stars. Dryden. 2. An assemblage of splendours, or excel
presentatives in parliament disregard
T.COʻNSTITUTE. v. a. [constituo, Lat.] of all those gospel graces, faith, hope, charity,
1. To give formal existence; to make any self-denial, repentance, and the rest. Hammond. thing what it is; to produce. CONSTERNA'TION, 1. s. [from consterno,
Prudence is not only a moral but christian Lat.] Astonishment; amazement ; ali
virtue, such as is necessary to the constituting of
all others. enation of mind by a surprise ; surprise ;
Decay of Piety. wonder.
2. To erect; to establish.
We must obey laws appointed and constituted They find the same holy consternation upon themselves that Jacob did at Bethel, which he
by lawful authority, not against the law of God. called the gate of heaven,
Taylor's Holy Living.
It will be necessary to consider, how at first
may understand how in this one church they
Pearson, Pbilips. TO CONSTIPATE. v. a. [from constipo,
3. To depute ; to appoint another to an
CO'NSTITUTER, N. s. [from constitute.] 1. To crowd together into a narrow He that constitutes or appoints. room ; to thicken ; to condense.
CONSTITU'TION. n. s.
[from constitute.] stipate.
1. The act of constituting.; enacting ; deIt may, by amassing, cooling, and constipating puting ; establishing ; producing. of waters, turn them into rain.
Ray. 2. State of being ; particular texture of There might arise some vertiginous motions or whirlpools in the matter of the chaos, whereby
parts ; natural qualities.
This is more beneficial than any other constithe atoms might be thrust and crowded to the
Bentley: middle of those whirlpools, and there constipate This light being trajected through the parallel one another into great solid globes. Bentley
prisms, if it suffered any change by the refrac2. To stop up, or stop by filling up the tion of one, it lost that impression by the contrary passages.
refraction of the other; and so, being restored to It is not probable that any aliment should have its pristine constitution, became of the same conthe quality of intirely constipating or shutting up
dition as at first.
Newton's Opticks. the capillary vessels.
3. Corporeal frame. 3. To bind the belly, or make costive. Amongst many bad effects of this oily consti
Omitting honey, which is laxative, and the tution, there is one advantage ; such who arrive powder of some loadstones in this, doth rather to age are not subject to stricture of fibres. constipate and bind, than purge and loosen the
Arbuthnot on Aliments. belly:
Brown's Vulgar Errours. CONSTIPATION. n. s. [from constipate.]
4. Temper of body, with respect to health
or disease. 1. The act of crowding any thing into If such men happen, by their native constiless room ; condensation.
tutions, to fall into the gout, either they mind it This worketh by the detention of the spirits, not at all, having no leisure to be sick, or they and constipation of the tangible parts. • Bacon. use it like a dog.
Temple. It requires either absolute fullness of matter, Beauty is nothing else but a just accord and or a pretty close constipation and mutual contact harmony of the members, animated by a healthBentley. ful constitution,
Drych 3. Stoppage ; obstruction by plenitude.
5. Temper of mind.
of its particles
Dametss, according to the constitution of a doll Scarce the weary god had clos'd his eyes, head, thinks no better way to shew himself wise When,rushing on with shouts, he binds in chains than by suspecting everything in his way. Sidncy. The drowsy prophet, and his limbs constrains, Some dear friend dead; else nothing in the
8. To imprison. Could turn so much the constitution
Constraind him in a bird, and made him dy Of any constant man.
Sbakspeare. With party-colour'd plumes, a chattering pye. He defended himself with undaunted courage,
Drydes. and less passion than was expected from his con
9. To force ; to produce in opposition to stitution.
Clarendon. 6. Established form of government; system
In this northern tract our hoarser throats of laws and customs.
Utter unripe and ill constrained notes Waller. The Norman, conquering all by might;
10. To restrain ; to withhold. Mixing our customs, and the form of right,
The soft weapons of paternal persuasions, after With foreign constitutions he had brought. Daniel.
mankind began to forget the original giver of 7. Particular law ; established' usage ; €5 life, became overweak to resist the first inclinatablishment; institution.
Lion of evil: or after, when it became habitual, We lawfully may observe the positive constity to constrain it.
Raleigb. tions of our own churches.
Hooker. CONSTRA'INABLE. adj. [from constraiz.) Constitution, properly speaking in the sense of
Liable to constraint ; obnoxious to conthe civil law, is that law which is made and ordained by some king or emperor; yet the cano
pulsion. nists, by adding the word sacred to it, make it to
Whereas men before stood bound in conscience signify the same as an ecclesiastical canon.Ayliffe.
to do as reason teacheth, they are now, by virtue
of human law, constrainable; and, if they outCONSTITU’TIONAL. adj. [from constitu wardly transgress, punishable.
CONSTRA'INEDLY.adv.(from constrais.) 1. Bred in the constitution ; radical, By constraint ; by compulsion.
It is not probable any constitutional illness will What occasion it had given them to think, to be communicated with the small pox by inocu their greater obduration in evil, that through a lation.
Sbarp's Surgery. froward and wanton desire of innovation we did 2. Consistent with the civil constitution; constrainedly those things, for which conscience legal.
Hooker. CONSTITUTIVE. adj. [from constitute.]
CONSTRAINER. n. s. [from constrain.] 1. That constitutes any thing what it is ;
He that constrains. elemental; essential; productive.
CONSTRA'INT. n. s. [contrainte, Fr.) Although it be placed among the non-naturals, 1. Compulsion; compelling force ; viothat is, such as neither naturally constitutive nor lence; act of overruling the desire ; merelydestructive,do preserve ordestroy.Brown. confinement.
The elements and constitutive parts of a schis I did suppose it should be on constraint ; matick, being the esteem of himself, and the
But, heav'n be thank’d, it is but voluntary. Sask. contempt of others.
Decay of Piety.
Like you, a man; and hither led by fame, 2. Having the power to enact or establish.
Not by constraint, but by my choice I came.Droz. TO CONSTRAIN. v. a. [contraindre,
The constant desire of happiness, and the core Fr. constrin, o, Lat.)
straint it puts upon us to act for it, no body,!
think, accounts an abridgment of liberty. Leiks 1. To compel; to force to some action.
2. Confinement. Out of use. Thy sighi, which should
His limbs were waxen weak and raw,
Thro' long imprisonment, and hard coastraist
Spesset, Namur subdued, is England's palm alone;
TO CONSTRI'CT. v. a. [constringo, cose The rest besieg'd, but we constrain'd, the town.
strictum, Lat.] 2. To hinder by force ; to restrain. 1. To bind; to cramp ; to confine into a My sire in caves constrains the winds :
narrow compass. Can with a breath their clam'rous rage appease; 2. To contract; to cause to shrink.
They fear his whistle,and forsake the seas. Dryd. Such things as constrict the fibres,and strengthea 3. To necessitate.
the solid parts.
Arbutbast # Dit The scars upon your honour, therefore, he
CONSTRI'CTION. n. s. (from constrict.] Does pity as constrained blemishes, Nothing deserv’d.
Contraction ; compression; forcible When to his lust Ægysthus gave the rein,
contraction. Compression is from an outDid fate or we ch'adult'rous act constrain? Pope. ward force, constriction from some qua4. To violate ; to ravish.
lity: as the throat is compressed by a Her spotlesschastity,
bandage, and constringed by a cold. Inhuman traitors ! you consirein'd and forc'd. The air, which these receive into the lungs,
Sbakspeare. may serve to render their bodies equiponderint s. To confine ; to press.
to the water; and the constriction or dilatatist When amidst the fervour of the feast,
of it may probably assist them to ascend or de The Tyrian hugs and fonds tbee on her breast, scend in the water.
Ray er ibe Creation And with sweet kisses in her arms constrains, CONSTRI'CTOR. 7. s. [constrictor, Lat.] Thou may'st infuse thyvenom in herveins. Dryd.
That which compresses or contracts. How the strait stays the slender waste constrain.
He supposed the constrictors of the eye-bis
Gey. 6. To constringe.
must be strengthened in the supercilious-toi When wiater frosts constrain the field with cold, To CONSTRINGE. q. a. [constrings, The scanty root can take no steady hold, Dryd. Lat.) To compress; to contract; to 7. To tie ; to bind.
bind; to force to contract itself.
The dreadful spout,
They shall the earth's constructure closely bind,
And to the centre keep the parts confin'd.
1. To range words in their natural order; coagulate the fluids.
Arbuthnot. CONSTRI'NGENT. adj.[constringens,Lat.]
to disentangle transposition.
I'll teach mine eyes, with meek humility,
Which her deep wit, chat true heart's thought
Construe the times to their necessities,
Tbomson's Winter. And you shall say, indeed, it is the time,
And not the king, that doth you injuries. Sbaks.
2. To interpret; to explain ; to shew the
meaning. 1. To build ; to form ; to compile ; to
I must crave that I be not so understood or constitute.
construed, as if any such thing, by virtue thereof, Let there be an admiration of those divine at could be done without the aid and assistance of tributes and prerogatives, for whose manifesting God's most blessed spirit.
Hooler, he was pleased to construct this vast fabrick. Boyle. Virgil is so very figurative, that he requires 2. To form by the mind : as, he constructed (I may almost say) a grammar apart to construe a new system.
Dryden. Construction. n. s. [constructio, Lat.]
Thus we are put to construe and paraphrase our 1. The act of building ; fabrication.
own words, to free ourselves either from the ige
norance or malice of our adversaries. Stillingfl. 2. The form of building ; structure ; When the word is construed into its idea, the conformation.
double meaning vanishes.
To COʻNSTUPRATE. v. a. [constupro,
Lat.] To violate ; to debauch; to de.
prate.] Violation ; defilement.
1. Having the same essence or subsistence.
The Lord our God is but one God: in which
indivisible unity, notwithstanding we adore the
Father, as being altogether of himself, we glorify tain constructions, have the sense of a whole sen
that consubstantial Word, which is the Son; we tence contained in them.
bless and magnify that co-essential Spirit, eter4. The act of arranging terms in the pro nally proceeding from both, which is the Holy
It continueth a body consubstantial with our
bodies; a body of the same, both nature and
measure, which it had on earth. Hooker
In their conceits the human nature of Christ
was not consubstantial to ours, but of another
Brerewood. 5. The sense ; the meaning; interpreta- CONSUBSTANTIALITY. n. s. [from contion.
substantial.] In which sense although we judge the apostle's
1. Existence of more than one, in the same
Hooker. The eternity of the Son's generation, and his
co-eternity and consubstantiality with the Father,
Collier on the Spleen. 2. Participation of the same nature.
and substantia, Latin.] To unite in one
common substance or nature. 6. Judgment ; mental representation. It cannot, therefore, unto reasonable construc
CONSUBSTANTIATION. 1. s. [from contions seem strange, or savour of singularity, that substantiate.] The union of the body of we have examined this point.
Brown. our blessed Saviour with the sacramen7. The manner of describing a figure or tal element, according to the Lutherans. problem in geometry.
In the point of consubstantiation, toward the 8. CONSTRUCTION of Equations, in alge.
latter end of his life, he changed his mind.
Atterbury: bra, is the method of reducing a known
CONSUL. n. s. [consul, consulendo, Lat.] equation into lines and figures, in order
1. The chief magistrate in the Roman retu a geometrical demonstration. CONSTRU'CTURE. 1. s. [from construct.]
Or never be so noble as a consul,
Nor yoke with him for tribune. Shakspeare.